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Full text of "Annual report of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board"


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Public Document 



No. 57 



TENTH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



Metropolitan Water and 
Sewerage Board. 



FOR THE TEAR 1910. 



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BOSTON: 

WEIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 

1911. 



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Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



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CONTENTS. 



I. Organization and Administration, 

(1) Board, Officers and Employes, 

(2) Offices and Buildings, 
II. Metropolitan Water District, 

III. Metropolitan Water Works — Construction, 

(1) Wachusett Dam and Reservoir, 

(a) Power Plant, .... 

(b) St. John's Catholic Cemetery, 

(2) Improvement of the Watersheds, 

(3) Distribution System, 

(a) New Weston Aqueduct Supply Main, 

(b) New Force Main in Arlington, 

(c) New Supply Main for East Boston, 

(d) New 16-inch Main for Swampscott Water Supply 

(e) New Pumping Engine at Chestnut Hill, 

(4) Acquisition of Lands and Settlements for Damages, 

IV. Water Works — Maintenance, .... 

(1) Operation of Works, 

(2) Storage Reservoirs, ..... 

(3) Aqueducts 

(4) Distributing Reservoirs and Standpipes, 

(5) Pumping Stations, 

(6) Pip3 Lines, 

(7) Clinton Sewerage Works, 

(8) Protection of the Water Supply, 

(a) Pegan Brook Filtration Works, 

(b) Marlborough Brook Filter-beds, 

(c) Sterling Filter-beds, 

(d) Drainage Ditches, .... 

(e) Sanitary Inspection and Policing, 
CO Laboratory Examinations, 

(9) Quality of the Water, 

(10) Forestry and Moth Suppression, 

(11) Electrolysis, .... 
V. Water Works — Financial Statement, 

(1) Metropolitan Water Loans, Receipts and Payments, 

(2) Issues of Metropolitan Water Loan Bonds, 

(3) Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund, 

(4) Annual Assessments and Receipts, .... 

(5) Supplying Water to Cities and Towns outside of District and to Water Companies 

(6) Expenditures for the Different Works, 

(7) Detailed Financial Statement under Metropolitan Water Act 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements, 

(b) Receipts, 

(c) Assets 

(d) Liabilities, ....... 

VI. Metropolitan Sewerage Works, ...... 

(1) North Metropolitan Sewerage System — Construction, 

(a) Deer Island Pumping Station Extension, 

(b) East Boston Pumping Station Extension, 

(c) East Boston Stable and Locker Building, 



iv CONTENTS. 



VI. Metropolitan Sewerage Works — Concluded. 

(2) South Metropolitan Sewerage System — Construction 42 

Quincy Sewage Lift, .42 

(3) Acquisition of Land and Settlements, 43 

(4) North Metropolitan System — Maintenance, . . . . . . . . .43 

(a) Sewers and Pumping Stations, . . .43 

(b) Siphons and Relocation of Sewers, 45 

(c) .Tanneries and Gelatine and Glue Works, 45 

(5) South Metropolitan System — Maintenance, .47 

Sewers and Pumping Stations, 47 

VII. Sewerage Works — Financial Statement, 48 

(1) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans, Receipts and Payments, 49 

(a) North Metropolitan System, .49 

(b) South Metropolitan System, 50 

(2) Issues of Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Bonds, .50 

(3) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund, 51 

(4) Annual Appropriations, Receipts and Expenditures ' . . .51 

(5) Annual assessments, 52 

(6) Expenditures for the Different Works, 53 

(7) Detailed Financial Statement, 54 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements, . . . • 54 

(6) Receipts, 60 

(c) Assets, 61 

(d) Liabilities,' 61 

VIII. Rainfall and Water Supply, 62 

IX. Consumption of Water, 62 

X. Recommendations for Legislation, 65 

XI. Future Work 65 



Report of Chief Engineer of Water Works, 68 

General Statement, 68 

Organization .68 

Construction, 69 

New 60-inch Supply Main from Weston Aqueduct, 69 

16-inch Force Main in Arlington, 74 

New 16-inch Main for Supply of Swampscott, 75 

New Supply Main to East Boston, 75 

Pumping Engine for Southern High Service, 79 

Hydro-Electric Plant, 81 

Miscellaneous Construction, . . . . . .81 

Engineering, 82 

Maintenance 82 

Rainfall and Yield 82 

Storage Reservoirs, 83 

Wachusett Reservoir and Dam 84 

Sudbury Reservoir, 85 

Framingham Reservoir No. 3 86 

Framingham Reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2, 86 

Ashland, Hopkinton and Whitehall Reservoirs, . 86 

Farm Pond, 87 

Lake Cochituate, 87 

Diversion of Surface Drainage of the Village of Cochituate, from Lake Cochituate into the s 

Sudbury River, .88 

Sources from which Water for the Supply of the Metropolitan District has been taken, . 89 

Aqueducts, . . . * . .90 

Wachusett, . . 90 

Sudbury, 90 

Cochituate, . . . .91 

Weston, , ... 91 



CONTENTS. 



Report of Chief Engineer of Water Works — Concluded. 
Maintenance — Concluded. 
Pumping Stations, . 

Chestnut Hill High Service, 

Chestnut Hill Low Service, 

Spot Pond, 

Arlington, . 

West Roxbury, . 
Consumption of Water, . 

Metering of Service Pipes, 
Quality of the Water, 
Sanitary Inspection, 
Swamp Ditches and Brooks, 
Protection of Supply, 
Forestry, .... 
Distributing Reservoirs, . 

Weston Reservoir, 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir, 

Waban Hill Reservoir, 

Forbes Hill Reservoir and Standpipe, 

Mystic Reservoir, 

Mystic Lake and Pumping Station, 

Arlington Standpipe, 

Spot Pond, .... 

Pipe Yards, . . . . 

Pipe Lines, 

Metering of Water to Municipalities, 

Pressure Regulators and Recording Gages, 

Electrolysis, 

Clinton Sewerage, 

Engineering, 



Report of Chief Engineer of Sewerage Works, 

Organization, 

Metropolitan Sewerage Districts, . 

Areas and Populations, . 
Metropolitan Sewers, 

Sewers purchased and constructed and their 
Cost of Construction, 
Pumping Stations and Pumpage, 
Construction, .... 

North Metropolitan System, . 
Deer Island Pumping Station, 
East Boston Pumping Station, 
Stable and Locker Building, 
South Metropolitan System, . 

Sewage Lift at Hough's Neck, Quincy, 
Maintenance, ...... 

Scope of Work and Force employed, 
Capacity and Results, 

North Metropolitan System, 

Deer Island Pumping Station, 
East Boston Pumping Station, 
Charlestown Pumping Station, 
Alewife Brook Pumping Station, 
South Metropolitan System, 

Ward Street Pumping Station, 
Quincy Pumping Station, . 
Nut Island Screen House, . 
Cost of Pumping, 



Connections 



vi CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

Report of Chief Engineer of Sewerage Works — Concluded. 
Maintenance — Concluded. 

North Metropolitan System, 153 

Siphon under Alewife Brook, 153 

Pipe under Cambridge Subway, . , . 153 

Changes in Location of Metropolitan Sewer at Cambridge Subway, Eliot Square, Cam- 
bridge, 153 

Drainage from Tanneries, Gelatine and Glue Works in Winchester, Woburn and Stone- 
ham, 154 

South Metropolitan System, 156 

South Metropolitan Outfalls, 156 

Material intercepted at the Screens, „ 156 



Appendix No. 1. — Contracts relating to the Metropolitan Water Works made and pending during 

the year 1910, 160 

Appendix No. 2. — Tables relating to the Maintenance of the Metropolitan Water Works, . . 167 
Table No. 1. — Monthly Rainfall in Inches at Various Places on the Metropolitan Water Works 

in 1910, .167 

Table No. 2. — Rainfall in Inches at Jefferson, Mass., in 1910, 168 

Table No. 3. — Rainfall in Inches at Framingham, Mass., in 1910, 169 

Table No. 4. — Rainfall in Inches at Chestnut Hill Reservoir in 1910 170 

Table No. 5. — Rainfall in Inches on the Wachusett Watershed, 1897 to 1910, . . .172 

Table No. 6. — Rainfall in Inches on the Sudbury Watershed, 1875 to 1910, . . . .173 
Table No. 7. — Yield of the Wachusett Watershed in Gallons per Day per Square Mile from 

1897 to 1910, 175 

Table No. 8. — Yield of the Sudbury Watershed in Gallons per Day per Square Mile from 1875 

to 1910, 176 

Table No. 9. — Wachusett System. — Statistics of Flow of Water, Storage and Rainfall in 1910, 179 
Table No. 10. — Sudbury System. — Statistics of Flow of Water, Storage and Rainfall in 1910, 180 
Table No. 11. — Cochituate System. — Statistics of Flow of Water, Storage and Rainfall in 1910, 181 
Table No. 12. — Elevations of Water Surfaces of Reservoirs above Boston City Base at the 

Beginning of Each Month, 182 

Table No. 13. — Sources from which and Periods during which Water has been drawn for the 

Supply of the Metropolitan Water District, 183 

Table No. 14. — Average Daily Quantity of Water flowing through Aqueducts in 1910, by 

months, 184 

Table No. 15. — Statement of Operation of Engines Nos. 1 and 2 at Chestnut Hill High-service 

Pumping Station for the Year 1910, 185 

Table No. 16. — Statement of Operation of Engine No. 3 at Chestnut Hill High-service Pump- 
ing Station for the Year 1910, 186 

Table No. 17. — Statement of Operation of Engine No. 4 at Chestnut Hill High-service Pump- 
ing Station for the Year 1910 187 

Table No. 18. — Statement of Operation of Engines Nos. 5, 6, and 7, at Chestnut Hill Low- 
service Pumping Station for the Year 1910, 188 

Table No. 19. — Statement of Operation of Engine No. 8 at Spot Pond Pumping Station for the 

Year 1910, 189 

Table No. 20. — Statement of Operation of Engine No. 9 at Spot Pond Pumping Station for the 

Year 1910, 190 

Table No. 21. — (Meter Basis) Average Daily Consumption of Water in Cities and Towns sup- 
plied wholly or in Part by the Metropolitan Water Works, . . . .191 
Table No. 22. — (Meter Basis) Average Daily Consumption of Water from the Low-service 

System 191 

Table No. 23. — (Meter Basis) Average Daily Consumption of Water from the High-service and 

Extra High-service Systems, -■- 192 

Table No. 24. — Average Daily Consumption of Water in Cities and Towns supplied from 

Metropolitan Works, as measured by Venturi Meters in 1910, . . .193 

Table No. 25. — (Pump Basis) Consumption of Water in the Metropolitan Water District, as 
Constituted in the Year 1910, and a Small Section of the Town of Saugus, 

from 1893 to 1910, 196 

Table No. 26. — Chemical Examinations of Water from the Wachusett Reservoir, Clinton, . 198 
Table No. 27. — Chemical Examinations of Water from the Sudbury Reservoir, . . .199 



CONTENTS. vii 



PAGE 

Appendix No. 2 — Concluded. 

Table No. 28. — Chemical Examinations of Water from Spot Pond, Stoneham, . . . 200 

Table No. 29. — Chemical Examinations of Water from Lake Cochituate, 201 

Table No. 30. — Chemical Examinations of Water from a Tap at the State House, Boston, . 202 
Table No. 31. — Averages of Examinations of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan 

Water Works in 1910, 203 

Table No. 32. — Chemical Examinations of Water from a Faucet in Boston, from 1892 to 1910, 204 
Table No. 33. — Microscopic Organisms in Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water 

Works, from 1898 to 1910, inclusive, 205 

Table No. 34. — Number of Bacteria per Cubic Centimeter in Water from Various Parts of the 

Metropolitan Water Works, from 1898 to 1910, inclusive, . . . .207 

Table No. 35. — Colors of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water Works in 1910, 207 
Table No. 36. — Temperatures of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water Works 

in 1910, 208 

Table No. 37. — Temperatures of the Air at Three Stations on the Metropolitan Water Works 

in 1910, . . . .209 

Table No. 38. — Table showing Length of Main Lines of Water Pipes and Connections owned 

and operated by Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, and Number of 

Valves set in Same, Dec. 31, 1910, 210 

Table No. 39. — Statement of Cast-iron Hydrant, Blow-off and Drain Pipes, owned and oper- 
ated by Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, Dec. 31, 1910, . . . 211 
Table No. 40. — Length of Water Pipes, Four Inches in Diameter and Larger, in the Several 

Cities and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works, Dec. 31, 1910, 212 
Table No. 41. — Number of Service Pipes, Meters and Fire Hydrants in the Several Cities and 

Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works, 213 

Table No. 42. — Average Maximum and Minimum Monthly Heights, in Feet, above Boston 

City Base, to which Water rose, at Different Stations on the Metropolitan 

Water Works in 1910 214 

Appendix No. 3. — Water Works Statistics for the Year 1910, 216 

Appendix No. 4. — ■ Contracts relating to the Metropolitan Sewerage Works, made and pending 

during the year 1910, 220 

Appendix No. 5. — Financial Statement presented to the General Court on Jan. 9, 1911, . . 225 
Appendix No. 6. — Legislation of the Year 1910 affecting the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage 

Board . 229 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Screen House of High-level Sewer at Nut Island, Frontispiece 

Improvement of Lake Cochituate — Appearance south of County Road in Framingham before 

and after Drainage Work, 13 

Substituting three 24-inch Pipes for 48-inch Pipe in Main at Harvard Square, Cambridge, . . 16 

Effect of Electrolysis upon 48-inch Main Pipe in Boylston Street, Cambridge, .... 22 
Diagram showing Comparative Amounts of Water collected in the different years on the Sudbury 

and Wachusett Watersheds per square mile of Watershed, 62 

Diagram showing Average Rate of Consumption of Water in the Metropolitan District in 1910 

during the Entire Day and Between the Hours of 1 and 4 at Night, 64 

Diagram showing Average Rate of Consumption in Metropolitan Water District and Rainfall and 

Average Temperature of Air at Chestnut Hill Reservoir for Each Week during 1910, . . 98 



METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts in General Court assembled. 

The Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, established under 
the provisions of chapter 168 of the Acts of the year 1901, has al- 
ready presented to your Honorable Body an abstract of the account 
of its doings, receipts, expenditures, disbursements, assets and liabili- 
ties for the fiscal year ending on November 30, 1910, and now, in 
accordance with the provisions of chapter 235 of the Acts of the 
year 1906, it presents a detailed statement of its doings for the cal- 
endar year ending on December 31, 1910, being its 

TENTH ANNUAL REPORT 
made since the consolidation of the Metropolitan Water Board and 
the Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners on March 20, 
1901. 

I. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION. 

(1) Board, Officers and Employes. 

The term of office of James A. Bailey, Jr., expired on March 21, 
1910, and he was reappointed for the three years next succeeding. 
The membership of the Board has consequently remained as in the 
preceding year: Henry H. Sprague, chairman, Henry P. Walcott, 
M.D., and James A. Bailey, Jr. William N. Davenport has con- 
tinued as secretary and in charge of the auditing department. Al- 
fred E. Bridgman has been the purchasing agent and Miss Alice G. 
Mason the bookkeeper. 

There are also employed in the administrative office a paymaster, 
an assistant in auditing, two general clerks, three stenographers and 
clerks, a telephone operator, a messenger, and a janitor with two 
assistants, one of whom acts as watchman. 



2 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

George D. Bigelow, with the assistance of Miss Alline E. Marcy, 
has performed such general conveyancing work and made such fur- 
ther investigation of real estate titles in the different counties as has 
been called for during the year for the general purposes of the 
Board. 

The consulting engineers of the Board are Hiram F. Mills and 
Frederic P. Stearns, who are called upon for services when matters 
arise which require such consideration. 

Dexter Brackett, Chief Engineer of the Water Works, has had 
supervision over the various departments of both construction and 
maintenance. William E. Eoss, as Assistant to the Chief Engineer, 
has exercised a general charge over engineering work in all depart- 
ments. The following have also acted under direction of the Chief 
Engineer: Elliot R. B. Allardice, Superintendent of the Wachusett 
Department; Charles E. Haberstroh, Superintendent of the Sudbury 
and Cochituate Works and of the portion of the Weston Aqueduct 
above the Weston Reservoir; Samuel E. Killam, Superintendent in 
charge of the Weston Reservoir and the remaining portion of the 
Weston Aqueduct and of all reservoirs and pipe lines within the Met- 
ropolitan District; Arthur E. O'RTeil, Superintendent of the several 
pumping stations ; Alfred 0. Doane, Division Engineer in charge 
of engineering work at pumping stations; Benjamin E. Hancox, 
Assistant in charge of the Drafting Department ; Arthur W. Walker, 
Biologist ; William W. Locke, in charge of the sanitary inspection of 
the watersheds ; and William E. Whittaker, Office Assistant. 

There has been a slight increase in the number in the engineer- 
ing force on account of a greater amount of construction work in 
progress during the past year. The average force employed on con- 
struction and maintenance during the year has included, in addition 
to the Chief Engineer, 4 department superintendents, 2 division 
engineers, 6 assistant engineers, and 39 others in various engineering 
capacities and as sanitary inspectors, clerks, stenographers and mes- 
sengers, the total force numbering 52. The maximum engineering 
force employed at any one time during the year on both construc- 
tion and maintenance was 62. 

A maintenance force in addition to those engaged in engineering 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 3 

capacities as above mentioned, numbering upon the average during 
the year 249, has been required at the pumping stations, upon res- 
ervoirs, aqueducts, pipe lines, and upon minor construction work. 
At the end of the year this force numbered 244. 

William M. Brown, Chief Engineer of the Sewerage Works, has 
had charge of both construction and maintenance. He has been 
assisted during the year by Erank I. Capen, Frederick D. Smith 
and Henry T. Stiff, Division Engineers, who have been in super- 
vision of both construction and maintenance departments, by 1 
assistant engineer and by 13 others employed in various engineering 
capacities, and by 2 clerks and stenographers. 

The maximum engineering force employed at any one time during 
the year on construction and maintenance of Sewerage Works was 18. 

The regular maintenance force required in addition for the oper- 
ation of the pumping stations, the care and inspection of the sewers 
and for other parts of the Sewerage Works, exclusive of the engi- 
neers and day-labor forces, has upon the average numbered 148. 

The whole regular force of the Sewerage Department at the end 
of the year numbered 167, of whom the Chief Engineer and 18 
assistants and draftsmen were engaged in general upon the works, 
and, of the remainder, 90 were employed upon the North System 
and 58 upon the South System. 

The day-labor forces under the supervision of the engineers and 
the immediate direction of the foremen have been employed during 
the year in connection with the extensions of the Deer Island and 
East Boston pumping stations and their equipment, in the building 
of the locker and stable buildings at East Boston, and in the com- 
pletion of the pipe siphons under Alewife Brook. 

The maximum number of men employed upon contracts and upon 
day-labor construction on the Sewerage Works during the year was 
for the week ending April 16, when the number amounted to 143. 

(2) Offices and Buildings. 

The offices of the Board and of the secretary, and of the auditing 
and conveyancing departments, and the main engineering offices of 
both Water Works and Sewerage Works, are located in the buildings 



4 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

numbered 1 and 3 Ashburton Place, at the corner of Somerset 
Street, in Boston. 

The headquarters of the Wachusett Department of the Water 
Works are at the gate and power house at the Wachusett Dam, in 
Clinton. The branch office for the Sudbury Department is main- 
tained at South Framingham. Headquarters of the maintenance 
force of the Water Works for the northern part of the Metropolitan 
District are maintained in the Glenwood pipe yard in Medford, 
where there are offices, shops, store-rooms and stables; and the main- 
tenance force for the southern part of the District has headquarters 
in like buildings at the Chestnut Hill Reservoir. 

Branch headquarters of the maintenance and repair forces of 
the Sewerage Works are maintained for the North Metropolitan 
System in connection with the East Boston and Deer Island pump- 
ing stations, and for the South Metropolitan System at the Ward 
Street pumping station and at the storage yard at Hough's Neck. 

II. METROPOLITAN WATER DISTRICT. 

The Metropolitan Water District now comprises the cities of 
Boston, Chelsea, Everett, Maiden, Medford, Melrose, Newton, 
Quincy and Somerville, and the towns of Arlington, Belmont, Hyde 
Park, Lexington, Milton, Nahant, Revere, Stoneham, Swampscott, 
Watertown and Winthrop, — in all 9 cities and 11 towns. The 
District has an area of 174.8 square miles, no additional municipal- 
ities having been admitted into the District during the year. Its 
population, according to the United States Census taken for April 1, 
1910, was 1,070,256. The date upon which calculations for the 
Water Works are based is July 1, 1910, and the estimate of the pop- 
ulation at that date is 1,076,650. 

The city of Newton and the town of Hyde Park, though belong- 
ing to the District, have not made application to take water from 
the Metropolitan sources. 

III. METROPOLITAN WATER WORKS — CONSTRUCTION. 

The total amount expended for the construction and acquisition 
of the Metropolitan Water Works since the passage of the Metro- 
politan Water Act in the year 1895 has been $41,546,929.56. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 5 

During the past year the amount of construction work has been 
considerably in excess of that of either of the previous four years. 
The total amount expended during the calendar year on account of 
the construction and acquisition of works has been $502,624.92. 
There has been expended on account of the Wachusett Reservoir, 
principally in settlement of the claim for the taking of the St. 
John's Catholic Cemetery, the sum of $35,955.26; the sum of 
$275,381.04 in the laying of the new 60-inch main for bringing the 
supply of water from the Weston Aqueduct into the Metropolitan 
District; the sum of $10,842.71 in the laying of a 16-inch force 
main in Arlington for the purpose of connecting the pumping sta- 
tion with the standpipe in that town; the sum of $71,320.04 for 
the reinforcement of the supply of East Boston; the sum of 
$22,577.50 for the northern high service, largely in the laying of a 
new 16-inch main in Lynn to reinforce the supply of the town of 
Swampscott ; the sum of $60,892.44 on account of the new pumping 
engine which is to be installed at Chestnut Hill for the use of the 
southern high-service district; and the remainder, the sum of $25,- 
655.93, has been expended for stock, other minor works and admin- 
istration expenses. 

(1) Wachusett Dam and Reservoir. 

(a) Power Plant. 

In accordance with the recommendations made by the Board the 
Legislature of the year 1910 passed a statute providing that the 
property held by the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board in 
the town of Clinton outside of the dam and dike, used in the gener- 
ation and sale of electricity for power or for manufacturing purposes, 
shall be assessed on a valuation of $125,000 in any year in which 
any power is generated and sold. 

Before proceeding upon the construction of the power plant it 
had seemed necessary, inasmuch as the local tax upon such a plant 
would become so considerable an element in the cost of the power 
to be disposed of, that the valuation for taxation should be perma- 
nently established. The statute of 1910 further provided that the 
Board, before making a contract for the sale of the electricity, 
should make public request for proposals for its purchase. The 



6 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Board accordingly, after the passage of the act, proceeded to ask 
for proposals for the purchase of the electricity which might be 
generated, and as a result a five-year contract was made with the 
Connecticut River Transmission Company. It was provided in 
the contract that the Board should install a plant sufficiently large 
to develop the electric energy available from the fall of the water 
at the Wachusett Dam, and should also build a transmission line 
to connect with the transmission line erected by the company for the 
purpose of making a connection with the Lancaster Mills. The con- 
tract recognized that the amount of electric energy available from 
time to time during the year would be dependent upon the quantity 
of water which should be introduced into the aqueduct, and that 
this supply would be increased or diminished and at certain portions 
of the year wholly suspended, as might be necessary for the purposes 
of conserving the water supply of the Metropolitan District and 
utilizing the water supplied from sources nearer Boston. 

The Board having made a contract for the sale of power pro- 
ceeded at once to make plans and specifications for the installation 
of the necessary machinery in the power house at the foot of the 
dam. Proposals were invited from the leading hydraulic and elec- 
tric manufacturing companies, and as a result a contract for in- 
stalling the machinery required for the development of the power 
was made with the S. Morgan Smith Company of York, Pa., for 
both the hydraulic turbines and electric generators, it being under- 
stood that the electrical equipment would be furnished under a sub- 
contract with the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company 
of Pittsburg, Pa. Work under the contract has already been begun, 
and its terms provide that it shall be so far completed that power 
can be furnished to the Transmission Company by July 1, 1911. 

(b) St. Johns Catholic Cemetery. 

The Board was enabled on May last to bring about a final settle- 
ment under the agreement which had been made in the year 1898 
with the Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of ' Springfield and 
the St. John's Catholic Cemetery Association, by which the land 
acquired for the old cemetery in Clinton was taken for the Wachusett 
Reservoir and the bodies removed to a new cemetery site in Lan- 
caster, purchased by the Board for the purposes of the Association. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 7 

A deed was received from the Bishop of the Diocese conveying the 
title to the land, and the Bishop and the Cemetery Association 
united in a release to the Commonwealth of all claims for damages 
by reason of the taking. The Board executed a deed to the Associa- 
tion of the cemetery lands in Lancaster and paid over to the Associa- 
tion the sum of $32,096.83, the balance which had long remained 
payable under the terms of the agreement. 

(2) Improvement of the Watersheds. 

No large work has been undertaken during the past year for the 
improvement of the Wachusett watershed. Two small parcels of 
land, one of which afforded a menace to a brook emptying into the 
Wachusett Reservoir, and the other to the reservoir itself, have been 
purchased for the better protection of the water. A small parcel in 
Marlborough was purchased for the protection of the Sudbury Reser- 
voir, and four small strips of land along the shore of Lake Cochitu- 
ate were also acquired to increase the marginal width of the lake. 

The construction of a system for diverting the surface drainage 
of the village of Cochituate from the lake has been carried on by 
the maintenance department. 

It has continued to be the policy of the Board to take such action 
as from time to time seems necessary in order to suppress the 
dangers which threaten the purity of the water. 

(3) Distribution System. 

(a) New Weston Aqueduct Supply Main. 
The work of laying the 60-inch supply main which is to afford an 
additional connection between the Weston Aqueduct and the present 
mains near the Chestnut Hill Reservoir, and which was begun in 
the preceding year, has been prosecuted, and of the entire length 
of about 34,650 feet, 17,584 feet of iron pipe have been laid and 
2,042 feet of tunnel have been excavated. The new main is lo- 
cated for the larger portion of the distance through Commonwealth 
Avenue, beginning near the Charles River in Newton and extending 
to the junction of Beacon Street and Chestnut Hill Avenue in Bos- 
ton. It is contemplated at present to construct but a little more 
than 20,000 feet, being the lower portion ending near the Chestnut 



8 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Hill Reservoir, as it is deemed possible, owing to the reduction in 
the consumption of water in the District, to defer the completion of 
the remaining portion for the present. There remain principally 
to be completed in the part under immediate construction the masonry 
lining of the tunnel in Newton and the laying of 80-inch steel pipes 
at either end to make connection with the other portions of the line. 
The tunnel and connecting steel pipes have been made of a sufficient 
capacity to provide for another pipe line from the Weston Aqueduct 
in the future. The section under present construction will be brought 
to completion about the middle of the coming year. 

(b) New Force Main in Arlington. 
A 16-inch force main was laid during the year from Massachu- 
setts Avenue in Arlington up to the standpipe on Arlington Heights, 
a distance of 3,750 feet. This main was laid in order to improve 
and make adequate the supply of the high-service districts in Arling- 
ton and Lexington and has been completed at a total cost of $10,- 
842.71, inclusive of engineering. 

X 

(c) New Supply Main for East Boston. 

The Legislature of last year authorized the laying of an additional 
main in order to improve and render more secure the water supply 
of the East Boston district. For this purpose the Board has pro- 
ceeded during the year to lay a main, in part 30 inches and in part 
36 inches in diameter, from a connection with the Metropolitan main 
in Chelsea for a distance of about 3,800 feet to a point near the 
Chelsea Street Bridge, and thence through a tunnel for a distance 
of about 400 feet under Chelsea Creek to the East Boston side. 
The tunnel through which the pipe is laid has been constructed with 
an inner diameter of 6 feet 10 inches at a depth of about 50 feet 
below the surface of the creek at high water. The construction of 
the tunnel required the introduction of compressed air, and on ac- 
count of the difficulty of the work it was determined to proceed by 
day labor. The tunnel and the laying of the pipe have been nearly 
completed and it is expected that water will be introduced through 
the new main early in the coming year. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 9 

(d) New 16-inch Main for Swampscott Water Supply. 
As a part of the work which is deemed necessary in order to fur- 
nish a proper water supply to the town of Swampscott, a new 16-inch 
main has been laid through Ocean and New Ocean streets in Lynn 
to the Swampscott line. The entire cost of this work was $14,009.70. 

(e) New Pumping Engine at Chestnut Hill. 

A contract for a new pumping engine having a capacity to pump 
40,000,000 gallons per day was made in the year 1909. During 
the past year the parts of the engine have been received at the Chest- 
nut Hill pumping station, where work of erection has been in prog- 
ress as well as the construction of foundations for the engine and 
boilers. Although the engine is to be used for the supply of the 
southern high-service district it is located in the low-service pump- 
ing station. It is expected that the new engine will be placed in 
service early in the coming year. 

(4) Acquisition of Lands and Settlements for Damages. 

During the past year the Board has further acquired in fee by 
purchase 62.706 acres of land, and by taking 0.624 of an acre. It 
has in addition acquired rights or easements by purchase in 0.133 
of an acre, and by taking in 3.42 acres. The total acquisitions of 
land have thus amounted to 66.883 acres. 

The lands acquired embraced three tracts, containing 62.159 acres 
in West Boylston for the protection of the Wachusett water supply; 
four parcels in Natick amounting to 0.547 of an acre for the pro- 
tection of Lake Cochituate; a parcel of land containing 0.516 of an 
acre in Marlborough for the protection of the Sudbury Reservoir; 
several parcels in Newton having an aggregate of 3.202 acres for 
the 60-inch pipe line; a parcel of 0.401 of an acre in Arlington for 
the extension of the high service; and two parcels in Chelsea and 
East Boston of 0.0299 of an acre and 0.0325 of an acre, respectively, 
for the construction of the East Boston tunnel and pipe line. 

Under the settlement which was made with the Roman Catholic 
Bishop of Springfield, a deed was received and a taking was made of 
the land formerly included in the St. John's Catholic Cemetery in 
Clinton, amounting to 26.39 acres, although this land had long been 
in possession of the Board. 



10 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



The Board has conveyed away, as lands no longer required for its 
purposes, the lot in Clinton which was formerly occupied for offices 
for the sum of $3,950; and also a parcel situated between Mystic 
Street and Old Mystic Street in Arlington for the sum of $1,947. 
The settlement for the St. John's Catholic Cemetery lands included 
the release to the St. John's Catholic Cemetery Association of the 
parcel of ]and in Lancaster which had been acquired by the Board 
for the removal of bodies and held for cemetery purposes. 

The settlements made during the past year on account of lands 
purchased and taken have numbered 13. The amount paid, includ- 
ing the balance of $32,096.83 paid in the settlement for the St. 
John's Catholic Cemetery lands, was $38,507.84. All these settle- 
ments have been effected by voluntary agreement. 

There have been 9 takings of land for the Metropolitan Water 
Works, involving the taking in fee of 418.748 acres and easements 
and rights in 3.424 acres. The takings of lands in Sterling and 
West Boylston, and in Natick and Eramingham, were of lands to 
which title by deed had previously been acquired. The following 
is a list of the takings made during the year for Water Works : — 

Takings for Metropolitan Water Works for the Year 19.10. 



No. 



Location and Description. 



Former Owner. 



Recorded 



Purpose of Taking. 



128 



129 



130 



131 



132 



133 



Newton, — from Commonwealth Av- 
enue northeasterly across Grant Av- 
enue and Ward Street to Cochituate 
Aqueduct. Area, fee in 0.108 acre. 
Easements in 2.381 acres. Rights 
in 0.580 acre. 



Arlington, — from Robbins Road to 
Park Avenue. Area, easements in 
0.401 acre. 

Sterling, — the John Gates farm and 
adjacent parcels on West Wausha- 
cum Pond. Area, fee in 230.71 
acres. 

Clinton, — the St. John's Catholic 
Cemetery. Area, fee in 26.39 acres. 

Chelsea and East Boston, — parcels 
near Chelsea Street Bridge on East- 
ern Avenue, Chelsea, and Chelsea 
Street, East Boston. Area, ease- 
ments in 0.0299 acre, Chelsea, and 
0.0325 acre and temporary rights in 
0.0131 acre, East Boston. 

Marlborough, — on an arm of Sud- 
bury Reservoir, both sides of Mowry 
Brook. Area, fee in 0.516 acre. 



John Ward et al., heirs 
of Francis Pettee, 
heirs of George K. 
Ward, William F. 
Harbach et al., Ne- 
hemiah W. Rice et 
al., Caroline R. Bra- 
man and Charles G. 
Rice. 

Within location o f 
streets o r private 
ways. 

Willie R. Mitchell et 
al., Charles H. Bald- 
win and West Boyl- 
ston Manufacturing 
Company. 

The Roman Catholic 
Bishop of Spring- 
field. 

Albert D. Bosson et al., 
and The Standard 
Oil Company of New 

York. , / 



The widow and heirs 
of Philip Mowry. 



1910. 

May 12. 



May 12. 



May 23. 



July 14. 



Aug. 13. 



Sept. 1. 



Weston Aqueduct supply 
mains. 



Northern extra High- 
service pipe lines. 

Improvement of Wachu- 
sett watershed. 



Wachusett Reservoir. 



Low-service pipe lines. 



Sudbury Reservoir. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



11 



Takings for Metropolitan Water Works for the Year 1910 — Concluded. 



No. 



Location and Description. 



Former Owner. 



Recorded. 



Purpose of Taking. 



134 



135 



136 



Natick and Framingham, — outly- 
ing and marginal parcels on and 
near Speene Street and West Cen- 
tral Street, Natick, and on Pleasant 
Street, Framingham. Area, fee in 
6.85 acres. 

West Boylston and Sterling, — out- 
lying parcels, Crescent Street, West 
Boylston, North Main Street, Oak- 
dale, Waushacum Walk and West 
Waushacum Pond, Sterling. Area, 
fee in 16.554 acres. 

Sterling, — on East or West Wausha- 
cum ponds. Area, fee in 137.62 
acres. 



Westborough Savings 
Bank, Rufus G. 
Bayer et al., D. J. 
Ferguson and Re- 
becca J. Belknap. 

Mary J. Warner, Wal- 
ter B. Sawyer, Carrie 
E. Adams, Willie R. 
Mitchell et at., and 
Elmer E. Towle et 
al. 

West Boylston Manu- 
facturing Company, 
Frank L. Wilder et 
al., Willie R. Mitch- 
ell and Agnes L. 
Benfield. 



Nov. 1. 



Nov. 1. 



Dec. 21. 



Improvement of Sud- 
bury and Cochituate 
watersheds. 



Improvement of Wachu- 
sett watershed. 



Improvement of Wachu- 
sett watershed. 



IV. WATER WORKS — MAINTENANCE. 
(1) Operation of Works. 
The maintenance of the Metropolitan Water Works has required 
the expenditure of $414,121.52 during the past calendar year. There 
is involved the maintenance and operation of the various storage and 
distributing reservoirs and standpipes, aqueducts, pumping stations, 
main pipe lines, filter-beds, pipe yards, gate-houses, siphon and ter- 
minal chambers, dwelling houses for attendants, and buildings and 
other structures used or held for different operating purposes. 

(2) Storage Reservoirs. 
There are maintained the following reservoirs for the collection 
and storage of water in the various watersheds which serve as sources 
of supply for the distribution to the different municipalities : — 

Cochituate watershed : — 

Lake Cochituate, including Dudley Pond, 
Sudbury watershed : — 

Sudbury Reservoir, 

Framingham Reservoir No. 1, 



Capacity in Gallons. 

, 2/242,400,000 



Framingham Reservoir No. 2, 
Framingham Reservoir No. 3, 
Ashland Reservoir, 
Hopkinton Reservoir, . 
Whitehall Reservoir, 
Farm Pond, .... 
Wachusett watershed : — 
Wachusett Reservoir, . 
Total, .... 



7,253,500,000 
287,500,000 
529,900,000 
1,180,000.000 
1,416,400,000 
1,520,900,000 
1,256,900,000 
167,500,000 

64,968,000,000 
80,823,000,000 



12 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The full capacity of the reservoirs of 80,823,000,000 gallons was 
not reached during the year. The total quantity in storage at the 
beginning of the year was 62,101,500,000 gallons. The maximum 
quantity of 77,826,500,000 gallons was reached on May 10. During 
the latter half of the year there was a continual loss of storage, and 
at the end of the year the total quantity was 59,327,000,000 gallons, 
a net loss from the beginning of the year of 2,774,000,000 gallons. 

The Wachusett Reservoir was not filled to high-water mark at any 
time during the year. At the beginning of the year the water was 
12.91 feet below this mark, and reached its highest point on May 1, 
when its level was but 0.74 of a foot below high-water mark. There 
was a gradual loss during the latter part of the year, and at the end 
the reservoir was 15.65 feet below the high- water level and con- 
tained 45,610,400,000 gallons, showing a net loss during the year of 
more than 3,000,000,000 gallons. 

The chief work which has been required in connection with the 
Wachusett Reservoir has been occasioned by the washing away of 
the soil at exposed places along the shore through the action of the 
waves. For an area along the reservoir nearly a mile in length it 
has been found necessary further to strip the soil in order to keep a 
proper marginal width. 

In connection with the discharge of water from the reservoir into 
the river below, as required by the statute, a fountain has been in- 
stalled in the pool, which has added an attractive feature to the 
grounds. 

All the water taken from the Wachusett Reservoir was carried into 
the Sudbury Reservoir and thence in large part through Framing- 
ham Reservoir jSTo. 3 into the Metropolitan District, and both these 
latter reservoirs were kept full or nearly full during the year. 

It being deemed preferable to draw the water from the Wachusett 
supply, the other Framingham reservoirs and the Ashland, Hopkin- 
ton and Whitehall reservoirs, having independent sources, were not 
drawn upon during the year. 

Water has been drawn from Farm Pond, through a filter gallery 
alongside of the pond, by the town of Framingham for the larger part 
of its supply, but a comparatively small portion has also been taken 
by the town directly from the Sudbury Aqueduct. 

Several small strips of land along the shoreof Lake Cochituate 





IPROVEMENT of LAKE COCHITUATE-Appearance south of County Road 
in Framingham before and after Drainage Work. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 13 

have been purchased during the year in order to add to the width of 
the marginal land under the control of the Board, and better to pro- 
tect the water of the lake from pollution. 

The principal measure, however, which has been taken for the 
protection of the water supply has been the construction of a system 
of surface drainage, which is to take the surface water from the 
village of Cochituate now flowing into Snake Brook, a tributary of 
the lake, and divert it into Bannister's Brook, which flows into the 
Sudbury River and outside of the Cochituate watershed. A large 
vitrified pipe is laid from Main Street in Cochituate village to the 
junction with Hammond's Brook, and thence a concrete covered drain 
36 inches by 33 inches in dimensions has been constructed substan- 
tially along the County Road for a distance of 3,454 feet to a point 
beyond the town line of Natick, whence an open channel, with a bot- 
tom width of 12 inches, has been built for a distance of 5,958 feet, 
following an old drain to Bannister's Brook, and through the brook 
to an old mill-pond north of the County Road and west of Speene 
Street in Eramingham. 

The contract for this undertaking had been almost completed 
at the end of the year. An appropriation amounting to $36,000, 
chargeable to maintenance, had been made for this improvement. 
The sum of $26,883.44 has been so far expended, but the total cost 
will come considerably within the appropriation. 

The prosecution of the work required the lowering of the water 
of the lake for a considerable period, and for this reason and on ac- 
count of the excavation of the tunnel in Newton for the new 60-inch 
pipe in close proximity to the Cochituate Aqueduct, it has been 
deemed best not to draw water from Lake Cochituate, as has been 
usually done during a portion of the year. 

(3) Aqueducts. 

Nearly all the water consumed in the Metropolitan District was 
brought from the Wachusett Reservoir, and consequently was carried 
through the Wachusett Aqueduct into the Sudbury Reservoir. The 
average number of gallons per day thus carried through the Wachu- 
sett Aqueduct was 103,146,200. The Wachusett Aqueduct was in 
operation during 340 days in the year. 

Erom the Sudbury Reservoir water was discharged into Framing- 



14 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

ham Reservoir No. 3, and thence an average of 85,033,000 gallons 
per day was drawn through the Sudbury Aqueduct to the Chestnut 
Hill Reservoir. This aqueduct was in continuous service during the 
entire year. 

The Weston Aqueduct was also continuously operated during the 
year, and the daily average now was 28,974,000 gallons. This water 
was taken directly from the Sudbury Reservoir. 

'No water was drawn through the Cochituate Aqueduct for the 
use of the District during the year, but the aqueduct was kept in 
condition ready for use if called upon at any time. 

(4) Distributing Reservoirs and Stand-pipes. 

The distributing reservoirs and standpipes located in different 
parts of the Metropolitan District have a total capacity of 2,381,- 
230,000 gallons. These reservoirs are kept substantially full during 
the year, not only as a protection and relief in cases of accident or 
emergency, but also in order to secure a proper distribution of the 
water throughout the District. They are as follows : — 

Capacity in Gallons. 

Spot Pond, 1,791,700,000 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir, 300,000,000 

Weston Reservoir, 200,000,000 

Fells Reservoir, " . . 41,400,000 

Mystic Reservoir, 26,200,000 

Waban Hill Reservoir, 13,500,000 

Forbes Hill Reservoir, . . . . . . . . 5,100,000 

Bear Hill Reservoir, 2,450,000 

Arlington Standpipe, 550,000 

Forbes Hill Standpipe, 330,000 

Total, 2,381,230,000 

(5) Pumping Stations. 

While about one-quarter of the water introduced into the Metro- 
politan District has been supplied by gravity, the remainder, or 
three-quarters of the whole, has been lifted by pumping at the two 
Chestnut Hill stations in order that it may be delivered in the 
various portions of the District at the requisite pressure. A portion 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



15 



of the water is necessarily lifted a second time for the supply of the 
higher sections. 

The following are the several pumping stations : — 





Number of 
Engines. 


Maximum 
Contract 
Capacity 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Lift (Feet). 


Chestnut Hill High-service Station, . 
Chestnut Hill Low-service Station, 

Spot Pond Station, 

Arlington Station, 

West Roxbury Station, .... 


41 

3 
2 
2 
3 


66,000,000 
105,000,000 

30,000,000 
3,000,000 
3,750,000 


138 
60 
125 
290 
140 



1 The new pumping engine in process of erection for the high service, to be located in the low-service 
station, will have a maximum contract capacity of 40,000,000 gallons per day, with a lift of 130 feet. 



An average of 84,654,000 gallons was daily pumped from the two 
Chestnut Hill stations, and in the other stations an average of 8,995,- 
000 gallons was daily pumped. 

The total cost of operating all the stations during the year was 
$101,996.34, or $2.99 per million gallons 'pumped. Of this total, 
$61,933.82 was expended for labor and $34,332.78 for fuel. 

The total amount of coal purchased during the year was 9,693.63 
gross tons, of which 6,941.47 tons were bituminous, 314.53 tons an- 
thracite, 2,101.77 tons buckwheat anthracite, and 335.86 tons anthra- 
cite screenings. The average cost of bituminous coal delivered in 
the bins at the various stations varied from $3.85 to $4.82 ; the aver- 
age cost of anthracite coal was $4.91 ; the cost of buckwheat varied 
from $2.59 to $2.76, and of anthracite screenings from $2.50 to 
$2.68. 

All the bituminous coals purchased are subjected on delivery to 
strict tests as to their heating power and as to the amount of moisture 
contained, and it is provided in the contracts for furnishing the coal 
that a deduction shall be made when the coal falls below a fixed 
standard, and at the same time the price is increased if it is found 
to be superior to the standard required. 



16 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



(6) Pipe Lines. 

There has been during the past year an increase in the length of 
main pipe lines owned and operated by the Metropolitan Water and 
Sewerage Board of 4.49 miles, the total length of the mains now 
owned and in operation being 97.02 miles. The Metropolitan mains 
are operated in connection with local mains 4 inches and more in 
diameter, by which the water is distributed to the various munici- 
palities of the District, and which have a length of 1,633.37 miles. 

The principal addition to the mains has been the laying of about 
2% miles of the 60-inch supply main from the Weston Aqueduct, but 
the new line for the improvement of the East Boston supply, the line 
in Lynn for the reinforcement of the Swampscott supply, and the 
line between the pumping station and standpipe in Arlington, have 
added considerable to the total mileage. 

Several changes in mains have been required during the past year, 
largely on account of construction of other public works. 

The construction of the subway station at Harvard Square in Cam- 
bridge by the Boston Elevated Railway Company compelled a change 
in the 48-inch main running through Boylston Street and Massachu- 
setts Avenue for a distance of about 650 feet. For a portion of the 
distance three 24-inch mains were substituted for the original 48-inch 
main. This work involved much difficulty, and was performed in 
part by the Board at the expense of the company and in part by the 
Boston Elevated Railway Company itself. 

Other changes found necessary have been the lowering of the 
48-inch main in Reservoir Lane in Brookline near the Chestnut Hill 
high-service pumping station for a distance of 275 feet, in order to 
permit the construction of Crafts Road across the lane ; the lowering 
of the pipe under the Mystic River between Medford and Arlington 
for a distance of 130 feet to permit the deepening of the channel by 
the Metropolitan Park Commission; and a relocation of the main in 
Morton Street in West Roxbury in order to conform to the new loca- 
tion of a branch of the Stony Brook conduit made by the city of 
Boston. 

It has also been necessary to relay a portion of the 48-inch main 
in Boylston Street, Cambridge, on account of the destructive effects 
of electrolysis upon the pipes. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 17 

No breaks in the mains have occurred during the year, but there 
have been discovered and repaired 45 leaks in pipe lines. Several oi 
the leaks occurred in the pipes laid under the Charles and Mystic 
rivers, and in the repairs resort was necessarily had to dredging ma- 
chines and divers. The larger part of the leaks occurred at leaded 
joints, and were in many cases due to settlement of the pipes on ac- 
count of adjacent excavations made in the prosecution of other pub- 
lic work. 

The Venturi and other meters, by which the water delivered to the 
various municipalities is measured, have been the efficient means of 
detecting leaks in the local systems which failed to be discovered by 
the authorities themselves. Two notable leaks, in each case amount- 
ing to about 1,000,000 gallons per day, were, through the indications 
of the meters, found in Medford and in Brighton, the water escap- 
ing in one case into the river and in the other into a sewer. 

(7) Clinton Sewerage Works. 

The Clinton Sewerage Works have been operated under the re- 
quirements of the Metropolitan Water Act in order to dispose of the 
sewage of the town, which had formerly been discharged into the 
South Branch of the Nashua River before the principal portion of 
the water was diverted for the Metropolitan supply. 

About 829,000 gallons of sewage per day have been pumped upon 
the filter-beds, at a total cost of $3,545.92, or of $11.72 per million 
gallons pumped. 

A considerable improvement in the efficiency of the filter-beds has 
been effected by continuing the work previously begun of construct- 
ing underdrains and of placing distributing channels over the sur- 
faces of the beds. 

In addition to the 29 beds before constructed, 2 new beds have 
been built during the past year in a more isolated location in order 
to receive the sludge from the settling basins, into which the sewage 
is directly pumped. 

The measures which have been taken have brought about ;i de- 
cided improvement in the character of the effluent discharges. The 
sludge which has gathered has been used as fertilizer for the grass 
lands in the vicinity of the Wachusett Dam and the North Dike. 



18 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The sum of $3,353.42 was expended in the required maintenance 
of the filter-beds, and an additional sum of $4,895.61 was spent upon 
the improvements. 

(8) Protection of the Water Supply. 

Various means have been employed in connection with the main- 
tenance of the works in order to preserve the purity of the water sup- 
plied to the District and to protect it from pollution. 

(a) Began Brook Filtration Works. 

In the work of protecting the waters of .Lake Cochituate about 
577,550 gallons per day of the surface drainage which comes from 
the more thickly settled portions of the town of Natick have been 
collected and pumped upon filter-beds before the water of the brooks 
intercepted is allowed to enter the lake. The cost of maintain- 
ing and operating the pumping station and the filter-beds has been 
$2,606.47, or $12.77 per million gallons treated. 

(b) Marlborough Brook Filter-beds. 

The surface water from the thickly settled portions of the city of 
Marlborough, flowing into Marlborough Brook, has been diverted 
into a settling basin and thence into filter-beds, before it has been ad- 
mitted into the Sudbury Reservoir. During a few days only in the 
year has diluted sewage overflowed from the Marlborough sewer 
mains into the brook. The filters have been sufficient to dispose of 
all the waters of the brook except upon two days of heavy storm. 

(c) Sterling Filter-beds. 

The filter-beds constructed on the brook which flows through the 
centre of the town of Sterling and into Lake Waushacum have 
been in continuous and successful operation through the year. The 
smaller filter-beds at Sterling Junction, which were built to intercept 
the sewage of the summer cottages and prevent the pollution of the 
Waushacum Brook, a direct tributary of the Wachusett Reservoir, 
have been kept in operation during the summer season. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 19 

(d) Drainage Ditches. 

The ditches which have been built for an aggregate length of 36.36 
miles, in order to provide a quick drainage of the principal swamps 
upon the several watersheds and to prevent the discoloration and 
deterioration of the water flowing from them into the various storage 
reservoirs, require from year to year not only regular oversight but 
many repairs and renewals. These have involved a considerable ex- 
pense, amounting to $2,315.65, but the result has been satisfactory 
in the improvement of the quality of the water. 

(e) Sanitary Inspection and Policing. 

A sanitary inspector, William W. Locke, C.E., and one assistant 
have been continuously engaged, and others to the maximum of 15 in 
number have been employed for various periods during the year, in 
the inspection of the watersheds, not only for the purpose of remedy- 
ing minor sources of pollution but also for the more general pro- 
tection from injury of the property of the Commonwealth. 

The sanitary inspectors have examined 1,481 premises on the Wa- 
chusett watershed and 7,226 premises on the Sudbury and Cochitu- 
ate watersheds with reference to cesspools, privy, sink and barn 
drainage, manufacturing wastes and sewer connections. 

During the year a census has been made, showing in the different 
sections of the watersheds the permanent and summer populations, 
the number of dwellings occupied permanently and in the summer, 
the population unconnected with sewers, and the numbers of domes- 
tic animals which are kept. The tables, which are given in the re- 
port of the Chief Engineer of Water Works, indicate a decided 
improvement in the sanitary condition of the watersheds during the 
last five years, and show that the number of premises deemed " un- 
satisfactory," that is, those from which trouble may possibly arise 
under unfavorable circumstances, have been greatly reduced. 

These tables show that upon the Wachusett watershed the total 
permanent population is 44.7 per square mile of area, and that oil 
the Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds the population in dwellings 
not connected with sewers is respectively 129.7 and 260.4 per square 
mile. 

There were 3 cases of typhoid fever reported oil the Wachusett 



20 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

watershed and 130 cases upon the Sudbury and Cochituate water- 
sheds. All these cases were carefully watched, and measures, which 
were entirely successful, were adopted to prevent the pollution of the 
water supply. 

A more general patrol for the protection of the water supply has 
been required during more or less of the year. Three officers are 
regularly employed in the policing of the Wachusett and Sudbury 
systems, though other duties are assigned them in connection with 
this employment. Two watchmen were employed about Lake Cochit- 
uate in the summer and camping season and while a large gang of 
laborers was engaged on public works in the vicinity. The large 
number of persons visiting the grounds about the Chestnut Hill res- 
ervoirs and Spot Pond in the summer season has made it necessary, 
for the more effective protection both of the water supply and of the 
property of the Commonwealth, to employ patrolmen more or less 
on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, and for the purpose men have 
genera 1 lv been detailed from other duties. These various efforts 
have been successful in preventing any serious injury. 

(/) Laboratory Examinations. 

Weekly and monthly examinations are made in the laboratory of 
the Board to ascertain the number of organisms and bacteria con- 
tained, and to determine the color, taste, odor and turbidity of the. 
water of the various reservoirs and of the various tributaries which 
feed the larger sources from which the supply is taken. There have 
thus been made 2,377 microscopical and 961 bacterial examinations 
during the year. Samples are also sent for monthly and bi-monthly 
chemical examination at the laboratory of the State Board of Health. 
These examinations not only enable the quick detection of objection- 
able organisms or other substances in the water, but make it possible 
to draw the water for immediate use in a large measure from sources 
where the most favorable conditions exist. 

(9) Quality of the Water. 

The water drawn from the Wachusett and Sudbury reservoirs, 
which have furnished almost the entire supply during the year, has 
been peculiarly free from objectionable organisms. Other disturb- 
ing elements have also been lacking, and the water furnished the 
District has been of exceptionally good quality. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 21 

(10) Forestry and Moth Suppression. 

The lands under the custody of the Board comprise about 10,000 
acres, and the larger part of these are embraced in the margins 
surrounding the great reservoirs, particularly the Wachusett Reser- 
voir. For the better protection of the water of the reservoirs it 
has been the policy of the Board to plant with trees the larger part 
of the territory which was not already wooded. The original nurs- 
eries, the Lamson and Flagg nurseries, maintained on the north and 
south sides of the Wachusett Reservoir, will gradually give way to 
a single new nursery which has been started on Waushacum Street 
in Oakdale. 

The work about the Wachusett Reservoir during the past year 
has consisted principally in replanting sections along the immediate 
margins in order to supply the places of trees which had died, the 
thinning out of portions of the old woodlands, the improvement of 
forest roads and the planting of trees along the highways. 

A considerable number of arbor vitse trees have been set out on 
the shores and lands about the Sudbury Reservoir, white pines have 
been planted on portions of the shore about Lake Cochituate and 
along the Sudbury Aqueduct, and other trees have been set out along 
the Weston Aqueduct and at Spot Pond. 

The ravages of the gypsy and brown-tail moths, the elm-leaf 
beetle and the pine-tree weevil have continued on various parts of 
the lands under the custody of the Board, and the sum of $6,010.21 
has been spent in the efforts to suppress them, an amount about 
$2,000 less than that called for in the preceding year. 

The. moths have been encountered, though in somewhat less num- 
bers, at Spot Pond, at the Chestnut Hill Reservoir, and also at the 
Sudbury and Weston reservoirs, and along portions of the aqueducts. 
A few moths have been discovered the past year in the vicinity of 
the Wachusett Reservoir. At the Weston Reservoir the elm-leaf 
beetle has been more than ever prevalent and destructive. At the 
Wachusett Reservoir the pine-tree weevil infested the young pines 
more than in previous years, and it was also alike destructive at the 
Sudbury Reservoir. 

(11) Electrolysis. 
Owing to the destructive effects of the passage of the electric 
currents through the line of iron pipes, it was deemed unsafe 1 to defer 



22 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

longer the substitution of new pipes in that section of the 48-inch 
main line which runs through Boylston Street in Cambridge from 
the vicinity of the power station of the Boston Elevated Railway 
Company near the Charles River, to Eliot Street, not far from 
Harvard Square. The section replaced had a length of 827 feet 
and had been laid but a period of fourteen years. The new pipes 
have a thickness of 1.7 inches instead of the original thickness of 
1.4 inches and, excepting at a curve, were laid with joints of wood 
instead of lead in order to secure insulation in the future. Pittings 
more or less deep and extended were found in all the discarded pipes, 
generally from % inch to at least 1 inch in depth. In one of the 
lengths removed the pipe was so affected that four holes were made 
in cleaning out the pittings which had been caused by the action of 
the electric current. 

The cost of relaying this section of the main was $12,221.40, 
and is made a claim against the Railway Company. 

The insertion of wooden instead of lead joints at intervals of 
about 500 feet has been adopted in all the lines of main pipe which 
have been recently laid, and it is believed that this is the most 
efficient means for the prevention or checking of electrolysis in the 
pipes which has yet been found. 

It is undoubtedly true, however, that great damage has been done 
in the past by the electrolytic action upon the pipes in various parts 
of the District, seriously weakening them in case of extraordinary 
pressure and decidedly shortening the period of their safe use. 

V. WATER WORKS — FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 

The financial abstract of the receipts, disbursements, assets and 
liabilities of the Board for the State fiscal year, beginning with De- 
cember 1, 1909, and ending with November 30, 1910, was, in ac- 
cordance with the requirements of chapter 235 of the Acts of the 
year 1906, presented to the General Court in January last, and a 
copy of this financial abstract is printed as Appendix ~No. 5. 

The more detailed statement of its doings required by said chap- 
ter for the calendar year 1910, in relation to the Metropolitan Water 
Works, is herewith presented. 

The Metropolitan Water Loans authorized for the construction 
and acquisition of works have amounted to $41,878,000. To this 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 23 

sum are added the proceeds from the sale of property by the Board, 
and these amounted on January 1, 1911, to $288,574.04. The 
total amount, therefore, which the Board has been authorized to 
expend is $42,166,574.04. The amount of expenditures approved 
by the Board for payment out of the Metropolitan Water Loan Fund 
was. for the year 1910, $502,624.92, and the total amount so ap- 
proved for payment since the beginning of the work up to January 
1, 1911, has been $41,546,929.56. There was accordingly a balance 
remaining at the beginning of the year 1911 amounting to $619,- 
644.48. 

The Treasurer of the Commonwealth has issued from time to time, 
on the request of the Board, bonds to the amount of $41,398,000. 
These bonds were issued for terms of thirty-nine and one-half and 
forty years from the date of issue, and bear interest at the rate of 
3 per cent, and 3% per cent, per annum. The sinking fund estab- 
lished for the payment of the bonds at maturity amounted on Janu- 
ary 1, 1911, to $8,089,902.91. 

The increase in the debt, during the calendar year, as represented 
by the Metropolitan Water Loans outstanding, was $500,000. The 
increase of the sinking fund for the payment of the debt at maturity 
was during the same period, $863,640.60. There has been, there- 
fore, a decrease of the net debt during the calendar year amounting 
to $363,640.60. 

The amount approved by the Board for the maintenance and op- 
eration of the Water Works for the year 1910, which was paid out of 
the annual assessments, was $414,121.52. 

The assessments for the year 1910 for the payment of interest on 
the bonds, for the sinking fund requirements and for the expenses 
of operation and maintenance of the Water Works, which were levied 
upon the various cities and towns in the Metropolitan District, 
amounted to $2,297,787.77. 

(1) Metropolitan Water Loans, Receipts and Payments. 

The loans authorized for the construction and acquisition of the 
Metropolitan Water Works, the receipts which are added to the 
proceeds of these loans, the expenditures for the construction and 
acquisition of works, and the balance available on January 1, 1911, 
have been as follows: — 



24 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Loan under chapter 488 of the Acts of 1895, 
Loan under chapter 453 of the Acts of 1901, 
Loan under chapter 367 of the Acts of 1906, 
Loan under chapter 558 of the Acts of 1908, 
Loan under chapter 320 of the Acts of 1909, 
Loan under chapter 291 of the Acts of 1910, 



Receipts from the sales of property applicable to the con- 
struction and acquisition of works : — 

For the year ending December 31, 1910, . $31,502 38 

For the period prior to January 1, 1910, . 167,071 Q6 



$27,000,000 00 

13,000,000 00 

500,000 00 

398,000 00 

900,000 00 

80,000 00 

$41,878,000 00 



Receipt from town of Swampscott for admission to the Met- 
ropolitan Water District paid into Loan Fund (St. 1909, 
c. 320), 



Amount approved by the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage 
Board for payments out of the Water Loan Fund : — 
For the year ending December 31, 1910, . $502,624 92 
For the period prior to January 1, 1910, . 41,044,304 64 



198,574 04 



90,000 00 
$42,166,574 04 



Balance January 1, 1911, 



41,546,929 56 



$619,644 48 



(2) Issues of Metropolitan Water Loan Bonds. 
The Treasurer of the Commonwealth, under the authority given 
him to issue from time to time, on the request of the Board, nego- 
tiable bonds to an amount not exceeding $41,878,000, to be desig- 
nated the " Metropolitan Water Loan," has sold bonds to the amount 
of $41,398,000. The list of bonds sold prior to the year 1910 is 
given in the last (Ninth) Annual Report. The bonds sold in the 
year 1910 are as follows: — 



Date op Sale. 


Amount 

of Bonds 

sold. 


Rate of 
Interest 

(Per 
Cent.). 


Price 

received. 


Date due. 


Premium. 


Feb. 10, 1910, . . . . 


$500,000 


%Vi 


100.39 


Jan. 1, 1950 


81,950 00 



Prior to May 1, 1906, all premiums received from the sales of 
bonds were applied to the payment of the current charges in re- 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



25 



duction of the annual assessments, but since that date, under the 
provisions of chapter 337, Acts of 1906, they have been paid into the 
sinking fund. 

(3) Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund. 
The sinking fund established by the Treasurer of the Common- 
wealth has amounted at the end of each year to sums as follows : — 



December 31, 


1895, . 


$226,286 05 


December 31, 


1903, 


$2,877,835 59 


December 31, 


1896, 


699,860 70 


December 31, 


1904, 


3,519,602 92 


December 31, 


1897, 


954,469 00 


December 31, 


1905, 


4,207,045 69 


December 31, 


1898, 


. 1,416,374 29 


December 31, 


1906, 


4,897,822 62 


December 31, 


1899, 


1,349,332 97 


December 31, 


1907, 


5,643,575 69 


December 31, 


1900, 


1,573,619 72 


December 31, 


1908, 


6,419,283 28 


December 31, 


1901, 


1,662,426 95 


December 31, 


1909, 


7,226,262 31 


December 31, 


1902, 


2,256,803 81 


December 31, 


1910, 


8,089,902 91 



(4) Annual Assessments and Receipts. 

Assessments for the year, amounting to $2,297,787.77, were re- 
quired for the payment of the interest on the bonds issued by the 
Commonwealth, the sinking fund requirements and the expenses of 
operation and maintenance of the Water Works. The requirements 
were: for interest, $1,395,201.95; for the sinking fund, $522,344.24; 
and for maintenance and operation, $380,241.58. These assess- 
ments were made by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth upon the 
various municipalities as follows : — 



Arlington, . 


$16,241 07 


Nahant, 


$4,357 11 


Belmont, . 


6,812 68 


Newton, 


6,370 34 


Boston, 


. 1,815,658 85 


Quincy, 


50,950 31 


Chelsea, 


47,716 42 


Revere, 


23,139 93 


Everett, 


45,937 13 


Somerville, 


110,056 25 


Hyde Park, 


1,316 24 


Stoneham, . 


9,670 13 


Lexington, . 


7,501 34 


Swampscott, 


9,547 88 


Maiden, 


42,302 82 


Watertown, 


16,082 3.') 


Medford, . 


32,690 39 


Winthrop, . 


16,681 77 


Melrose, 


19,640 91 








Milton, 


15,113 85 




$2,297,787 77 



The comparatively smaller sums assessed upon the city of Newton 
and the town of Hyde Park were owing to the fact that neither of 



26 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



these municipalities had reached the safe capacity of its own sources 
of water supply, and neither had been furnished with water. 

The proceeds from the operations of the Board, exclusive of the 
proceeds from sales of property and of water, are required by statute 
to be applied to the payment of the interest, the sinking fund re- 
quirements and expenses of maintenance and operation of works. 
These for the year 1910 amounted to $26,929.32. 

The amount approved by the Board for the maintenance and opera- 
tion of the Metropolitan Water W T orks was, for the year 1910, $410,- 
121.52. 

(5) Supplying Water to Cities and Towns outside of Dis- 
trict and to Water Companies. 
Sums have been received during the year 1910, under the pro- 
visions of the Metropolitan Water Act, for water furnished, as fol- 
lows : — 

Town of Framingham, . . $559 20 

United States Government, 1,954 46 

Westborough State Hospital, . 1,433 88 



5,947 54 



The sums so received prior to March 23, 1907, were annually 
distributed among the cities and towns of the District, but since 
that date, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 238 of the 
Acts of 1907, the sums so received have been paid into the sinking 
fund. 

(6) Expenditures for the Different Works. 
The following is a summary of the expenditures made in the va- 
rious operations for the different works : — 





Construction and Acquisition of Works. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


Administration applicable to all parts of the con- 
struction and acquisition of the works, . 
Wachusett Dam and Reservoir: — 
Wachusett Dam, 

North Dike, . . . . 

South Dike, 


$6,999 78 

$288 27 
2,243 06 


$288,453 07 

$2,378,195 28 

2,436 06 

792,264 68 

137,075 55 


Amounts carried forward, .... 


$2,531 33 $6,999 78 


$3,309,971 57 $288,453 07 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



27 



CONSTKUCTION AND ACQUISITION OF WOEKS. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


Amounts brought forward, .... 


$2,531 33 


$6,999 78 


$3,309,971 57 $288,453 07 


Wachusett Dam and Reservoir — Concluded. 








Removal of soil 


- 




2,536,612 66 


Relocation of railroads, 






881,872 45 


Roads and bridges, 


- 




547,867 76 




33,423 93 




3,240,189 06 


Damages, real estate not taken, business and 










- 




532,247 07 




- 


35,955 26 


8,547 92 

11 0^7 1Pi° 10 






11,UJ| ,OUo Tie/ 


Improving Wachusett watershed, .... 




2,636 20 


231,128 77 


Wachusett Aqueduct, . . . . . 




- 


1,797,948 85 


Sudbury Reservoir, 




13 25 


2,923,146 96 


Protection of Sudbury supply, .... 




- 


129,190 36 


Improving Sudbury watershed, .... 




- 


95,711 84 


Protection of Cochituate supply, .... 




- 


9,000 00 


Improving Cochituate watershed, . . 




- 


8,860 68 


Improving Lake Cochituate 




- 


104,141 29 


Pipe lines, Dam No. 3 to Dam No. 1, 




- 


48,471 48 


Pipe line, Rosemary siphon, 






23,142 98 


Weston Aqueduct: — 








Aqueduct, 


- 




$2,353,820 11 




- 




289,001 82 


Real estate, taxes and other expenses, 


- 




206,668 18 






- 


O 0\{\ A(]() 11 






w,Olt' 1 Uv ± X 


Distribution system : — 








Low service: — 








New 48-inch main, Section 31, 


- 




$162,698 06 


Section 38, Tunnel (East Boston main), 


$32,322 27 




32,322 27 


Pipe lines and connections, .... 


38,957 77 




1,791,985 02 


Pumping station, Chestnut Hill, 


- 




462,572 19 


Reservoir, Spot Pond, 


- 




582,188 73 


Gate-house and connections, Chestnut Hill 








Reservoir, ....... 


- 




65,480 88 


Real estate and other expenses, 


1,210 61 




92,936 17 


Northern high service: — ■ 








Pipe lines and connections, .... 


22,577 50 




527,485 76 


Spot Pond pumping station, .... 


- 




291,829 35 


Fells Reservoir, Stoneham, .... 


- 




141,392 94 


Bear Hill Reservoir, Stoneham, 


- 




38,267 70 


Real estate and other expenses, 


- 




14,838 05 


Southern high service: — 








Pipe lines and connections, .... 


350 12 




516,211 06 


Pumping station, Chestnut Hill, . . 


60,542 32 




307,694 70 


Forbes Hill Reservoir, Quincy, 


- 




90,003 49 


Waban Hill Reservoir, Newton, 


- 




61,592 11 


Real estate and other expenses, 


- 




10,226 36 


Amounts carried forward, ..... 


$155,960 59 


$45,604 49 


$5,189,724 84 $19,565,994 88 



28 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Construction and Acquisition of Works. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, . 

Distribution system — Concluded. 
Northern extra high service, 
Southern extra high service, 
Weston Aqueduct supply mains, 
Meters and connections, 
Improving Spot Pond Brook, 
Glenwood pipe yard, . 
Chestnut Hill pipe yard, 



Stock — pipes, valves, castings, etc., purchased 
and sent first to storage yards, and later 
transferred, as needed, to the various parts of 
the work : — 

Amount received, 

Transferred from storage yards to the various 
sections of the work and included in costs of 
special works, 

Diversion of water, South Branch of Nashua 

River, 1 

Acquisition of existing water works: — 

Reimbursement city of Boston, partially con- 
structed Reservoir, 

Boston water works, taken January 1, 1898, 

Spot Pond taken from Maiden, Medford and 
Melrose, 

Waban Hill Reservoir purchased from Newton, 

Expenses: — 
Engineering, .... $22,617 52 

Conveyancing, .... 3,862 92 

Legal, expert and court, . . 46,648 03 



Deduct following, transferred and charged to 
special works: — 

Reimbursement city of Boston, 
transferred to Sudbury Reser- 
voir $1,157,921 59 

Waban Hill Reservoir transferred 
to Distribution Department, . 60,000 00 

Stock — pipes, engines, etc., in- 
cluded with Boston Water 
Works and transferred to Dis- 
tribution Department, . . 22,340 91 



Total for construction and acquisition of works, 



$155,960 59 $45,604 49 



10,842 71 

16 00 

275,671 44 

2,170 11 



- 444,660 85 



$199,162 23 



186,802 65 



12,359 58 



i,189,724 84 $19,565,994 88 



101,797 77 
22,871 27 

959,425 58 

84,615 69 

3,991 23 

33,100 59 

11,311 26 



6,406,838 23 



„ $502,624 92 



5,471,141 97 



2,320,946 81 



150,195 16 
1,363,935 31 



$1,157,921 59 
12,768,948 80 

1,240,229 62 
60,000 00 



73,128 47 



1,240,262 50 



14,059,965 98 



$41,546,929 56 



1 Of the total expenditures from the beginning of the work, the sum of $150,939.89 is for Clinton sewer- 
age system. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



29 



Maintenance and Operation. 



Administration, 

General supervision, .... 
Taxes and other expenses, 
Wachusett Reservoir Department: — 

Superintendence, .... 

Reservoir 

Forestry, 

Protection of supply, 

Buildings and grounds, . 

Wachusett Dam, .... 

Wachusett Aqueduct, 

Clinton sewerage system : — 
Pumping station, 
Sewers, screens and filter-beds, . 

Sanitary inspection, 

Swamp drainage 



Sudbury Department: — 
Superintendence, Framingham office, . 
Ashland Reservoir, .... 

Hopkinton Reservoir 

Whitehall Reservoir, .... 
Framingham Reservoirs Nos. 1, 2 and 3, 
Sudbury Reservoir, .... 

Lake Cochituate, 

Marlborough Brook filters, 

Pegan filters 

Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds, . 
Sanitary inspection, .... 
Cochituate Aqueduct, .... 
Sudbury Aqueduct, .... 

Weston Aqueduct, 

Improving Lake Cochituate, . 



Distribution Department: — 

Superintendence, 

Arlington pumping station, pumping service, 

Chestnut Hill low-service pumping station, pumping service, 

Chestnut Hill high-service pumping station, pumping service, 

Spot Pond pumping station, pumping service, 

West Roxbury pumping station, pumping service, 

Arlington standpipe 

Bear Hill Reservoir, ........ 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir and grounds, ..... 

Fells Reservoir, 

Forbes Hill Reservoir 

Mystic Lake, conduit and pumping station, 

Mystic Reservoir, 

Waban Hill Reservoir 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



$9,615 88 
4,037 59 
6,718 58 
2,465 86 
2,863 21 
4,902 00 
2,024 47 

3,576 88 

11,174 31 

2,519 60 

2,315 65 



$8,058 23 
1,272 74 
1,734 87 
466 60 
6,261 02 
6,034 22 
7,160 87 
2,462 87 
2,913 20 
858 48 
3,467 92 
4,026 23 
6,636 98 
4,387 92 

26,459 54 



$4,256 54 

7,350 04 

31,487 05 

42,136 74 

13,834 71 

6,382 79 

29 25 

134 58 

10,292 59 

597 40 

1,033 52 

1,260 82 

944 43 

340 25 



$13,533 81 
31,296 03 
36,030 04 



52,214 03 



82,201 69 



Amounts carried forward $120,080 71 $215,275 CO 



30 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Maintenance and Operation. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, 



Distribution Department — Concluded. 

Weston Reservoir, 

Spot Pond, 

Buildings at Spot Pond, ..... 

Pipe lines: — 

Low service, ....... 

Northern high service, ..... 

Southern high service, ..... 

Supply pipe lines, 

Buildings at Chestnut Hill Reservoir, . 

Chestnut Hill pipe yard, 

Glenwood pipe yard and buildings, 

Stables, 

Venturi meters, 

Measurement of water, 

Arlington pumping station, buildings and grounds, 



Total for maintaining and operating works, 



$120,080 71 $215,275 60 



2,347 19 

7,219 36 

123 00 

46,149 17 

2,647 13 

4,336 02 

559 37 

493 30 

1,054 33 

4,033 83 

6,361 54 

1,635 11 

1,448 93 

356 93 



198,845 92 



$414,121 52 



(7) Detailed Financial Statement under Metropolitan 

Water Act. 

The Board herewith presents, in accordance with the requirements 
of the Metropolitan Water Act, a detailed statement of the expendi- 
tures and disbursements, receipts, assets and liabilities for the year 
1910. 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements. 

The total amount of the expenditures and disbursements on ac- 
count of construction and acquisition of works for the year beginning 
January 1, 1910, and ending December 31, 1910, is $502,624.92, 
and the total amount from the time of the organization of the Met- 
ropolitan Water Board, July 19, 1895, to December 31, 1910, is 
$41,546,929.56. 

For maintenance and operation the expenditures for the year have 
been $414,121.52, and from the beginning of the work, $4,225,- 
168.78. 

The salaries of the commissioners, and other expenses of admin- 
istration, have been apportioned to the construction of the works and 
to the maintenance and operation of the same, and appear under each 
of those headings. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



31 



The following is a division of the expenditures according to their 
general character : — 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



Construction op Works and Acquisition by 
Purchase or Taking. 

Administration. 
Commissioners, 
Secretary and auditor, . 
Clerks and stenographers, 
Legal services, 
Traveling, 

Stationery and printing, 
Postage, express and telegrams, 
Furniture and fixtures, . 
Alterations and repairs of buildings, 
Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of 

building, . . . . . 
Rent and taxes, main office, . 
Miscellaneous expenses, .... 

Engineering . 
Chief engineer and department engineers, 
Principal assistant engineers, 
Engineering assistants, . 
Consulting engineers, 
Inspectors, .... 
Architects, .... 
Railroad and street car travel, 
Wagon hire, .... 
Stationery and printing, 
Postage, express and telegrams, 
Engineering and drafting instruments and tools, 
Engineering and drafting supplies, 
Books, maps and photographic supplies, 

Furniture and fixtures, 

Alterations and repairs of buildings: — 

Main office, ....... 

Sub-offices, 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of 
buildings: — 

Main office, ...... 

Sub-offices, 

Rent and taxes, main office, . 

Rent of sub-offices and other buildings, 

Field offices and sheds, .... 

Clinton office building 

Unclassified supplies, .... 
Miscellaneous expenses, .... 



Amounts carried forward, 



$2,333 34 

750 00 
1,658 68 

13 68 
1,512 85 

5 50 
80 

232 26 
438 59 

54 08 



$3,102 88 
7,978 67 
1,200 00 
7,710 54 

694 51 

334 21 



29 23 
60 71 



34 

696 81 
1,315 80 



13 65 

47 76 



,999 78 



23,185 11 



$30,184 89 



$120,810 25 

50,592 03 

62,632 84 

2,359 00 

3,674 57 

13,248 02 

2,917 17 

4,288 64 

5,790 97 

11,929 34 
5,621 49 
4,588 75 



$207,471 36 

161,114 18 

1,045,992 89 

25,615 07 

303,471 05 

36,161 19 

27,579 13 

45,337 53 

26,753 08 

7,730 00 

19,309 53 

25,019 51 

7,049 93 

14,978 46 

14,109 30 
2,939 36 



26,454 47 
19,667 82 
16,632 95 
4,526 74 
1,274 49 
9,866 87 
8,264 87 
8,992 75 



$288,453 07 



- 2,066,312 53 



$2,354,785 60 



32 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, 



Construction. 
Preliminary work (borings, test pits and other 
investigations) : — 

Advertising, 

Other preliminary work as given in detail in 
preceding annual report, 



Contracts, Wachusett Reservoir: — 
Contracts completed and final payments made 

prior to January 1, 1910, 

McBride & Co., Stillwater improvement, . 
Sundry bills paid under this contract, . 



Contracts completed, improving Wachusett Water- 
shed, 

Contracts completed, Wachusett Aqueduct, . 
Contracts completed, Sudbury Reservoir, 
Contracts completed, protection Sudbury sup- 
ply, • • 

Contracts completed, improving Lake Cochituate, 
Contracts completed, protection Cochituate supply, 
Contracts completed, Rosemary siphon, 
Contracts completed, pipe line, Dam No. 3 to Dam 

No. 1 

Contracts completed, Clinton sewerage system, . 
Contracts, Weston Aqueduct: — 

Contracts completed and final payments made 

prior to January 1, 1910, 

Contracts, Distribution System: — 
Contracts completed and final payments made 

prior to January 1, 1910, 

Coffin Valve Co., water valves, .... 
Florence Iron Works, 60-inch cast-iron water 

pipes, 

Standard Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., 
special castings, ...... 

Standard Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., 

special castings, 

U. S. Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., cast-iron 

pipes and special castings, .... 

U. S. Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., cast-iron 

pipes and special castings, .... 

U. S. Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., cast-iron 

water pipes, 

Amounts carried forward, ..... 



$30,184 89 



202 98 



18,607 00 


62,086 55 


5,361 45 


5,767 10 


41,998 92 


4,444 71 


5,249 07 



$2,354,765 60 



$6,661 89 
155,457 41 



162,119 30 



,406,738 30 

23,314 67 

3,552 11 



$133,514 80 $30,387 87 



5,433,605 08 



11,893 75 
1,447,208 55 
1,545,028 33 

9,000 00 

60,657 45 

9,000 00 

5,916 96 

17,240 22 
66,878 22 



2,376,004 54 



1,659,060 73 
8,607 00 

100,549 39 
8,757 20 
5,767 10 

100,603 19 
4,444 71 
5,249 07 



$4,893,038 39 $13,499,318 00 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



33 



General Character of Expenditures. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


Amounts brought forward, .... 


$133,514 80 


$30,387 87 


$4,893,038 39 $13,499,318 00 


Construction — Con. 








Contracts, Distribution System — Concluded. 








U. S. Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., cast-iron 








water pipes, 


36,831 30 




36,831 30 


U. S. Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., cast-iron 








pipes and special castings, .... 


3,932 64 




3,932 64 


Warren Foundry and Machine Co., cast-iron 








pipes and special castings, .... 


4,769 04 




4,769 04 


Warren Foundry and Machine Co., cast-iron 








pipes and special castings, .... 


2,191 18 




2,191 18 


Camoia & Williams, laying water pipes on Sect. 33, 


1,787 20 




14,231 98 


Chas. M. Callahan, laying water pipes on Sect. 








35 of northern extra high-service pipe lines, 


4,292 38 




4,292 38 


Devincenzi & Baruffoldi, laying water pipes on 








Sect. 36 of northern extra high-service pipe 








lines, 


3,233 31 




3,233 31 


Chas. J. Jacobs Co., laying water pipes on Sect. 8 








of Weston Aqueduct supply mains, . 


19,546 64 




40,525 39 


Joseph Hanreddy, laying water pipes on Sect. 7 








of Weston Aqueduct supply mains, 


52,300 19 




52,300 19 


Cavanagh Bros., laying water pipes on Sect. 6 of 








Weston Aqueduct supply mains, 


36,661 10 




36,661 10 


Michael Russo, laying water pipes on Sect. 37 of 








low-service pipe lines, ..... 


11,823 18 




11,823 18 


Holly Manufacturing Co., furnishing and erect- 








ing pumping engine at the Chestnut Hill 








high-service pumping station, .... 


50,000 00 




50,000 00 


Standard Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., cast- 








iron pipes and special castings, .... 


3,609 61 


364,492 57 


3,609 61 


Deduct value of pipes, valves, etc., included in 




$5,157,439 69 


above list, transferred to maintenance account 








December 31, 1900 


- 




3,139 77 

r. \z.\ onn no 




-^———————— fj ^ 1.XJT t^idij & <j£* 


Additional work: — 








Labor, 


$28,205 07 




$796,606 72 


Professional services, medical services, analyses, 










1,698 00 




3,680 99 


Traveling, 


70 




2,747 80 


Rent, 


375 00 




4,077 22 


Water rates, 


- 




1,454 77 


Freight and express, ...... 


393 25 




13,862 57 


Jobbing and repairing, ..... 


247 90 




9,946 08 


Tools, machinery, appliances and hardware 








supplies, ........ 


5,905 72 




84,243 97 


Electrical supplies, ...... 


185 30 




5,563 93 


Amounts carried forward, ..... 


$37,010 94 $394,880 44 


$922,184 05 $18,653,617 92 



34 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character op Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



A mounts brought forward, 



Con. 



for damages 



Construction 
Additional work — Con. 
Castings, ironwork and metals, 
Iron pipe and valves, . 
Blasting supplies, 
Paint and coating, 
Fuel, oil and waste, 
Lumber and field buildings 
Drain pipe, . 
Brick, cement and stone, 
Sand, gravel and filling, 
Municipal and corporation work, 
Police service, 
Sanitary inspection, 
Judgments and settlements 
Unclassified supplies, . 
Miscellaneous expenses, 

Legal and expert: — 
Legal services, 
Expert services, . 
Court expenses, . 
Miscellaneous expenses, 



Real Estate 

Legal and expert: — 
Legal services, 
Conveyancer and assistants, 
Experts, 
Appraisers, . 
Court expenses, . 
Counsel expenses, 
Conveyancing supplies, 
Conveyancing expenses, 
Miscellaneous expenses, 

Settlements made by Board, 

Judgments, 

Taxes and tax equivalents, 

Care and disposal, . 



Damages to Real Estate not taken, to Business and 

on Account of Loss of Wages. 
Legal and expert: — 

Legal services 

Expert services, 

Court expenses, 



Amounts carried forward, . 



$37,010 941394,880 44 



3,552 99 

13,709 23 

5 27 

125 93 

1,624 82 

2,817 10 

72 00 

4,439 23 

663 69 

5,592 68 



266 78 
85 78 
69,966 44 



$262 00 
137 35 



6 00 


40 40 


37,052 23 


270 61 



9 45 



$922,184 05 $18,653,617 92 



87,259 03 
75,762 40 

1,950 15 

4,599 46 
12,178 12 
90,011 88 

9,235 80 
31,497 95 

7,603 35 

220,664 67 

210,801 74 

13,107 09 

53,124 26 

17,978 30 

6,154 25 
1,764,112 50 





1,862 66 




1,317 20 




185 80 




$4,736 31 




110,644 97 




18,008 93 




22,332 75 




11,139 43 




43 25 




3,190 53 




5,977 94 




4,326 15 




3,428,365 07 




170,716 24 




68,182 41 




86,901 14 


37,778 04 








$1,130 67 




2,857 62 


• 


15,394 34 


$502,624 92 


$19,382 63 ^ 



8,034 48 



3,934,565 12 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



35 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, .... 


- $502,624 92 


$19,382 63 $24,360,330 02 


Damages to Real Estate not taken, to Business and 








on Account of Loss of Wages — Con. 








Legal and expert — Con. 








Miscellaneous expenses, 


- 


125 00 






- 


415,513 65 






- 


116,733 42 


551,754 70 








Claims on Account of Diversion of Water. 








Legal and expert : — 










- 


$3,774 98 




Expert services, 


- 


19,339 69 






- 


20,775 49 




Miscellaneous expenses, 


- 


1,289 58 






- 


917,350 00 






- 


220,969 67 


1,183,499 41 








Purchase of Existing Water Works. 








Legal and expert: — 








Legal services, 


- 


$1,878 89 




Expert services, 




13,569 82 




Court expenses 


N 


29,728 38 




Miscellaneous expenses, 


- 


1,470 94 




Settlements and judgments 


- 


15,227,100 01 


15,273,748 04 








Relocation Central Massachusetts Railroad. 










- 


$ 


177,597 39 


Total amount of construction expenditures, . 


. $502,624 92 


41,546,929 56 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Maintenance and Operation of Works 
Administration: — 

Commissioners 

Secretary and assistants, 

Rent, 

Repairs of building, ....... 

Fuel 

Lighting, 

Care of building, 

Postage 

Amount carried forvjard 



$5,833 33 


6,173 66 


333 32 


204 52 


19 73 


82 93 


389 01 


36 00 



$13,072 50 



36 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amount brought forward, 



Maintenance and Operation op Works — Con 
Administration — Con. 

Printing, stationery and office supplies, .... 

Telephones, 

Traveling expenses, 

Miscellaneous expenses, ........ 



General supervision: — 
Chief engineer and assistants, 
Rent, . 

Repairs of building, 
Fuel, 
Lighting, 
Care of building, 
Postage, 

Printing, stationery and 
Telephones, 
Traveling expenses, 
Miscellaneous expenses, 



office supplies, 



$13,072 50 



409 12 

217 18 

55 27 

37 74 



$24,975 63 

1,000 00 

833 34 

59 18 

250 75 

1,167 20 

119 00 

814 55 

740 09 

409 55 

926 74 



Pumping service: — 
Labor, ........... 

Fuel, 

Oil, waste and packing, ....... 

Repairs, .......... 

Small supplies, ........ 

Rent, West Roxbury pumping station, 

Reservoirs, aqueducts, pipe lines, buildings and grounds: - 
Superintendents, ........ 

Engineering assistants, ....... 

Sanitary inspectors, ....... 

Labor, pay roll, 

Labor, miscellaneous, 

Alterations and repairs of pumping stations, 
Alterations and repairs of other buildings and structures, 

Automobiles, . 

Brick, 

Brooms, brushes and janitor's supplies, 

Castings, ironwork and metals 

Cement and lime, 

Drafting and photo supplies, 

Fertilizer and planting material, 

Freight and express 

Fuel 

Amounts carried forward 



161,933 82 

34,332 78 

1,398 44 

1,465 59 

1,274 17 

786 53 



$6,600 00 

9,259 65 

3,651 65 

125,580 59 

1,831 92 

79 91 

792 70 

4,850 66 

65 50 

144 79 

955 65 

489 02 

100 12 

455 96 

510 51 

3,257 89 



$13,791 81 



31,296 03 



101,191 33 



$158,626 52 $146,279 17 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



37 



General Character op Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, 



Maintenance and Operation of Works — Con. 
Reservoirs, aqueducts, pipe lines, buildings and grounds — Con. 
Gypsy moth supplies, 
Hardware, 
Hay and grain, 
Horses, . 
Lighting, 
Lumber, . 
Machinery, 
Paints and oils, 
Pipe and fittings, 
Postage, 

Printing, stationery and office supplies 
Rubber and oiled goods, 
Stable expenses, 
Sand, gravel and stone, 
Traveling expenses, 
Telephones, 
Teaming, 

Tools and appliances, 
Vehicles, harnesses and fittings, 
Municipal and corporation work, 
Miscellaneous expenses, . 
Contracts: — 
Henry Spinach Contracting Co., contract 19-M, improvement of Lake 
Cochituate (surface-water drains in Framingham, Natick and Wayland) 

Payments in lieu of taxes, 



Total expenditures for maintenance and operation, 



$158,626 52 8146,279 17 



684 46 
709 84 

2,113 86 
543 50 
393 97 

1,738 73 
67 10 

1,077 63 
11,080 99 
124 73 
647 98 
319 60 
844 90 
84 46 

2,286 54 
930 41 

1,202 25 

958 28 

409 09 

135 83 

21,377 55 



25,712 09 



232,070 31 
35,772 04 

$414,121 52 



(b) Receipts. 
The total amount of receipts from the operations of the Board 
and from sales of property for the year beginning January 1, 1910, 
and ending December 31, 1910, is $62,379.24, and the total amount 
from the time of the organization of the Metropolitan Water Board, 
July 19, 1895, to December 31, 1910, is $714,973.06. The general 
character of these receipts is as follows : — 



38 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character of Receipts. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



For distribution back to District: — 
Fees for admission to District, .... 

Water furnished to cities and towns outside of 
District, ........ 

Water furnished to water companies, . 

To the credit of the loan fund: — 
Real estate and buildings, .... 

Tools, supplies and reimbursements, . 
District entrance fees (Swampscott) , . . 

To the credit of the maintenance fund: — 
Tools, supplies and reimbursements, . 

To the credit of the sinking fund: — 

Water furnished to cities and towns outside of 
District and to water companies, 

Forfeiture for contracts awarded but not exe- 
cuted, 

Rents, ......... 

Land products, . . . . 

Unclassified receipts and interest, 



Total receipts, 



$5,991 32 
25,511 06 



),550 33 



5,947 54 



1,633 41 

5,544 58 

201 00 



$31,502 38 



19,550 33 



11,326 53 



$62,379 24 



$92,265 00 

90,454 77 
37,145 88 



$44,039 34 

154,534 70 

90,000 00 



re 07 



$20,798 75 

500 00 

94,072 78 

60,926 86 

3,458 91 



$219,865 65 



288,574 04 



26,776 07 



179,757 30 



$714,973 06 



The foregoing receipts have been credited to the various objects 
or works, as follows : — 



Sources of Receipts. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910*. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


Admission into Metropolitan Water District 
(Quincy, Nahant, Arlington, Stoneham, Milton, 
Lexington and Swampscott), .... 

Supplying water to cities and towns outside of 
Water District (Swampscott, Revere, Lexing- 
ton, Wakefield, Cambridge, Framingham and 
U. S. Government), and to water companies 
(Framingham, Milton and Revere), . 


$3,947 54 

<RO Q4.7 KA 


$182,265 00 
148,399 40 

? o l30 fifM /in 


Construction and acquisition of works: — 


$41 11 
152 77 


$285 06 
6,912 25 


Amounts carried forward, .... 


$193 88 $3,947 54 


$7,197 31 $330,664 40 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



39 



Sources op Receipts. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


Amounts brought forward, .... 


$193 88 


$3,947 54 


$7,197 31 


$330,664 40 


Construction and acquisition of works — Con. 










Wachusett Reservoir, 


4,367 30 




140,042 17 




Wachusett Aqueduct, 


- 




5,204 70 




Weston Aqueduct 


62 50 




5,200 13 




Sudbury Reservoir 


25 00 




10,640 42 




Distribution system, 


26,982 31 




101,340 59 




Diversion of water, Clinton sewerage system, . 


- 




1,367 94 




Purchase of existing water works, 


- 


31,630 99 


18,119 08 


289,112 34 








Maintenance and operation of works: — 










Administration, . . . . 


$102 83 




$221 39 




General supervision 


450 00 




1,252 76 




Wachusett Aqueduct 


293 71 




4,973 78 




Wachusett Reservoir, 


5,132 10 




33,118 67 




Sudbury system, . . . . 


2,221 09 




17,684 47 




Distribution system, ...... 


18,136 93 




32,602 46 




Clinton sewerage system, ..... 


464 05 


26,800 71 


5,342 79 


95,196 32 










$62,379 24 


$714,973 06 



(c) Assets. 
The following is an abstract of the assets of the Water Works, 
a complete schedule of which is kept on file in the office of the 
Board : — 

Office furniture, fixtures and supplies; engineering and scientific instruments 
and supplies; police supplies; horses, vehicles, field machinery, etc.; 
machinery, tools and other appliances and supplies; real estate connected 
with works not completed; completed works, including real estate and 
buildings connected therewith. 



(d) Liabilities. 
The sums due on monthly pay rolls amount to $1,594.72, and 
there are bills for current expenses which have not yet been received. 



40 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Amounts on Monthly Estimates, not due until Completion of Contracts or 

until Claims are settled. 



Name. 



Work. 



Amount. 



McBride & Co., . 
Camoia & Williams, . 
Chas. M. Callahan, . 
Devincenzi & Baruffoldi, 
Joseph Hanreddy, 
Cavanagh Bros., 
Michael Russo, . 



Standard Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry 

Company. 
The Henry Spinach Contracting Company, 

Holly Manufacturing Company, 



Contract 283, Stillwater improvement, Wa- 
chusett Reservoir. 

Contract 308, Section 33 of northern high- 
service pipe lines, Distribution System. 

Contract 316, Section 35 of northern high- 
service pipe lines, Distribution System. 

Contract 322, Section 36 of northern extra high- 
service pipe lines, Distribution System. 

Contract 314, Section 7 of the Weston Aque- 
duct supply mains. 

Contract 323, Section 6 of the Weston Aque- 
duct supply mains. 

Contract 326, Section 37 of low-service pipe 
lines, Distribution System. 

Contract 325, cast-iron pipes and special cast- 
ings. 

Contract 19-M, improving Lake Cochituate, . 

Contract 312, pumping engine for Chestnut 
Hill low-service pumping station. 



$778 091 

689 29 

225 92 

100 00 

9,052 97 

4,116 67 

1,262 92 

636 99 

4,537 43 

49,769 00 



1 Held pending settlement of claims on account of this contract. 

It is impossible to state the amounts due on the claims of the 
following for land damages, for water rights taken and for damages 
to established business, as no sums have been agreed upon, and suits 
are now pending in court for the determination of most of them : — 

Patrick Bradley, Henry F. Keyes, James E. Welch, Byron D. 
Allen, J. Frank Wood et al., Asa Knight, Edward F. Merriam, 
Sanford C. Kendall, estate of William H. Vickery, James H. and 
Hannah S. Wood, Francis W. M. Goodale, heirs of Willard Morse, 
Caroline R. Braman, Charles G. Rice, Nehemiah W. Rice et al., 
John Ward et al., heirs of George K. Ward, heirs of Francis Pettee, 
William F. Harbach et al., Fannie M. Flemming, Royal S. Went- 
worth et al., trustees. 



VI. METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE WORKS. 
The North Metropolitan Sewerage District embraces the cities 
of Cambridge, Chelsea, Everett, Maiden, Medford, Melrose, Somer- 
ville and Woburn, and the towns of Arlington, Belmont, Revere, 
Stoneham, Wakefield, Winchester and Winthrop, and parts of the 
city of Boston and the town of Lexington, — comprising in all 9 
cities and 8 towns. The district has an area of 90.50 square miles, 
with an estimated population, based upon the United States Census 
of 1910, as of December 31, 1910, of 534,217. Of the total popu- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 41 

lation it is estimated that 87.1 per cent., or 465,302 people, con- 
tribute sewage to the North Metropolitan System. The sum of 
$209,065.54 has been expended on account of construction during 
the past year. The total cost of the North Metropolitan Sewerage 
Works has been $6,521,196.15. 

The South Metropolitan Sewerage District includes the cities of 
Newton, Quincy and Waltham, and the towns of Brookline, Hyde 
Park, Milton and Watertown, and parts of the city of Boston and 
the town of Dedham, — a total of 4 cities and 5 towns. This dis- 
trict has an area of 100.87 square miles, with an estimated popu- 
lation as of December 31, 1910, of 359,670. According to the 
estimates made 64 per cent, of this population, or 230,365, con- 
tribute sewage to the South Metropolitan System. The sum of 
$7,481.84 has been expended on account of construction during the 
past year. The total expenditures for construction of the South 
Metropolitan Sewerage Works have amounted to $8,792,779.64. 

Chapter 546 of the Acts of the Legislature of 1910 added the 
territory comprising the town of Braintree to the South Metropolitan 
District. This Act, however, was to take effect only when accepted 
by a majority of the legal voters of the town of Braintree present 
and voting thereon at a meeting legally called for the purpose. 
No action under the Act was taken by the town during the year. 

(1) North Metropolitan Sewerage System — Construction. 
(a) Deer Island Pumping Station Extension. 

The work of extending the Deer Island pumping station and of 
installing a new pumping engine, with boilers and other apparatus, 
has been continued during the year and brought substantially to com- 
pletion. The addition to the pumping station was 50 feet long and 
45 feet, 8 inches wide, and there has been added a new coal house 
having a length of 103 feet and a width of 35 feet. These buildings 
have been erected so as to harmonize in general with the old station. 
There has been installed in the house a new pumping engine con- 
structed by the Allis-Chalmers Company, having a capacity for 
pumping 100,000,000 gallons of sewage per day, with a lift of ID 
feet. The engine was put into operation in the month of April. 
The operation of the engine and pumps in the ordinary working 
service of the station has been satisfactory, and the tesl which has 
been made has shown an efficiency and duty considerably in advance 



42 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

of the stipulations made in the contract. The sum of $177,707.76 
has been expended, $101,631.68 in connection with the building and 
$76,076.08 for the pumping plant. The entire expense will come 
within the original appropriation of $195,000. 

(b) East Boston Pumping Station Extension. 

Work has been continued during the year in completing the re- 
pairs to the East Boston pumping station, which was partially burned 
at the Chelsea fire, and in erecting the additions to the station and 
new coal house which had been contemplated. A pile wharf has 
been built in connection with the coal house, and this is to be made 
so far as possible fireproof. The parts of the new pumping engine 
to be furnished by the Allis-Chalmers Company have been delivered 
and are now in process of being set up. Boilers and other acces- 
sories have already been erected, and it is expected that the engine 
will be in condition to be put into operation in the first half of the 
coming year. The sum of $160,175.85 has been expended on ac- 
count of the extensions and pumping plant at this station. The cost 
of the repairs and renewals of the East Boston station, made neces- 
sary on account of the Chelsea fire, which will be chargeable to 
maintenance, has amounted to $39,150.57, leaving a small balance 
from the total special appropriation of $40,000. 

(c) East Boston Stable and Locker Building. 

A beginning has been made in the erection of a building for stable 
and locker purposes on the lot between Chelsea Street and the Grand 
Junction Railroad, near the East Boston pumping station, recently 
purchased in place of the old stable and locker lot, and the structure 
has been about half completed. The building and grounds will be 
made ready for occupancy during the coming season. 

(2) South Metropolitan Sewerage System — Construction. 

Quincy Sewage Lift. 

In accordance with the requirement of the original High-level 
Sewer Act, that the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission should build 
and operate such force mains and pumping stations as might be 
necessary to drain the sewerage system of the city of Quincy into the 
High-level Sewer, the Board was called upon by that city to provide 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



43 



for the lifting of the sewage of the low district, comprising the east- 
erly and southerly portions of Hough's Neck, into the main sewer. 

The Board has, therefore, under the authority of chapter 292 of 
the Acts of 1910, proceeded to the erection of a small building on 
Island Avenue, about half a mile distant from the Nut Island 
screen-house, near which is built a storage well, and in which is also 
installed an automatic lift, to be operated by electricity generated at 
the Nut Island screen-house, from which the working of the lift is 
regulated. Two pumps, having each a daily capacity of 1,500,000 
gallons, have been installed. The lift will be ready for operation 
early in the coming year. 

(3) Acquisition of Land and Settlements. 

The Board acquired during the year, by purchase, about 9,708 
square feet of land on Chelsea Street and Chelsea Creek in East 
Boston, near the East Boston sewerage pumping station, for the pur- 
poses of a stable and locker building, for which the sum of $4,463.40 
was paid. A taking also of the parcel was afterwards made. 

A settlement was also effected for an easement in 0.019 of an acre 
of land in Brookline, previously taken for the construction of the 
High-level Sewer, in which the sum of $192.87 was paid. 

Taking for Metropolitan Sewerage Works for the Tear 1910. 



No. 


Location and Desckiption. 


Former Owner. 


Re- 
corded. 


Purpose of Taking. 


24 


East Boston, — on Addison Street and Bos- 
ton & Albany Railroad. Area, fee in 9,708 
square feet. Also rights of way in street 
and railroad location. 


East Boston Com- 
pany. 


1910. 

Apr. 22. 


For stable and locker 
building. 



(4) North Metropolitan System — Maintenance. 

The cost of maintenance of the North Metropolitan System dur- 
ing the past year has been $148,991. In addition to this, $11,760 
was expended in the repairs on the East Boston station from the 
special appropriation of $40,000. 

(a) Sewers and Pumping Stations. 

The length of the sewers on the North Metropolitan System is 
58.57 miles, and the Metropolitan sewers with connections with local 



44 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



sewers have a combined length of 669.07 miles, involving 69,443 
connections. 

The sewage before it is finally disposed of in the harbor off Deer 
Island is lifted, the most of it at least twice and a portion three 
times, by pumping at the four stations, the Alewife Brook, Charles- 
town, East Boston and Deer Island pumping stations. 

The daily average amount of sewage discharged into the harbor 
from the Deer Island outlet was 59,000,000 gallons, which w T as a 
daily average for each individual of the population contributing sew- 
age of 126.8 gallons. This daily average is made larger from the 
fact that a considerable number of the local sewers permit the direct 
introduction of rain water. The total amount of the discharge is 
1,600,000 gallons per day less than that of the preceding year, a 
decrease which is accounted for by the scarcity of the rainfall. The 
maximum amount of sewage discharged in any one day in the year 
was 13^,100,000 gallons. 

The pumping stations operated for the ^orth Metropolitan Sewer- 
age System are as follows: — 



No. of 
Engines. 



Maximum 
Contract 
Capacity 
per Day 
(Gallons). 



Lift 

(Feet). 



Deer Island Station, 
East Boston Station, l 

Charlestown Station, 

Alewife Brook Station, 



300,000,000 
165,000,000 

160,000,000 

23,000,000 



19 

19 

11 

8 

13 



1 The new pumping engine in process of erection for the East Boston pumping station will have a maxi- 
mum contract capacity of 100,000,000 gallons, and a lift of 19 feet. 



There were consumed for the operation of the pumping stations 
7,329.21 tons of bituminous coal, which was "purchased at average 
prices at the different stations varying from $3.72 to $4.38 per gross 
ton delivered in the bins. 

The sums expended for the labor of engineers and their assist^ 
ants in the various pumping stations of the district amounted to 
$55,754.93. 

The average cost per million gallons of sewage per foot lifted at 
the several stations was $0,122. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 45 

(b) Siphons and Relocation of Sewers. 

The siphons which were required to be introduced in the main 
sewer crossing the Alewife Brook in Arlington, in order to conform 
to the improvements made by the Metropolitan Park Commission, 
were substantially completed in the previous year, but were put into 
operation at the beginning of the past year. The cost of the changes 
made was $2,634.27, and this sum was repaid by the Park Com- 
mission. 

The siphon which was made necessary in the Metropolitan sewer 
in Cambridge, at Portland Street, by the building of the subway by 
the Boston Elevated Railway Company, was completed early in the 
year and put into operation. The introduction of this siphon requires 
the cleaning and flushing of the sewer as often as twice in each week 
by a gang of sewer men, causing a very considerable increase in the 
annual expenses of the District for maintenance. The construction 
of the subway also compelled a relocation of the Metropolitan sewer, 
originally built in Eliot Street and Eliot Square, by a detour into 
Murray Street. The old sewer was abandoned for a distance of 470 
feet and its place was supplied by 660 feet of new sewer and iron 
pipes. By this relocation the introduction of another siphon was 
avoided. The necessary work involved was performed at both points 
by the Railway Company, at an approximate cost of $29,000. 

(c) Tanneries and Gelatine and Glue Works. 

The quantity and character of the matter discharged into the Met- 
ropolitan sewers from the tanneries and the gelatine and glue works 
in the city of Woburn and the towns of Winchester and Stoneham 
have called for the serious attention of the Board. 

Complaints have been made in the past of overflows from man- 
holes occurring in some instances during periods of heavy rain, from 
the Mystic Valley main sewer which receives the sewage of the city 
of Woburn and the town of Winchester. Careful investigations 
have been made with the view to ascertain whether this sewer had so 
nearly reached the proper limit of its capacity that the time had 
come to call for the construction of a supplementary main sewer for 
this district. 

Upon the construction of the North Metropolitan Sewerage Sys- 



46 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

tern the lower portion of the old Mystic Valley sewer, built by the 
city of Boston for the protection of the Mystic water supply, was 
taken to form a part of the Metropolitan System. The upper portion 
of the old sewer running through the town of Winchester and into 
the city of Woburn still remained the property of the city of Boston, 
and was subsequently taken over by the Board in connection with 
the city's water works. The manufacturing establishments were 
still permitted to use the upper part of the old sewer, under pro- 
tective restrictions, for the discharge of their sewage and wastes into 
the Metropolitan System. 

The investigations showed that these establishments had begun to 
neglect the restrictions which had been long before observed, and 
were emptying into this sewer great quantities of objectionable man- 
ufacturing wastes which were passing down and entering the Metro- 
politan sewer below. The wastes were of such a glutinous character 
as to clog the sewers, and, in fact, seriously to diminish their actual 
capacities for the carrying of sewage. The proprietors of the estab- 
lishments were called upon to abide by the restrictions formerly 
made, and to provide settling tanks which should receive and collect 
the objectionable substances before any discharge from the works 
should enter the sewer. The municipal authorities were also notified 
that, unless the directions of the Board were observed, discharge into 
the Metropolitan sewers from the offending establishments would 
not be permitted. 

After considerable delay on the part of some of the proprietors 
the Board's requirements have been complied with, and except in 
two cases settling tanks have been built and put in operation. In the 
two excepted cases the tanks are in process of construction. 

It is still a question, independent of the admission of objectionable 
waste, whether the great quantities of liquids coming from these es- 
tablishments should continue to be discharged into the Metropolitan 
System, which was intended for the disposal of sewage only. 

The measures which have been taken will much improve the situ- 
ation which has been complained of, and it is possible that by the 
observance of proper regulations the necessity for further and ex- 
pensive sewer construction for the Mystic Valley will be deferred 
for a considerable period. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



47 



(5) South Metropolitan Sewerage System — Maintenance. 

Tlie entire cost of maintenance during the past year has been 

$101,781.68. 

Sewers and Pumping Stations. 

The Metropolitan sewers in the South Metropolitan System have 
a length of 43.42 miles, and with these are connected local sewers 
having a length of 542.25 miles, requiring 148 connections. 

The pumping stations operated for the South Metropolitan Sewer- 
age System are as follows : — 





No. of 

Engines. 


Maximum 
Contract 
Capacity 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Lift 
(Feet). 


Ward Street Station, 


2 
3 


100,000,000 
18,000,000 


45 

28 





The larger part of the sewage of the District is lifted into the 
High-level Sewer at the Ward Street pumping station in Roxbury, 
but the sewage of the city of Quincy is pumped into the sewer at 
Greenleaf Street near the Quincy pumping station. The entire sew- 
age is screened at the Nut Island screen-house, and thence discharged 
at the bottom of the harbor about a mile off from the Island. 

The average daily amount of the sewage thus discharged was 
39,600,000 gallons, and the largest discharge in a single day was 
141,000,000 gallons. The decrease in the daily average discharge 
from last year was 800,000 gallons. 

The daily average discharge of sewage for each individual con- 
tributing sewage in the District was 171.9 gallons. The decrease 
from last year of 1.47 gallons was principally owing to the lack of 
heavy rains. 

There were 2,810.81 gross tons of bituminous coal consumed at 
the two pumping stations and screen-house, which was purchased at 
average prices varying from $3.98 to $4.21 per gross ton delivered 
in the bins. 

The expenditures for the labor of the engineers and their assist- 
ants at the three stations amounted to $31,849.01). 



48 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

VII. SEWERAGE WORKS — FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 

The financial abstract of the receipts, expenditures, disburse- 
ments, assets and liabilities of the Metropolitan Water and Sewer- 
age Board for the fiscal year of the Commonwealth ending with the 
thirtieth day of November, 1910, was, as stated in connection with 
the Water Works, presented to the General Court in January, in 
accordance with the requirements of chapter 235 of the Acts of the 
year 1906 and a copy of this financial abstract is in part printed as 
Appendix No. 5. 

The following statement of its financial doings, in relation to the 
Metropolitan Sewerage Works, for the calendar year 1910, is here- 
with presented, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of 
1906, as a part of the annual report of the Board. 

The Metropolitan Sewerage Loans authorized for the construction 
of the Sewerage Works of the North Metropolitan System have 
amounted to $6.,573,865.73, to which are added receipts from various 
sources amounting to $63,391.78. The amount of expenditures ap- 
proved by the Board for payment for the year 1910 was $209,065. 54,. 
and the total amount of expenditures approved to January 1, 1911, 
was $6,521,196.15. The balance remaining on January 1, 1911, 
was $116,061.36. 

The loans authorized for the construction of the various parts of 
the South Metropolitan System have amounted to $8,867,046.27. 
The receipts applicable to the loan fund have been $13,401.13. The 
amount of expenditures approved for payment in the year 1910 was 
$7,481.84. The total amount of expenditures approved for payment 
from the beginning of the works has been $8,792,779.64. The bal- 
ance remaining for the South Metropolitan System on January 1, 
1911, was $87,667.76. 

The bonds issued on account of the loans have been for varying 
periods, not exceeding forty years, a*nd bear interest at the rate of 
3 per cent, and 3% per cent. The premiums received on account of 
the sale of bonds for the North Metropolitan System have amounted 
to $179,547.35, and those received on account of the South Metro- 
politan System have amounted to $410,132.03. 

The increase in the debt during the calendar year, as represented 
by the Metropolitan Sewerage Loans, was $113,000. The increase 
of the sinking fund for the payment of the debt at maturity was, 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 49 

during the same period, $257,957.49. There has consequently been 
a decrease in the net debt during the calendar year amounting to 
$144,957.49. 

The amount expended for maintenance of the North Metropolitan 
System in the year 1910 was $160,751, and for the South Metro- 
politan' System $101,781.68, a total for both systems of $262,532.68. 

The assessments made to meet interest, sinking fund requirements 
and maintenance and operation of the North Metropolitan System 
amounted in the year 1910 to $442,376.41, and the assessments for 
the South Metropolitan System amounted to $457,071.75. 

The following is a detailed financial statement regarding the Met- 
ropolitan Sewerage Works : — 

(1) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans, Receipts and Payments. 

The loans authorized for the construction of the Metropolitan 
Sewerage Works, the receipts which are added to the proceeds of 
these loans, and the expenditures for construction, have been as fol- 
lows : — 

(a) North Metropolitan System. 

Loans authorized under the various acts, including those for 
the Kevere, Belmont and Maiden extensions and North 

System enlargement and extension, $6,573,865 73 

Receipts from sales of real estate and from miscellaneous 
sources, which are placed to the credit of the North Metro- 
politan System : — 

For the year ending December 31, 1910, . $254 59 l 

For the period prior to January 1, 1910, . 63,137 19 ] 

63,391 7S 



$6,637,257 51 



Amount approved for payment by the Board 2 out of the 
Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Fund, North System : — 
For the year ending December 31, 1910, . $209,065 54 
For the period prior to January 1, 1910, 6,312,130 61 



6,521,196 15 



Balance, North Metropolitan System, January 1, 1911, . $116,061 36 

1 Of these amounts ($130.60 for the year 1910), a total of $16,960.61 was received directly by the 
State Treasurer and credited to this fund and not on our books until December, 1910. 

2 The word "Board" refers to the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission and the Metropolitan 
Water and Sewerage Board. 



50 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



(b) South Metropolitan System. 

Loans authorized under the various acts, applied to the con- 
struction of the Charles River valley sewer, Neponset valley 
sewer, High-level sewer and extension, .... $8,867,046 27 
Receipts for pumping, sales of real estate and from miscel- 
laneous sources, which are placed to the credit of the South 
Metropolitan System : — 

For the year ending December 31, 1910, . . . 1,994 31 

For the period prior to January 1, 1910, .... 11,406 82 



$8,880,447 40 



Amount approved by the Board x for payment out of the 
Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Fund, South System : — 
On account of the Charles River valley 

sewer, $800,046 27 

On account of the Neponset valley sewer, 911,531 46 
On account of the High-level sewer and 
extension : — 
For the year ending De- 
cember 31, 1910, . $7,481 84 
For the period prior to 

January 1, 1910, . 7,073,720 07 

7,081,201 91 



8,792,779 64 

Balance, South Metropolitan System, January 1, 1911, . $87,667 76 

(2) Issues of Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Bonds. 

The Treasurer of the Commonwealth, under the authority of the 
successive statutes, has from time to time issued bonds designated 
" Metropolitan Sewerage Loan," amounting for the North System 
to $6,563,000, and for the South System to $8,877,912. The list of 
the bonds issued prior to the year 1910 is contained in the last 
(Ninth) Annual Report. The bonds issued in the year 1910 are as 
follows : — 

i The word "Board" refers to the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission and the Metropolitan 
Water and Sewerage Board. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



51 



Date of Sale. 


Amount 

of Bonds 

sold. 


Rate of 
Interest 

(Per 
Cent.). 


Price 
received. 


Date due. 


Premium. 


Feb., 1910 


SI 13 ,000 


3^ 


100.39 


Jan. 1, 1950 


$440 70 



(3) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund. 

Under the authority of chapter 122 of the Acts of the year 1899 
the Treasurer and Receiver-General of the Commonwealth was re- 
quired to consolidate the sinking funds of all the Metropolitan Sewer- 
age Loans into one fund, to be known as the Metropolitan Sewerage 
Loans Sinking Fund. 

The Board received during the year, from rentals and from other 
sources, to be applied to the sinking fund, $182.19. 

The sinking fund established has amounted at the end of each 
year to sums as follows : — 



December 31, 1899, 
December 31, 1900, 
December 31, 1901, 
December 31, 1902, 
December 31, 1903, 
December 31, 1904, 



$361,416 59 
454,520 57 
.545,668 26 
636,084 04 
754,690 41 
878,557 12 



December 31, 1905, 
December 31, 1906, 
December 31, 1907, 
December 31, 1908, 
December 31, 1909, 
December 31, 1910, 



$1,008,724 95 
1,146,998 68 
1,306,850 30 
1,492,418 98 
1,673,784 40 
1,931,741 S9 



(4) Annual Appropriations, Receipts and Expenditures. 

The annual appropriations for the maintenance of the Metropoli- 
tan Sewerage Works, the receipts of the Board which are added to 
the appropriations for maintenance, and the expenditures for main- 
tenance for the year ending December 31, 1910, have been as fol- 
lows : — 

North Metropolitan System. 
Appropriation under chapter 388 of the Acts of 1910, . . $149,000 00 
Balance of appropriation under chapter 582 of the Acts of 

1908, 12,609 43 

Receipts from pumping and from other sources, . . . 3,081 59 



Amount approved by the Board for payment, 
Balance, January 1, 1911, . 



$164,691 02 
160,751 00 

$3,940 02 l 



i Of this balance, $849.43 is the remaining portion of the special appropriation of $40,000 made 
by chapter 582 of the Acts of 1908, for the restoration and equipment of the East Boston pumping 
station, on account of the Chelsea lire of April 12, 1908. 



52 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



South Metropolitan System. 

Appropriation under chapter 340 of the Acts of 1910, 
Receipts from pumping and from other sources, 



Amount approved by the Board for payment, 
Balance, January 1, 1911, . 



$103,200 00 
253 50 

$103,453 50 
101,781 68 

$1,671 82 



(5) Annual Assessments. 
Assessments for the year, amounting to $442,376.41, for the North 
Metropolitan System and to $457,071.75 for the South Metropolitan 
System, were required for the payment of interest and sinking fund 
requirements and the cost of maintenance and operation of works. 
The requirements for the North Metropolitan System were: for 
interest, $192,230.07; for the sinking fund, $108,827.97; and for 
maintenance, $141,318.37. For the South Metropolitan System the 
requirements were: for interest, $297,553.23; for the sinking fund, 
$66,097.39; and for maintenance, $93,421.13. The assessments for 
the North Metropolitan System were made upon the cities and towns 
in the District in accordance with chapter 369 of the Acts of the year 
1906. Assessments for the South Metropolitan System were likewise 
made in accordance with said chapter, the period of five years for 
which apportionment was made under decree of the Supreme Judicial 
Court in the year 1905 having expired with the preceding year. The 
respective assessments were as follows: — : 







North MetropoMtar 


i Sewerage System. 




Arlington, . . $10,319 02 


Revere, 


. $13,481 40 


Belmont, 






5,545 04 


Somerville, . 


61,151 21 


Boston, 






74,329 82 


Stoneham, 


5,084 89 


Cambridge, 






99,695 56 


Wakefield, " . 


. • . 9,057 67 


Chelsea, 






26,911 34 


Winchester, . 


11,008 98 


Everett, 






25,610 54 


Winthrop, 


9,662 19 


Lexington, 






4,066 79 


Woburn, - . 


11,505 50 


Maiden, 




■ 


39,209 87 


„ 






Medford, 






20,901 64 


Total, . 


. $442,376 41 


Melrose, 






14,834 95 







No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



53 



South Metropolitan Sewerage System. 



Boston, 
Brookline, 
Dedham, 
Hyde Park, 

Milton, . 
Newton, 



$195,328 79 
83,289 83 
11,219 96 
14,148 98 
21,468 88 
63,310 01 



Quiney, 

Waltham, 

Watertown, 

Total, 



$28,372 01 
26,502 34 
13,430 95 

$457,071 75 



(6) Expenditures for the Different Works. 

The following is a summary of the expenditures made in the va- 
rious operations for the different works : — 



Construction and Acquisition op Works. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


North Metropolitan System. 








Original system, main line and branches, 


- 


$5,383,957 67 


Lexington branch, 


- 




68,585 15 


Everett branch, 




- 




54,877 12 


Wakefield branch, . 




- 




35,698 29 


Stoneham branch, . 




- 




11,574 10 


Revere extension, . 




- 




215,722 79 


Chelsea and Everett outlets, 




- 




71,216 41 


Wakefield branch extension, 




- 




190,081 97 


Belmont extension, 




- 




57,363 06 


Maiden extension, . 




- 




67,092 63 


Bulkhead, Chelsea Creek, 




- 




3,231 00 


North System, enlargement: — 








Administration, . 


$3,119 25 


$8,917 77 




Deer Island pumping station, extensions and 








additions, ........ 


57,308 03 


177,707 76 




East Boston pumping station, extensions and 








additions, 


133,724 83 


160,175 85 




Maiden-Everett extension, Section 66, 


632 20 


632 20 




Stable and locker, East Boston, .... 


14,281 23 


14,362 38 






ff°no nfi*; *\A 




361,795 96 




<9^Ut7,UUtJ O^ 






. $209,065 54 


$6,521,196 15 


South Metropolitan System. 








Charles River valley sewer, main line, . 


- 




$800,C46 27 


Neponset River valley sewer: — 








Main line, . . . • 


- 


$866,595 66 




Brookline branch, 


- 


44,935 80 










911,531 46 












5,992,375 01 




$7,703,952 74 



54 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



CONSTBUCTION AND ACQUISITION OP WORKS. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 



Amount brought forward, 



South Metropolitan System — Con. 
High-level Sewer extension: — 

Completed sections, 

Administration, 

Section 85, Brighton, 

Hough's Neck pumping station and connections, 
Land takings, purchase and recording, 



Total for South Metropolitan System, . 
Total for construction for both systems, 



$7,703,952 74 



$128 29 
519 80 

6,640 88 
192 87 


$7,481 84 


$831,627 43 

15,064 14 

227,375 50 

6,640 88 

8,118 95 

, . .. 1 nqq qof> oft 






$7,481 84 


$8,792,779 64 


$216,547 38 


$15,313,975 79 



Maintenance. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


South Metropolitan System, 


$160,751 00 
101,781 68 


$1,736,573 10 
1,411,066 98 


Total for maintenance, both systems, 


$262,532 68 


$3,147,640 08 



(7) Detailed Financial Statement. 
The Board herewith presents, in accordance with the Metropolitan 
Sewerage Acts, an abstract of the expenditures and disbursements, 
receipts, assets and liabilities for the year ending December 31, 
1910: — 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements. 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Construction of Works and Acquisition by Purchase or Taking 

North Metropolitan System. 
Administration: — 

Commissioners, . . . . . . : 

Secretary, ' 

Clerks and stenographers, 

Amount carried forward, 



$1,166 67 
375 00 
895 34 



2,437 01 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



55 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amount brought forward, 

North Metropolitan System — Con. 
Administration — Con. 

Traveling 

Stationery, printing and office supplies, 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of building, .... 

Rent and taxes, main office, 

Repairs of building, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Engineering: — 

Chief engineer, ............ 

Engineering assistants, ........... 

Inspectors, 

Traveling expenses, 

Stationery, printing and office supplies, 

Engineering and drafting instruments and tools, 

Engineering and drafting supplies, 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of building 

Rent and taxes, 

Repairs of building, . . ' . 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Advertising, 

Labor and teaming 

Tools, machinery and appliances, 

Brick, cement, lumber and other field supplies and expenses, 

Contracts: — 

Woodbury & Leighton Co., contract 74, extension of engine, boiler, screen- 
house and coal-house at East Boston pumping station, . 

Allis-Chalmers Co., contract 68, addition to pumping plant at Deer Island 
pumping station, 

Robb-Mumford Boiler Co. (Robb Engineering Co., Ltd., assignee), con- 
tract 78, furnishing and erecting six vertical fire-tube boilers with smoke 
flue and galleries, at the East Boston pumping station 

Hyde Windlass Co., contract 79, furnishing two sets of screens for the Deer 
Island pumping station, 

John T. Scully Foundation and Transportation Co., contract 80, pile wharf, 
steel floor beams, braces and coal runs, for the East Boston pumping 
station, 

Real estate: — 

Settlements, 

Legal, conveyancing and expert, 



Total for North Metropolitan System, 



12,437 01 



404 70 

133 39 

113 51 

7 62 

23 02 



$833 33 


4,784 52 


4,110 84 


320 71 


155 69 


1 60 


73 87 


404 77 


340 52 


22 88 


1,253 80 


$36 73 


26,448 17 


12,727 03 


12,017 06 



580,810 41 
17,307 50 

25,546 40 
5,600 00 

8,618 91 



$4,463 40 
68 15 



5,119 25 



12,302 53 



51,228 99 



137.8S3 22 



4,531 55 



$209,065 54 



56 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



South Metropolitan System. 

High-level Sewer Extension. 
Administration : — 

Commissioners, . 

Secretary, 

Clerks and stenographers, . . . . 

Traveling, 

Stationery, printing and office supplies, 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of building, 

Rent and taxes, main office, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 



Engineering: — 

Chief engineer, 

Engineering assistants, ....... 

Inspectors 

Traveling expenses, 

Stationery, printing and office supplies, 
Engineering and drafting instruments and tools, 
Engineering and drafting supplies, .... 
Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of building, 

Rent and taxes 

Miscellaneous expenses 



Advertising, 

Labor and teaming ;...'. 

Tools, machinery and appliances, 

Brick, cement, lumber and other field supplies and expenses, 

Contracts: — 
Hugh Nawn Contracting Co., contract 65, Section 85, in part, . f . 
John Cashman & Sons Co., contract 87, Hough's Neck pumping station, 

Real estate : — 

Settlements 

Legal, conveyancing and expert, 



Total for South Metropolitan System, 



Maintenance and Operation of Works. 
North Metropolitan System. 



Administration: — 
Commissioners, 
Secretary and assistants, 
Rent, . . . . 



Amount carried forward, 



m 71 
26 26 
11 32 



1,132 83 
402 78 

79 35 



8 18 


78 70 


33 95 


$34 89 


31 00 


474 43 


1,438 89 


$500 00 


2,945 68 



$192 87 



$2,333 33 

2,971 25 

325 43 



5,630 01 



$128 29 



1,735 79 



1,979 21 



3,445 68 



192 87 



$7,481 84 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



57 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amount brought forward, 



North Metropolitan System — Con. 
Administration — Con. 
Heating, lighting and care of building, 

Repairs of building, 

Postage, 

Printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Telephones, 

Traveling expenses, ...... 

Miscellaneous expenses, . . . , . 



General supervision: — 
Chief engineer and assistants, 

Rent, 

Heating, lighting and care of building, 
Repairs of building, 

Postage, 

Printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Telephones, 

Traveling expenses, 
Miscellaneous expenses, . 



Deer Island pumping station: — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Oil and waste, .... 

Water, 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones, 

General supplies, .... 
Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 



East Boston pumping station: — 
Labor, .... 
Fuel, .... 
Oil and waste, 
Water, .... 
Packing, .... 
Repairs and renewals, 
Telephones, 
General supplies, . 
Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 

Charlestown pumping station: — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Oil and waste, .... 

Amounts carried forward, 



$5,630 01 



216 62 
128 38 
86 00 
692 89 
59 28 
35 91 
41 63 



,387 59 
976 32 
614 15 
385 17 

249 07 

177 85 

155 CO 

76 83 



$15,669 91 

12,341 20 

439 66 

1,268 40 

264 16 

1,244 57 

195 05 

1,561 00 

231 72 



518,317 42 

10,362 06 

424 80 

1,644 00 

50 24 

623 08 

140 95 

636 68 

113 93 



$14,209 60 

3,838 56 

266 74 



5,890 72 



9,021 98 



33,215 67 



32,313 16 



$18,314 00 $81,441 53 



58 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, 



North Metropolitan System — Con. 
Charlestown. pumping station — Con. 

Water 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones, 

General supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 



Alewife Brook pumping station: — 

Labor, 

Fuel 

Oil and waste, .... 

Water, . . . 

Packing, ...... 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones, 

General supplies 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 

Sewer lines, buildings and grounds: — 
Engineering assistants, . 

Labor, 

Automobiles, .... 

Brick, cement and lime, 
Castings, ironwork and metals, 
Freight, express and teaming, 
Fuel and lighting, .... 
Jobbing and repairing, . 

Lumber, 

Machinery, tools and appliances, . 
Paints and oils, .... 
Rubber and oiled goods, 
Sand, gravel and stone, . 

Telephones, 

Traveling expenses, 

General supplies, . . . . 

Miscellaneous expenses, . 



Horses, vehicles and stable account, 

Renewal East Boston pumping station, account Chelsea fire, April 12, 1908: 
Supplies and expenses, 



Total for North Metropolitan System, 

South Metropolitan System. 
Administration: — 

Commissioners, 

Secretary and assistants, 



5,314 90 $81,441 53 



453 60 


33 27 


364 99 


67 85 


323 02 


97 56 


$7,558 00 


1,795 84 


231 20 


276 84 


60 63 


461 03 


50 22 


85 15 


43 25 


$2,575 00 


24,996 32 


88 82 


628 14 


273 25 


10 66 


270 18 


119 69 


592 82 


545 13 


539 64 


685 82 


286 06 


10 10 


504 19 


575 24 


274 73 



t,356 33 



11,760 00 



52,333 33 
1,745 12 



19,655 19 



10,562 16 



32,975 79 



16,116 33 



$160,751 00 



Amount carried forward, 



$4,078 45 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



59 



General Character op Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amount brought forward, ..... 

South Metropolitan System — Con 
Administration — Con. 

Rent, 

Heating, lighting, and care of building, 

Repairs of building, 

Postage, 

Printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Telephones, 

Traveling expenses, 

Miscellaneous expenses, . . . . . 

General supervision: — 
Chief engineer and assistants, .... 

Rent, 

Heating, lighting and care of building, 

Repairs of building, 

Postage, 

Printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Telephones, 

Traveling expenses, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Ward Street pumping station: — 

Labor, • 

Fuel, 

Oil and waste, 

Water, 

Packing 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones, 

General supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 

Quincy pumping station: — 

Labor 

Fuel, 

Oil and waste, 

Water, 

Packing 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones, 

General supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 

Nut Island screen-house: — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Oil and waste, 

Amounts carried forward, 



1,078 45 



155 00 


201 85 


64 20 


76 00 


623 56 


56 48 


10 51 


27 78 


.$7,561 59 


465 00 


605 57 


192 58 


180 09 


169 35 


60 00 


102 28 


§18,446 92 


6,850 69 


329 24 


1,410 00 


111 65 


336 82 


95 49 


971 88 


162 77 


$6,273 60 


1,654 52 


44 01 


114 85 


24 66 


273 25 


37 82 


82 79 


247 57 


87,129 17 


1,568 45 


56 51 



$5,293 83 



9,336 46 



28,715 46 



8,753 07 



$8,754 13 $52,098 82 



60 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



General Character op Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 



Amounts brought forward, 



South Metropolitan System — Con. 
Nut Island screen-house — Con. 

Water, 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones, 

General supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 



Sewer lines, buildings and grounds: 
Engineering assistants, . 

Labor 

Automobiles, .... 
Brick, cement and lime, 
Castings, ironwork and metals, 
Freight, express and teaming, 
Fuel and lighting, . 
Jobbing and repairing, . 

Lumber, 

Machinery, tools and appliances, 
Paints and oils, 
Rubber and oiled goods, 
Sand, gravel and stone, . 

Telephones 

Traveling expenses, 
General supplies, . 
Miscellaneous expenses, . 



City of Boston, for pumping and interest, 
Horses, vehicles and stable account +. 



Total for South Metropolitan System, 



3,754 13 $52,098 82 



179 28 

28 69 

29 11 
60 80 

429 96 
40 2,9 



$3,400 00 

18,653 48 

2,411 87 

136 03 

109 16 

25 

71 72 

19 64 

119 38 

2,858 48 

427 52 

163 21 

18 75 

34 85 

605 24 

149 83 

30 63 



9,522 26 



29,210 04 
7,700 00 
3,250 56 

$101,781 68 



(b) Receipts. 
The receipts from the sales of property, from rents and from other 
sources, have been credited as follows : — 



Account. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1910. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1910. 


North Metropolitan System — construction, 
South Metropolitan System — construction, 
North Metropolitan System — maintenance, 
South Metropolitan System — maintenance, 
Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund, 


$254 59 

1,994 31 

3,081 59 

253 50 

182 19 


$63,391 78 

13,401 13 

14,641 23 

1,730 20 

1,543 39 


Totals 


$5,7*66 18 


$94,707 73 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



61 



(c) Assets. 

The following is an abstract of the assets of the Sewerage Works, 
a complete schedule of which is kept on file in the office of the 
Board : — 

Office furniture, fixtures and supplies ; engineering and scientific instruments 
and supplies; horses, vehicles, field machinery, etc.; machinery, tools and 
other appliances and supplies; real estate connected with works not com- 
pleted; completed works, including real estate connected therewith. 

(d) Liabilities. 

The sums due on monthly pay rolls amount to $757.22, and there 
are other current bills unpaid which have not yet been received. 

Amounts on Monthly Estimates, not due until Completion of Contracts or 

until Claims are settled. 



Name. 


Work. 


Amount. 


High-level Sewer: — 






National Contracting Co., 


Sect. 73, contract abandoned, . . 


$5,516 17* 


E. W. Everson & Co 




1,000 00 


High-level Sewer Extension: — 






Timothy J. O'Connell, . . 


Sect. 82, in part, contract 57, .... 


60 00 


Geo. M. Bryne Co., 


Sect. 85, in part, contract 63, 


2,508 51 


John Cashman & Sons Co., . 


Hough's Neck pumping station and connections, 






contract 87, ....... 


519 82 


North Metropolitan Construction: — 






Allis-Chalmers Co., 


Addition to pumping plant at Deer Island pump- 






ing station, contract 68 


17,307 50 


Robb-Mumford Boiler Co. (Robb 


Furnishing and erecting six vertical fire-tube 




Engineering Co., Ltd., assignee), 


boilers with smoke flue and galleries, at the East 






Boston pumping station, contract 78, 


6,386 60 


Woodbury & Leighton Co., . 


Extension of engine, boiler, screen- house and 
coal house at East Boston pumping station: — 






Contract 74A (maintenance), .... 


865 00 




Contract 74B (construction), .... 


8,681 73 




$42,845 33 



1 Damages claimed by the Commonwealth on account of the abandonment of the contract exceed 
this amount. 



Claims have been made by the following parties, bnt it is im- 
possible to state the amounts clue for land and other damages, as no 
sums have been agreed upon, and suits are now pending in the courts 
for the determination of most of them : — 

Anna L. Dunican, Carrie S. Urquhart, N. Jefferson Urquhart, 
Edwin N". Urquhart, Richard Jones, James Doherty, Michael 
^Tiland, William II. Gibbons, Francis Normile, George A. Goddard. 



62 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

VIII. RAINFALL AND WATER SUPPLY. 

The amount of rain has been almost unprecedentedly small during 
the past year, and the scarcity has been more felt because for a 
period of years preceding there has been a rainfall less than the 
normal. The average rainfall for the past thirty-six years in 
which the records have been kept on the Sudbury watershed, is 
45.31 inches, but during the past year the rainfall was but 35.64 
inches. The rainfall on the Wachusett watershed was but 37.85 
inches, against an average rainfall of 47.08 inches since the begin- 
ning of the records in the year 1897. 

The amount of water collected and contributed to the water 
supply, which is affected by various circumstances, does not, how- 
ever, exactly correspond to the rainfall. The yield or amount of 
water collected on the Sudbury watershed in the year 1910 was 
only 56 per cent, of the average amount of the years since the 
measurements have been made; and the amount so collected on the 
Wachusett watershed was but 73 per cent, of the average. 

The accompanying diagram illustrates the remarkably small 
amount of water collected for the water supply during the past year 
in comparison with the previous years, and it also shows the com- 
paratively smaller amounts collected during the past few years. 

IX. CONSUMPTION OF WATER. 
There has been for the second year a gratifying reduction in 
the total consumption of water in the Metropolitan District. The 
daily average consumption of water in the District in the year 1910 
has been 112,092,100 gallons, which is a decrease of 7,027,000 
gallons from the consumption of the year 1909, while that year 
showed a decrease in the daily average consumption of 6,305,100 
gallons. The daily average consumption of each person in the 
District was 110 gallons, as against 119 gallons per person in the 
year 1909, and 129 gallons per person in the year 1908. These 
are the quantities determined by the Venturi meters as delivered 
to the various cities and towns. The quantity delivered to the Dis- 
trict, according to the computation of water pumped at the several 
pumping stations and flowing in the Weston Aqueduct, including 
the small yield of the Spot Pond watershed, would, principally 



COMPARATIVE AMOUNTS OF WATER COLLECTED IN THE 

DIFFERENT YEARS ON THE SUDBURY AND WACHUSETT 

WATERSHEDS PER SQUARE MILE OF WATERSHED. 



SUDBURY WATERSHED. 
1875 - 1910 



1875 

1876 

1877 

1878 

1879 

1880 

1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1309 

1910 



WACHUSETT WATERSHED, 
1897 - 1910 



897 
898 
899 
900 
901 
902 
903 
904 
905 
906 
907 
908 
909 
9 10 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 63 

owing to leakage from distributing reservoirs and the Metropolitan 
pipes, and the small amounts supplied outside of the District, 
slightly exceed these figures. 

There has been a decrease in daily consumption per capita in all 
the municipalities except Arlington, Belmont, Lexington, Maiden, 
Melrose, Revere, Stoneham, Swampscott and Watertown. In the 
town of Winthrop there has been a decrease of 28 gallons daily per 
capita, and in the city of Medford a decrease of 16 gallons daily per 
capita, while in the city of Boston the daily per capita decrease has 
been 13 gallons. The total reduction of the consumption of the latter 
city for the year was 6,683,200 gallons, which makes up nearly the 
entire reduction in consumption of the District, 

Of the municipalities named, in which there has been a per 
capita increase in the consumption, Stoneham shows a daily in- 
crease of 9 gallons and Watertown of 8 gallons. In the other mu- 
nicipalities the per capita increases have been small. 

The notable reductions in the consumption in the cities of Boston 
and Medford and in the town of Winthrop have followed the larger 
installation of meters in those municipalities. 

Although the reduction in consumption during the past year was 
assisted by the generally favorable character of the weather, and by 
the adoption on the part of the municipalities of more rigorous in- 
spection and other preventive measures, it is undoubtedly prin- 
cipally due to the larger introduction of meters. 

During the past year there has been a substantial compliance with 
the provisions of the Meter Act of 1907 by all the municipalities ex- 
cept the town of Revere and the city of Quincy. The city of Boston, 
on account of its almost total failure to observe the requirements of 
the law in the year 1908, is still behindhand in the total required 
to be installed on services in use on January 1, 1908 by about 2,200 
meters, and its per cent., 19.96 per cent, of services metered, is the 
lowest of any municipality. 

The town of Revere, although it introduced meters upon its new 
services, installed them upon less than 5 per cent, of old services as 
required by the Meter Act. 

The city of Quincy failed in the year 1909 to comply with the 
provisions of the Meter Act, both as to the metering of the required 
percentage of old services and in the equipment of all new services. 



64 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The Board, in compliance with the provisions of chapter 177 of the 
Acts of 1909, gave notice of the neglect of the city to the Attorney- 
General, who brought action before the Supreme Judicial Court to 
enforce the requirements of the Act, and also for the forfeiture to 
the Commonwealth of the penalties prescribed. By reason, how- 
ever, of the representations made by the officials of the city as to 
the measures which they were taking in order to install the neces- 
sary number of meters, further proceedings in the suit were sus- 
pended. A large number of meters were installed during the latter 
portion of the year, and it is understood that during the coming 
year the city will have fully complied with the terms of the Act, 
and will not compel the further prosecution of the action which 
is pending. 

The city of Melrose and the towns of Belmont, Milton and Water- 
town have metered all their services. The town of Swampscott, 
the city of Maiden, the town of Winthrop and the city of Medford 
have installed meters to the extent respectively of 99, 96, 96 and 94 
per cent, of the services. At the end of the year, 37.56 per cent, of 
all the services in the Metropolitan District were metered, a gain 
during the year of 9.21 in the percentage. 

The fact still remains, notwithstanding the reductions which 
have been made, that there is an excessive use and great waste of 
water in the Metropolitan District. The diagram which is again re- 
produced, showing the average rate of consumption in the year 1910 
during the entire day and between the hours of 1 and 4 in the 
night, significantly demonstrates this fact. The daily average rate 
of consumption per capita in the night, when necessary use is com- 
paratively very small, is 68 gallons. This night rate in the city of 
Boston is 60 per cent, of the rate for the entire day, and exceeds the 
rate for the entire day of 13 municipalities. The result which has 
been brought about by the metering of even 19.96 per cent, of the 
services in the city of Boston, and the somewhat greater efforts 
which have been made by the authorities to restrict unnecessary use, 
conclusively indicate the importance of universal metering and more 
vigorous measures for the prevention of excessive use and waste, es- 
pecially in that city which consumes 78 per cent, of all the water 
supplied. The city of Boston alone can put off for a long period in 
the future the necessity of a great expenditure for the acquisition of 
additional sources of supply and of new and expensive works. 



diagram showing 

Average Rate of Consumption of Water 

in the Metropolitan District in 1910 

DURING THE ENTIRE DAY 



AND 



BETWEEN THE HOURS OF I AND 4 AT NIGHT 




•%%% , A%VV%%%%%%%'V%%VAVA%VA*A # A%%VV%%V»VAVA*A%%»A%%V»%%VVVA """"VBOS 

"*!*!*!'v"**** w !*!v!€*A 999S 

•>>>>%*vv%?av*v»?a%^^^ 


AW 


%♦♦♦♦♦ 

*W* 

******* 


LM.f. 


******** 


* * * * 
******** 


MUMU 




******** 


* • ♦ ♦ '♦ ♦ * * 
******** WA 


******** 


»♦♦♦♦%• 

******* 
******** 


►;♦!♦!•: 


******** 


•AAA 


•A»A 


'♦•♦•♦•< 

♦A*A 
•AW 


'~~~j. 
*l*l*l*i 










































Pel 


xer 


itac 


je 


Of 


Servic 


,es 


Mc 


iter 


■ed 










12.2 


29.7 


29.8 


33.5 


55.Z 


42.8 


46.4 


15.9 


18.4 


100.0 


100.0 


66.1 


56.1 


97.2 


100.0 


45.0 


95.6 


100.0 



Daily Average Rate of Consumption 1910 

» Night » between I A.M. and 4 A.M. 1910. 
Daily Average Rate of Consumption in 1909 shown in Red~ 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 65 

X. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LEGISLATION. 

The Board in its preliminary report to the Legislature has made 
no requests for the authorization of additional expenditures for 
the construction of new works, either for the Water or Sewerage 
systems, and the loans already authorized are deemed sufficient for 
the completion of the works in progress. 

The Board has requested the passage of an act providing that in 
case the town of Braintree should apply for admission into the South 
Metropolitan Sewerage District, and an extension of the sewer 
into that town should thus become necessary, balances in the treas- 
ury not needed for the purposes for which the appropriations were 
made may be used for the Braintree extension, and thus avoid the 
necessity of the immediate issue of further bonds. 

xJ 

XL FUTURE WORK. 

The maintenance and operation of the various works for the 
supply and distribution of water in the cities and towns of the Met- 
ropolitan Water District, and of the works constructed for the 
collection and disposal of the sewage in the cities and towns of the 
North and South Metropolitan Sewerage districts, will require, ac- 
cording to the estimates for the current year which have been made 
and submitted to the Legislature, appropriations amounting to 
$674,400. In these estimates, in addition to the ordinary current 
expenditures, the Board has included the sum of $15,000, which it 
deems necessary to expend for the protection of the water supply 
in aqueducts. The growth of the population having caused the 
construction of new houses in districts adjacent to the aqueducts 
before local sewers have been provided, it has become necessary to 
provide, temporarily at least, for the house drainage in such adjacent 
districts so as to prevent the pollution of the water carried through 
the aqueducts. 

The carrying out of projects already begun will require a consid- 
erable amount of construction during the coming year. The in- 
stallation of a power plant at the Wachusett Dam, by which elec- 
tricity will be generated and for which contracts have already been 
made, will be carried on to completion. The tunnel and pipe line 
for the improvement of the East Boston water supply will be 
finished and put into operation, a further section of the 60-inch 



66 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

supply pipe line, which is to extend from the Weston Aqueduct to 
the Chestnut Hill Reservoir, will be made ready and put into serv- 
ice, and the new engine, which is in process of erection at the 
Chestnut Hill pumping station, will be completed and put into 
operation. 

In the North Sewerage System the final work in the extensions 
of the Deer Island and East Boston pumping stations and installa- 
tion of new pumping machinery will be accomplished, and the 
new stable and locker building will be constructed; and in the 
South Sewerage System the small station in process of construction 
for lifting the sewage of a portion of the city of Quincy into the 
High-level Sewer will be completed and put into operation. If the 
town of Braintree applies for admission into the South Metropolitan 
Sewerage District it will be necessary to proceed at once to the 
construction of a sewer from a point in Quincy to connect with the 
sewerage system in the town of Braintree, for which the expenditure 
of $100,000 has been authorized. 

Requests for information have been made by various municipal- 
ities relative to their admission into the Metropolitan Water Dis- 
trict. Some of these municipalities are situated within the ten- 
mile limit, and it is made by the Metropolitan Water Act obligatory 
upon the Board to grant their applications for admission on their 
payment of such sums as the Board shall determine. Municipalities 
outside of the limit can only be admitted by act of the Legislature. 
In case other cities or towns, are admitted new work of greater or 
less magnitude will be called for. 

The town of Hyde Park, which belongs to the Metropolitan 
Water District, but has not yet asked to be furnished with water, 
has been considering for some time the question of resorting to the 
Metropolitan Works for its supply. In case the town shall so vote 
it will become at once the duty of the Board to proceed to make 
connection with the local water system of the town, and construct 
such new works as may be required in order to furnish a proper 
water supply. 

The large amount of sewage which is now carried into the harbor 
through the Deer Island outlet has caused the Board to consider 
the desirability of making some improvement in the future in the 
method of its discharge. Various inquiries have been instituted in 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 67 

the matter, but further investigations will be required as to the 
effect of the disposal of the sewage in the harbor and to determine 
what measures may be adopted in order to secure the best and most 
effective method by which the sewage can be discharged into the 
sea from the North Metropolitan System. 

The detailed reports of the Chief Engineer of the Water Works 
and of the Chief Engineer of the Sewerage Works, with various 
tables and statistics are herewith presented. 

Respectfully submitted, 

HENRY H. SPRAGUE, 
HENRY P. WALCOTT, 
JAMES A. BAILEY, Jr., 

Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 
Boston, February 27, 1911. 



68 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



KEPORT OF CHIEF ENGINEER OF WATER WORKS. 



To the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 

Gentlemen : — The following is a report of the work under the 
charge of the Chief Engineer of the Metropolitan Water Works 
for the year ending December 31, 1910. 

General Statement. 
The Chief Engineer has charge of the design and construction 
of all new works, and of the maintenance and operation of all the 
works controlled by the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board 
for supplying water to the eighteen municipalities which have re- 
ceived their supply from the Metropolitan Works. 

Organization. 
The Chief Engineer has had the following assistants : — 

William E. Foss, . . Assistant to Chief Engineer. 

Elliot R. B. Allardice, . Superintendent, Wachusett Department. 

Charles E. Haberstroh, Superintendent, Sudbury Department. 

Samuel E. Killam, . Superintendent, Pipe Lines and Reservoirs, Distri- 
bution Department. 

Arthur E. O'Neil, . . Superintendent, Pumping Stations, Distribution De- 
partment. 

Alfred 0. Doane, . . Division Engineer, specially in charge of engineer- 
ing work at pumping stations. 

George E. Howe, . . Assistant Engineer, resigned April 30, 1910. 

Barzillai A. Rich, . . Assistant Engineer, employed since June 8, 1910. 

Clifford Foss, . . Assistant Engineer. 

Benjamin F. Hancox, . Assistant, in charge of Drafting Department. 

James W. Killam, . Assistant Engineer, in charge of tests of coal and oil. 

William E. Whittaker, . Office Assistant. 

Arthur W. Walker, . Biologist, 

William W. Locke, . Sanitary Inspector. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



69 



At the beginning of the year the engineering force, including 
those engaged upon both the construction and maintenance of the 
works, numbered 48, and at the end of the year 51. 

There has also been a maintenance force, exclusive of the engi- 
neers above mentioned, averaging 249, employed in the operation 
of the several pumping stations and in connection with the main- 
tenance of the reservoirs, aqueducts and pipe lines, and in doing 
minor construction work. 

The number of men employed in the maintenance force of the 
several departments has been as follows : — 



Beginning 
of Year. 



End of 
Year. 



Average. 



Wachusett Department, 

Sudbury Department. 

Distribution Department, pipe lines and reservoirs, 

Distribution Department, pumping service, 



37 
43 
76 
60 



39 
56 

91 

58 



49 
53 
88 
59 



216 



244 



249 



In addition to the men employed directly by the Board a force 
averaging 167 men, reaching a maximum of slightly over 300 in 
September, was employed from April 1 to December 31 by the 
contractors engaged in constructing new works. 



CONSTRUCTION. 

New 60-inch Supply Main feom Weston Aqueduct. 

An expenditure of $750,000 was authorized by the Legislature 
of 1909 for the construction of a second Weston Aqueduct supply 
main, for the purpose of increasing the amount of water that can 
be supplied from the Weston Aqueduct into the Metropolitan Dis- 
trict. 

The new main will extend from the Charles River at Common- 
wealth Avenue in Newton to Beacon Street at Chestnut Hill Avenue 
in Boston, a distance of about 34,650 feet, and will be located for 
a large portion of the distance in Commonwealth Avenue. On 
account of the large reduction now being made in the amount of 
water used in the District it has not been deemed necessary to 
construct the entire line at present, and the work of construction 



70 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

is therefore being confined to the portion of the line extending 
20,255 feet westerly from the lower end, at Beacon Street in 
Boston. This section of the pipe line has been connected at the 
lower end with the low-service mains in Beacon Street, and at the 
upper end it will be connected with the existing 48-inch Weston 
Aqueduct supply main, near Valentine Street, in Newton, and when 
put into service it will materially increase the amount of water that 
can be drawn from the Weston Aqueduct. 

Cast-iron pipes 60 inches in diameter have been used in con- 
structing the line, except for a distance of 2,395 feet, where the 
water will be carried through a concrete-lined rock tunnel 76 inches 
in diameter, connected with the 60-inch pipes by steel pipes 80 
inches in diameter. The steel pipes will be protected from corro- 
sion on the inside by a Portland cement mortar lining 2 inches 
thick, and on the outside by a backing of Portland cement concrete, 
which will also serve as a support for the pipe. 

The tunnel and steel pipe line are being constructed of larger 
capacity than the remainder of the line in order to provide carrying 
capacity for an additional pipe line in the future. 

Contracts for furnishing the cast-iron pipe and most of the special 
castings for the portion of the line now under construction were 
made in 1909. Contracts for the special castings required to com- 
plete the work have been made during the past year. A contract 
for furnishing the steel pipe was made with the Hodge Boiler 
Works on December 6, but the delivery of the pipe will not be 
made until 1911. The portion of the pipe line under construction 
has been subdivided into three sections, known as sections 6, 7 
and 8. 

Section 6 is located in Commonwealth Avenue in Newton, and 
extends from a point midway between Prince and Valentine streets 
to Grant Avenue, at Section 7, a distance of 8,825 feet. The con- 
tract for doing this work was made with Cavanagh Brothers of 
Boston, on June 2. On the following day a special steam shovel 
excavator, designed by the contractor, was set up near Grant Avenue, 
where trench excavation was started on June 8. Pipe laying was 
begun at this point on June 15 and % on July 16 about 650 feet of 
pipe had been laid. The force employed at this time was about 
35 men. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 71 

On account of difficulties arising in connection with the use of the 
steam shovel and dump cars, and from obstacles encountered in the 
trench, slow progress was made in pipe laying. The contractor 
therefore increased his force to about 75 men, abandoned the use of 
the cars, and employed teams for transporting the excavated mate- 
rial. This change in method of carrying on the work resulted in the 
making of better progress and this organization was continued until 
the completion of the work. 

Trench excavation was started at the large culvert near Walnut 
Street on July 18, and 700 feet of trench at this place was exca- 
vated by manual labor. Pipe laying was completed and the line 
capped at the westerly end, between Prince and Valentine streets, 
on November 26. 

A 36-inch branch was set in the line near Valentine Street for 
a connection with the 48-inch Weston Aqueduct supply main. A 
36-inch valve with 6-inch by-pass was set in the line just west of this 
branch. A blow-off branch into the Cochituate Aqueduct was placed 
at Irving Street. 

The surplus material from the easterly 6,000 feet of the line 
was sand and gravel, and was teamed to Section 7, where a portion 
of it was used in building the embankment over the 60-inch pipe 
line, and the remainder placed in a storage pile to be used for filling 
the steel pipe trench on that section. The entire work was com- 
pleted on December 3. The value of the work done under this 
contract was $40,777.77. 

Section 7 of the new pipe line is located in Newton, and extends 
from Commonwealth Avenue at Grant Avenue through and under 
private land to the westerly end of Section 8. It includes 2,042 
feet of concrete-lined rock tunnel, 353 feet of cement-lined steel 
pipe and 940 feet of 60-inch cast-iron pipe. 

A contract for this work was made with Joseph ITanreddy of 
Chicago on April 28. The work of excavating the trench at the 
west end of the section was begun on May 24, with a force of 
about 20 men and 9 horses, preparatory to laying the pipe at this 
place. This force was later increased to about 55 men. 

Steam plants, with air compressors for operating the drills, 
dynamos for lighting the tunnel and engines for operating the 
stone crushers have been installed at both ends of the tunnel. 



72 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The laying of 60-inch pipe was begun at Commonwealth Avenue 
on June 7, and continued in an easterly direction until June 14, 
when 334 feet of pipe had been laid. This section of the line was 
laid near the surface of the ground, and covered with an embank- 
ment built of surplus material from the 60-inch pipe trench on 
Section 6. 

On June 17 the laying of pipe was begun at the easterly end of 
the section, and continued westerly until July 1, when 185 feet 
of pipe had been laid. A 36-inch valve with 6-inch by-pass was 
set in the line at this point, and a 16-inch blow-off pipe was laid 
into the culvert under the Cochituate Aqueduct near the ventilator 
chamber. Pipe laying was resumed at this place on September 15 
and continued to October 1. The total length of 60-inch pipe laid 
to date on this section is 664 feet. 

On July 7 the steam plant at the west end of the tunnel was 
put into operation, and on July 13 the crushing of rock from the 
open trench was commenced. Rock excavation in the open trench 
was completed July 23, and tunnel excavation was begun on July 
26 at the west portal. Night work was begun at the west heading 
on August 1, and tunnel excavation was then continued with two 
shifts at this heading. 

The tunnel is excavated 9 feet in diameter, and is located about 
9 feet north of and 20 feet above the old Cochituate Aqueduct 
tunnel, which was constructed through the hill at this place by the 
city of Boston in 1848. 

Tunnel excavation was begun at the east portal on September 9, 
and night work was commenced on September 19. The excavation 
of the tunnel was then continued, with night and day forces, from 
the east portal until December 24, and from the west portal until 
December 29. The force employed at each heading consisted of 
about 12 men on each shift. From 15 to 21 holes, from 5 to 6 
feet in depth, were drilled per shift in each heading, and then blasted, 
and the progress made when working two shifts at both headings was 
about 20 linear feet per working day. 

The material excavated at the west heading was soft conglomerate 
rock, with a few hard spots in places, and comprised about three- 
fourths of the tunnel excavation. This rock was free from seams 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 73 

and broke close to the established line for tunnel excavation. At 
the east end of the tunnel the rock was hard and brittle, with 
numerous fissures and cracks, which caused the excavation to break 
out unnecessarily large at some places, and timbering was required 
for about 30 feet. Timbering was also required to support the rock 
at six old shafts on the Cochituate Aqueduct tunnel, and at an 
earth seam near the westerly end of the tunnel. 

On December 28 a hole was broken through from the west heading 
into the east heading of the tunnel. After the muck was removed 
the entire force was discharged, and the work suspended for the 
winter on December 31. With the exception of a little trimming 
the tunnel excavation is now completed. 

The value of the work done to date under this contract is 
$65,385.41, equivalent to about 60 per cent, of the total value of 
the work to be done. 

At the west end the length of tunnel excavation was 1,210 feet, 
and at the east end 832 feet, making a total length of 2,042 feet. 
The average length of tunnel excavated per working day was 15.1 
feet. At the west end of the tunnel 5,553 cubic yards of stone 
have been crushed, of which 1,924 cubic yards have been used for 
resurfacing the 60-inch pipe trench in Commonwealth Avenue. At 
the east end of the tunnel 4,226 cubic yards of stone have been 
crushed. 

About 2.30 a.m. on December 6, powderman Constanzo Traman- 
bozzi was killed by the explosion of the dynamite which was to 
be used for loading the holes in the east heading of the tunnel. The 
cause of the explosion is not known. 

Section 8 includes the easterly 8,095 feet of the proposed line, 
3,100 feet of which is located in private land in Newton and 4,995 
feet in Commonwealth and Chestnut Hill avenues in Boston. 

Work on this section, which was begun last year by the Charles 
J. Jacobs Company, was suspended for the winter on December 24, 
1909, after 5,349 feet of pipe had been laid. The work was 
resumed on March 30, 1910, and was continued with a force of 
from 40 to 80 men. The work progressed slowly, on account of the 
large amount of rock which had to be excavated in the trenches on 
Commonwealth Avenue, and was not completed until August 10. 



74 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

A 60-inch Venturi meter, with 27-inch throat, was set in the 
pipe line on Chestnut Hill Avenue near Beacon Street, where the 
main connects with the existing 48-inch main. 

The value of the work done by the C. J. Jacobs Company during 
the year was $14,622.86, making the total cost of the work done 
by this contractor $40,525.39. 

The length of 60-inch pipe laid during the year was 2,746 feet, 
making a total length laid of 8,095 feet, and the amount of rock 
excavated during the year was 1,092 cubic yards, making a total 
of 3,610 cubic yards. 

The value of all work done on the construction of the new supply 
main to date is as follows : — 

Pipes, special castings and valves, . . .... $209,710 61 

Venturi meter, 2,350 00 

Laying pipes, including pipe-laying materials and earth excava- 
tion, 61,061 58 

Rock excavation in trenches, . . . . . . . 15,735 50 

Tunnel excavation, Section 7, 50,245 50 

Earth excavation for trenches, Section 7, 3,712 20 

Crushing stone, Section 7, . . 7,334 25 

Valve chambers and concrete backing for curves, . . . 2,407 00 

Work in connection with changes in underground structures, . 6,765 56 
Resurfacing trench in Commonwealth Avenue, Section 6, labor 

by city of Newton, 4,357 16 

Additional expenses, . . . . . . . . . 9,854 64 

Engineering, 15,173 08 

Total, $388,707.08 

16-inch Force Main in Arlington. 

The 1 6-inch main leading from the Arlington pumping station 
has been extended from Massachusetts Avenue through Robbins 
Road, Hawthorne and Park avenues to the standpipe on Arlington 
Heights, a distance of 3,750 feet. The work of laying the main was 
done by Devincenzi & Baruifoldi under a contract dated May 5, 1910. 
The contractor began work on May 11, employed an average force of 
22 men and completed the pipe laying on July 28. The value of the 
work done under this contract, which included the laying of 3,742 
feet of 16-inch pipe and excavation of 408 cubic yards of rock, 
was $3,333.31. Connections between this main and existing pipes 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 75 

were made by the maintenance force, which also made 8 wooden 
insulating joints on the pipe line. The total cost of the work, exclu- 
sive of engineering, was $10,094.02. 

The laying of this main reduced by about 5 feet the head or 
pressure on the pumps at the Arlington station, and at the same 
time relieved the pressure on the Arlington pipe system. 

New 16-inch Main for Supply of Swampscott. 

A 16-inch main 4,700 feet long has been laid from the corner 
of Ocean and Nahant streets in Lynn, through Ocean and New 
Ocean streets to the Swampscott line, for the purpose of improving 
the supply to the town of Swampscott. A contract for laying this 
main was made with C. M. Callahan on April 22, 1910. Work 
was begun at the Swampscott line on April 29. Pipe laying was 
completed on June 16 and the resurfacing of the trench on June 30. 
The new main was connected with the old 12-inch main at each end, 
and 11 wooden insulating joints were made on the line by the main- 
tenance force. 

The value of work done by contract was $4,518.30. The whole 
cost of the work, including work done by the maintenance force and 
materials used, was $14,009.70. 

New Supply Main to East Boston. 

The East Boston low-service district includes a thickly settled 
residential district with a population of 56,230, together with much 
valuable wharf property along the water front. Eor the past forty 
years this district has been dependent for its water supply upon 
two mains which are laid under the bed of Chelsea Creek, a tidal 
arm of the ocean separating East Boston from the mainland of 
Chelsea. The creek at the location where the pipes are laid is about 
1,500 feet wide at high water, while the low-water channel is about 
300 feet wide. At the channel the pipes are buried several feet be- 
low the bed of the creek, but on the flats on either side the pipes are 
supported on piles just above the surface of the mud, and are ex- 
posed twice each day at low tide. 

Eor the purpose of guarding against the interruption of the supply 
to the district by the breaking of these mains, a 36-inch main is 
now being laid in a different location. The new main connects 



76 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

with existing 20-inch and 24-inch mains in Marginal Street, Chelsea, 
extends along the northerly shore of the creek about 3,800 feet 
to a point near the Chelsea Street Bridge leading to East Boston, 
where it turns easterly and crosses under the channel through a 
tunnel 504 feet long to the East Boston shore. 

The new main is 30 inches in diameter for a distance of 729 feet 
from the connection with the old mains in Marginal Street to the 
corner of Shawmut and Essex streets. At this point the size of the 
pipe is increased to 36 inches in diameter, and a 36-inch branch is 
placed for future connection with the 42-inch main in Broadway, 
Chelsea. The 36-inch main extends easterly from this point through 
Essex and Highland streets and Congress Avenue, Marginal Street 
and Eastern Avenue to the Chelsea shaft of the tunnel under Chelsea 
Creek, a distance of 3,110 feet. 

On account of the unstable nature of the ground the pipes are 
supported at the easterly end of this line for a distance of 1,700 feet 
upon a pile foundation, consisting of bents of 2 spruce piles capped 
with 10-inch x 10-inch spruce timber, the bents being spaced about 
6 feet apart.. 

A contract for laying a portion of the pipe line in Chelsea was 
made with Michael Russo on August 10. . Work was begun on 
August 15, and the contract was finished on December 8, at a cost 
of $13,086.10. 

At the crossing of Chelsea Creek a tunnel 504 feet long has been 
constructed under pneumatic pressure. 

The tunnel section includes a vertical shaft at each side of the 
creek, 9 feet 4 inches outside diameter, with the top at elevation 14 
on the Chelsea shore and at elevation 10 on the East Boston shore. 
The horizontal section of the tunnel, joining the shafts, is 400 feet 
in length, 8 feet 2 inches outside diameter, with the top 36 feet be- 
low mean low water at the Chelsea end, and is located about 25 feet 
down-stream from the westerly side line of the Chelsea Street Bridge. 
The shafts were constructed with 12-inch brick walls and the hor- 
izontal portion of the tunnel with 8-inch brick walls. The Chelsea 
shaft rises about 12 feet above the bed of the creek, and is protected 
by a steel casing which extends about 13 feet into the silt bottom of 
the creek. The East Boston shaft was sunk through the earth filling 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 77 

back of the masonry sea wall, and is protected by a steel casing for 
a distance of 8 feet below the top. The axis of the horizontal sec- 
tion of the 36-inch pipe which is laid in the tunnel is 40 feet below 
Boston City Base at the Chelsea shaft. 

The pipes are laid with a %-inch opening between the end of the 
spigot and the bottom of the socket, and the joints are run solid with 
lead and calked both inside and outside after the pipe is laid. After 
the tunnel was excavated and lined the air pressure was removed, 
the 36-inch pipes are now being laid through the tunnel and the space 
between the pipes and the sides of the tunnel and shafts is being filled 
solid with Portland cement concrete. The tunnel section of the work 
is being done by day labor under the charge of Charles A. Haskin 
as superintendent. 

The steam plant for operating the air compressors, hoists and 
electric lighting plant was set up on the Chelsea shore of the creek 
during the latter part of July, and the work of sinking the shaft 
was begun during the week ending August 13. After August 21, 
when the air lock was in place, the work was carried on continuously 
during twenty-four hours per day, with three shifts. While ex- 
cavating the mud and silt just below the bed of the creek some incon- 
venience was experienced on account of gas, which entered the shaft 
and affected the eyes of the workmen. 

The work of excavating and lining the shaft was completed about 
September 1. An air lock was then built at the entrance to the hor- 
izontal portion of the tunnel, and the small lock which had been used 
for sinking the shaft was removed. The excavation and lining of 
the horizontal portion of the tunnel progressed at the rate of about 5 
feet per day. The air pressure maintained varied from 14 to 23 
pounds per square inch, according to the stage of the tide in the 
creek above. 

On October 13 a blow-out occurred about 150 feet from the Chelsea 
shaft at a point where a pile had been removed. As a result, the 
tunnel was flooded with water to a depth of about 4 feet. After the 
hole was stopped the water was pumped out, and the work proceeded 
without further mishap. 

On the East Boston side of the creek the material excavated was 
hardpan containing boulders, which required some blasting, so that 



78 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

the rate of progress was less than it had been in the sand and clay 
on the Chelsea side of the creek. A 2%-inch steel pipe was driven, 
dnring the week ending November 12, on the centre line of the tunnel 
near the East Boston end, from the surface of the ground to the 
centre of the tunnel, for use in supplying compressed air for sinking 
the East Boston shaft. 

Work in the tunnel was discontinued on November 17, when steel 
sections of the East Boston shaft and the hoisting engine were set 
up on the East Boston side of the creek. On November 18 the work 
of excavating the East Boston shaft was begun, and on November 24 
air pressure was applied. 

An opening was made from the bottom of the shaft into the tunnel 
on December 3. All excavation and the brick lining for the tunnel 
were completed on December 6, and the air pressure was removed 
on the morning of December 9. A total of 104 linear feet of shaft 
and 400 feet of tunnel were built. The tunnel was cleaned out and 
plastered, and, after calking a few small leaks, was substantially 
water tight. At the end of the year 46.5 feet of 36-inch pipe had 
been laid in the East Boston shaft and the concrete masonry had 
been completed for a length of 38 feet. In the tunnel 160 feet of 
36-inch pipe had been laid and the concrete masonry had been com- 
pleted for a length of 157 feet. 

The force employed on this work while working continuously under 
air pressure averaged about 15 men for each of the three shifts. 
After the air pressure was removed the work was carried on with 
three shifts working six days per week, the force employed averaging 
about 16 men per shift. 

A 20-inch Venturi meter with 8-inch throat was installed by the 
maintenance force at the end of the line in East Boston, where con- 
nection was made with the Boston Water Works 30-inch main. 

The cost of the work done on this new main to the end of the year 
was as follows : — 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 79 



Section 37. 
Pipes, valves and special castings, .... $22,092 42 
Laying pipes, including pipe-laying materials and 

earth excavation, ...... 

Pile driving and timber foundation, 

Valve chambers and concrete backing for curves, . 

Work in connection with changes in underground 

structures, 

Additional expenses, 

Section 38. 

Pipes and special castings, 

Day work, labor, 

Day work, supplies and expenses, . 

Additional expenses, 



6,830 90 




3,533 08 




579 00 




2,357 71 




1,417 48 






$36,810 59 




$1,656 27 




16,607 20 




14,977 03 




738 04 






33,978 54 




. 


4,167 63 



Engineering and preliminary, sections 37 and 38, . 

Total, $74,956 76 

Pumping Engine for Southern High Service. 

A contract for building and erecting a triple expansion, crank and 
fly-wheel engine, having a capacity of 40,000,000 gallons in twenty- 
four hours, was made with the Holly Manufacturing Company of 
Buffalo, on September 21, 1909, and the construction of the engine 
was begun at the shops of the contractor in the latter part of that 
year. The first shipment of parts of the engine arrived at the pump- 
ing station in the latter part of August, 1910 ? and the work of erec- 
tion has been in progress since that date. At the close of the year 
the main parts of the engine were nearly all in place, and it appears 
probable that the engine will be ready for service on March 21, 
1911, as specified in the contract. 

This engine is to be used for pumping water for the southern high- 
service district, but it is located in the low-service station in space 
which was originally designed to be used for engines pumping to 
the highest portions of Newton, Brookline and West Koxbury. 

On April 29 a contract was made with the Kobb-Mumford Boiler 
Company of South Framingham for furnishing two vertical fire- 
tube boilers from designs made by F. W. Dean of Boston, mechanical 



80 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

engineer. One of these boilers was delivered at the pumping sta- 
tion on December 29 and the other will be delivered early in Janu- 
ary. Each boiler is of 300 nominal horse power, 9 feet 1% inches 
in diameter, and contains 484 No. 12 gage, 2-inch charcoal iron tubes 
15 feet long. 

A contract for constructing and erecting a fuel economizer, con- 
taining 144 cast-iron tubes 4 inches in diameter, was made on Octo- 
ber 11 with the B. E. Sturtevant Company of Hyde Park for the 
sum of $1,740. The economizer has been delivered at the station 
and is now being erected. 

Grates for use with the boilers are to be furnished by the New 
England Roller Grate Company for $225 each. 

A steel plate smoke flue, to connect the new boilers with the econo- 
mizer and chimney, has been ordered from the B. E. Sturtevant 
Company for the sum of $536. 

The work of building the concrete foundations for the engine and 
boilers, constructing a valve chamber 38 feet x 9 feet at the front of 
the pumping station to receive two 36-inch hydraulic lift valves, 
cutting out the opening in the engine room floor to receive the engine 
and the openings in the concrete foundation walls for the suction 
and delivery mains, has been done by the maintenance force of the 
department. 

The foundation for the engine was built in June and consists of 
a block of concrete masonry 33 feet 8 inches long, 21 feet 8 inches 
wide and 7 feet 6 inches deep. The concrete rests upon a clayey 
hardpan. The iron bolts securing the engine to this foundation are 
attached to cast-iron washers 18 inches square, embedded in the 
concrete 5 feet 11 inches from the top of the foundation. The con- 
crete was mixed in the proportion of 1 part cement, 3 parts sand 
and 6 parts broken stone, and large pieces of broken concrete and 
rock from the excavation were embedded in the foundation. 

A foundation was also built for one of the boilers, that for the 
other having been constructed when the pumping station was built. 
This foundation was carried 13 feet 2 inches below the boiler room 
floor. The concrete was mixed in the proportion of 1 part cement, 
6 parts sand and 12 parts broken stone for 6 feet above the bottom, 
and the upper 7 feet was made of 1 part cement, 2 parts sand and 
6 parts stone. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 81 



Hydeo-Electeic Plant. 

Specifications were prepared in May for the sale of the electrical 
energy to be developed at the Wachusett Dam at Clinton, and bids 
for the energy were received on June 15, bnt it was not mi til Septem- 
ber 14 that a contract was made with the Connecticut River Trans- 
mission Company for the purchase of all the energy for a term of 
five years from July 1, 1911. 

Proposals for the construction and installation of the hydro-elec- 
tric machinery required for the development of the power were 
received on November 9, and a contract has been made with the 
S. Morgan Smith Company of York, Pa., for installing both the 
hydraulic turbines and the electric generators. The generators and 
other electrical equipment will be furnished under a subcontract by 
the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company of Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

A contract for furnishing a traveling crane for use in erecting and 
maintaining the machinery has been made with the Niles-Bement- 
Pond Company of Boston, and a contract for furnishing four 48-inch 
hydraulic lift valves has been awarded to the Fairbanks Company of 
Boston. 

The completed plant is to include four 1,200 horse power hydraulic 
turbine units of the spiral case, horizontal shaft type, each directly 
coupled to a 1,000-kilowatt, 60-cycle, 3-phase, 13,800-volt, alternat- 
ing current generator, together with two 90 horse power horizontal 
shaft turbines, each directly coupled to a 60-kilowatt direct current, 
125-volt generator, to be used in exciting the main generators. It is 
expected that this plant will be completed in readiness for operation 
by July 1 of the coming year. 

Miscellaneous Construction. 

The Coffin Valve Company, under a contract made May 17, has 
furnished five 36-inch hydraulic lift valves for $1,272 each, for use 
in connection with the new pumping engine at Chestnut Hill, also 
seven 24-inch and two 16-inch screw lift valves for use with the pipe 
lines. Fourteen sets of steelwork for covering valve chambers have 



82 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

been furnished by the James Russell Boiler Works for the sum of 
$690, and four steel chambers for Venturi meter registers have been 
furnished by the Daniel Russell Boiler Works for $175 each. 

f' Engineering. 

The work of the engineering force in connection with construc- 
tion has included the preparation of plans and specifications, and the 
superintendence of work which has been in progress under 25 sep- 
arate contracts, aggregating about $700,000. The principal items of 
work covered by these contracts have been the 60-inch pipe line and 
tunnel in Newton; the new pumping engine, boilers and accessories 
at the Chestnut Hill pumping station; the 36-inch pipe line and tun- 
nel from Chelsea to East Boston ; pipe lines in Arlington and Lynn, 
and a hydro-electric power plant at the Wachusett Dam. During the 
year investigations have been made and estimates prepared relative 
to furnishing a supply of water from the Metropolitan Works to the 
towns of Peabody, Wakefield and Hyde Park. 

MAINTENANCE. 

Rainfall and Yield. 

The rainfall on the Wachusett watershed was 37.85 inches and 
on the Sudbury watershed 35.64 inches. In each case the amount is 
the mean of observations made at four stations. The rainfall for the 
past year on the Sudbury watershed has been less than that in any 
previous year during the thirty-six years covered by the records, with 
the exception of 1883, when it was 32.78 inches, and the rainfall of 
the past three years has been but 113.54 inches, which is less than 
that for any corresponding length of time since the records were com- 
menced. 

The daily average yield of the Wachusett watershed was but 
828,000 gallons per square mile per day, which is less than any pre- 
vious record, and 29 per cent, less than the average yield during the 
previous thirteen years. The average daily yield per square mile 
during the last six months of the year was but 201,000 gallons, or 16 
per cent, below the lowest previous record for the watershed, and 65 
per cent, below the average yield of the driest six months during the 
past fourteen years. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



83 



Statistics relating to the rainfall and yield of watersheds may be 
found in Appendix No. 2, tables Nos. 1 to 8. 

Storage Reservoirs. 

The quantity stored in all the storage reservoirs on January 1, 
1910, was 62,101,500,000 gallons. There was a loss of 543,400,000 
gallons during the first five days of the year, after which time there 
was a practically continuous gain until the first of April, when the 
quantity stored in all the reservoirs was 77,692,400,000 gallons. The 
quantity stored was reduced to 76,719,700,000 gallons on April 18, 
after which time it was increased until May 10, when it was 77,826,- 
500,000 gallons. It fell to 76,585,000,000 gallons on June 5, and 
rose to 77,676,600,000 gallons on June 19, after which time there 
was a practically continuous loss of storage until the end of the 
year. 

The following table gives the quantity of water stored in the stor- 
age reservoirs at the beginning of each month : — 

Quantity of Water stored in Wachusett Reservoir, and in Reservoirs on Sud- 
bury and Cochituate Watersheds, at the Beginning of Each Month. 



Date. 



In 

Wachusett 
Reservoir 
(Gallons). 



In Sudbury 

Reservoir and 

Framingham 

Reservoir 

No. 3 
(Gallons). 



In All Other 

Storage 

Reservoirs 

(Gallons). 



Total 

(Gallons). 



1910 

January 1, . 

February 1, 
March 1, 
April 1, 
May 1, 
June 1, 
July 1, 
August 1, . 
September 1, 
October 1, . 
November 1, 
December 1, 

1911. 

January 1, . 



48,667,800,000 
52,256,200,000 
56,059,900,000 
63,252,000,000 
63,612,300,000 
62,932,400,000 
62,812,600,000 
59,194,200,000 
56,136,200,000 
53,360,500,000 
50,146,000,000 
48,175,400,000 

45,610,400,000 



7,806,400,000 
7,857,400,000 
8,237,100,000 
8,046,800,000 
8,308,300,000 
7,933,900,000 
7,918,800,000 
7,962,900,000 
7,906,200,000 
7,831,100,000 
7,761,200,000 
7,808,500,000 

7,890,400,000 



5,627,300,000 
6,258,900,000 
6,632,400,000 
6,393,600,000 
5,980,400,000 
6,196,300,000 
5,841,400,000 
5,685,300,000 
5,611,500,000 
5,665,700,000 
5,613,700,000 
5,700,700,000 

5,826,200,000 



62,101,500,000 
66,372,500,000 
70,929,400,000 
77,692,400,000 
77,901,000,000 
77,062,600,000 
76,572,800,000 
72,842,400,000 
69,653,900,000 
66,857,300,000 
63,520,900,000 
61,684,600,000 

59,327,000,000 



84 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Wachusett Reservoir and Bam. — At the beginning of the year 
the water in this reservoir was 12.91 feet below high- water mark, 
and the reservoir contained 48,667,800,000 gallons of water. The 
low-water mark of the early part of the year was on January 6, when 
the elevation of the reservoir was 381. 70. After January 18 there 
was an almost continuous rise in the elevation of the water level of 
the reservoir until about April 1, when it was 393.72, or 1.28 feet 
below high-water mark. From this time until the latter part of June 
the reservoir surface remained at about the same elevation, the high- 
est point being reached on May 8, when it was 394.25. After June 
20 the reservoir surface lowered at the rate of a little more than 2 
feet per month until the end of the year, when it stood at elevation 
379.35, and contained 45,610,400,000 gallons of water, showing a 
net loss in storage during the year of 3,057,400,000 gallons. 

The average daily quantity discharged from the reservoir into the 
river, in accordance with the requirements of section 4 of chapter 
488 of the Acts of the year 1895, was 2,106,000 gallons per day. 

As in previous years, the action of the waves on the shores of the 
reservoir has made necessary the removal of soil, in order to pre- 
vent its being washed into the reservoir. Between Hastings Cove in 
Boylston and Pine Hill in West Boylston, on the south shore, and 
along the north shore at Beaman Hill in West Boylston, the soil has 
been removed at points where necessary for a total distance of 5,526 
feet, in widths varying from 10 to 25 feet. The aggregate area from 
which soil was removed was 1.75 acres, as compared with 1.46 acres 
in 1909. The amount expended for this work was $907.29. 

The action of the .flood waters during the spring washed out the 
gravel bank which formed the easterly shore at the head of the Still- 
water Basin. For a distance of 300 feet the bank has been regraded 
and reinforced with riprap formed with stones and gravel taken from 
the bed of the basin. The amount expended for this work was 
$258.36. 

The riprap on the easterly shore of the reservoir immediately 
above the dam has been repaired and reinforced with heavier stones 
for a distance of 1,250 feet, at a cost of $115.16. 

The paving at the outlet of the culvert which carries a small brook 
under Beaman Street into the Stillwater Basin has been relaid where 
damaged by the wearing away of the shore. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 85 

Tree stumps, roots, logs and miscellaneous debris brought into the 
reservoir by the flood waters in the spring, or unearthed by wave ac- 
tion on the shores, have been collected and burned. 

Two pot holes, located near the westerly end of the North Dike, 
between the Clinton and West Boylston highway and the Worcester, 
Nashua & Portland Railroad, which became stagnant pools when the 
reservoir was full, have been improved in appearance, one by filling 
with earth to a level about one foot above high water in the reservoir 
and the other by cleaning the shores. 

The standing and rowen grass on about 350 acres of land was sold 
for $2,605.75. About 6.4 acres of grass land below the dam and 
17.6 acres on the back slope of the easterly portion of the North Dike 
have been fertilized with 620 cubic yards of sludge collected from 
the settling tanks at the Clinton sewerage filter-beds. The cost of 
hauling and spreading this material was $643.82. 

The motor scow, which was built in 1909, has been used nearly 
every day, when the reservoir was not covered with ice, for trans- 
porting men, tools and materials in connection with the maintenance 
work, and has given excellent satisfaction. 

The structures and grounds at the dam are in good condition. The 
outside and inside woodwork of both the upper and lower gate-cham- 
bers, the iron fences and railing on and about the dam, and the cast- 
iron and steel flashboard supports on the dam have been painted. A 
fountain has been installed in the pool below the dam, from which 
is discharged a portion of the water which the law requires shall be 
discharged into the river, thus adding a beautifying feature to the 
grounds. 

The old dam at the outlet of Middle Waushacum Pond has been 
replaced with a concrete structure 26 1 /2 feet long and 8 feet high, 
having a spillway 12 feet long fitted to receive stop-planks, and a 
3 foot by 3% foot sluiceway fitted with a sluice gate. 

The brook channel below this clam has been straightened, cleaned 
and improved for a distance of about 375 feet. 

AH the buildings at the storage yard near the Wachusett Dam, 
also the exterior of six houses owned by the Board located near the 
Clinton sewerage filter-beds, have been given two coats of paint. 

Sudbury Reservoir. — All the water supplied to the Metropolitan 
District from the Wachusett Reservoir passes through this reservoir, 



86 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

and its level is controlled by .the manipulation of the gates controlling 
the now through the Wachusett Aqueduct. The surface of the reser- 
voir did not fall below the crest of the dam during the year, and all 
the water drawn from this reservoir into Framingham Reservoir ~No. 
3 passed -over the crest of the dam, except from April 15 to May 7, 
when the flashboards were on the whole length of the crest and the 
water was drawn through one of the waste gates. 

The Bigelow house on Farm Street, Marlborough, occupied by 
one of the section men, has been repaired and painted. In order to 
obtain a permanent supply of water for the use of the section man 
living in the Cratty house, at Fayville, a well has been dug near the 
shore of the reservoir and connected with the house by a li/o-inch 
cement-] ined pipe 215 feet in length. Some grading has been done 
on the road, following the north shore of the reservoir, from the dam 
around Pine Hill to Parmenter Street, and two culverts have been 
constructed in connection with this work. The reservoir and grounds 
have received the customary care and attention and are in good con- 
dition. 

Framingham Reservoir No. 3. — The water in this reservoir was 
maintained within about 2 feet of the stone crest of the overflow. 
Some water was wasted into Framingham Reservoir ~No. 1 during 
the first three days of March, and also during the latter part of 
March and the first part of April. 

Seven horizontal joints and a portion of the vertical joints in the 
face of the overflow of the dam, and ten horizontal and twenty-eight 
vertical joints on the down-stream face of the gate-house over the 
48-inch pipes leading to Framingham Dam ~No. 1, have been cut out 
and repointed with Portland cement mortar. The mortar in many 
of the joints was found to be disintegrated to a considerable depth, 
necessitating cutting out the joints to depths of from 8 to 18 inches. 

The entrance driveway at the dam has been extended to the new 
location of Worcester Street. The area between the old and new lo- 
cation of the street has been graded and covered with loam, and a 
gravel sidewalk has been built bordering on the street. 

FramingJiam Reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2. — ]STo water was drawn 
from these reservoirs during the year for the use of the Metropolitan 
District. 

Ashland, Hophinton and Whitehall Reservoirs. — These reservoirs 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 87 

have not been drawn upon for the supply of the District during the 
year, and have remained at or near high-water mark. The grounds 
have received the usual care and are in good condition. The attend- 
ant's house at Hopkinton Reservoir has been repaired and the ex- 
terior painted. At Whitehall Reservoir the upper portion of the 
temporary dam built by the city of Boston in 1897, for the purpose 
of providing additional storage, has been removed, as it had become 
badly decayed and is no longer required. 

Farm Pond. — No water was drawn from the pond for use in the 
Metropolitan District; none was wasted from the pond and none 
run into it from the Sudbury River. The town of Framingham 
drew the greater portion of its supply from the filter-gallery along- 
side the pond, but during 258 days of the year drew a portion of its 
supply directly from the Sudbury Aqueduct. The total quantity 
used in the town was 228,700,000 gallons, of which 38,100,000 gal- 
lons were drawn directly from the Sudbury Aqueduct. 

Lake Cocliituate. — The water in the lake was at elevation 138.76, 
or 5.6 feet below high water, at the beginning of the year. It rose 
to elevation 143.33 on February 10, when the waste gate was opened 
and the water prevented from rising. About the middle of April 
the quantity wasting was increased, and the lake surface lowered 
about 2 feet, and in the latter part of June and early in July the 
lake was lowered about 18 inches more, to elevation 139.50, for the 
purpose of facilitating the construction of a drainage system near 
the lake. The water was maintained at this elevation until the first 
of November, after which time it rose slowly and stood at elevation 
141.17 at the end of the year. No water was drawn from the lake 
for the use of the Metropolitan District during the year. 

The coping of the retaining wall bordering the driveway from 
Lake Avenue to the effluent gate-house, a distance of about 700 feet, 
has been reset, and the upper part of the retaining wall along Lake 
Avenue, for a distance of 400 feet west of the entrance driveway, 
relaid. The iron and wood work at the outlet dam, and the exterior 
of the roof and ironwork in the interior of the effluent gate-house, 
have been painted. 

A four-strand wire fence, 281 feet long, has been built on the line 
between property of Edward Hammond and the Commonwealth on 
the east side of the lake, near Camp Tray. Twenty-nine standard 



88 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

land bounds have been set to define land of the Commonwealth along 
Course Brook north of Speene Street. 

Considerable work was done during the winter months in cleaning 
up woodland around the lake by removing dead and broken limbs, 
cutting brush, thinning out trees, and in clearing a strip from 4 to 5 
feet in width through the woods along property lines. 

Diversion of Surface Drainage of the Village of Cochituate, 
from Lake Cochituate into the Sudbury River. 

The surface drainage from an area of 140 acres now draining 
through Snake Brook into Lake Cochituate, on which there is a 
population of 707, is to be diverted into a system of open and cov- 
ered drains, by which it is to be carried outside the watershed and 
discharged into Bannister's Brook. The outlet of the system is at 
an old mill-pond located north of the County Road and west of 
Speene Street, in Eramingham. The open channel extends south- 
erly from this point along Bannister's Brook, crossing the County 
Road, then turning easterly, following an old channel known as 
Richardson's drain, crossing Speene Street near the Natick-Framing- 
ham boundary line and the Saxonville Branch of the Boston & Al- 
bany Railroad, through land of the Commonwealth to a point near 
Lake Avenue in Natick, 400 feet west of the culvert connecting the 
northern and middle divisions of Lake Cochituate. 

The length of this open channel is 5,958 feet, including 82 feet 
of covered concrete culvert at two street crossings. The channel is 
12 inches wide at the bottom, with side slopes of 2 horizontal to 1 
vertical, and is constructed with a plank bottom formed by spiking 
two 2-inch x 7-inch spruce planks side by side on 3-inch x 4-inch 
sills, 2 feet long, spaced 4 feet on centres, with side pieces of 6-inch x 
6-inch spruce cut on the diagonal and rabbetted so as to lay 1 inch 
over the bottom planks. These side pieces form a footing for a 
strip of cobblestone paving 1% feet wide on the slope, excepting at 
the outside of all curves, where the paving is 4% feet wide. The 
slopes for a distance of 3 feet above the paving are covered with 
coarse gravel, excepting at the outside of curves. 

The concrete-covered drain extends from the upper end of the open 
channel through Lake Avenue, in Natick, Pond Street, in Wayland, 
and land of the Commonwealth on the southerly side of Pond Street, 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 89 

to Hammond's Brook, a distance of 3,454 feet. This drain is 36 
inches wide x 33 inches high, and is constructed of Portland cement 
concrete mixed in the proportion of 1 part cement, 2% parts sand 
and 5 parts gravel. 

At the crossing of the culvert connecting the northerly and middle 
divisions of Lake Cochituate a 36-inch cast-iron pipe is used in place 
of the concrete structure. This pipe was laid by the maintenance 
force in 1909, in order to take advantage of the unusually low level 
of the water in the lake. 

A 24-inch vitrified pipe extends from the inlet chamber at Ham- 
mond's Brook through land of the Commonwealth, a distance of 957 
feet, to Main Street, in Wayland. Nine manholes were built on the 
line of the concrete and pipe drains and 14 catch basins were built 
to receive the surface drainage at different points. In connection 
with the catch basins there were laid 167.5 feet of 18-inch and 351.4 
feet of 12-inch vitrified pipe. 

Contract work was begun July 12, the open channel was completed 
on December 3, and at the close of the year about two weeks' work 
remained to complete the drains in readiness for use. The average 
force employed by the contractor on the work was 64 men and 7 
horses. The largest force employed was during the week ending 
September 10, when 134 men and 10 horses were at work. 

The value of the work done under this contract to December 31 
was $30,674.52, and the total cost of the whole work will be about 
$32,000. 

Sources from which Water for the Supply of the Metro- 
politan District has been taken. 

An average of 103,146,200 gallons of water per day was drawn 
from the Wachusett Reservoir through the Wachusett Aqueduct into 
the Sudbury Reservoir. For the use of the Metropolitan District an 
average of 28,974,000 gallons per day was drawn from the Sud- 
bury Reservoir through the Weston Aqueduct and an average of 
85,033,000 gallons per day from Framingham Reservoir No. 3 
through the Sudbury Aqueduct. 

The drainage area of Spot Pond furnished 57,000 gallons of water 
per day. 



90 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Aqueducts. 

The Wachusett Aqueduct was in use 8,163 hours and 20 minutes, 
equivalent to 340.1 days, during the year. The aqueduct was not 
cleaned during the year. 

The Sudbury Aqueduct was in continuous service the entire year, 
the daily flow to Chestnut Hill Reservoir averaging 85,033,000 gal- 
lons. The joints in the brick masonry and in the sandstone trim- 
mings of the superstructures of Bacon's and Fuller's waste-weirs 
have been repointed with Portland cement mortar, also the joints in 
the stone masonry of the culverts numbered 16, 34, 39, 40 and 41. 
The joints in the masonry substructure of Clark's waste-weir and of 
the stone walls on both sides of the channel leading to Culvert No. 
34 were also repointed. 

At Echo Bridge, over the Charles River, the face of the ledge on 
the east side of the river at the foot of the large arch had commenced 
to disintegrate, and thus render unsafe the supports for the platform 
used by the public when listening to the echo. In order to prevent 
further disintegration of the rock a rubble wall about 5 feet high, 
with an average thickness of 3% feet at the bottom, has been built, 
covering the whole face of the ledge under the arch. About 13 cubic 
yards of material were used in the construction of this wall. 

The leakage through joints and cracks in the masonry of this 
bridge is increasing from year to year, due to the gradual widening 
of the cracks by temperature changes and the action of ice during 
the winter, and extensive repairs similar to those made a few years 
ago at the Waban Bridge will soon be required. 

The exterior of the store-house near the west siphon chamber, 
the floor grating in Fuller's waste-weir, the iron railing and roof 
flashing at the east siphon chamber, the railings, beams and other 
ironwork in the stairways leading to the top of Echo Bridge and to 
the platform under the large arch, and the manhole covers along the 
aqueduct line have been painted, and the stairways on the embank- 
ments of the east and west siphon chambers and on that leading to 
the top of Echo Bridge' have been oiled. A new right-of-way has 
been acquired from Eliot Street, in Natick, to Bacon's waste-weir, to 
be used in place of the old inconvenient right-of-way from Woodland 
Street. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 91 

No water was drawn through the CocMtuate Aqueduct for the 
use of the Metropolitan District during the year. The joints in 
the stone masonry of the following culverts have been cut out and 
repointed: Culvert west of Croton Street, in Wellesley; culvert 
east of Washington Street, at Newton Lower Falls; culvert on the 
west side of Woodward Street, in Newton, and the first culvert 
east of Chestnut Street, in Newton. 

The Weston Aqueduct was in continuous service throughout the 
year, the daily average flow being 28,974,000 gallons. The aque- 
duct was not cleaned during the year. The siphon pipe over the 
Sudbury River, the iron and wood work in the gaging and siphon 
chambers and the manhole covers have been painted. At several 
points along the line of the aqueduct the slopes of the embankments 
have been graded and seeded. 

Pumping Stations. 
Seventy-four per cent, of the water supplied to the Metropolitan 
District has been pumped at the two stations at Chestnut Hill 
Reservoir, and the remainder has been delivered by gravity. The 
total quantity pumped at all the stations was 34,108,790,000 gal- 
lons, which was 4.62 per cent, less than during the preceding year. 
The cost of operating the stations was $101,996.34, equivalent to 
$2.99 per million gallons pumped, which was almost exactly the 
same as the corresponding amount for the year 1909. The average 
cost of raising 1,000,000 gallons of water 1 foot high at all the 
stations was $0.0342, which is slightly less than the cost during the 
previous year. Coal for use at the several stations has been purchased 
as follows : — 






92 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 





Gross Tons. 


.9 

d 
o 






£ 


a 




i 

03 


By whom fuknished. 


s » 

Srg 

■+J > 

00 S-r 

0) 4> 

o 


H 

I 8 
" > 

<D 4) 
Xi 00 

o 


"5 

a 
o 

O 

a 


d 
.2 

cS 
-u 
EC 

a 
o 

"So 

.9 
u 
< 


>> 

M 

X 

o 


m 
oo 

o 
u 

o 

u • 

O) 00 

flfi 

d 
O 


Gorman-Leonard Coal Company, bituminous, 

Gorman-Leonard Coal Company, bituminous, 

Spring Coal Companv, bituminous, 

Spring Coal Company, bituminous, 

C. W. Claflin & Co., buckwheat anthracite, . 


. 1,015.09 

! 2,787.74 
! 268.78 


569.60 
1,508.35 


- 


- 


- 


$4 09 
4 01 
3 96 
3 79 
2 80 


C. W. Claflin & Co., buckwheat anthracite, . 


903.40 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 75 


C. W. Claflin & Co., buckwheat anthracite, . 


. 


115.92 


- 


- 


" 


2 62 


C. W. Claflin & Co., buckwheat anthracite, . 


. 


813.67 


- 


- 


- 


2 58 


New England Coal & Coke Company, bitu 


_ 


_ 


587.77 


_ 


_ 


4 88 


minous. 
New England Coal and Coke Company, bitu- 


_ 


_ 


58.34 


_ 


_ 


4 60 


minous. 
Locke Coal Company, bituminous, 


- 


- 


90.07 


- 


- 


4 60 


Locke Coal Company, screenings, 


- 


- 


149.06 


- 


- 


2 50 




- 


- 


69.30 


- 


- 


2 50 


New England Coal and Coke Company, bitu- 


. 


_ 


_ 


170.00 


_ 


4 31 


minous. 
New England Coal and Coke Company, bitu- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


30.09 


_ 


4 08 


minous. 
New England Coal and Coke Company, bitu- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


124.42 


_ 


3 89 


minous. 
Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Com- 


_ 


_ 


_ 


117.50 


_ 


2 68 


pany, screenings. 
Metropolitan Coal Company, furnace, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


20.04 


6 27 


Roxbury Coal Company, furnace, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6.77 


5 88 


Metropolitan Coal Company, pea, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


181.84 


5 04 


Roxbury Coal Company, buckwheat anthracite, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


104.02 


4 37 


Roxbury Coal Company, buckwheat anthracite, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1.86 


3 98 


Total gross tons, bituminous, 


3,802.83 


2,077.95 


736.18 


324.51 


- 


- 


Total gross tons, anthracite, . 


1.172.18 2 


929.592 


- 


- 


314.53 


- 


Total gross tons, anthracite screenings, . 


• - 


- 


218.36 


117.50 


- 


- 


Average price per gross ton, bituminous, 


$399 


$3 85 


$4 82 


$4 13 


- 


- 


Average price per gross ton, anthracite, 


2 76 2 


2 592 


- 


- 


$4 91 


- 


Average price per gross ton, anthracite screenings, 


- 


- 


2 50 


2 68 


- 


- 



1 Includes cost of unloading coal from cars and all expenses incidental to storage of the coal. 

2 Buckwheat. 



The contracts which have been made for bituminous coal have 
specified that the coal' should contain approximately 14,700 British 
thermal units per pound, 18 to 20 per cent, volatile matter, and not 
more than 7 per cent, of ash and 1 per cent, of sulphur. Payments 
for the coal are now made on the basis of the price bid, corrected" 
for variations in heating value and per cent, of ash, as determined 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



93 



by testing samples of the coal delivered, an addition being made in 
cases where the number of British thermal units exceeds 14,700 and 
a deduction" when the number falls below 14,600. A deduction is 
also made when the moisture in the coal exceeds 3 per cent. These 
requirements are more stringent than those in force during previous 
years, and the quality of the coal now obtained is better than it was 
a few years ago. 

The following table shows the results of tests made of coal burned 
at the Water Works pumping stations during the past year : — 



Kind of Coal. 



Number 

of Samples 

tested. 



British 

Thermal 

Units. 



Percentage 

of Volatile 

Matter. 



Percentage 
of Ash. 



Percentage 

of 
Moisture. 



Vulcan, 
Beaver Run, 
New River, 
Pocahontas, 
Georges Creek, 
Davis, 
Nan-ty-glo, 
Carbon, . 



58 
26 
7 
6 
6 
2 
1 
1 



14,474 
14,722 
14,867 
14,879 
14,469 
14,517 
14,982 
14,268 



20.95 
17.40 
21.18 
19.55 
18.88 
17.12 
21.56 
18.10 



8.16 
6.70 
5.27 
5.16 
7.71 
7.08 
5.14 
9.24 



2.54 
3.15 
1.83 
2.33 
2.59 
2.48 
3.24 
4.17 



Chestnut Hill High-service Station. 

At this station water is pumped for use in the high-service dis- 
trict of Boston, the city of Quincy and the towns of Watertown, 
Belmont and Milton. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 



Engines 

Nos. 
1 and 2. 



Engine 
No. 3. 



Engine 
No. 4. 



Totals 
for 

Station. 



Total quantity pumped (million gallons), 
Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 

Total coal used (pounds) 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, . 
Average lift (feet), 



Cost of pumping: — 
Labor, 
Fuel, . 
Repairs, 

Oil, waste and packing, 
Small supplies, . 



Totals, 



Cost per million gallons pumped, 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



1,377.71 

3,775,000 

2,168,024 

635.47 

119.67 



54,005 32 

3,605 96 

337 91 

99 32 

66 32 



8,114 83 

$5.8900 
.0492 



228.67 
626,000 
247,119 
925.34 
129.88 



$538 35 

411 62 

42 36 

13 35 

8 91 



$1,014 59 

$4.4370 
.0342 



10,824.70 

29,657,000 

8,467,877 

1,278.33 

130.58 



$16,990 32 

14,209 11 

1,336 95 

421 33 

281 31 



$33,239 02 

$3.0710 
.0235 



12,431.08 

34,058,000 

10,883,020 

1,142.25 

129.36 



$21,533 99 

18,226 69 

1,717 22 

534 00 

356 54 



$42,368 44 

$3.4080 
.0263 



The daily average quantity pumped was less than the correspond- 
ing quantity for the previous year by 2,750,000 gallons, or 7.47 per 
cent. 



94 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



The cost of operating the station was $4,110.21 less than for the 
previous year, due largely to the reduction in the quantity pumped. 

Chestnut Hill Loiv-service Station. 

The .daily average quantity pumped at this station was less by 
2,161,000 gallons, or 4.11 per cent., than the corresponding amount 
for the previous year. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 

Station l t Engines 

Nos. 5, 6 and 7. 



Total quantity pumped (gallons), . 
Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 
Total coal used (pounds), 
Gallons pumped per pound of eoal, . 
Average lift (feet), 

Cost of pumping : — 
Labor, ....... 

Fuel, 

Repairs, 

Oil, waste and packing, .... 
Small supplies, 



Total for station, .... 

Cost per million gallons pumped, 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



18,394,520,000 

50,396,000 

7,122,390 

2,582.63 

49.08 



$19,675 97 

10,952 56 

1,525 11 

472 54 

363 89 

$32,990 07 

$1.7930 
.0365 



The work of building foundations for the new engine and boilers 
which are being installed at this station has been in progress during 
the year. A description of this work will be found in this report 
under the head of " Construction." 

Spot Pond Pumping Station. 
The following are statistics relating to operations at this station : — 



Total quantity pumped (gallons), . 

Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 

Total coal used (pounds), 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 

Average lift (feet), .... 

Engine No. 8 operated (hours), 

Engine No. 9 operated (hours ) f 

Quantity pumped by Engine No. 8 (gallons), 

Quantity pumped by Engine No. 9 (gallons), 



2,752,110,000 

7,540.000 

2,413,914 

1,140.10 

130.92 

161 

3.218 

70,130,000 

2,681,980,000 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



95 



Cost of pumping : — 
Labor, 
Fuel, 

Repairs, . 

Oil, waste and packing, 
Small supplies, 



Total for station, 



$8,779 


04 


4,191 


43 


199 


22 


249 


39 


203 


39 


$13,622 47 


$4.9500 


.0378 



Cost per million gallons pumped, ...... 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, .... 

The quantity of water pumped at this station was 2.2 per cent, 
greater, while the total cost of operating the station was $426.39, 
or 3 per cent, less than during the previous year. The reduction 
in cost was due to the fact that but $199.22 were expended for 
repairs during the past year, as compared with $686.99 during 1909. 
The cost per million gallons pumped to the reservoir was $4.95, 
as compared with $5,216 in 1909. 

Arlington Pumping Station. 

At this station was pumped all the water supplied to the town 
of Lexington, to the high-service district of the town of Arlington 
and to a few houses in the town of Belmont. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 



Total quantity pumped (gallons), . 

Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 

Total coal used (pounds), 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 

Average lift (feet), .... 

Engine No. 10 operated (hours), . 

Engine No. 11 operated (hours), . 

Quantity pumped by Engine No. 10 (gallons), 

Quantity pumped by Engine No. 11 (gallons), 

Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Repairs, 

Oil, waste and packing, ..... 
Small supplies, ....... 



Total for station, 

Cost per million gallons pumped, . 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



282,530,000 

774,000 

999,115 

282.78 

285 

6,295 

220 

275,440,000 

7,090,000 

$5,029 26 

1,658 48 

294 29 

101 45 

300 04 

$7,383 52 

$261340 

.0917 



96 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

There was an increase of 17.08 per cent, in the quantity pumped, 
and a decrease of $442.80, or 5.66 per cent., in the cost of operating 
the station., as compared with the previous year. 

The efficiency of the plant has been improved by the installation 
of a feed-water heater which had been used previously at the Chest- 
nut Hill station. 

West Boxbury Puw.ping Station, 
At this station water was pumped for supplying the higher por- 
tions of West Roxbury and Milton. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 

Total quantity pumped (gallons), 248,551,000 

Pumps operated 7,654 hours; average, 21 hours per clay. 

Daily average quantity of water pumped (gallons), . . . 681,000 

Daily average quantity of coal consumed (pounds), . . . 1,913 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 355.92 

Average lift (feet), 134 

Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, $3,775 22 

Fuel, 1,553 38 

Repairs, 211 87 

Oil, waste and packing, . . . 41 06 

Small supplies, 50 31 

Total for station, $5,631 84 

Cost per million gallons pumped, $22.6590 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, .1691 

The quantity pumped was 18.95 per cent, greater while the cost 
of operating the station was less by $744.63, or 11.68 per cent., 
than for the previous year. The cost per million gallons pumped 
was reduced from $30.52 to $22.66. This result was very largely 
due to the use of a fuel of lower cost and to the more efficient opera- 
tion of the machinery. 

Consumption of Water. 

The daily average quantity of water consumed in the 18 munic- 
ipalities supplied from the Metropolitan Water AVorks during the 
year 1910, as measured by' Yenturi meters, was 112,092,100 gal- 
lons, equal to 110 gallons per capita in the district supplied. In 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



97 



addition to the above, 85,400 gallons daily were supplied to the 
United States Government reservation on Peddoek's Island, and 
16^500 gallons daily to a small portion of the town of Saugns. The 
daily average quantity supplied to the Metropolitan Water District, 
as determined by pump measurement and by the flow in the Weston 
Aqueduct, and the estimated yield of Spot Pond, was 113,880,000 
gallons, equal to 111 gallons per inhabitant. The excess difference 
of 1,686,000 gallons per day between the quantity delivered by the 
aqueducts and that measured by meters to the several municipalities 
is due to difference in methods of measurement, to leakage from 
the Metropolitan Water Works reservoirs and pipes, and to the use 
of water at the Chestnut Hill and Spot Pond pumping stations. 

The daily average consumption of water in each of the cities and 
towns supplied from the Metropolitan Works during the years 1909 
and 1910, as measured by meters, was as follows: — 





Estimated 
Popula- 
tion, 

1910. 




Dail 


y Aveeage Consumption. 






1909. 


1910. 


In- 
crease 
in 
Gallons. 


De- 




Gallons. 


Gallons 

per 
Capita. 1 


Gallons. 


Gallons 

per 
Capita. 


crease 

in 

Gallons. 


Boston, 


674,400 


94,029,900 


143 


87,346,700 


130 


- 


6,683,200 


Somerville, . 




77,640 


6,331,000 


83 


6,189,500 


80 


- 


141,500 


Maiden, 




44,730 


1,848,500 


43 


1,874,400 


42 


25,900 


- 


Chelsea, 




32,540 


2,869,400 


89 


2,834,500 


87 


- 


34,900 


Everett, 




33,710 


2,641,300 


80 


2,575,600 


76 


- 


65,700 


Quincy, 




32,870 


2,919,000 


91 


2,891,900 


88 


- 


27,100 


Medford, 




23,330 


1,732,300 


77 


1,422,400 


61 


- 


309,900 


Melrose, 




15,790 


962,300 


62 


1,005,700 


64 


43,400 


- 


Revere, 




18,500 


1,250,700 


72 


1,313,400 


71 


62,700 


- 


Watertown, 




12,960 


755,300 


60 


880,800 


68 


125,500 


- 


Arlington, . 




11,270 


861,300 


79 


938,200 


83 


76,900 


- 


Milton, 




7,970 


313,200 


40 


309,200 


39 


- 


4,000 


Winthrop, . , 




10.290 


877,600 


91 


649,500 


63 


- 


228,100 


Stoneham, . 




7,130 


575,200 


82 


650,800 


91 


75,600 


- 


Belmont, 




5,600 


310,100 


58 


329,500 


59 


19,400 


- 


Lexington, . 




4,440 


329,400 


76 


345,500 


78 


16,100 


- 


Nahant, 




2,100 


124,400 


60 


121,700 


58 


- 


2,700 


Swampscott, 




6,960 


388,200 


56 


412,800 


59 


24,600 


- 


District, 


1,022,230 


119,119,100 


119 


112,092,100 


110 


- 


7,027,000 



1 The populations for 1909 were revised after the Census of 1910 became available, and consequently 
the per capita figures differ from those published in 1909 report. 



98 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The consumption in the several districts was as follows : — 



Gallons 


Decrease 


per Day. 


(Gallons 


1910. 


per Day). 



Percent- 
age of 
Decrease. 



Southern low-service district, embracing the low-service district of 
Boston, with the exception of Charlestown and East Boston, 

Northern low-service district, embracing the low-service districts 
of Somerville, Chelsea, Maiden, Medford, Everett, Arlington, 
Charlestown and East Boston 

Southern high-service district, embracing the high-service districts 
of Boston, Quincy, Watertown, and portions of Belmont and 
Milton, 

Northern high-service district, embracing Melrose, Revere, Win- 
throp, Swampscott, Nahant and Stoneham, and the high-service 
districts of Somerville, Chelsea, Maiden, Medford, Everett and 
East Boston, 

Southern extra high-service district, embracing the higher portions 
of West Roxbury and Milton, 

Northern extra high-service district, embracing Lexington and the 
higher portions of Arlington and Belmont 

Totals 



44,667,600 
26,032,400 
32,644,400 

7,292,600 
681,000 
774,100 



112,092,100 



3,668,000 

499,100 

2,985,000 

101,200 

108,500' 

117,8001 



7,027,000 



7.59 
1.88 
8.38 

1.37 
18.951 
17.951 



5.90 



1 Increase. 



The daily average quantity of water used in the District was 
13 ; 332,100 gallons less than during the year 1908. In the cities 
of Boston and Medford and the town of Winthrop a large reduction 
in the use of water has been accomplished during the past year by 
the introduction of meters. The reduction in these places, together 
with Melrose, in which meters were introduced in 1906 and 1907, 
illustrates very forcibly the saving which has been accomplished 
largely by the introduction of meters : — 





Popu- 
lation, 

1910. 


Per Capita Consumption 
(Gallons). 


Equiva- 
lent 
Saving in 
Gallons 
per Day. 


Meters in Use. 


City or Town. 


1907. 


1910. 


Reduc- 
tion 
in Three 
Years. 


Jan. 1, 
1907. 


Jan. 1, 
1910. 


Boston, .... 

Medford, 

Melrose, .... 

Winthrop, 


674,400 
23,330 
15,790 
10,290 


157 
105 
118 
117 


130 
61 
64 

• 63 


27 
44 
54 
54 


18,208,800 

1,026,520 

852,660 

555,660 


5,090 

. 449 

132 

45 


12,100 
2,594 
3,510 
1,533 


Totals, . 


723,810 


20,643,640 


5,716 


19,737 



The diagram facing this page shows graphically the average daily 
consumption and the rate * of consumption between the hours of 1 
and 4 a.m. in the district supplied by the Metropolitan Works for 



Average Rate of Consumption 

IN 

Metropolitan Water District 

AND 

RAINFALL and AVERAGE TEMPERATURE of AIR at CHESTNUT HILL RESERVOIR 

FOR 

EACH WEEK DURING 1910 



Jan. Feb. Mar Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 

8 15 22 29 5 12 19 26 5 12 19 26 2 9 16 23 30 7 14 21 28 4 11 18 25 2 9 16 23 30 6 13 20 27 3 10 17 24 I 8 15 22 29 5 12 19 26 3 10 17 24 31 



<u 70 




70 'S3 



u~> 


3 


- 


ro 


CD 

o 


rS 


CD 
O 


f: 


o 


CO 

o 


CD 

o 

o 


o 

o 


o 
o 


CO 
o 


s 

o 


? 


2 


<\J 
o 


o 
o 


to 
o 


IT) 


en 

o 


■<* 


_; 


o 


O 


o 


5 


o 
o 

o 


s 


o 


CO 

o 


LT) 

o 




o 


CO 


o 


s 


o 


o 


© 


1X1 

o 


o 


CO 


o 


o 
o 





g 


<£> 


CO 

o 


to 

en 


o 



Rainfall in Inches 




8 15 22 29 5 12 19 26 5 12 19 26 2 9 16 23 30 7 14 21 28 4 II 18 25 2 9 16 23 30 6 13 20 27 3 10 17 24 I 8 15 22 29 5 12 19 26 3 10 17 24 31 

Jan. Feb. Man Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 

Average Rate of Consumption for each'week, thus 

between I and 4 A.M. for each week, thus 

Averages in 1909 shown in Red. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



99 



each week during the years 1909 and 1910. The amount of rain- 
fall and the average temperature for each week, as observed at the 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir, are also shown. It will be noted that an 
increase or decrease in the daily consumption from week to week is 
coincident with an almost equal reduction in the rate of use between 
midnight and 4 a.m., indicating that the increase or decrease is 
due to a waste of water which was continuous throughout the twenty- 
four hours, and not due to a reduction in use during the hours when 
the greatest use should take place. Although the consumption, as 
shown by the diagram, varied from 102,000,000 to 136,000,000 
gallons per day during several weeks of the two years, the differ- 
ence between the night rate and the average daily rate for the corre- 
sponding week is shown to have been between 40,000,000 and 
45,000,000 gallons, indicating that the changes in consumption are 
due to* changes in the amount wasted rather than in the amount used. 
In the city of Boston a reduction of 23 gallons per capita has been 
made in two years, but the fact that in some districts of the city the 
rate of consumption still remains very high is proof that the further 
introduction of meters and a careful inspection for leaks in street 
mains will undoubtedly result in a considerable further lowering of 
the per capita rate. 

The use in the several districts into which Boston is subdivided 
for purposes of measurement was, in 1908 and 1910, as follows: — 







Popu- 
lation, 

1910. 


Daily Average Con- 
sumption (Gallons). 


Gallons per 
Capita. 




1908. 


1910. 


1908. 


1910. 


Southern low-service includes business, 
residential and manufacturing districts 
in city proper, South Boston, Roxbury 
and Dorchester, ..... 


350,110 


51,313,600 


44,667,600 


148 


128 


Southern high-service includes business 
and residential districts in city proper 
and residential districts in Roxbury, 
Dorchester and West Roxbury, 


211,100 


30,112,400 


27,077,600 


158 


128 


Charlestown includes greater portion of 
Charlestown, 


40,320 


7,749,100 


7,552,700 


195 


187 


East Boston includes all of East Boston 
except Breed's Island, .... 


56,230 


7,278,300 


6,172,600 


140 


110 


Brighton high-service, residential district, 


11,100 


1,299,100 


1,192,200 


135 


107 


West Roxbury high-service, residential 
district, 


5,010 


599,600 


655,500 


131 


131 


Breed's Island, residential district, . 


530 


27,200 


28,500 


60 


54 




674,400 


98,379,300 


87,346,700 


153 


130 



Estimated population in 1908, 643,810. 



100 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Metering of Service Pipes. 

On December 31, 1910, the cities of Boston and Quincy and the 
town of Revere were the only municipalities which had not com- 
plied with chapter 524 of the Acts of 1907 relative to the metering 
of service pipes. This Act provides that on and after January 1, 
1908, all cities and towns which derive their water from the Metro- 
politan Works shall equip all new service pipes with water meters, 
and shall also annually equip with meters 5 per cent, of the services 
which were unmetered on December 31, 1907. More than the 
required number were set in Boston during the past year, but there 
is still a deficiency in the total number from previous years. 

The number of meters set in these municipalities during the past 
three years, compared with the number required by law, is as fol- 
lows : — 





Number of Meters required 
by Law. 


Number op Meters set. 




On Old 

Services. 


On New 
Services. 


Total. 


On Old 
Services. 


On New 
Services. 


Total. 


Boston, .... 
Quincy, .... 
Revere 


13,314 
690 
414 


3,462 

1,170 

527 


16,776 

1,860 

941 


11,068 
814 
379 


2,313 
315 

348 


13,381 
1,129 

727 



The following table gives the statistics relative to the setting of 
meters and the number of service pipes and meters connected with 
the distributing pipes in the District on December 31, 1910: — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



101 



City ob Town. 


Number of Meters re- 
quired to be set on Old 
Services Each Year. 


Meters set on Old 
Services. 


t? 
o 

XXI 

.9 

m 
a 

*> 
u 

CD „ 
CC . 

o 

OH 


T3 

oj 

a 
ft . 

'So 

CCS 

in t/T 

o u 

f CD 
T ■** 


i 

S 

CD 
O 

o 

Q 

o 

<n . 

gco 

•r 1 f-> 
> O 

CD 
U2 


o 

a 

o 
w 
cu 

Q 

o 

TO 

CO 


Per Cent, of Services 
metered December 31, 
1910. 




1908. 


1909. 


1910. 


Boston, 






4,438 


84 


5,503 


5,481 


1,134 


1,134 


93,780 


18,720 


19.96 


Somerville, 






411 


732 


621 


501 


149 


227 


12,149 


5,810 


47.82 


Maiden, . 






14 


43 


62 


8 


161 


177 


7,440 


7,163 


96.28 


Chelsea, . 






240 


198 


756 


779 


105 


105 


4,790 


3,082 


64.34 


Everett, . 






252 


338 


255 


277 


62 


77 


5,380 


1,186 


22.04 


Quincy, . 






230 


358 


33 


423 


493 


179 


7,307 


2,634 


36.05 


Medford, . 






179 


857 


927 


1,555 


149 


149 


4,550 


4,296 


94.42 


Melrose, . 






119 


2,432 


135 


7 


79 


263 


3,583 


3,777 


100.00 


Revere, 






138 


85 


184 


110 


188 


185 


3,402 


885 


26.01 


Watertown, 






- 


- 


- 


- 


69 


97 


2,042 


2,070 


100.00 


Arlington, 






55 


108 


56 


63 


83 


104 


2,050 


1,288 


62.83 


Milton, 






- 


- 


- 


- 


74 


74 


1,454 


1,454 


100.00 


Winthrop, 






100 


213 


975 


706 


167 


167 


2,487 


2,386 


95.94 


Stoneham, 






65 


116 


225 


186 


21 


21 


1,467 


635 


43.29 


Belmont, . 






- 


- 


- 


- 


63 


63 


909 


909 


100.00 


Lexington, 






32 


113 


70 


56 


57 


57 


836 


475 


56.82 


Nahant, . 






16 


30 


40 


26 


20 


22 


532 


227 


42.67 


Swampscott, 






21 


264 


142 


28 


82 


82 


1,478 


1,465 


99.12 


Totals, . 


6,310 


5,971 


9,984 


10,206 


3,156 


3,183 


155,636 


58,462 


37.56 



1 The number of new meters installed and the number of new services equipped with meters seldom 
agree exactly for the reason that service pipes are installed but meters are not set until the buildings are 
permanently occupied. 

This table was first prepared for the annual report in accordance with the original returns received 
from the various municipalities. Revised returns received have caused some changes to be made, 
particularly in the figures applicable to the city of Boston. 



At the end of the year 37.5G per cent, of all the service pipes 
in the District were metered, as compared with 28.35 per cent, at 
the beginning of the year. During the past year meters have been 
placed on a large number of the services in Medford and Winthrop, 
and at the end of the year there were 8 municipalities in which 
94 to 100 per cent, of the services were metered. 



102 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Quality of the Water. 

The water in the Wachusett and Sudbury reservoirs and Fram- 
ingham Reservoir ISTo. 3, from which the entire supply of the Metro- 
politan .District was drawn, has been almost entirely free from 
organisms causing objectionable tastes and odors. The examinations 
made by the State Board of Health, as well as those made in the 
laboratory of the Board, have shown that the water delivered in the 
District has had a lower color and less residue than in any previous 
year, and that in all respects its quality has compared very favorably 
with that supplied during previous years. 

The growth of Aster ionella, which gave the water an objection- 
able taste and odor for several months in 1909, was not present in 
sufficient quantity to be objectionable. There was a small growth 
of Uroglena in the water of Sudbury Reservoir, lasting about two 
weeks in April, which reappeared about the 10th of May and remained 
in decreasing quantity until the first of June. Chlamydomonas 
and Dinobryon were present in the Sudbury Reservoir during the 
latter half of the year, but never in sufficient quantity to cause 
trouble. Framingham Reservoir "No. 3 contained the same organ- 
isms as the Sudbury Reservoir, in small numbers. 

The weekly, biweekly and monthly collection and examination 
of samples of water from the several reservoirs, as well as from taps 
at several points in the Metropolitan District, have been continued 
as in previous years. There have been made 2,377 microscopical 
and 961 bacterial examinations. 

The water in Framingham Reservoir "No. 2 and in the Ashland, 
Hopkinton and Whitehall reservoirs was free from objectionable 
organisms throughout the vear. The color of the water in these 
reservoirs varied from .84 to .116 during the early part of the year 
and from .38 to .48 during the last six months. 

A growth of Chlamydomonas in Lake Cochituate has given the 
water in that reservoir a disagreeable odor during practically the 
entire year. Its average color was .26. 

There have been small growths of Uroglena in all the distribut- 
ing reservoirs in the Metropolitan District. The largest numbers 
were observed in Spot Pond in February and May, in Waban Hill 
Reservoir about the first-of February and during the latter part of 
May and in Bear Hill Reservoir in May. Although faintly dis- 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



103 



agreeable odors have been noted in the hot water as drawn from the 
taps, there has been neither noticeable taste nor odor in the cold 
water, and no complaints have been received from the water takers. 
The average color of the water delivered from the low-service taps 
was .18 and from the high-service taps .12. 

The following table gives a comparison of the average results 
of the examinations of water from a tap in Boston for the years 



1902 to 1910, inclusive 


: — 


















1902. 


1903. 


1904. 


1905. 


1906. 


1907. 


19Q8. 


1909. 


1910. 


State Board of Health 




















Examinations. 




















Color (Nessler standard), . 


0.26 


0.25 


0.231 


0.241 


0.241 


0.221 


0.191 


0.181 


0.141 


Total residue, 


3.93 


3.98 


3.93 


3.86 


3.86 


3.83 


3.50 


3.46 


3.05 


Loss on ignition, 


1.56 


1.50 


1.59 


1.59 


1.39 


1.40 


1.35 


1.43 


1.24 


Free ammonia, . 


0.0016 


0.0013 


0.0023 


0.0020 


0.0018 


0.0013 


0.0011 


0.0011 


0.0013 


A lmmon ia d ^solved, \ 


0.0139 


0.0125 


0.0139 


0.0145 


0.0159 


0.0129 


0.0115 


0.0128 


0.0118 


0.0119 


0.0110 


0.0121 


0.0124 


0.0134 


0.0109 


0.0092 


0.0103 


0.0102 


ammonia, 1 _,,____ j„j 

(.suspended, 


0.0020 


0.0015 


0.0018 


0.0021 


0.0025 


0.0020 


0.0024 


0.0025 


0.0016 


Chlorine, . _ . 


0.29 


0.30 


0.34 


0.35 


0.34 


0.33 


0.33 


0.28 


0.28 


Nitrogen as nitrates, 


0.0092 


0.0142 


0.0110 


0.0083 


0.0054 


0.0068 


0.0092 


0.0034 


0.0030 


Nitrogen as nitrites, . 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0000 


0.0000 


Oxygen consumed, 


0.40 


0.39 


0.37 


0.35 


0.36 


0.32 


0.26 


0.25 


0.22 


Hardness, .... 


1.3 


1.5 


1.5 


1.4 


1.3 


1.3 


1.2 


1.3 


1.1 


Metropolitan Water and 




















Sewerage Board Exami- 




















nations. 




















Color (platinum standard), 


.33 


.35 


.32 


.28 


.25 


.27 


.22 


.23 


.18 


Turbidity, 


2.3 


2.2 


2.4 


1.9 


2.2 


2.2 


2.4 


2.6 


2.1 


Total organisms, 


367 


286 


303 


528 


550 


427 


695 


1,959 


421 


Amorphous matter, . 


34 


36 


36 


37 


42 


47 


64 


97 


72 


Bacteria 


164 


126 


176 


231 


154 


176 


148 


195 


213 



Note. — Chemical analyses are in parts per 100,000, organisms and amorphous matter in standard 
units per cubic centimeter, and bacteria in number per cubic centimeter. The standard unit has an 
area of 400 square microns, and by its use the number of diatomacese are decreased, and the number of 
chlorophycea? and cyanophyceae are very much increased, as compared with the number of organisms. 

i Platinum standard. 

In Appendix !No. 2, tables 26 to 32, are given the results of chem- 
ical examinations made by the State Board of Health of the water 
supplied to the Metropolitan Water District. 



Sanitary Inspection. 

The inspection of the several watersheds on which the water 
supply is collected, and of the grounds connected with the several 
distributing reservoirs, for the purpose of preventing pollution of 
the supply or injury to the property of the Board, has been continued 
as in former years, with a force varying in number from 3 to 15 
men. In connection with the inspection a sanitary census has been 
taken of the several watersheds, and the results as tabulated are 
presented in the following tables : — 



104 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 







oc 


CM 


lO 


CM 


CS 


t~ 


to 


CO 


rH 


CO 


Th 


to 


OS 


CO 










CO 




UO 


CO 


CO 


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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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106 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



A comparison of these results with those of the Census of 1905 
is shown by the following table : — 





Wachusett 
Watershed. 


Sudbury 
Watershed. 


Cochituate 
Watershed. 




1905. 


1910. 


1905. 


1910. 


1905. 


1910. 




1,658 


1,582 


4,607 


4,449 


2,873 


2,509 




102 


119 


303 


220 


74 


48 


Premises connected with sewer, .... 


- 


- 


1,898 


2,286 


1,427 


1,524 


Permanent population, ...... 


5,772 


5,282 


21,131 


22,111 


15,508 


14,518 


Permanent population per square mile in dwell- 
ings not connected with sewers, .... 


49 


44.7 


140.6 


129.7 


328.7 


260.4 


Unsatisfactory cases, 


195 


61 


228 


65 


133 


39 



On the Wachusett watershed there has been a reduction of 9 
per cent, in the popidation, and the number of unsatisfactory cases 
has been reduced from 195 to 61. Since 1905 several buildings on 
property purchased by the Board for the protection of the water 
supply, including the Dorr and Warfleld mills and tenement houses 
connected therewith, have been torn down. All the large mills in 
Holden are now either idle or operating with a reduced number of 
employes. The decrease in population due to these conditions has 
been partially offset by the construction of 103 new houses, largely 
in the towns of West Boylston and Holden, which lie nearest 
Worcester, and to which better transportation facilities have re- 
cently been furnished. 

On the Sudbury watershed there has been a reduction in the 
number of persons residing in houses not connected with sewers 
which discharge outside the watershed, and the unsatisfactory cases 
have been reduced from 228 to 65. 

The drainage from the Dug Pond watershed, on which there was a 
resident population of 2,547, was diverted from the Cochituate water- 
shed into Charles River in 1909 and although the remainder of the 
watershed gained 1,557 in population during the five years, there has 
been a decrease of 6 per cent, in the resident population on the Co- 
chituate watershed, and the number of unsatisfactory premises has 
been reduced from 133 to 39. 

Under the heading " unsatisfactory " are included all cases where 
it is possible that under the most unfavorable conditions drainage 
from privies or sinks may reach a water course, all suspected cases 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



107 



and all cases of manufacturing wastes entering feeders, even though 
there may have been some attempt at previous purification. 

On the Sudbury watershed 14 old and 18 new premises were, 
during the past year, connected with the public sewers which convey 
the drainage outside the watershed. Seven of these are in Marl- 
borough, 10 in Westborough and 15 in Eramingham. On the 
Cochituate watershed 13 old and 49 new premises were connected. 
Eifty of these are in Eramingham and 12 in Natick. In the city and 
towns on the Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds which have systems 
of sewerage conveying the sewage outside the watershed, there were, 
on December 31, 1910, 3,810 premises connected with the sewers and 
150 premises not yet connected on streets where there are existing 
sewers, as follows : — 



Premises 

connected 

with 

Sewers. 



Premises 

not connected 

with 

Sewers. 



Marlborough, 

Westborough, 

Framingham, 

Natick, 

Sherborn, 




In Marlborough the regrading of some of the streets has changed 
the watershed line so that several houses which have been included 
in previous years are now outside the watershed. This has reduced 
the number of connections as given in the tables of former years. 

Two watchmen were employed to patrol the grounds at Lake 
Cochituate,, one from April 18 to October 1, with special reference 
to the protection of the supply during the bathing and camping 
season, and the other from July 16 to December 10, during the 
camping season and while the Italian laborers employed in con- 
structing a drainage system were engaged in the vicinity of the 
lake. 

The Boston & Worcester Street Railway Company employed a 
large gang of men for several months in grading the south side of 
the highway between Eramingham Centre and the Southborough 
line. Measures were taken to prevent the pollution of the water- 
shed on account of this work. 



108 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Two boys were summoned into court for bathing in Spot Pond 
on July 10. They were placed on probation. 

On February 24 a resident of West Boylston was arrested for 
hunting on the marginal lands of the Wachusett Reservoir, and a fine 
of $5 was imposed by the court. 

The presence of a large number of visitors on the reservoir grounds 
at Chestnut Hill and Spot Pond during the summer season has 
made necessary the employment at times of men in patrolling 
the lands of the Board for the purpose of preventing the pollution 
of the supply and protecting the property. The extension of a 
car line from Boston through the Middlesex Fells to Stoneham has 
caused a very great increase in the number of people visiting the 
grounds around Spot Pond and the Fells Reservoir. 

There were 3 cases of typhoid fever reported upon the Wachusett 
watershed, 1 of which was in Holden, 1 in Princeton and 1 in 
Boylston, and there were 2 cases of dysentery in Holden. 

On the Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds there were 24 cases 
of typhoid fever reported from Marlborough, 4 from Westborough, 
1 from Ashland, 83 from Wayland, 12 from Framingham and 6 
from Natick, a total of 130 cases. Investigations made by our 
inspectors appear to indicate that the large number of cases which 
occurred in the village of Cochituate, in Wayland, during July, 
August and September were clue to the use of milk from bottles 
which had not been properly sterilized. 

The 24 cases in Marlborough were distributed throughout the 
year as follows : — 



January, 
February, 
March, . 
May, . 
August. 



September, 

October, 

November, 



24 



The patients in 4 of the cases reported in September had been camp- 
ing at Boone's Pond, in Hudson, and probably contracted the disease 
while there. Twenty-one of the premises from which cases were 
reported are connected with the public sewers. In all cases the 
premises were visited and precautions taken to prevent the spread 
of the disease or the pollution of the water supply. 

A summary of the work of sanitary inspection for the year 1910 
is given in the following tables : — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 






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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



Ill 



Swamp Ditches and Brooks. 

The drainage ditches and swamps on the several watersheds, 
aggregating 36.36 miles in length, have heen cleaned, and the weeds 
and brush mowed and burned for a width of from 10 to 20 feet 
on either side of the ditches. The work of replacing decayed 
wooden bulkheads on the settling basins at the outlets of ditches 
entering the open channel of the Wachusett Aqueduct was begun in 
1909, and has been completed during the past year by the construc- 
tion of eight concrete bulkheads 8 inches in thickness, fitted with 
stop-planks to control the elevation of the water. The cost of the 
work done during the past year was $345.15. A dry rubble re- 
taining wall on the west side of the highway leading from Marl- 
borough to Westborough, at the crossing of the ditch leading from 
Brigham Pond, collapsed on March 18. It was rebuilt with stone 
laid in cement, at a cost of $457.19, the work being finished on 
April 8. The slopes of the drainage ditches in swamps Nos. 54, 55 
and 56, in Holclen and Princeton, have been repaired for a distance 
of 1.46 miles, at a cost of $104.03. 

On the Sudbury watershed forty new farm bridges have been 
built over the drainage ditches, at points where the old bridges were 
decayed, and the ditches were repaired at several points by replacing 
the board bottom or repaving the slopes for an aggregate distance of 
952 feet on the several ditches. The intercepting ditch along the 
east side of Pegan Meadow, at Lake Cochituate, was cleaned and 
the slopes mowed. 

Observations of the colors of the waters from swamps have been 
made monthly and the results tabulated as follows : — ■ 





Area of 

Water- 
shed 
(Acres). 


Area of 
Swamp 
(Acres). 


Length 

of 
Ditches 
(Feet). 


Colors op Waters (Platinum Standard). 




BEFORE DRAINING. 


AFTER draining. 


SWAMP. 


Averages 
for Years 

1894, 1895, 
1899. 


Averages 
for Years 

1900, 1901, 
1902. 


1907. 


1908. 


1909. 


1910. 


Crane, . 
No. 54, . 
No. 55, . 
No. 76, . 


1,856 
750 

1,625 
225 


460 
72 

220 
26 


45,250 
8,930 

27,661 
6,173 


1.95 


.90 

1.27 

.44 


.77 
.53 
.80i 
.27 


.72 
.41 
.44 
.24 


.64 
.33 
.36 
.20 


.65 
.36 
.38 
.21 



Nearly one-half of the ditches in Swamp No. 55 were not built until 1907. 



112 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Protection of Supply. 

In addition to the work of sanitary inspection and the care of the 
swamp ditches, the work of protecting the supply has included the 
maintenance and operation of filter-beds used to purify the surface 
water from thickly populated districts before it is admitted to the 
storage reservoirs. The Marlborough Brook filter-beds, with an area 
of 14 acres, filter the water from about 1.8 square miles of the thickly 
settled portion of the city of Marlborough before it is admitted to 
the Sudbury Reservoir. The settling basin in which the brook water 
is first received was cleaned in May and June. About 1,600 cubic 
yards of street washings and silt were removed and disposed of in 
grading the adjacent grounds, at a cost of about 28 cents per yard. 
The artificial filter-beds were cleaned twice during the year, once in 
June and again in September. The entire flow of the brook was fil- 
tered, with the exception of a small amount which overflowed from one 
of the beds into the reservoir on February 28 and March 1. Diluted 
sewage from the overflow of the Marlborough main sewer ran into 
the filter-bed on Farm Road on 5 days in January, 4 days in Febru- 
ary, 11 days in March and 1 day in December, and there was a flow 
of ground water into the bed at times during the first four months 
and the last month of the year. 

Surface drainage from an area of about one square mile in the 
thickly settled portion of Natick is collected in a basin and then 
pumped to filter-beds before entering Lake Cochituate. The pumps 
were operated on 155 days during the year, which is a less number 
than in any year since the beds were constructed. The total quantity 
pumped during the year was 210,806,000 gallons, equivalent to a 
daily average of 577,550 gallons. Of the total, 165,037,000 gallons 
were from Pegan Brook and 45,769,000 gallons from the intercept- 
ing ditch which collects water from brooks formerly draining into 
Pegan Brook Meadow. All of the water from Pegan Brook was 
filtered, but small quantities from the intercepting ditch were dis- 
charged into the lake on 5 days in January, 4 days in February and 
5 days in March. The total quantity of coal consumed was 140^658 
pounds, and 1,499 gallons of water were pumped per pound of coal. 
The cost of operating the station, cleaning the filter-beds and caring 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 113 

for the grounds was $2,691.58, making the cost per million gallons 
treated $12.77. 

The Sterling filter-beds have been in continuous operation through- 
out the year. All of the water coming from the brook which passes 
through the centre of the town of Sterling enters the filters, and has 
been efficiently cared for. 

The Worcester County Training School filter-beds have been in 
operation continuously throughout the year, caring for all of the sew- 
age of this institution. 

The Gates Terrace filter-beds at Sterling Junction were in com- 
mission continuously from April 12 to November 12, inclusive. 

Forestry. 

In connection with the several reservoirs and aqueducts the Board 
has under its care and control about 10,000 acres of land a large part 
of which is covered with trees. Around the Wachusett Reservoir 
1,341 acres of land have been planted with white pines during the 
past eight years. A considerable number of white pines have been 
planted around the Sudbury Reservoir. There are still several hun- 
dred acres on which it is proposed to plant pines, but the greater 
part of the forestal work now consists in the care of the trees which 
have been planted, the improvement thinning of forested areas and 
the care and improvement of forest roads. No additional area was 
planted on the Wachusett watershed during the past year with white 
pines as there was no suitable stock available, but the margin of the 
reservoir was replanted, for a distance of 13.6 miles, with arbor 
vitse, spaced 3 feet apart in rows 2 feet apart. This work was nec- 
essary because a large proportion of the trees first planted had died. 
Thirty-six thousand one hundred trees were used in doing this work. 
Continuing work begun in 1909, 1,281 maples and 230 locusts have 
been transplanted from fields to the sides of 8.8 miles of highway in 
Clinton, Boylston, West Boylston and Sterling. Eighty-four white 
pine trees, averaging 6 feet in height, have been set out on a small 
grass plot opposite the Boston & Maine Station at Oakdale, also 7 
white oaks. Eighteen sugar maples and 10 white oaks have been 
planted on the grounds at the Wachusett Dam. An area of 1.4 
acres on Waushacum Street, in Oakdale, has been cleared and pre- 



114 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

pared for use as a nursery for the propagation of trees, and it now 
contains about 30,000 white pine seedlings. The necessary care has 
been given to the Lamson and Elagg nurseries, and they now con- 
tain 18,200 two-year old white pine transplant seedlings and 42,800 
arbor vitse seedlings from 12 inches to 24 inches in height. The 
work of cutting out trees and brush which interfered with the growth 
of the young pines, and of making improvement thinning in timber 
stands varying from twenty to fifty years in age, has been continued. 

Around the Wachusett Reservoir an improvement thinning on 112 
acres of white pines was made at a cost of $495.69, less $114 re- 
ceived for 58 cords of wood; and 53 acres of old timber land was 
improved without any expense, as the value of the timber, cord 
wood, fence posts and railroad ties obtained was fully equal to the 
cost of making the improvement. 

The brush and weeds on all forest roads, along all highway road- 
sides and on the 40-foot marginal fire guard at the Wachusett Res- 
ervoir have been cut and burned. 

The lands about the Sudbury Reservoir have been improved by 
planting 2,500 arbor vitse seedlings along the shore, on land for- 
merly owned by S. A. and H. S. Howe on Parmenter Street, and 
on land formerly of W. A. Eay near the Framingham-Marlborough 
Road. 

At Lake Coehituate 1,630 white pines have been planted on land 
made in 1909 by filling two shallow coves, and 50 white pines have 
been planted on the grounds at the effluent gate-house. 

Three hundred pine trees were set out on the Sudbury Aqueduct 
land near Welleslev Avenue, in Welleslev, 100 alongside the Cochitu- 
ate Aqueduct on land in Natick purchased of Harry Felch, and about 
500 along the line of the Weston Aqueduct. 

On the grounds about the Weston Reservoir 880 trees of different 
kinds have been set out, and at Spot Pond 100 trees and 2 shrubbery 
beds have been planted. 

The work of protecting trees and shrubbery from the ravages of 
gypsy and brown-tail moths, pine-tree weevils, elm-leaf beetles and 
other destructive insects has caused the expenditure of $6,010.21, dis- 
tributed as follows : — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



115 



Spot Pond, 

Mystic Lake, pumping station and reservoir, 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir, . 

Weston Reservoir and Aqueduct, . 

Sudbury and Cochituate aqueducts, 

Lake Cochituate, .... 

Sudbury Reservoir, .... 

Framingham Reservoir No. 3, 

Wachusett Reservoir and Aqueduct, gypsy and brown-tail moths, 

Wachusett Reservoir, pine-tree weevil, 



$2,645 


35 


144 85 


648 


89 


1,246 


75 


300 50 


109 


25 


128 


67 


20 


00 


185 


31 


580 


64 



$6,010 21 



This sum is about $2,000 less than the amount expended for the 
same purposes in 1909. 

The method of destroying the insects has been the same as that 
followed in previous years. During the winter months the egg clus- 
ters of the gypsy moth were treated with a mixture of fuel oil and 
creosote, and the webs of the brown-tail moth were cut off and burned. 
Wherever the gypsy and brown-tail caterpillars or the elm-leaf beetles 
were present in large numbers during the summer the trees were 
sprayed with a mixture of arsenate of lead and water. 

The large areas of young pine trees at the Wachusett Reservoir 
were inspected twice during the season, and all shoots found in- 
fested with the weevil were cut off and burned. 

At Spot Pond the trees on about 14 acres of land were sprayed 
between May 26 and July 20, using 650 pounds of arsenate of lead, 
and 600 pounds of tanglefoot were used in banding the trees. At 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir 600 pounds of tanglefoot and 890 of ar- 
senate of lead were used. At both Spot Pond and Chestnut Hill the 
elm-leaf beetle was yqtv destructive, and constant watching and great 
thoroughness in spraying the trees were required to accomplish ef- 
fective results. The elm trees were sprayed three times during the 
season. 

At the Weston Reservoir 725 pounds of tanglefoot and 375 pounds 
of arsenate of lead were used, and about 14 acres of trees were 
sprayed. At this reservoir the cost of the work was largely increased 
by the fact that nothing whatever was done to suppress the moths by 
some of the adjacent property owners. The elm-leaf beetle was more 
prevalent than in previous years. 



116 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Along the Sudbury and Cochituate aqueduct lines the moths were 
found and destroyed in considerable numbers as far west as Wellesley 
and ISTatick. 

At the Sudbury Reservoir 1,535 nests of the brown-tail moth and 
65 egg clusters of the gypsy moth were . destroyed, and a large num- 
ber of pine tree shoots infested with the weevil were cut off and 
burned. 

A few egg clusters of the gypsy moth have been found in the 
vicinity of the Wachusett Reservoir. The pine-tree weevil infested 
the young pines as in previous years but in smaller numbers. Dur- 
ing July the whole area of 1,341 acres planted with young pines 
was inspected, and a second inspection was made in August. The 
proportion of trees infected varied from 1 in 3 on one or two small 
lots to 1 in 40 over a large proportion of the area. 

In consequence of the extreme drought of the past year the num- 
ber of forest fires has been unusually large, notwithstanding the fact 
that a fire-patrol service was maintained on Sundays and holidays 
at the Wachusett Reservoir and Spot Pond during the spring and 
fall. Twenty-four fires occurred on the property of the . Board, 
causing a loss of about $2,500. The . more important of these 
were two at the Wachusett Reservoir, which destroyed about 16,000' 
young pine trees, two in Crane Swamp, which burned over about 90 
acres of peat swamp covered with trees, and one near the Hopkinton 
Reservoir on the Sudbury watershed, which destroyed a good growth 
of chestnut and oak on about 30 acres. 

Distributing Reservoirs. 
Weston Reservoir, 

The reservoir, with its connected structures and grounds, has re- 
ceived the usual care and is in good order. 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir. 
The reservoir, gate-chambers and grounds are in good condition. 
The exterior woodwork of the old effluent gate-house has been given 
two coats of paint,. and the iron floor of effluent gate-house No. 2 has 
been scraped and painted. 

Waban Hill Reservoir. 
The reservoir, gate-house and grounds are in good order. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 117 

Forbes Hill Reservoir and Standpipe. 

The standpipe has been in nse the entire year, and the reservoir 
has been kept full of water for nse in case of emergency. The iron- 
work in the standpipe tower and the woodwork in the reservoir gate- 
chamber have been painted. The upper floor of the tower should be 
resurfaced. 

Mystic Reservoir. 

The roadway around the reservoir has been repaired, and the ex- 
terior woodwork and roof of the gate-house have been given two coats 
of paint. The reservoir has been in continuous use, except from 
November 10 to 21, when it was shut off on account of a drowning 
accident. 

Mystic Lake and Pumping Station. 

The Metropolitan Park Commission has been allowed to take about 
1,500 cubic yards of gravel from a gravel pit on the west shore of 
the lake for use in resurfacing the Mystic Valley Parkway. A 
piece of land lying between old and new Mystic Streets, and con- 
taining 32,450 square feet, has been sold, as it had no value in con- 
nection with the water supply. The exterior woodwork of the old. 
Mystic pumping station and the interior of the stable on the pump- 
ing station grounds have been painted. 

Arlington Standpipe. 

The standpipe has been in use the entire year. No repairs have 
been made during the year, but the standpipe should be repainted 
during the coming season. 

Spot Pond. 
The woodwork of the gate-houses has been painted and the interior 
ironwork given a coat of black varnish. For the convenience of the 
large number of visitors at the pond, and as an inducement to keep 
them away from the water, paths have been constructed on the property 
of the Board as follows : through what is known as the Deer Hill Lot, 
between Main Street and Dark Hollow Pond, for a distance of 2,850 
feet; on the Hammer Neck Lot for a distance of 2,520 feet; and 
on the east shore of the pond from Woodland Road, passing by the 
rear of the pumping station, to the boat-house, a distance of about 
1,500 feet. It is proposed to continue the construction of these paths 



118 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

during the coming season. The question of the efficient protection 
of the water stored in this reservoir from pollution is becoming a 
serious one, on account of the large number of people who now use 
as a picnic ground the land draining into the pond, and it seems 
probable that a system of drains will soon be required to divert all 
surface water from the watershed from the pond. 

Pipe Yards. 

The buildings at the Chestnut Hill and Glenwood pipe yards are 
in good condition, those at the Glenwood yard having received two 
coats of paint in the spring and those at the Chestnut Hill yard in 
the fall. The interior of the stable at Chestnut Hill was given a 
coat of hard oil finish. 

Pipe Lines. 

The length of pipe lines owned and operated by the Metropolitan 
Water and Sewerage Board was increased by 4.49 miles during the 
year, making a total on December 31, 1910, of 97.02 miles. The 
length of mains 4 inches in diameter and larger, connected with the 
works but owned and operated by the several cities and towns sup- 
plied with water, is 1,633.37 miles. 

A number of changes in the Metropolitan pipe lines and in the con- 
nections between the Metropolitan mains and the pipes of the local dis- 
tribution systems have been made during the year. The most im- 
portant work done has been the relaying of 827 feet of 48-inch main 
on Boylston Street, in Cambridge, between the parkway at Charles 
River and Eliot Street. The relaying of this pipe, which had been in 
the ground but fourteen years, was made necessary by its having been 
injured by electrolysis, so as to be unsafe for further use. The 
pipes originally laid were 1.4 inches in thickness. The new pipes 
laid were 1.7 inches in thickness, and all of the joints, with the ex- 
ception of those on a curve, were made of wood in place of lead, for 
the purpose of insulating the pipes and preventing injury in the 
future. This work was commenced on October 16 and completed on 
November 30, at a cost of $12,221.40. 

The construction of Crafts Road, crossing Reservoir Lane in 
Brookline, has made necessary the lowering of the 48-inch main in 
Reservoir Lane for a distance of about 275 feet and to a maximum 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 119 

vertical distance of 6 feet. The main was lowered on November 
8 without disconnecting the pipes, by the use of screws from which 
the main was suspended while the deeper trench was being excavated. 
In order to lower the pipes to the new grade it was necessary to cut 
into the top of the old Cochituate Aqueduct to a depth of about 1.6 
feet. It is not probable that this portion of the aqueduct will ever be 1 
used, but to provide for possible use the brickwork was replaced. 
The cost of the portion of the work of lowering this main done by the 
Board was $878.08, which is to be paid for by the town of Brookline. 

The 20-inch main which is laid under the Mystic River at High 
Street, between Medford and Arlington, has been lowered so as to 
permit of the excavation of a deeper river channel by the Metropoli- 
tan Park Commission. The main was lowered for a length of 130 
feet, at a cost of $820.70. As the towns of Arlington and Lexington 
were entirely dependent upon this main for their water supply, a 
connection was made between the local distribution pipes in Arling- 
ton and Somerville by laying 591 feet of 8-inch pipe, of which 231 
feet were furnished by the city of Somerville. By means of this 
connection a partial supply can be furnished in cases of emergency. 
The cost of making this connection was $643.37. 

The construction by the city of Boston of a large culvert at a new 
location, for use in carrying the waters of Stony Brook under Mor- 
ton Street, near the Austin Farm, in West Roxbury, has made nec- 
essary the relocation of the Metropolitan 36-inch main. In order 
to avoid interference with the water-way through the culvert, the 
pipe line was reduced to 30 inches in diameter, and raised so that 
the top of the pipe is now within 2 feet of the surface of the street 
for a short distance directly over the culvert. 

The construction of the subway in Cambridge by the Boston Ele- 
vated Railway Company has necessitated the relocation of 48-inch 
Metropolitan mains at Central and Harvard squares. 

The changes at Central Square were described in the report for 
1909, but the work was not completed until June 9 of the past year. 

The construction of a subway station at Harvard Square has 
necessitated the relocation of the 48-inch main from a point 100 
feet south of the corner of Boylston and Brattle streets to a point in 
Massachusetts Avenue 117 feet north of Church Street, a distance 



120 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

of about 650 feet. The relocated pipe line is supported on the ma- 
sonry structure of the subway for a distance of 400 feet, and at each 
of the points where the pipes leave the masonry support ball and 
socket joints were used as a safeguard in case of settlement of the 
pipes in the earth. At Brattle Street, on account of the shallow 
depth of cover over the subway roof, the 48-inch main was sub- 
divided into three 24-inch -mains, which are laid in special troughs 
constructed in the subway roof and covered with slabs of reinforced 
concrete, which protect the pipes from the heavy loads of street traf- 
fic. The 24-inch lines are each about 120 feet long, with a valve at 
either end. The concrete piers which support the 48-inch pipe over 
the subway are 9 feet long, 5 feet wide and from 6 inches to 2.7 
feet high, depending upon the depth of the subway roof below the 
pipes. In order to maintain the flow of water while the subway 
construction was in progress a temporary 36-inch main was laid for 
a distance of 298 feet, and used from June 2 until October 16. The 
cost of all of these changes, both at Central and Harvard squares, 
was paid by the Boston Elevated Railway Company, and the em- 
ployes of the Railway Company performed a large part of the work. 
The necessary pipes, special castings and valves were obtained under 
the supervision of this department, and all of the work not done by the 
department employes was very carefully inspected. The cost of 
the work done and materials furnished by the Board in connection 
with the changes at both Central and Harvard squares was $16,693.75. 

The two 24-inch mains crossing Chelsea Creek, used in supplying 
the East Boston District, have been covered with gravel, and the 
embankments riprapped where they were exposed at low water on 
the Chelsea shore. 

A wooden insulation joint was substituted in December for a rub- 
ber joint in the 48-inch main on North Harvard Street, in Brighton, 
near the Charles River. 

Forty-five leaks have been repaired on pipe lines maintained by 
the Board, at a cost of $1,643.77. No serious breaks occurred in 
the mains during the year, but three cracked pipes were discovered, 
while pipe lines laid by contractors were being tested, before the 
mains had been placed in service. The cost of repairing these was 
$165.77. 

Nine leaks occurred at joints in the lines of 36-inch pipe crossing 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 121 

under the Charles and Mystic rivers. In repairing these it was nec- 
essary to use a dredging machine and employ a diver. The cost of 
the repairs was $955.27. The reduction in the leakage by repairing 
the submerged pipe lines was 270,000 gallons per day. 

Twenty-six leaks were due to defective lead joints, of which four 
occurred under steam railroad tracks, and five were evidently caused 
by the settlement of the pipes, due to excavations made for other 
public work. 

The steelwork of the bridge which supports the 48-inch main over 
the Fitchburg Division of the Boston & Maine Railroad at Massa- 
chusetts Avenue, in Cambridge, has been cleaned and painted with 
two coats of red lead and one coat of Smith's Durable Compound. 
The sheet lead with which the bottom of the bridge girder was cov- 
ered in 1907, as a protection against the gases discharged from the 
locomotives, has been replaced with lead %4 of an inch in thickness. 
A piece of asbestos mill board % inch thick was also secured to the 
bottom of the girder over each track, as a protection for the sheet 
lead. A portion of the wooden roof covering the bridge was renewed 
with spruce lumber and the roof then covered with two-ply paroid 
roofing paper. The cost of this work was $537.08. 

The pipe bridge over the Mystic River in Medford has been thor- 
oughly cleaned and painted; also three bridges carrying pipes over 
the Pines River in Saugus. 



Metering of Water to Municipalities. 

There were .62 Venturi meters, in sizes varying from 6 inches to, 
60 inches, connected with the Metropolitan water mains on Decem- 
ber 31, 1910, of which 49 were in use in measuring the water sup- 
plied to the several municipalities in the Metropolitan District. 
There were also 5 Hersey disc meters, 1 Hersey torrent, 1 Hersey 
detector, 1 Crown and 3 Union rotary meters, which were used to 
measure the water supplied in districts where the flow was too small 
to be conveniently measured with a Venturi meter. All of these 
meters have been read and inspected twice each week, and all neces- 
sary repairs made by a regular force of two men with an occasional 
assistant. Reports have been made monthly to the several municipali- 
ties supplied with water, giving the quantities used, and special re- 



122 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

ports have been made from time to time of the increased use due to 
leakage or other causes. 

Two cases in which the Venturi meters have detected large leaks 
which did not come to the surface of the ground and were not dis- 
covered by the local authorities are worthy of mention. In the city 
of Medford, in August, the meter indicated an increase of 1,000,000 
gallons per day, which was, upon investigation, found to be due to a 
leak in a cement-lined pipe from which the water was escaping into" 
the Mystic River. In another case a 3-inch main in Brighton was 
found to be broken, causing a leak, the water escaping into a sewer. 
The amount of leakage in this case was also about 1,000,000 gallons 
per day. 

Pressure Regulators and Recording Gages. 

There are eight automatic valves connected with the distribution 
system. Seven of these have been in constant use during the year 
to regulate the pressure in the mains in Xahant, Swampscott, Win- 
throp, Revere, Chelsea, East Boston high service and Lexington, 
and are in good condition. 

The recording pressure gages connected with the distribution sys- 
tem have been in constant use and the average maximum and mini- 
mum elevations of the water, due to the pressure at nineteen points 
in different parts of the District, are given in Appendix !N~o. 2, Table 
"No. 42. The gage in Winthrop has been moved from the Water 
W T orks office to the Town Hall on Herman Street. 

Electrolysis. ■ 

~No complete electrical survey of the Metropolitan water mains 
was made during the past year, but special measurements have been 
made from time to time, and a careful examination was made of the 
pipes removed from Boylston Street, in Cambridge as described on 
page 118. The iron of these pipes, which was originally 1.4 inches in 
thickness, was found to be so badly decomposed that over considerable 
areas the material could be easily cut with a knife to a depth of from 
% to % of an inch. In seven lengths of pipe there were pittings one 
inch in depth. Along the bottom of one pipe there was a continuous 
pitting in the form of a groove about 3 inches wide, % of an inch 
deep and 10% feet long, and in one pipe four holes were made en- 
tirely through the iron while cleaning out the pittings. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 123 

Joints of wood, in place of the ordinary lead joints, have been set 
on all new pipe lines laid during the year, at intervals of about 500 
feet, for the purpose of preventing currents of electricity from fol- 
lowing the mains. 

Clinton Sewerage. 

Pumping Station. 

The Clinton sewage-disposal works were in daily operation 
throughout the year. The quantity of sewage pumped to the filter- 
beds was 829,000 gallons per day, a decrease of 25,000 gallons per 
day from the preceding year. 

Following are statistics relating to the operation of the pumping 
station : — 

Daily average quantity of sewage pumped (gallons), . . . 829,000 

Daily average quantity of coal consumed (pounds), . . . 1,509 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, . 549 

Number of days pumping, 365 

Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, $1,946 04 

Fuel, . . . 1,217 32 

Repairs and supplies, 382 56 

Total for station, . . r . $3,545 92 

Cost per million gallons pumped, $11,721 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 0.239 

There has been installed in the pump well a 2-inch hydraulic agi- 
tator for use in stirring up the sediment from the sewage, which col- 
lects around the foot valve of the pump. The pump plungers have 
been refitted, and a complete set of 72 new rubber valves placed in 
the pump. The woodwork of both the exterior and interior of the 
pumping station has been painted. 

Filter-beds. 

The filter-beds were used in rotation throughout the year, except 
as interrupted by the work of placing carriers on the beds and the 
building of sludge beds. Each bed has received an average of 61,100 



124 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 

All of 



gallons of sewage in thirty minutes about once in two days. 
the beds were used during the winter season. 

The sludge collected in the settling basins, amounting to 688 cubic 
yards, has all been used on grass lands belonging to the Board at the 
pumping station and the Wachusett Dam and on the JSTorth Dike. 

The results of the mechanical analyses of the sewage and effluent 
are given in the following table : — 







[Parts pei 


• 100,000 
















1906. 


1907. 


1908. 


1909. 


Aver- 
age of 
Four 
Years, 

1906-09. 


1910. 


Whole 




Janu- 
ary to 
June. 


July 
to De- 
cember. 


Year, 
1910. 


Albuminoid ammonia, sewage, 


.8558 


.8442 


.5735 


.7425 


.754 


.6633 


.7467 


.7050 


Albuminoid ammonia, effluent, . 


.0955 


.0744 


.0554 


.0819 


.0768 


.0745 


.0628 


.0686 


Per cent, removed, 


89 


91 


90 


89 


89.7 


89 


92 


90.3 


Oxygen consumed, sewage, 




9.84 


7.87 


3.43 


7.04 


7.045 


6.10 


7.2150 


6.658 


Oxygen consumed, effluent, 




1.34 


1.07 


0.765 


1.165 


1.085 


1.098 


0.6742 


.8863 


Per cent, removed, 




86 


87 


78 


83 


83.5 


82 


91 


86.7 


Free ammonia, sewage, 




3.5650 


3.8342 


4.6193 


4.6283 


4.1617 


3.5700 


4.203 


3.8867 


Free ammonia, effluent, 




1.2723 


1.3176 


1.3722 


1.2917 


1.3134 


.9613 


.3373 


.6493 


Per cent, removed, 




64 


66 


70 


70 


67.5 


73 


92 


83.3 


Nitrogen as nitrates, effluent, 


.1445 


.1664 


.1468 


.2319 


.1724 


.3825 


1.085 


.7338 


Iron, effluent, .... 


2.1042 


2.2454 


1.8100 


1.7633 


1.9807 


.9200 


.3590 


.6395 



A comparison of the column showing the average results for the 
four years preceding 1910 with the results for the past year indi- 
cates that a very material improvement in the condition of the efflu- 
ent has been accomplished through the construction of the under- 
drainage system and the placing of distributors on the surface of the 
beds during the past three years. The free ammonia in the effluent 
was less than one-half and the iron less than one-third of the average 
of the previous four years. 

The cost of maintaining the filter-beds, exclusive of the cost of 
placing distributors on the beds and building two new sludge beds, 
has been as follows : — 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 125 

Labor, $3,228 06 

Supplies and expenses, . . . . 125 36 

Total, $3,353 42 

Cost per million gallons treated, 11 24 

The increase in the cost of labor is due to the extra labor required 
to keep the surface of the beds clear of weeds, on account of the con- 
struction of the distributors. 

There has been constructed a small shed for the storage of wagons, 
farming implements, tools, etc., at a cost of $139.69. 

Daily tests of the sewage and effluent, to determine the amount of 
dissolved oxygen and iron, have been made by the keeper in charge 
of the beds. 

During the preceding two years extensive additions were made to 
the effective filtering area, the underdrainage system and surface 
distributors. 

Continuing along the same line of improvements, in the past year 
there have been built carriers with concrete bottoms and plank sides 
upon 15 of the remaining 17 beds, thereby equipping 22 of the 24 
one-acre beds. The total length of carriers constructed was 2,844 feet. 
Carriers have not been built on the 2 remaining beds, pending the 
removal of about 3 feet of undesirable filtering material at present 
on the top of these beds. 

Two beds each 150 feet x 200 feet between centres of embank- 
ments, with a filtering prism of gravel and coarse sand 5 feet in 
depth, and an aggregate area of 1.06 acres, together with the neces- 
sary manholes, distributing pipes, gates and underdrains, have been 
constructed at the southeast corner of the filter-beds near the settling 
tanks. These beds are designed to have sufficient capacity to re- 
ceive and care for the sludge from two settling basins at the same 
time, and are to be used for this purpose in place of two of the 
regular filter-beds which have been used for several years but which 
were not of sufficient area and not conveniently located. 

Work was begun upon the construction of the concrete carriers 
on May 9, and they were completed on July 2, at a cost of $2,808.42, 
or 99 cents per linear foot. Work on the construction of the sludge 
beds was begun on August 15, and they were completed on ^Tovember 



126 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

18, at a total cost of $4,895.61. All of this work was done by day 
labor. The total amount expended in improving these beds during 
the past year has been $7,704.03, and the total expended during the 
past three years, $17,584.87. 

Engineering. 

The greater portion of the time of the engineering force employed 
upon matters pertaining to the maintenance and operation of the 
works has been devoted to the superintendence of the operation of 
the Venturi meters and of the flow of water from the several reser- 
voirs through the aqueducts; the determination of the quantities of 
water used in the several municipalities ; the tabulation of the rec- 
ords of rainfall as measured at twelve stations on the works, of the 
elevations of the several storage and distributing reservoirs, and of 
the pressures in the mains at different points in the Metropolitan 
District ; the making of calculations to determine the yield of the sev- 
eral watersheds, the quantities delivered by the several aqueducts, the 
quantities pumped at the several pumping stations and the cost of 
pumping, the testing of coal and oil, and the examination of the pipes 
to determine the injury from electrolytic action. 

Special engineering work done during the year in connection with 
the maintenance of the works has included the giving of lines and 
grades and superintending the construction of filter-beds and distrib- 
uting carriers at the Clinton sewerage filter-beds and of the new 
drainage system at Lake Cochituate. A survey of Framingham 
Reservoir !N"o. 3 has been completed, and plans made on a scale of 
100 feet to an inch showing the present high-water mark with refer- 
ence to the lines of the property belonging to the Board ; a survey of 
Framingham Reservoir ~No. 2, for the purpose of making similar 
plans, is now in progress; plans upon the same scale have also been 
completed, showing the existing shore and property lines around 
Lake Cochituate, and the location of the Sudbury and Cochituate 
aqueducts with the location of adjoining property lines and the names 
of present owners. 

Appended to this report are tables giving the amount of work done 
and other information relative to contracts, a series of tables relating 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 127 

to the maintenance of the Metropolitan Water Works, including the 
rainfall, yield of sources of supply, consumption of water in the 
different districts, the number of service pipes, meters and fire hy- 
drants in the Metropolitan Water District, and a summary of statis- 
tics for 1910. 

Respectfully submitted, 

DEXTER BRACKETT, 

Chief Engineer. 
Boston, January 2, 1911. 



128 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



EEPOET OF CHIEF ENGINEEE OF SEWEEAGE 

WOEKS. 



To the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 

Gentlemen : — The following is a report of the operations of 
the Engineering Department of the Metropolitan Sewerage Works 
for the year ending December 31, 1910. 

Organization. 

The engineering organization during the year has been as fol- 
lows : — 

Division Engineers : 

Frederick D. Smith, . In charge of maintenance and construction, 

South Metropolitan System. 

Frank I. Capen, . . In charge of maintenance and construction, 

North Metropolitan System. 

Henry T. Stiff, . . In charge of office and drafting room. 

In addition to the above, there were employed at the end of the 
year 13 engineering and other assistants. 

METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE DISTRICTS. 
Areas and Populations. 

During the year no changes have been made in the extent of the 
sewerage districts. The area of the North Metropolitan District 
remains at 90.50 square miles, and of the South Metropolitan Dis- 
trict at 100.87 square miles, — a total, inclusive of water surfaces, 
of 191.37 square miles. These districts include the whole or parts 
of 25 cities and towns, as set forth in the following table. 

The populations in the table are based on the census of 1910. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



129 



Table showing Areas and Estimated Populations within the Metropolitan 
Sewerage District, as of December 31, 1910. 



City or Town. 


Area (Square 
Miles). 


Estimated 
Population. 




Arlington, .......... 


5.20 


11,490 




Belmont, 
















4.66 


5,720 




Boston (portions of), 
















3.45 


103,007 


13 
eS 


Cambridge, . 
















6.11 


105,920 


Chelsea, 
















2.24 


33,090 


-*^> 


Everett, 
















3.34 


34,310 


"o . 


Lexington , ' . 
















5.11 


4,140 


p.g 


Maiden, 
















5.07 


45,260 


"S+ 3 ■ 


Medford, 
















8.35 


23,720 


iS.a 


Melrose, 
















3.73 


15,930 


Revere, 
















5.86 


18,870 


<*9 


Somerville, . 
















3.96 


78,500 


o 


Stoneham, . 
















5.50 


7,250 


iz; 


Wakefield, . 
Winchester, . 
Winthrop, 
Woburn, 
















7.65 

5.95 

1.61 

12.71 


11,580 

9,480 

10,480 

15,470 




on ^n 


WA °17 


el 

e3 


Boston (portions of), . 


yu. ok} 
20.39 


183,000 




Brookline, 
















6.81 


28,410 


o 


Dedham, 1 


















9.40 


9,350 


8.2 


Hyde Park, . 


















4.57 


15,740 




Milton, 


















12.59 


8,060 


S-jS 


Newton, 


















16.88 


40,420 


2° 


Quincy, 


















12.56 


33,320 


O 


Waltham, 


















13.63 


28,220 


Watertown, . 


















4.04 


13,150 


GO 


mn °7 


^vi A7n 




IKJU.OI 


ojy,u(u 




Totals, 


















191.37 


893,887 



1 Part of town. 



METROPOLITAN SEWERS. 

Sewers Purchased and Constructed and their- Connections. 

During the year no additions by purchase or otherwise have been 
made within the sewerage districts, so that there are now 101.985 
miles of Metropolitan sewers. Of this total, 8.79 miles of sewers, 
with the Quincy pumping station, have been purchased from cities 
and towns of the districts, the remaining 93.195 miles of Metropoli- 
tan sewers and other works having been constructed by the Metro- 
politan boards. 

The locations, lengths and sizes of these sewers are given in the 
following tables, together with other data referring to the public and 
special connections with the system : — 



130 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



North Metropolitan System. 







03 




Special Connections. 


CITY OR TOWN. 


Size of Sewers. 


s 

a 


j Conr 
s, Dect 
31, 191C 


Character or Location of 


el a 






-1-3 
£3 


3.2 ® 


Connection. 








0) 


3 +jX3 




£o 






^ 


Pi 




fc 


Boston: — 












Deer Island, 


6' 3" to 9' 


1.367 


4 


— _ 


_ 


East Boston, 


9' to 1' 


5.467 


24 


Shoe factory, .... 


i 


Charlestown, 


6' 7"X7' 5" to 1', 


3.292 


" i 


Navy Yard, .... 
Almshouse, .... 


8 
1 








Club House 


1 


Winthrop, 


9', 




11. 


Fire Dept. Station, 


1 








, 


Private Building, . 

Bakery, ..... 

Rendering works, . 


1 
1 
1 


Chelsea, 


8' 4"X9' 2" to 1' 10"X2' 4", 


5.123 


10. 

> 


Metropolitan Water Works 
blow-off, .... 

Chelsea Water Works blow- 
off, 

Metropolitan Water Works 
blow-off, .... 


1 
2 
1 


Everett, 


8'2"X8'10"to4'8"X5'l", 


2.925 


6. 


Cameron Appliance Co., 
Shultz-Goodwin Co., 
Andrews- Wasgatt Co., . 
Metropolitan Water Works 


1 
1 
1 


Maiden, . 


4'6"X4' 10" to 1'3", . 


4.493» 


28. 


blow-off, .... 
Private buildings, . 


1 
143 








■ 


Private buildings, . 


109 


Melrose, 


4' 6"X4' 10" to 10", . 


6.099^ 


35. 


Factory, ..... 
Railroad station, . 


1 
1 


Cambridge, . 


5'2"X5'9" to 1'3", . 


7.167 


37 { 

f 
10, 


Slaughter house, 
City Hospital, 


1 

2 








Tannery, .... 


1 








Slaughter-houses (3), 


1 


Somerville, 


6'5"X7'2"tol'10"X2'3", 


3.471 


Car-house, .... 
Street railway power house, . 


1 
1 










Stable 


1 










Rendering works, . 


1 








21. 


Armory building, . 


1 


Medford, 


4' 8"X5' 1" to 10", . 


5.359 


Private buildings, . 

Stable, 


8 
1 










Police sub-station, . 


1 








; 


Tannery, .... 
Private buildings, . 


4 
2 


Winchester, . 


2' 11"X3' 3" to 1' 3", . 


6.428 


13 


Gelatine factory, . 

Stable, 

Railroad station, 


1 
1 
1 


Stoneham, 


1' 3" to 10", 


0.010 


4 - 


- 


- 


Woburn, 


1' 10"X2'4" to 1'3", . 


0.933 


3 


Glue factory, .... 
Private buildings, . 


1 
130 


Arlington, 


1' 8" to 10", 


3.520 3 


35 


Railroad station, . 
Car-house, .... 
Post Office, .... 


1 
3 
1 


Belmont, 4 


- 


- 


3 


- 


- 


Wakefield, « . 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


Revere, . 


4' to 3' 


0.048 


2 




- 




58.5666 


261 


442 



1 Includes .988 of a mile of sewer purchased from the city of Maiden. 

* Includes .736 of a mile of sewer purchased from the city of Melrose. 
3 Includes 2.631 miles of sewer purchased from the town of Arlington. 

* The Metropolitan sewer extends but a few feet into the towns of Belmont and Wakefield. 

1 Includes 2.787 miles of Mystic River valley sewer in Medford, Winchester and Woburn, running 
parallel with the Metropolitan sewer. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



131 



South Metropolitan System. 









■ i 

w S3 


Special Connections. 








si»o 










i 






S3 A 


CITY OR TOWN. 


Size of Sewers. 


.2 




Character or Location of 


.3 o 

S 03 









3.2 <» 


Connection. 


c a 






<D 


3 +a.Q 




2o 






^ 


Ph 




£ 








[ 


Tufts Medical School, . 


1 








1 


Private house, 


1 


Boston (Back Bay), 


6' 6" to 3' 9". 


1.5001 


13 i 


Administration Building, 

Boston Park Department, 

Simmons College buildings, . 

Art Museum, .... 


1 
1 
2 


Boston (Brighton), 


5' 9"X6' 0" to 12", . 


6.010 2 


12 


Abattoir, .... 
Chocolate works, 


3 
2 


Boston (Dorches- 
ter). 


3'X4' to 2' 6"X2' 7", . 


2.8703 


10 


Machine shop, 

Paper mill, .... 

Private buildings, . 


1 

1 
2 


Boston (Roxbury), 


6' 6"X7', 4' 0", . 


1.430 


( 


Parental school, 


1 


Boston (West Rox- 


9'3"XlO'2"to 12", . 


7.600 


9 


Lutheran Evangelical Church, 


1 


bury). 






i 


Private buildings, . 


4 


Brooldine, 


6' 6"X7' 0" to 8", 


2.540 4 


12 


- - 


- 


Dedham, 


4'X4' 1" to 3' 9"X3' 10", . 


2.350 


5 


- 


- 


Hull, . 


60" pipe 


0.750 


- 


- 


- 


Hyde Park, . 


10'7"XH'7"to4'X4'l", . 


4.527 


17 { 


Mattapan Paper Mills, . 
Private buildings, . 


1 
2 


Milton, . 


ll'X12'to8", 


3.600 


18 


- - 


- 


Newton, 


4'2"X4' 9" to 1'3", . 


2.911 


6 


Private houses, 


2 


Quincy, . 


11' 3"X12' 6" to 24" pipe, . 


6.580 


10 


- 


- 


Walt ham, 


3' 6"X4', .... 


0.001 


1 


- - 


- 


Water town, 


4' 2"X4' 9" to 12", . 


0.750 5 


*{ 


Factories, .... 
Stanley Motor Carriage Co., . 


2 
1 




43.419 


119 


29 



1 Includes .355 of a mile of sewer purchased from the city of Boston. 

2 Includes .446 of a mile of pipe and concrete sewers built for the use of the city of Boston; also, .026 
of a mile of sewer purchased from the town of Watertown. 

3 Includes 1.24 miles of sewer purchased from the city of Boston. 

4 Includes .158 of a mile of pipe sewer built for the use of the town of Brookline. 
6 Includes .025 of a mile of sewer purchased from the town of Watertown. 



Cost of Construction. 

[To December 31, 1910.] 

The cost of the 101.985 miles of Metropolitan sewers enumerated 
above, including six pumping stations, screen-house, electric lift sta- 
tion, siphons and appertaining structures, may be summarized as 
follows: — 



North Metropolitan System, 
South Metropolitan System, 



$6,521,196 15 
8,792,779 64 



$15,313,975 79 



132 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Information relating to areas, populations, local sewer connections 
and other data for the whole Metropolitan Sewerage District appear 
in the following table : — 



North Metropolitan District. 



Area 
(Square 
Miles). 



90.50 



Estimated 

Total 
Population. 



534,217 



Miles of 
Local Sewer 
connected. 



669.07 



Estimated 

Population 

contributing 

Sewage. 



465,302 



Ratio of 

Contributing 

Population 

to Total 
Population 
(Per Cent.). 



87.1 



Connections made 

with Metro- 
politan Sewers. 



Public. 



261 



Special. 



442 



South Metropolitan District. 


100.87 


359,670 


542.25 


230,365 


64.0 


119 


29 


Entire Metropolitan District. 


191.37 


893,887 


1,211.32 


695,667 


77.8 


380 


471 



Of the estimated gross population of 893,887 on December 31, 
1910, 695,667 representing 77.8 per cent., were on that date con- 
tributing sewage to the Metropolitan sewers, through a total length 
of 1,211.32 miles of local sewers owned by the individual munici- 
palities. These sewers are connected with the Metropolitan System 
by 380 public and 471 special connections. It appears, also, that 
there has been during the year an increase of 34.75 miles of local 
sewers connected with the Metropolitan System, and that 21 public 
and 8 special connections have been added. 



Pumping Stations and Pumpage. 

The following table shows the average daily volume of sewage 
lifted at each of the six Metropolitan pumping stations during the 
year, as compared with the corresponding volumes for the previous 
year : — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



133 



PUMPING STATION. 



Deer Island, 

East Boston, 

Charlestown, 

Alewife Brook, .... 

Quincy 

Ward Street (actual gallons pumped), 



Average Daily Pumpage. 



Jan. 1, 1909, to 
Dec. 31, 1909. 



Gallons. 
60,600,000 

58,600,000 

32,100,000 

3,358,000 

4,163,000 

22,700,000 



Jan. 1, 1910, to 
Dec. 31, 1910. 



Gallons. 
59,000,000 

57,000,000 

34,300,000 

3,585,000 

4,132,000 

22,900,000 



Increase during the 
Year. 



Gallons. 
1,600,000' 

1,600,0001 

2,200,000 

227,000 
31,000i 

200,000 



Per Cent. 
2.6i 

2.7i 

6.9 

6.8 

0.7i 

0.9 



1 Decrease. 



CONSTRUCTION. 

NORTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM. 

Deer Island Pumping Station. 

The construction provided for in chapter 566 of the Legislative 
Acts of 1908 for extensions and additions to the Deer Island pump- 
ing station has been practically completed during the year. The 
additions to the pumping plant, including the 100,000,000-gallon 
pump, four boilers, economizer and piping, are fully installed, and 
have been operated in the continuous working service of the house 
since early in April. 

During the year, by-pass channels on the main sewer under the 
screen-house have been completed by day labor. Contracts for new 
screening machinery for both the by-pass channel and the main sewer 
were made with the Hyde Windlass Company of Bath, Me., May 16, 
1910. This new screening machinery has been placed by the engi- 
neers of the Department ; on the by-pass channel, the new screens 
have been in operation since early in October. On the main sewer, 
the screens and machinery will be ready for operation early in Feb- 
ruary. 

During the year, two new electric generators, furnished by B. F. 
Sturtevant Company of Hyde Park, of l'P/k kilowatt capacity each, 
have been placed in the new engine room; new wiring and new elec- 
trical fixings and fixtures have been introduced in the new and old 
engine rooms, the boiler room, coal house and screen rooms. A ma- 
chine shop has been fitted up at the end of the coal house with small 



134 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

power engine, lathe, power drills, grinders, work benches, forge and 
blacksmith's outfit. This work has been placed by the engineers of 
the Department. 

During the year, day-labor forces under the direction of the engi- 
neer have placed a masonry floor in the new engine house and a new 
tiled floor in the new and old engine rooms and screen room. Wooden 
bulkheads and posts in the old coal house have been replaced during 
the year by reinforced concrete posts and bulkheads. 

Test of Deer Island Engine. 

Tests of the 100,000, 000-gallon engine at Deer Island, as specified 
in the contract with the Allis-Chalmers Company, were made Novem- 
ber 30 and December 1, 1910. These tests were made under the 
immediate direction of Frank I. Capen, Division Engineer, and 
William M. Erancis, Mechanical Engineer, for the Metropolitan 
Sewerage Works, and J. R. Belknap, Mechanical Engineer for the 
Allis-Chalmers Company. 

This engine, pump, piping and four new boilers and appurte- 
nances were furnished by the Allis-Chalmers Company of Milwau- 
kee, Wis., under a contract dated November 3, 1908. 

The pump was erected between October, 1909, and February, 
1910, and was first operated in February, 1910. By agreement be- 
tween the Board and the Allis-Chalmers Company it has been oper- 
ated on the regular service of the station since April, 1910, prior to 
the official test and acceptance by the Board. 

The following tables contain principal dimensions of engine and 
boilers : — 

Principal Dimensions of Engine and Pump. 

Diameter H. P. cylinder (inches), . ....... 18 

Diameter I. P. cylinder (inches), ..32 

Diameter L. P. cylinder (inches), . . .46 

Stroke of pistons (inches), 30 

Diameter of suction (inches), 60 

Diameter of discharge (inches), 60 

Revolutions per minute, 80 to 104 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



135 



Principal Dimensions of Boilers 

Steam pressure (pounds), 

Diameter of shell inside smallest ring (inches), 

Thickness of plates (inches), 

Diameter of furnace inside (inches), 

Length of furnace (feet), 

Length of tubes (feet), . 

Diameter of tubes (inches), . 

Number of tubes, . 

Length of grate (feet), . 

Width of grate (feet), . 



125 

98 

18 /l6 

48 
13 
13 

2% 
130 

6 

4 



Contract Requirements. 

The contract provides that the engine shall fulfil the following 
requirements : — 

Capacity, 100,000,000 United States gallons per twenty-four 
hours with lift of 19 feet. 

The actual head against which the pump is acting to be measured 
every fifteen minutes by a mercury or other approved gage at a point 
near the pump end of the discharge channel. This credits the pump 
with all friction through the Venturi meter, check valves and dis- 
charge channels. 

Duty guaranteed, 96,500,000 foot-pounds of work for each 1,000 
pounds of commercially dry steam used by the engine and auxiliary 
pump supplied by the Contractor. Steam containing less than 1% 
per cent, of entrained water, as determined by calorimeter measure- 
ments, to be considered as commercially dry steam. 

The pump to discharge into the varying elevations of the tide. 

The duration of the test to be twelve hours, starting at low tide, 
with a minimum lift of 9 feet, and gradually rising to 19 feet at 
high tide. 

The actual elevations in the suction channel to be measured every 
fifteen minutes by a gage in the suction manhole. The average of 
all the varying lifts to be used in determining the duty of the pump. 

The quantity of sewage lifted to be determined from meter read- 
ings taken once every fifteen minutes during the trial by a ma- 
nometer on the Venturi meter. The sewage to be screened, and to 
consist of about two-thirds ordinary domestic sewage and about one- 



136 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

third sea water, introduced into the sewer at convenient points above 
the station. 

The engine to be operated continuously during the twelve hours of 
the trial, under the conditions before outlined, and supplied with 
steam of not more than 125 pounds pressure per square inch by gage 
at the throttle valve. 

The trials of the engine to be conducted jointly by the Engineer 
and a representative of the Contractor. 

If the duty determined by the official trials of the engine were 
found to be less than that guaranteed by the Contractor, the sum of 
$500 for each 1,000,000 foot-pounds of work unperformed below 
the guaranteed duty, and pro rata for fractional parts, would be de- 
ducted from the price bid by the Contractor. If the duty shown by 
the official trials of the engine were 10 per cent, less than that guar- 
anteed in the contract, the Board might reject the engine. 

The type and design of the boilers were specified in the contract, 
so that no formal boiler tests were required. 

Trial 

To furnish the 100,000,000 gallons of water required during the 
test, tide water was allowed to enter the sewer through the tide gates 
at Maiden River. This tide water furnished about one-third of the 
total quantity required. To regulate the quantity to be pumped to 
the rate of 100,000,000 gallons per twenty-four hours, the check valve 
of the No. 1 pump at the station was braced open. JSTo. 1 pump and 
engine were also braced so that they could not move. By operating the 
penstock valve on the suction of this pump, water was allowed to now 
back from the discharge sewer in sufficient quantity to give the 100,- 
000,000 gallons per twenty-four hours required during the test. The 
water in the suction sewer was held at approximately elevation 98, and 
the elevation in the discharge sewer varied with the tide. 

Three boilers furnished the steam used during the test. Steam 
was conveyed to the engine through one of the duplicate lines of 
8-inch steam main, and in order that the leakage should be reduced 
to the minimum, all connections between this duplicate main and 
auxiliary steam lines were blanked off by plates inserted between 
flanges of pipes. 

The feed water was taken directly from the city main, weighed in 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 137 

barrels on platform scales and fed to the boilers by the feed pump 
connected with the engine. For this service a temporary 3-inch 
pipe line was extended to the economizer. 

Quarter-hour observations were made of all pressure gages and 
other apparatus used in connection with the test. The elevation of 
water in the discharge channel was determined by a mercury gage, 
and the quantities of sewage pumped were determined by a ma- 
nometer attached to the Venturi meter. The height of the water in 
the suction channel was determined by a hook gage. Calorimeter 
measurements of the moisture- in the steam were made hourlv dur- 
ing the test. 

All observations were made both by representatives of the Metro- 
politan Water and Sewerage Board and the Allis-Chalmers Com- 
pany. 

Trial Data and Results. 

Date of trial, November 30 and December 1, 1910 

Duration of trial, 12 hours 

Average Pressures. 

Steam at boilers (pounds), 127.70 

Steam at throttle (pounds), 126.50 

First receiver (pounds), 20.10 

Second receiver (inches of mercury), . . . . . 5.83 

Vacuum, . . . . r 25.20 

Head Pumped against. 

Average elevation in suction channel, 98.20 

Average net head pumped against, 14.74 

Average elevation in discharge channel corrected for losses in 

discharge pipe, Venturi meter, and check valve, . . . 112.94 

Minimum head pumped against, 10.88 

Maximum head pumped against, ....... 18.20 

Revolutions. 

Total revolutions during test, 68,797.00 

Average revolutions per minute, 95.55 

Useful Work performed by Engine. 

Total water pumped (United States gallons per twenty-four 

hours), 100,700,000 



138 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Water fed to Boilers, 

Total water weighed (pounds), 55,987 

Deduct leakage from boilers, pipes, valves and waste from 

calorimeter, 906 

Total steam chargeable to engine, . . . .... . 55,081 

Average entrainment of moisture in steam entering engine in 

excess of 1% per cent. (0.19 per cent.), 105 

Total dry steam used by engine (pounds), 54,976 

Duty. 
Duty on foot-pounds per 1,000 pounds commercially dry steam 

corrected for losses, 112,800,000 

Duty foot-pounds per 1,000 pounds water fed to boilers, . . 110,753,300 

Horse Power and Efficiency. 

Average indicated horse power, 391.92 

Average water horse power, 260.96 

Efficiency per cent., 66.60 

Water per indicated horse power per hour, 11.69 

The duty developed by this engine during its tests of 112,800,000 
foot-pounds of work for each 1,000 pounds of commercially dry 
steam used exceeds the duty of 96,500,000 foot-pounds guaranteed 
by the engine builders in their contract by 16.9 per cent. 

The efficiency of the pump and engine developed in the test, and 
expressed in a ratio of useful work accomplished to indicated steam 
horse power developed, was QQ.Q per cent. This exceeds by 20 per 
cent, the efficiency developed by other engines in this station. 

The new plant, including engine, pump, boiler and appurtenances, 
operated satisfactorily during the tests, and has continued to give 
satisfactory results since that date in the regular service of the 
station. 

Except for minor repairs, during the year of probation specified 
in the contract, the plant is in condition for formal acceptance. 

East Boston Pumping Station. 

Chapters 556 and 582 of the Acts of 1908 provided for repairs to 
the East Boston station, burned in April, 1908, and for new engine, 
boiler and coal houses and wharf, with an additional engine, boilers, 
piping and connections. ' 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 139 

As outlined in the last report contracts for repairs to the old sta- 
tion and construction for the new buildings were made in 1909. The 
building contracts were fully completed as early as November 1, 
1910. On July 15, 1910, a contract was made with the John T. 
Scully Foundation and Transportation Company for pile wharf, 
steel floor and coal runs. The work under this contract was com- 
pleted on November 30, 1910. 

The wharf is about 40 feet wide at the northerly end of the coal 
house and extends along the rear of the house for its entire length, 
varying in width from 10 to 20 feet. This contract included the 
placing of two coal runs with steel framing. The wharf is built 
with spruce piles and spurshores and oak fender piles. These are 
framed with a capping of steel channel irons and diagonal braces of 
angle irons. It is intended that the wharf construction shall be fire- 
proof. To accomplish this, the steel frames and piles are to be 
surrounded with concrete and the wharf deck to be of reinforced 
concrete. This concrete work will be done by day labor under the 
direction of the Engineer. A portion of the wharf deck at the end 
of the coal house has been placed and some of the piles surrounded 
by concrete. This work will be completed in the spring. A con- 
crete retaining wall at the easterly end of the coal house, to defend 
the approach to the wharf, has been placed during the year by day 
labor. 

As stated in last year's report, a contract was made with the Allis- 
Chalmers Company of Milwaukee for one 100,000,000-gallon cen- 
trifugal pump and engine. The parts for this engine arrived about 
December 1, and are now being erected. The engine may be in con- 
dition to operate some time during the month of March. 

The foundations for this pump and engine have been constructed 
by day labor, under the direction of the Engineer, together with the 
floor of the basement of the new engine room, of concrete reinforced 
with twisted steel. The main floor of the new engine room was also 
placed by day labor. It is of framed steel beams surrounded by con- 
crete and covered with a floor of reinforced concrete. The suction 
channel leading from the pump well to the new engine has been en- 
larged for a length of 28 feet, and is now equivalent in area to a 
pipe 60 inches in diameter. This work has been done by day labor. 

The boilers mentioned in the last report as contracted for with the 



140 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Robb-Mumford Company have arrived, and have been placed on 
foundations in the new boiler room, and at the date of this report 
are equipped and connected and will be in condition to use about 
the first of March. 

Two economizers of 144 3-inch tubes each have been furnished 
and erected in the boiler room by the B. F. Sturtevant Company. 
The necessary piping and connections between the engine and boilers 
are to be made at a later date by the Board. 

Stable and Locker Building. 

A concrete sea wall has been constructed along the rear of the 
locker building lot at the corner of Addison and Chelsea streets. The 
foundations for a stable and locker building 28 feet x 65 feet, two 
stories high, have been built. The building itself is about half 
completed. 

The foundations and building are of reinforced concrete, includ- 
ing floors and roof. The windows and doors are of steel and the 
roof will be covered with a terra cotta promenade tile. It is believed 
that the building will be fire-proof. The work is being done by day 
labor under the direction of the Engineer. 

SOUTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM. 

Sewage Lift at Hough's Neck, Quincy. 

Chapter 424 of the Acts of 1899, the High-level Sewer Act, pro- 
vides that the Board shall construct such pumping stations as shall 
enable the city of Quincy to drain its sewerage systems by gravity 
into the Metropolitan sewers. 

The mayor of Quincy notified the Board of the intention of the 
city to construct sewers in low areas at Hough's Neck in the vicinity 
of Island Avenue, the drainage from which will require to be lifted to 
the High-level Sewer. 

Chapter 292 of the Acts of 1910 authorized the Board to expend 
such sums as may be required, from unexpended balances of appro- 
priations, to construct necessary works to enable the city of Quincy 
to drain, by gravity, its territory into the High-level Sewer. 

The territory for which relief has been requested includes the 
easterly and southerly ends of Hough's Neck, involving an ultimate 
area of 170 acres. This district will ultimately be served by about 
8 miles of local sewers. At present, about 3 miles of local sewers 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 141 

are to be built, and it may be many years before more territory will 
need drainage. The drainage from the area to be sewered at once 
will be very small. The point at which it will naturally be collected 
is at the Commonwealth's lot on the westerly side of Island Avenue. 
This lot is about half a mile distant from the Nut Island screen- 
house. Provision has been made for lifting this small amount of 
sewage by an automatic electrically-actuated lift, maintained and 
operated by the engineers at the Nut Island screen-house. The 
power for this service is furnished by generators at the Nut Island 
screen-house. 

The works include a concrete storage and pump well holding 50,000 
gallons ; electrical conduits connecting with the Nut Island screen- 
house two 6-inch centrifugal pumps of 1,500,000 gallons capacity, 
each per day actuated by electrical motors ; a sewage lift building 14 
feet square, covering the pump well, of brick with Quincy granite 
trimmings and red slate roof. 

Contracts for carrying out the work have been made as follows : — 

John Casliman &.Sons Company, receiving basin, foundations and appurte- 
nances, dated August 29, 1910. 

B. F. Sturtevant Company, motors and pumping machinery, dated October 
21, 1910. 

C. A. Dodge Company, station building, dated November 14, 1910. 

At the date of this report the Cashman contract is completed, with 
the exception of some grading and placing of loam. The building 
is constructed, the pumps are installed and the plant will be ready 
to operate in the early spring. 

MAINTENANCE. 

Scope op Work and Force Employed. 

The maintenance of the Metropolitan Sewerage System includes 
the operation of 1 stations and 101.985 miles of Metropolitan sew- 
ers, receiving the discharge from 1,211.32 miles of town and city 
sewers at 380 points, together with the care and study of inverted 
siphons under streams and in the harbor. 

The permanent maintenance force of 148 men includes 88 engi- 
neers and other employes at the pumping stations, and 60 men em- 
ployed on actual sewer maintenance and care of pumping station 
grounds. In the following two tables the use of the completed 
systems and other data are shown : — 



142 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



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144 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



CAPACITY AND RESULTS. 

The following tables summarize the pumping records for the year 
for the Metropolitan sewerage stations : — 

North Metropolitan System. 
Deer Island Pumping Station. 

At this station are four submerged centrifugal pumps with im- 
pellers or wheels 8.25 feet in diameter, driven by triple-expansion 
engines of the Reynolds-Corliss type. 

Contract capacity of 1 pump: 100,000,000 gallons, with 19-foot lift. 

Contract capacity of 3 pumps: 45,000,000 gallons each, with 19-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 42,300,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 59,000,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 3 oilers, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screen- 
man. 

Coal used: Georges Creek, Pocahontas and New Eiver, costing from $3,815 to 
$4.13 per gross ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Deer Island Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1910. 
January 


2,662,200,000 


85,900,000 


58,100,000 


134,700,000 


11.92 


45,200,000 


February, 






2,394,900,000 


85,500,000 


54,700,000 


117,200,000 


12.70 


45,700,000 


March, 






2,298,600,000 


74,100,000 


49,600,000 


135,100,000 


11.12 


41,000,000 


April, 






1,677,200,000 


55,900,000 


46,500,000 


72,900,000 


11.24 


40,700,000 


May, 






1,605,700,000 


51,800,000 


43,300,000 


65,000,000 


10.83 


39,000,000 


June, 






1,909,800,000 


63,700,000 


43,800,000 


109,600,000 


11.77 


54,300,000 


July, 






1,525,000,000 


49,200,000 


36,600,000 


64,500,000 


10.09 


41,300,000 


August, . 






1,437,800,000 


46,400,000 


38,800,000 


59,700,000 


10.09 


36,100,000 


September, 






1,382,900,000 


46,100,000 


36,000,000 


62,200,000 


10.03 


41,200,000 


October, . 






1,460,400,000 


47,100,000 


39,100,000 


52,100,000 


9.97 


42,000,000 


November, 




- . 


1,519,000,000 


50,600,000 


34,300,000 


103,800,000 


10.90 


42,100,000 


December, 






1,596,000,000 


51,500,000 


36,000,000 


107,400,000 


10.16 


38,500,000 


Total, 


21,469,500,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


59,000,000 


43,100,000 


90,400,000 


10.90 


42,300,000 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



145 



East Boston Pumping Station. 

At this station are three submerged centrifugal pumps, with im- 
pellers or wheels 8.25 feet in diameter, driven by triple-expansion 
engines of the Reynolds-Corliss type. 

Contract capacity of pumps: 45,000,000 gallons each, with 19-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 45,500,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 57,000,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 3 oilers, 3 screenmen, 1 relief screenman 

and 3 helpers. 
Coal used: New Eiver, costing from $3,545 to $4.20 per gross ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the East Boston Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1910. 
January, .... 


2,600,200,000 


83,900,000 


56,100,000 


132,700,000 


15.75 


50,200,000 


February, 






2,338,900,000 


83,500,000 


52,700,000 


115,200,000 


15.45 


45,600,000 


March, 






2,236,600,000 


72,100,000 


47,600,000 


133,100,000 


15.59 


49,000,000 


April, 






1,617,200,000 


53,900,000 


44,500,000 


70,900,000 


15.23 


47,700,000 


May, 






1,543,700,000 


49,800,000 


41,300,000 


63,000,000 


15.36 


47,800,000 


June, 






1,849,800,000 


61,700,000 


41,800,000 


107,600,000 


15.36 


43,000,000 


July, 






1,463,000,000 


47,200,000 


34,600,000 


62,500,000 


14.78 


35,900,000 


August, . 






1,375,800,000 


44,400,000 


36,800,000 


57,700,000 


14.98 


46,300,000 


September, 






1,322,900,000 


44,100,000 


34,000,000 


60,200,000 


15.08 


45,800,000 


October, . 






1,398,400,000 


45,100,000 


37,100,000 


50,100,000 


15.15 


45,500,000 


November, 






1,459,000,000 


48,600,000 


32,300,000 


101,800,000 


14.70 


48,100,000 


December, 






1,534,000,000 


49,500,000 


34,000,000 


105,400,000 


15.16 


41,400,000 


Total, 


20,739,500,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


57,000,000 


41,100,000 


88,400,000 


15.22 


45,500,000 



146 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Charlestown Pumping Station. 

At this station are three submerged centrifugal pumps, two of 
them having impellers or wheels 7.5 feet in diameter, the other 8.25 
feet in. diameter. They are driven by triple-expansion engines of 
the Reynolds-Corliss type. 

Contract capacity of pumps: two, 22,000,000 gallons each, with 11-foot lift; one, 
60,000,000 gallons, with 8-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 55,500,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 34,300,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 3 oilers, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screen- 
man. 

Coal used: New Eiver, costing from $3,835 to $3.90 per gross ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Charlestown Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 

(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gellons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1910. 
January 


1,383,600,000 


44,600,000 


32,300,000 


69,300,000 


8.60 


60,900,000 


February, 






1,276,000,000 


45,600,000 


36,000,000 


63,200,000 


9.99 


56,200,000 


March, 






1,167,600,000 


3/, 700,000 


26,100,000 


69,400,000 


10.79 


55,100,000 


April, 






1,041,000,000 


34,700,000 


27,200,000 


47,600,000 


10.63 


57,800,000 


May, 






978,200,000 


31,600,000 


25,200,000 


41,700,000 


9.49 


62,300,000 


June, 






1,130,600,000 


37,700,000 


29,000,000 


53,200,000 


8.49 


55,700,000 


July, 






963,100,000 


31,100,000 


25,100,000 


39,500,000 


8.25 


53,700,000 


August, . 






858,700,000 


27,700,000 


22,900,000 


35,800,000 


8.16 


50,100,000 


September, 






879,100,000 


29,300,000 


23,800,000 


39,100,000 


8.20 


53,500,000 


October, . 






853,900,000 


27,500,000 


22,400,000 


31,500,000 


8.12 


53,100,000 


November, 






929,900,000 


31,000,000 


22,400,000 


56,100,000 


8.30 


53,500,000 


December, 






1,008,600,000 


32,500,000 


23,200,000 


55,000,000 


8.34 


54,300,000 


Total, 


12,470,300,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


34,300,000 


26,300,000 


50,100,000 


8.95 


55,500,000 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



147 



Alewife Brook Pumping Station. 

The plant at this station consists of the original installation of 
small commercial pnmps and engines, i.e., two 9-inch Andrews verti- 
cal centrifugal pumps, with direct-connected compound marine en- 
gines, together with the recent additions. The latter consists of a 
specially designed engine of the vertical cross-compound type, hav- 
ing between the cylinders a centrifugal pump rotating on a horizontal 
axis. 

Contract capacity of the two original pumps: 4,500,000 gallons each, with 13-foot 
lift. 

Contract capacity of new pump: 13,000,000 gallons, with 13-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 18,600,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 3,585,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 3 engineers, 1 relief engineer, 2 screenmen, and 1 relief screen- 
man. 

Coal used: New Eiver, Pocahontas and Elk Garden, costing from $4.23 to $4.73 
per gross ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Alewife Brook Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 





Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1910 

January, . 




198,550,000 


6,437,000 


4,201,000 


9,453,000 


12.68 


27,000,000 


February, 






200,420,000 


7,158,000 


5,300,000 


8,701,000 


12.84 


29,200,000 


March, 






196,397,000 


6,335,000 


3,380,000 


9,055,000 


12.81 


26,100,000 


April, 






108,037,000 


3,601,000 


2,928,000 


5,170,000 


12.70 


18,600,000 


May, 






92,462,000 


2,963,000 


2,246,000 


4,260,000 


12.79 


16,900,000 


June, 






100,849,000 


3,362,000 


2,162,000 


5,753,000 


12.75 


18,300,000 


July, 






74,214,000 


2,394,000 


2,036,000 


3,079,000 


12.89 


15,600,000 


August, . 






61,511,000 


1,984,000 


1,742,000 


2,786,000 


12.89 


14,400,000 


September, 






62,496,000 


2,083,000 


1,700,000 


3,380,000 


12.88 


14,200,000 


October, . 






60,063,000 


1,938,000 


1,580,000 


2,550,000 


12.92 


13,700,000 


November, 






70,079,000 


2,336,000 


1,952,000 


4,677,000 


12.94 


14,300,000 


December, 






75,343,000 


2,430,000 


1,868,000 


5,300,000 


12.96 


14,300,000 


Total, 


1,300,421,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


3,585,000 


2,591,000 


5,347,000 


12.84 


18,600,000 



148 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



South Metropolitan System. 
Ward Street Pumping Station. 

At this station are two vertical, triple-expansion pumping en- 
gines, of the Allis-Chalmers type, operating reciprocating pumps, 
the plungers of which are 48 inches in diameter with a 60-inch 
stroke. 

Contract capacity of pumps: 50,000,000 gallons each, with 45-foot lift. 
Average duty for the year: 82,500,000 foot-pounds. 
Average quantity raised each day: 22,900,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 4 oilers, 4 assistant engineers, 1 ma- 
chinist and 1 laborer. 
Coal used: New Eiver, costing from $4,095 to $4.30 per gross ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Ward Street Pumping 
Station of the South Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 

Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Minimum 
Day 

(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1910 

January, . 




982,800,000 


31,700,000 


18,700,000 


60,900,000 


40.73 


98,400,000 


February, 






887,200,000 


31,700,000 


24,300,000 


44,400,000 


41.11 


101,000,000 


March, 






959,000,000 


30,900,000 


24,100,000 


45,200,000 


41.23 


97,000,000 


April, 






697,900,000 


23,300,000 


20,100,000 


28,000,000 


40.21 


81,300,000 


May, 






659,500,000 


21,300,000 


17,500,000 


27,100,000 


40.11 


82,700,000 


June, 






727,000,000 


24,200,000 


17,500,000 


37,100,000 


39.94 


85,000,000 


July, 






621,100,000 


20,000,000 


16,000,000 


28,500,000 


39.73 


82,600,000 


August, . 






534,500,000 


17,200,000 


14,200,000 


21,300,000 


39.28 


74,500,000 


September, 






532,100,000 


17,700,000 


15,200,000 


23,300,000 


4 39.49 


75,000,000 


October, . 






569,900,000 


18,400,000 


15,200,000 


20,300,000 


39.42 


69,200,000 


November, 






596,900,000 


19,900,000 


16,000,000 


39,200,000 


39.50 


73,400,000 


December, 






591,600,000 


19,100,000 


16,300,000 


33,600,000 


39.52 


69,500,000 


Total, 


8,359,500,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


22,900,000 


17,900,000 


34,100,000 


40.02 


82,500,000 



Records from plunger displacement. 
Average slip for the year about 10.4 per cent. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



149 



Quincy Pumping Station. 

At this station are two compound condensing Deane pumping 
engines and one Lawrence centrifugal pump driven by a Sturtevant 
compound condensing engine. 

Contract capacity of pumps: 3,000,000 Deane; 5,000,000 Deane; 10,000,000 Law- 
rence centrifugal. 
Average duty for the year: 33,967,000 foot-pounds. 
Average quantity raised each day: 4,132,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 3 engineers, 1 relief engineer, 2 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 
Coal used: Cumberland, costing from $3.93 to $4.50 per gross ton. 

Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Quincy Pumping Station 

of the South Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 
(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1910 

January, . 




169,784,000 


5,477,000 


3,980,000 


7,720,000 


23.16 


33,100,000 


February, 






160,154,000 


5,720,000 


4,980,000 


6,665,000 


23.12 


35,500,000 


March, 






185,923,000 


5,998,000 


5,015,000 


7,290,000 


23.35 


37,200,000 


April, 






147,770,000 


4,926,000 


4,450,000 


5,175,000 


21.24 


40,100,000 


May, 






139,120,000 


4,488,000 


4,010,000 


5,230,000 


21.27 


40,100,000 


June, 






119,680,000 


3,989,000 


3,620,000 


4,620,000 


21.29 


36,700,000 


July, 






105,690,000 


3,409,000 


3,025,000 


3,635,000 


21.26 


33,600,000 


August, . 






96,505,000 


3,113,000 


2,740,000 


3,460,000 


21.21 


31,700,000 


September, 






88,485,000 


2,950,000 


2,740,000 


3,235,000 


21.22 


29,600,000 


October, . 






89,505,000 


2,887,000 


2,660,000 


3,420,000 


21.18 


29,800,000 


November, 






97,015,000 


3,234,000 


2,830,000 


3,630,000 


21.13 


31,200,000 


December, 






105,325,000 


3,398,000 


3,025,000 


3,940,000 


21.20 


29,000,000 


Total, 


1,504,956,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


4,132,000 


3,590,000 


4,835,000 


21.72 


33,967,000 



Nut Island Screen House. 

The plant at this house includes two sets of screens in duplicate, 
actuated by small reversing engines of the Fitchburg type. Two ver- 
tical Deane boilers, 80 horse-power each, operate the engines, pro- 
vide heat for the house and burn materials intercepted at the screens. 

Average quantity of sewage passing screens daily, 39,600,000 gallons. 
Total materials intercepted at screens during the past year, 1,043.3 cubic yards. 
Materials intercepted per million gallons of sewage discharged, 1.95 cubic feet. 
Force employed: 3 engineers, 1 relief engineer, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screen- 
man. 
Coal used: New Eiver and Cumberland, costing from $3.98 to $4.05 per gross ton. 



150 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Cost of Pumping. 

In the following tables the total cost of pumping and the rate per 
million foot-gallons at each of six pumping stations are shown in 
detail : — 

Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Deer Island Station. 

Volume (21,469.5 Million Gallons) X Lift (10.90 Feet) = 234,017.6 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 


Cost. 


Cost per 

Million 

Foot-gallons. 


Labor, . .....' 




$12,612 60 


$0.05390 


Coal 






10,383 31 


.04437 


Oil, 






384 19 


.00164 


Waste, 






190 95 


.00082 


Water, . 






1,360 80 


.00581 


Packing, 






303 25 


.00130 


Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, .... 






2,047 94 


.00875 


Totals, < 


$27,283 04 


$0.11659i 


Labor at screens 






- 


.01222 



' The increased cost of pumping over the record for the preceding year is due to the unusual conditions 
of operation, occasioned by the installation during the year of a new pumping engine and new sewage 
screens, necessitating modification of channels and plant; the labor thereon requiring the use of extra 
materials, increased consumption of coal for hoisting materials and almost continuous operation of the 
lighting plant, and other incidental expenses of which the amounts cannot be readily estimated. 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the East Boston Station. 

Volume (20,739.5 Million Gallons) X Lift (15.22 Feet) = 315,655.2 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 




Cost per 

Million 

Foot-gallons. 



Labor, 

Coal, 

Oil, . 

Waste, 

Water, . . . . . 
Packing, . . . . . 
Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 

Totals, . . . v . 
Labor at screens, .... 



$15,596 57 

11,198 22 

320 51 

102 39 

1,644 00 

50 24 

1,067 59 



3,979 52 



.04941 
.03547 
.00102 
.00032 
.00521 
.00016 
.00338 



.09497 
.00898 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



151 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Charlestown Station. 

Volume (12,470.3 Million Gallons) X Lift (8.95 Feet) = 111,609.2 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 




Cost per 

Million 

Foot-gallons. 



Labor, 

Coal, . .';.;. 

Oil, . . ... 

Waste, . 

Water, . . ; ... 

Packing, 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 

Totals, . . . . 

Labor at screens, .... 



§11,413 18 

3,910 61 

199 35 

98 70 

453 60 

40 40 

642 41 



$16,758 25 



SO. 10226 
.03504 
.00179 
.00088 
.00406 
.00036 
.00576 



1.15015 
.02538 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Alewife Brook Station. 

Volume (1,300.4 Million Gallons) X Lift (12.84 Feet) = 16,697.1 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 



Cost. 


Cost per 

Million 

Foot-gallons. 


$5,695 86 


$0.34113 


1,569 76 


.09401 


149 08 


.00893 


76 50 


.00458 


254 20 


.01523 


60 63 


.00363 


556 85 


.03335 


$8,362 88 


$0.50086 


- 


.11214 



Labor, . . 

Coal ■ . 

Oil, . . . .... 

Waste, . . 

Water, 

Packing I . 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 

Totals, 

Labor at screens, oiling and miscellaneous services, 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Ward Street Station. 

Volume (8,359.5 Million Gallons) X Lift (40.02 Feet) = 334,547 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 


Cost. 


Cost per 

Million 

Foot-gallons. 


Labor 


$14,136 76 


$0.04226 


Coal, 


7,575 98 


.02264 


Oil, 


304 28 


.00091 


Waste, 


36 08 


.00010 


Water 


1,390 80 


.00416 


Packintr, 


126 68 


.00038 


Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 


1,645 76 


.00492 


Totals 


$25,216 34 


$0.07537 


Labor at screens, . . ......... 


- 


.01306 



152 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Quincy Station. 

Volume (1,505.0 Million Gallons) X Lift (21.72 Feet) = 32,689 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 


Cost. 


Cost per 

Million 

Foot-gallons. 


Labor, 




$4,733 18 


$0.14480 


Coal, 








1,511 02 


.04622 


Oil, . 








35 59 


.00109 


Waste, 








15 18 


.00048 


Water, 








225 02 


.00688 


Packing, . 








33 11 


.00101 


Miscellaneous 


supplies and renewals, 






573 21 


.01754 


Totals, 


$7,126 93 


$0.21802 


Labor at screens, oiling and miscellaneous services, 






- 


.04772 



Coal for use at the several stations has been purchased as fol- 
lows : — 







Gross Tons 


, Bituminous Coal. 




m 
m 
O 




a 

'H. 

a 

3 
PW 

"3 
3 . 

« a 

oo O 

p 


a 
'ft 

a 

3 

PM 

a 
o 

sg 

PQ-43 

H 


M 
.9 
'ft 

a 

3 

s 
S a 

02 O 


ft 

a 

3 

Pm 

^3 
o o 

fits 

'*% 


b0 

G 

'ft 

a 

3 
Ph 

a> • 
n 3 


■ 

m 

.S 
'& 

a 

3 
Pm 

>> . 

3 O 


3 
a> 

o 
W 

T) 

3 

1— ( oQ 


o 

O 
ft 

a> 
_o 
°C 

Ph 

O - 
c3 . 

Is 


Staples Coal Company, . 


- 


- 


672.3 


- 


- 


_ 


_ 


$3 64 


New England Coal and Coke Com- 


- 


1,603.79 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 69 


pany. 
Staples Coal Company, . 


899.8 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


190 


3 74 


New England Coal and Coke Com- 


- 


- 


318.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 90 


pany. 
Eastern Coal Company, . 


- 


300.00 


- 


- 


*- 


- 


- 


4 00 


Staples Coal Company, . 


639.5 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 04 


Staples Coal Company, . 


- 


N - 


- 


- 


1,421.32 


- 


- 


4 09 


New England Coal and Coke Com- 


- 


780.11 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 10 


pany. 
Neponset River Coal Company, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


328.85 


- 


4 15 


Eastern Coal Company, . 


- 


191.56 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 20 


Metropolitan Coal Company, 


1,519.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


200 


4 20 


New England Coal and Coke Com- 


- 


- 


- 


225.41 


- 


- 


- 


4 25 


pany. 
Staples Coal Company, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


399.33 


- 


_ 


4 29 


Metropolitan Coal Company, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


130.66 


- 


- 


4 30 


Frost Coal Company, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


66.65 


- 


4 50 


New England Coal and Coke Com- 


- 


- 


- 


179.74 


- 


- 


- 


4 55 


pany. 
Staples Coal Company, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


74.00 


- 


- 


4 55 


Total gross tons, . ... 


3,058.3 


2,875.46 


990.3 


405.15 


2,025.31 


395.50 


390 


- 


Average price per gross ton, 


$4 03 


$3 87 


$3 72 


$4 38 


$4 16 


$4 21 


$3 98 


- 



1 These prices are given without adjustments for quality. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 153 

NORTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM. 

Siphon under Alewife Brook. 

The pipe siphons under Alewife Brook, fully described in the last 
annual report, were finished and put in operation on January 26, 
1910. Occasional flushing is found necessary to maintain these 
siphons. 

Pipe under Cambridge Subway. 

The siphon on the Cambridge branch of the Metropolitan sewer, 
under the subway at Portland Street, fully described in the last re- 
port, was completed by the Elevated Railway Company on January 
11, 1910. 

Since that date this siphon has been successfully operated by the 
maintenance force. It has required flushing and cleaning as often 
as twice a week. 

Changes in Location of Metropolitan Sewer at Cambridge 
Subway, Eliot Square, Cambridge. 

Under authority of chapter 520, Acts of 1906, the Boston Ele- 
vated Railway Company, with the approval of the Board, relocated 
during the year a length of Metropolitan sewer between stations 
33 + 55 and 38 + 25 of section 30 of the Cambridge branch of the 
"N'orth Metropolitan System. 

This length is located in Eliot Street and Eliot Square. The 
Metropolitan sewer in that vicinity is 2 feet 10 inches wide and 
3 feet high, of a modified horseshoe section. The relocation is west 
of the original sewer, in Murray Street and lands of the Elevated 
Railway Company. For a length of 340 feet in Murray Street the 
relocated sewer is 2 feet 10 inches wide by 3 feet 6 inches in height, 
of a modified horseshoe section. From Murray Street to Eliot Street, 
in private lands for a length of about 320 feet, two lines of cast- 
iron pipe, 24 inches and 30 inches in diameter, embedded in con- 
crete, are substituted for the masonry sewer. This length passes 
under the incline approach to the subway. For a length of about 100 
feet in Murray Street, and for the whole length in private land, the 
sewer is built on a pile foundation. The whole length of the detour 
is 6 GO linear feet, replacing 470 feet of original Metropolitan sewer. 



154 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The abandoned length of Metropolitan sewer in Eliot Square and 
Eliot Street was bulkheaded and filled with sand. 

The introduction of this detour on the line of the Metropolitan 
sewer avoids siphoning the sewer under the subway. 

The work was started by the Railway Company early in July and 
completed in September. 

Drainage from Tanneries, Gelatine and Glue Works in Win- 
chester, WOBURN AND STONEHAM. 

During the year, 5 men have been employed continuously in clean- 
ing, flushing and brushing the Metropolitan sewers in Winchester, 
Woburn and Stoneham above Grove Street in West Medford, near 
the Winchester line. 

This is the territory from which large amounts of tannery and 
other heavy drainage are received into the Metropolitan System. The 
amount of this drainage is so great that during the year the Board 
has found it necessary to require the introduction of settling tanks 
of substantial size on all connections for tanneries, gelatine and glue 
works, both on Metropolitan and local sewers within this territory. 

The ten tanneries in Winchester, Woburn and Stoneham so con- 
nected and regulated have a maximum daily capacity of 5,400 hides. 
About the first of this year these tanneries were handling 2,850 
hides. 

Gelatine and glue works in Winchester and Stoneham handle 
nearly 1,500 tons of raw stock. 

All of the manufactories excepting two have settling tanks in use 
at the date of this report. These two are constructing, tanks, and will 
have them in operation as early as the coming spring. 

In the accompanying table (No. 1) is outlined the size of tanks, 
date of introduction and sludge already handled for the portion of 
the year they have been operated. It appears that about 3,000 cubic 
yards of semi-liquid sludge have been settled out during the part of 
the year tanks have been in operation. The table also indicates that 
when all tanks are in use and all tanneries are operating at full 
capacity about 8,000 cubic yards of semi-liquid sludge may be inter- 
cepted during the year. 

Most of these large manufacturers have independent water sup- 
plies. The amounts of drainage measured after leaving the settling 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



155 



basins are outlined in the following table (No. 2), which indicates 
that for considerable periods during the day a continuous sewage 
flow from the tanneries approximates a rate of 3,000,000 gallons per 
day, or nearly half the carrying capacity of all the Metropolitan 
sewers in the territory, and that for smaller periods it considerably 
exceeds one-half the carrying capacity of the sewers. 



No. 1. — Table of Semi-fluid Sludge removed from Settling Basins at the Tan- 
neries, Gelatine and Glue Works in Winchester, Woburn and Stoneham. 









'V-rZ 


.A "3 


S a 


1 J o 








o 


££ 


3 03^. 


B h £ 








03 O 


© o 


CCH, m 


S..3 








O c3 












Inside 


0)p 




m as 


So. 

+= +» >> 


Location of Basin. 


Basin put in 
Operation. 


Measure- 
ment 
of Basin 
(Feet). 


umber of Tim 
during Year 
1911. 


verage Quant 
fluid Sludge 
(Cubic Yards! 


jtal Quantity 
Sludge remov 
1, 1911 (Cubic 


3timated Quan 
fluid Sludge 
moved Yearl 
Yards). 








Z 


< 


H 


H 


Beggs & Cobb, Basin No. 1, 


Jan. 15, 1910 


47.0 X 23.0 


15 


92 


1,380 


1,500 


Beggs & Cobb, Basin No. 2, 


May 9, 1910 


47.0 X 23.0 


2 


93 


186 


500 


American Hide and Leather 


Aug. 1, 1910 


48.3 X 23.0 


1 


70 


70 


300 


Company, Factory E. 














American Hide and Leather 


Nov. 15, 1910 


48.0 X 23.1 


None 


- 


- 


300 


Company, Factory D. 














Cottle Leather Company, . 


July 15, 1910 


49.0 X 23.2 


5 


72 


360 


800 


B. F. Kimball & Co., 


Dec. 10, 1910 


47.2 X 23.0 


None 


- 


- 


500 


E. Cummings Leather Com- 


Nov. 1, 1910 


45.9 X 22.6 


1 


34 


34 


300 


pany. 














W. P. Fox & Sons, . 


July 12, 1910 


47.8 X 22.6 


4 


60 


240 


700 


T. F. Boyle & Co 


Sept. 15, 1910 


48.1 X 23.1 


1 


92 


92 


500 


Champion Tanning Company, . 


Not completed 


46.8 X 22.9 


None 


- 


- 


200 


Stoneham Tanning Company, . 


Not completed 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,200 


American Glue Company, 


Oct. 1, 1910 


47.1 X 23.0 


1 


90 


90 


400 


Winchester Manufacturing Com- 
pany. 


1902 j 


35.5 X 24.7 
67.2 X 12.0 


} ' 


64 


448 


600 


Total 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2,900 


7,800 



156 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



No, 2. — Weir Measurements of Manufacturing Drainage entering the Met- 
ropolitan Sewer from Settling Basins at Tanneries, Gelatine and Glue Works 
in Winchester, Woburn and Stoneham. 



- 


Weir 

Measurements 

(Gallons per 


■ 

■ O 

T-t 

O 3 


Flow for Nine- 
iod (8 a.m. to 
s per 24 Hours). 




of Flow for 
jy Period oi 
iness Capacity 
: Hours). 


NAME. 


24 Hours). 


03 

S O 

a 


e Rate of 

Day Per 

.) (Gallon 


ted Per C 

aess to '. 

y. 


ted Rate 
-hour D 
mum Bus 
ons per 1 L 








iS o 

C3 i— < 


M u S • 


C3.3 -^ 


03 <U "-i , — i 








Avera 
hou 
5 p.] 
1910 


Estim 
Bus 
paci 


Estim 
Nin 
Max 
(Ga 




1909. 


1910. 


Beggs & Cobb, Basin No. 1, 


213,000 


f 127,000 


565,000 


266,700 


66% 


400,000 


Beggs & Cobb, Basin No. 2, . 


J 


1 57,000 


465,000 


112,400 


66% 


170,000 


American Hide and Leather Company, 


40,000i 


40,000 


87,000 


59,000 


my 3 


90.000 


Factory E. 














American Hide and Leather Company, 


50,000 1 


2,000 1 


150,0001 


2,000 1 


-3 


75,000 


Factory D. 














Cottle Leather Company, 




50,000 » 


1,0001 


150,000i 


1,0001 


_2 


100,000 


B. F. Kimball & Co., 




75,000 » 


75,000 


292,000 


157,100 


100 


170,000 


E. Cummings Leather Company, 




52,000i 


52,000 


141,000 


100,100 


80 


125,000 


W. P. Fox & Sons, . 




80,000 1 


66,000 


356,000 


124,300 


57 


220,000 


T. F. Boyle & Co., . 




120,000i 


116,000 


458,000 


254,900 


100 


275,000 


Champion Tanning Company, 




50,000i 


38,000 


142,000 


72,300 


22 


125,000 


Stoneham Tanning Company, 




150,000i 


100,0001 


500,0001 


250,0001 


50 


500,000 


American Glue Company, 




134,000 


83,000 


259,000 


60,000 


100 


150,000 


Winchester Manufacturing Company, 


158,000 


145,000 


691,000 


294,000 


100 


300,000 


Total, 




1,172,000 


902,000 


4,256,000 


1,753,800 


- 


2,700,000 



1 Estimated. 



2 Not tanning. 



SOUTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM. 

South Metropolitan Outfalls. 

The 60-inch outfall pipes in the harbor have been in operation six 
years at the date of this report. These pipes are in normal condi- 
tion and free from deposit. During the past year the average flow 
through them has been 39,600,000 gallons of sewage per day, with 
a maximum rate of 141,000,000 gallons in the month of Janu- 
ary, 1910. 

Material Intercepted at the Screens. 

The material intercepted at the screens at the North Metropolitan 
sewerage stations, consisting of rags, paper and other floating mat- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 157 

ters, has during the year amounted to 2,335 cubic yards. This is 
equivalent to 2.7 cubic feet for each million gallons of sewage pumped 
at Deer Island. 

The material intercepted at the screens at the South Metropolitan 
sewerage stations has amounted to 2,312 cubic yards, equal to 4.3 
cubic feet per million gallons of sewage delivered at the outfall works 
at Nut Island. 

Studies of sewage flows in the Metropolitan sewers, siphons and 
outfall pipes indicate that they are free from deposit. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WM. M. BROWN, 

Chief Engineer of Sewerage Works. 
Boston, January 2, 1911. 



APPENDIX. 



160 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Appendix No. 1 . 



Contracts made and pending during 

[Note. — The details of contiacts made before 



Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 



2. 

WORK. 



302i 



305' 



306' 



310' 



312 



313' 



314 



315' 



316' 



317i 



318' 



1,000 tons 60-inch cast-iron 
water pipes. 



4,000 tons 60-inch cast-iron 
water pipes. 

200 tons special castings, 



Laying 8,070 feet of 60-inch 
water pipes in Boston and 
Newton, Sect. 8 of the 
Weston Aqueduct supply 
mains. 

40-million-gallon pumping 
engine. 

32 tons 4-inch to 10-inch 
cast-iron water pipes, 80 
tons special castings. 



Building pressure tunnel 
about 1,900 feet in length, 
and laying 500 feet of 80- 
inch steel pipe and 930 
feet of 60-inch pipe in 
Newton, Sect. 7 of the 
Weston Aqueduct supply 
mains. 



159 tons 48-inch cast-iron 
water pipes. 



Laying 4,720 feet of 16-inch 
water pipes in Lynn, Sect. 
35 of the distribution sys- 
tem. 

210 tons 16-inch cast iron 
water pipes. 



1,405 tons cast-iron water 
pipes: 425 tons 48-inch, 
860 tons 36-inch, 120 tons 
30-inch. 



3. 

Num- 
ber 
of 
Bids. 



1 

2 

10 

4 
4 



13 



Amount of Bid. 



4. 

Next 
to Lowest. 



S14.640 00 
37,044 50 

105,700 00 
5,508 40 

105,201 00 



4,173 753 
3,968 30 

5,334 00 



35,646 25^ 
35,450 25' 



5. 

Lowest. 



§98,800 00 2 

98,800 00 2 
9,400 OOs 

34,908 603 

99,769 003 
4,854 403 

102,150 00 3 



4,046 55 



3,953 403 



5,271 00 3 



35,265 50 3 ,* 
34,579 50 V 



Contractor. 



United States Cast 
Iron Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

Florence Iron Works, 
Camden, N. J. 

Standard Cast Iron 
Pipe and Foundry 
Co., Bristol, Pa. 

Charles J. Jacobs Co., 
Boston. 



Holly Mfg. Co., Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

United States Cast 
Iron Pipe and Foun- 
dry Co., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Joseph Hanreddy, 
Chicago, 111. 



Warren Foundry and 
Machine Co., New 
York, N. Y. 

Charles M. Callahan, 
Boston. 



United States Cast 
Iron Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

United States Cast 
Iron Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 



1 Contract completed. 3 Contract based upon this bid. 

s Joint bid for 8,000 tons was made for contracts Nos. 302 and 305. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



161 



Appendix No. 1 . 



the Year 1910 — Water Works. 

1910 have been given in previous reports.] 



7. 

Date of Con- 
tract. 



8. 

Date of 

Completion 

of Work. 



9. 



Prices of Principal Items of Contracts 
made in 1910. 



10. 

Value of Work 

done 
Dec. 31, 1910. 



May 14, 1909 

May 14, 1909 

May 14, 1909 

Aug. 18, 1909 

Sept. 21, 1909 

Jan. 26, 1910 

Apr. 28, 1910 



Mar. 14, 1910 



Apr. 22, 1910 



Apr. 5, 1910 



Apr. 5, 1910 



Mar. 14, 1910 

Sept. 28, 1910 

Apr. 21, 1910 

Aug. 10, 1910 



Aug. 10, 1910 



Apr. 30, 1910 



June 30, 1910 



June 10, 1910 



Oct. 15, 1910 



4-inch, 8-inch and 10-inch pipe $26.70; special cast- 
ings $50 per ton of 2,000 pounds. 



Top soil excavation, $0.60 per cu. yd.; top soil sur- 
facing $0.50 per cu. yd.; earth excavation in open 
trenches, $0.50 per cu. yd.; rock excavation in 
open trenches, $3.25 per cu. yd.; refilling open 
trenches and building embankments, $0.50 per 
cu. yd. ; tunnel excavation, $25 per lin. ft. ; crush- 
ing stone, $0.75 per cu. yd.; concrete masonry in 
tunnel, $10 per cu. yd.; concrete masonry in open 
trench, $6 per cu. yd.; brick masonry, $15 per 
cu. yd.; cement grout in tunnel, $12 per cu. yd.; 
cement mortar lining for steel pipe, $5.50 per lin. 
ft. ; laying 80-inch steel pipe, $3 per lin. ft. ; la ying 
60-inch cast-iron pipe, $2 per lin. ft. 

48-inch pipe $26.25 per ton of 2,000 pounds, . 



Laying 16-inch cast-iron pipe, $0.77 per lin. ft., 



16-inch pipe $25.10 per ton of 2,000 pounds, 



48-inch, 36-inch, 30-inch and 20-inch pipe $25.10 per 
ton of 2,000 pounds delivered by rail; 36-inch and 
30-inch pipe $24.40 per ton of 2,000 pounds de- 
livered by water. 



$100,931 88 

100,549 39 
8,757 20 

40,525 39 

90,000 00 
4,459 29 

65,385 41 



4,769 04 
4,518 30 

5,375 50 

36,831 30 



* Delivery by rail. 



6 Delivery by water. 



162 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and pending during the 





1. 

Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 


2. 
WORK. 


3. 

Num- 
ber 
of 
Bids. 


Amount 


of Bid. 


6. 




4. 

Next 
to Lowest. 


5. 

Lowest. 


Contractor. 


1 


319 » 


110 tons special castings, 


3 


$5,797 00 


$5,390 00 3 


Standard Cast Iron 
Pipe and Foundry 
Co., Bristol, Pa. 


2 


320 


2 vertical fire-tube boilers 
for Chestnut Hill Low 
Service Pumping Station. 


4 


10,640 00 


10,448 00 3 


Robb-Mumford Boiler 
Co., Boston. 


3 


321 » 


48 tons flexible jointed 48- 
inch pipe. 


3 


2,640 00 


2,400 00' 


Warren Foundry and 
Machine Co., New 
York, N. Y. 


4 


322i 


Laying 3,780 feet of 16-inch 
water pipe in Arlington, 
Sect. 36 of the distribution 
system. 


14 


4,403 00 


3,971 503 


De Vincenzi and Ba- 
ruffoldi, Boston, 
Mass. 


5 


323 » 


Laying 8,830 feet of 60-inch 
water pipe in Newton, 
Sect. 6 of the Weston Aque- 
duct supply mains. 


9 


36,055 603 


30,862 50 


Cavanagh Bros., Bos- 
ton, Mass. 


6 


324' 


14 water valves: 5 36-inch 
hydraulic lift, 7 24-inch 
and 2 16-inch screw-lift 
valves.. 


3 


9,856 00 


8,607 00 3 


Coffin Valve Co., Bos- 
ton. 


7 


325 


27.8 tons 24-inch cast-iron 
water pipes; 103.4 tons 
special castings. 


4 


8,420 12 


5,931 16 3 


Standard Cast Iron 
Pipe and Foundry 
Co., Bristol, Pa. 


8 


326i 


Laying 3,080 feet of 36-inch 
and 730 feet of 30-inch 
water pipes in Chelsea. 


9 


10,560 10 


9,751 00 3 


Michael Russo, Boston. 


9 


327i 


5 tons 4-inch and 20 tons 
36-inch cast-iron water 
pipes; 61 tons special cast- 
ings. 


4 


3,688 50 


3,494 50 3 


United States Cast 
Iron Pipe and 
Foundry Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 


10 


328 


Hand travelling crane, 


2 


3,096 00 


2,500 00 3 


Niles - Bement - Pond 
Co., Boston. 


11 


329 


Fuel economizer, 


2 


1,822 00 


1,740 00 3 


B. F. Sturtevant Co., 
Boston. 


12 


330 


Hydro-electric plant at Wa- 
chusett Dam. 


76 


71,550 00 


71,500 00 3 


S. Morgan Smith Co., 
York, Pa. 


13 


332 


363 feet 80-inch riveted steel 
pipe. 


4 


4,270 00 


3,650 00 3 


Hodge Boiler Works, 
East Boston. 


14 


16-Mi 


650 tons Davis coal : 250 tons 
for Arlington Pumping 
Station; 400 tons for Spot 
Pond Pumping Station. 


4 


$3.83 and 
$4.35 per 
ton. 


$3.70 3 and 
$4.20 per 
ton. 


New England Coal and 
Coke Co., Boston. 


15 


17-Mi 


7,500 tons Vulcan coal for 
Chestnut Hill pumping 

stations. 


10 


$3.70 per ton. 


$3.59 3 per 
ton. 


Spring Coal Co., Bos- 
ton. 



i Contract completed. 



« Contract based upon this bid. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



163 



Year 1910 — Water Works — Continued. 



7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 




Date of Con- 
tract. 


Date of 

Completion 

of Work. 


Prices of Principal Items of Contracts 
made in 1910. 


Value of Work 

done 
Dec. 31, 1910. 




Apr. 8, 1910 


Dec. 15, 1910 


Special castings $49 per ton of 2,000 pounds, . 


$5,767 10 


1 


Apr. 29, 1910 


- 


Each boiler with vertical seams of inner and outer 
furnace sheets riveted $5,224. 


10,448 00 


2 


Apr. 4, 1910 


June 10, 1910 


48-inch flexible jointed pipe 23^ cents per pound, . 


2,191 18 


3 


May 5, 1910 


July 28, 1910 


Laying 16-inch cast-iron pipe, $0.50 per lin. ft.; rock 
excavation above regular grade, $3.40 per cu. yd. 


3,333131 


4 


June 2, 1910 


Dec. 3, 1910 


Laying 60-inch cast-iron pipe $3.82 per lin. ft.; lay- 
ing 12-inch and 16-inch cast-iron pipe for blow- 
offs, $1.25 per lin. ft.; rock excavation above or 
below regular grade, $8 per cu. yd.; earth exca- 
vation below regular grade, $2 per cu. yd.; cham- 
bers for air valves $50 each; chambers for 
blow-off and by-pass valves and for 36-inch valves 
$60 each; concrete masonry, $7 per cu. yd. 


40,777^77 


5 


May 17, 1910 


Dec. 22, 1910 


36-inch hydraulic lift valves, $1,272 each; 24-inch 
screw-lift valves, $273 each; 16-inch screw-lift 
valves, $168 each. 


8,607 00 


6 


May 18, 1910 


- 


Straight pipe $25.20 per ton of 2,000 pounds; special 
castings $49, $51 and $54 per ton of 2,000 pounds. 


4,860 00 


7 


Aug. 10, 1910 


Dec. 8, 1910 


Laying water pipes: 36-inch $1.80, 30-inch $1.50 
per lin. ft.; rock excavation above regular grade 
$6, below regular grade $8 per cu. yd.; chambers 
for blow-off, by-pass and air valves $45 each, for 
30-inch and 36-inch valves $75 each; spruce piles 
driven and cut off, $0.18 per lin. ft.; spruce lum- 
ber in place for foundation, $40 per M. feet B.M.; 
concrete masonry, $6 per cu. yd. 


13,086 10 


8 


July 21, 1910 


Oct. 15, 1910 


4-inch pipe $26.70, 36-inch pipe $24.70 per ton of 
2,000 pounds; special castings $47 per ton of 2,000 
pounds. 


3,932 64 


9 


Oct. 24, 1910 


- 




- 


10 


Oct. 11, 1910 


- 


For whole work $1,740 


- 


11 


Dec. 3, 1910 


- 


For whole work $71,500, 


- 


12 


Dec. 6, 1910 


- 


For whole work $3,650, 


- 


13 


June 18, 1909 


May 25, 1910 


- 


2,693 34 


14 


July 16, 1909 


Sept. 29, 1910 


- 


28,171 21 


15 



6 Includes separate and combined bids for hydraulic and electric plant. 



164 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and pending during the 





1. 

Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 


2. 

WORK. 


3. 

Num- 
ber 
of 
Bids. 


Amount 


of Bid. 


6. 




4. 

Next 
to Lowest. 


5. 

Lowest. 


Contractor. 


1 


19-M 


Improvement of Lake Co- 
chituate, Surface Water 
Drains in Framingham, 
Natick and Wayland. 


7 


$31,298 00 


$30,981 00 3 


The Henry Spinach 
Contracting Co., 
Waterbury, Conn. 


2 


20-M 


950 tons New River or Poca- 
hontas coal; 250 tons for 
Arlington Pumping Sta- 
tion; 700 tons for Spot 
Pond Pumping Station. 


3 


84.55 and 
$4.90 per 
ton. 


$4.20 • and 

$4.85 per 

ton. 


New England Coal and 
Coke Co., Boston. 


3 


21-M 


4,000 tons Beaver Run coal 
for Chestnut Hill Pump- 
ing stations. 


7 


$3.84 per 
ton. 


$3.83 3 per 
ton. 


Gorman-Leonard Coal 
Co., Worcester, Mass. 


4 


22-M 


Sale and purchase of electri- 
cal energy to be developed 
at Wachusett Dam. 


3 


— 


$5.30 7 per 

M. kilowatt 

hours. 


Connecticut River 
Transmission Co., 
Boston. 


5 


Special > 
Order. 


5 steel cylinders for tunnel 
shafts. 


4 


970 00 


838 00 « 


Hodge r Boiler Works, 
East Boston. 


6 


Special 1 
Order. 


Steel chambers for Venturi 
meter registers. 


2 


996 00 


700 00 « 


Daniel Russell Boiler 
Works, Boston. 


7 


Special 1 
Order. 


Steelwork for chambers, 


3 


870 00 


630 00 « 


James Russell Boiler 
Works, Boston. 


8 


Special > 
Order. 


l^Type D register and chart 
recorder for Venturi meter. 


_8 


_8 


-8 


Builders Iron Foundry, 
Providence, R. I. 


9 


Special 
Order. 


Erecting boilers at Chestnut 
Hill Pumping Station. 


2 


660 00 


600 00 • 


F. Knight & Son, Bos- 
ton. 


10 


Special 
Order. 


2jsmoke flues at Chestnut 
Hill Pumping Station. 


4 


555 00 


536 00 3 


B. F. Sturtevant Co., 
Boston. 



1 Contract'completed. 



* Contract based upon this bid. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



165 



Year 1910 — Water Works — Concluded. 



7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 




Date of Con- 
tract. 


Date of 

Completion 

of Work. 


Prices of Principal Items of Contracts 
made in 1910. 


Value of Work 

done 
Dec. 31, 1910. 




June 22, 1910 




Earth excavation: for open channel, $1.10 per cu. 
yd., for covered drains, $0.90 per cu. yd.; bor- 
rowed earth, $0.30 per cu. yd.; rock excavation, 
$10 per cu. yd.; concrete masonry, $7 per cu. yd.; 
furnishing and laying vitrified clay pipe: 24-inch, 
$1.10 per lin. ft., 18-inch, $1 per lin. ft., 12-inch, 
$0.50 per lin. ft. ; spruce lumber in place, $33 per 
M. feet B. M.; stone paving, $1.50 per sq. yd.; 
gravel for slopes of open channel, $1.50 per cu. yd. ; 
manholes $40 each; catch basins $55 each. 


$30,674 52 


1 


July 25, 1910 




$4.20 per ton of 2,240 pounds delivered on cars at the 
Arlington Pumping Station; $4.85 per ton of 2,240 
pounds delivered in bins at the Spot Pond Pump- 
ing Station. 


3,587 00 


2 


Aug. 18, 1910 


- 


$3.83 per ton of 2,240 pounds delivered on cars at 
Chestnut Hill Pumping Stations. 


5,756 00 


3 


Sept. 14, 1910 


- 


Estimated minimum amount of electrical energy 
available per year, 5,250,000 kilowatt hours, 


- 


4 


June 30, 1910 


Aug. 10, 1910 


- 


833 00 


5 


July 28, 1910 


Oct. 29, 1910 


Each complete chamber, $175, .... 


698 00 


6 


July 28, 1910 


Oct. 27, 1910 


Steelwork for chambers: for 36-inch valves, $45 for 
each complete set; for 36-inch hydraulic valves, 
$60 for each complete set. 


690 00 


7 


Aug. 11, 1910 


Oct. 12, 1910 


- 


525 00 


8 


Dec. -, 1910 


- 




- 


9 


Dec. 23, 1910 


~ 


Flue from boiler to economizer, $478; from econo- 
mizer to chimney, $58. 


- 


10 




$628,733 87 





7 Highest bid. 



8 Competitive bids were not received. 



166 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and pending during the Year 1910 — Water Works 

— Concluded. 

Summary of Contracts. 1 



Value of 

Work done Dec. 

31, 1910. 



Wachusett Department, 2 contracts, 

Distribution Department, 22 contracts, 

302 contracts completed from 1896 to 1909, inclusive 

Deduct for work done on 11 Sudbury Reservoir contracts by the City of Boston, 
Total of 337 contracts, 

1 In thi3 summary, contracts charged to maintenance are excluded, 



$555,105 80 
16,075,309:64 



$16,630,415 44 
512,000 00 



$16,118,415 44 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



167 



O 

M 

i— i 

Ph 












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CM 

i— 1 


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o 


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o 


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o 


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oo 

o 


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CM 

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1— 1 


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»o 


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to 


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as 






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168 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 





Table No. 


2.— 


Rainfall in Inches at Jefferson, Mass., in 1910. 




Day op Month. 


>> 

a 
4 


>> 

u 

a 

u 




a 
< 


3 


a 

1-5 


»~5 


+3 

03 

< 


V 

S 
05 

a 


o 
o 
O 


u 

a> 

Xi 

S 

a> 
> 
o 


u 
a) 

S 
0) 

o 
o 

Q 


1 


- 


- 


0.34 


- 


- 


- 


- 


~ 


0.30 


- 


- 


- 


2, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


~ 


~ 


0.55 


- 


- 


2 


- 


3, 










- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


" 


" 


- 


0.65 


- 


2 


- 


4, 










- 


0.38i 


- 


- 


- 


~ 


" 


0.54 


- 


- 


2.20 


- 


5, 










2 


- 


- 


- 


0.27' 


2 


~ 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


6, 










2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.89 


" 


- 


0.94 


- 


- 


- 


7, 
8, 
9, 










1.993 


- 


0.72 


- 


- 


- 


~ 


- 


- 


0.20 


- 


- 










- 


0.38^ 




- 


0.36 


2 


- 


- 


- 


0.24 


2 


- 


10, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


" 


2 


- 


- 


0.24 


- 


11, 










- 


2 


- 


0.51 


- 


1.77 


" 


1.72 


- 


- 


- 


- 


12, 










- 


1.79 3 




- 


- 


0.80 


~ 


- 


- 


- 


0.06i 


- 


13, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.18 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


14, 










2 


- 


- 


- 


0.19 


- 


0.15 


- 


- 


» _ 


- 


- 


15, 










1.291 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.27 


- 


0.07 


- 


0.351 


16, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


0.29 


- 


- 


- 


- 


17, 










- 


1.28' 


- 


- 


- 


0.40 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


18, 










0.51' 


- 


- 


0.89 


0.31 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


19, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.55 


- 


- 


- 


0.17 


20, 










- 


- 


0.17 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.04» 


21, 










2 


0.54 


- 


- 


0.11 


- 


- 


- 


0.24 


- 


- 


0.35i 


22, 










1.44 


0.731 


- 


0.14 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.34 


0.14 


- 


23, 










- 


0.08i 






















24, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.17 


- 


- 


1.32 


25, 










0.741 


- 


- 


1.00 


0.27 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.13 


0.17' 


- 


26, 










- 


- 


- 


0.38 


- 


- 


- 


0.06 


- 


- 


- 


- 


27, 










0.14» 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


0.25 


- 


- 


28, . 










2 


0.40 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.33 


- 


0.48 


- 


2 


0.14 


29, . 










0.88» 


- 


- 


0.17 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1.40i 


0.36 


30, . 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.50 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


31, . 










- 


- 


- 


0.38 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


T 


otals 


• 


6.99 5.58 

1 


1.23 


3.09 


1.89 


3.86 


1.16 


3.98 


2.78 


1.23 


4.21 


2.73 



1 Snow. 



Total for the year 38.73 inches. 
2 Rainfall included in that of following day. 



8 Rain and snow. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



169 



Table No. 3. — Rainfall in Inches at Framingham, Mass., in 1910. 



Day op Month. 


>> 

u 
03 

fl 
o3 

1-5 


03 
© 


03 




03 
3 


© 

a 

>-5 


>> 


+3 

<! 


© 

B 

© 

a 

© 


© 

Si 

o 

-1-5 

o 
O 


u 

a 

> 
o 


© 

a 
© 

© ■ 

Q 


1, 










- 


- 


2 


- 


2 


0.03 


- 


- 


0.45 


- 


- 


- 


2, 










" 


- 


0.20 


- 


0.03 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


j 


- 


3, 










0.02i 


2 


- 


- 


2 


0.05 


- 


- 


0.45 


- 


2 


- 


4, 










- 


0.473 


- 


0.02 


2 


- 


- 


0.38 


- 


- 


2 


- 


5, 










2 


- 


- 


- 


0.23 


2 


- 


- 


0.51 


- 


2.29 


- 


6, 










2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


0.72 


- 


- 


i 


7, 










1.84 3 


- 


0.38 


2 


- 


1.07 


- 


- 


- 


0.13 


- 


0.37» 


8, 










- 


- 


- 


0.25 


2 


- 


0.05 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


9, 










- 


0.23 3 


- 


0.02 


0.25 


2 


- 


- 


- 


0.47 


2 


- 


10, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


0.01 


2 


- 


2 


- 


- 


0.31 


- 


11, 










- 


2 


- 


0.30 


- 


2 


- 


1.08 


- 


- 


- 


- 


12, 










- 


1.648 


- 


- 


- 


2.45 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


13, 
14, 
15, 










2 

2 


- 


0.068 


- 


- 


- 


0.19 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 










0.93' 


- 


- 


- 


0.02 


- 


- 


2 


- 


0.20 


- 


0.03» 


16, 










- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


2 


0.23 


0.08 


- 


- 


- 


- 


17, 










2 


0.92 3 


0.02i 


2 


- 


0.78 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


18, 










0.293 


- 


- 


2 


0.31 


0.33 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


1 


19, 










- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


0.57 


2 


- 


- 


0.13 


20, 










- 


- 


0.07 


0.75 


2 


- 


- 


- 


0.07 


0.11 


- 


0.401 


21, 










2 


0.49 


- 


2 


0.07 


- 


- 


- 


0.05 


- 


- 


0.011 


22, 










0.59 


0.523 


- 


0.44 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


23, 










- * 


- 


- 


- 


0.04 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.56 


- 


t 


24, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.06 


- 


- 


0.11 


- 


- 


1.27 


25, 










0.48 = 


- 


- 


- 


0.02 


- 


0.46 


- 


- 


0.35 


0.19 


- 


26, 










2 


- 


- 


0.88 


- 


- 


- 


0.13 


- 


- 


- 


0.05 » 


27, 










0.10« 


2 


- 


- 


- 


2 


2 


- 


2 


2 


- 


- 


28, 










2 


0.83 


- 


- 


0.04 


0.04 


0.35 


3 


0.21 


0.06 


t 


0.06» 


29, 










0.70 » 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


0.02 


- 


- 


i 


- 


30, 










2 


- 


- 


0.06 


2 


- 


0.48 


- 


- 


- 


1.23» 


0.11 


31. 










0.03i 


- 


0.04 


- 


0.32 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


T 


otals 


> 


4.98 


5.10 


0.77 


2.72 


1.34 


4.81 


1.76 


2.26 


2.57 


1.88 


4.02 


2.43 



1 Snow. 



Total for the year 34 . 64 inches. 
1 Rainfall included in that of the following day. 



• Rain and snow. 



170 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Table No. 4. — Rainfall in Inches at Chestnut Hill Reservoir in 1910. 



Date. 


Amount. 


Duration. 


Date. 


Amount. 


Duration. 


Jan. 3, . , . 


.09i 


10.15 A.M. 


to 2.15 p.m. 


May 2, 


.03 


4.20 a.m. to 4.35 a.m. 


Jan. 5, . 




} 2.06 5 


8.00 A.M. 


to 


May 4, 


1 .09 


4.30 p.m. to 


Jan. 7, . 






1.00 P.M. 


May 5, 


2.30 p.m. 


Jan. 10, . 




.051 


4.20 a.m. 


to 7.30 A.M. 


May 8, 


J .20 


2.30 p.m. to 


Jan. 14, . 




} 1.43i 


12.45 a.m. 


to 


May 9, 


2.30 p.m. 


Jan. 15, . 






1.00 P.M. 


May 15, 


.05 


11.10 a.m. to 12.50 p.m. 


Jan. 18, . 




1 .40* 


2.15 A.M. 


to 


May 18, 


.37 


11.20 a.m. to 7.20 p.m. 


Jan. 19, . 






1.15 A.M. 


May 21, 


.21 


4.45 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. 


Jan. 21, . 




I .73 


4.15 p.m. 


to 


May 25, 


} .08 


11.40 a.m. to 


Jan. 22, . 






5.45 p.m. 


May 26, 


12.10 A.M. 


Jan. 25, . 




.472 


3.10 p.m. 


to 11.45 p.m. 


May 27, 


| .04 


11.30 A.M. tO 


Jan. 27, . 




.05* 


12.30 a.m. 


to 2.55 a.m. 


May 28, 


9.00 A.M. 


Jan. 28, . 




1 .80 


10.40 p.m. 


to 


May 28, 


.03 


11.40 A.M. to 11.50 P.M. 


Jan. 29, . 






10.30 p.m. 


May 30, 


} .88 


11.30 A.M. tO 


Jan. 30, . 




.03i 


7.55 p.m. 


to 10.15 -p.m. 


May 31, 


11.40 A.M. 










May 31, 


.05 


7.35 p.m. to 9.30 p.m. 






Total, 


6.11 
















Total, 


2.03 






} .60 


7.00 p.m. 


to 

2.45 a.m. 




Feb. 3, 
Feb. 4, 




June 5, 


} 1.11 


10.45 p.m. to 


Feb. 4, 




.251 


2.45 a.m. 


to 3.15 p.m. 


June 7, 




5.15 p.m. 


Feb. 9, 
Feb. 11, 
Feb. 12, 
Feb. 12, 
Feb. 17, 




.21 
j 1.52i 
.03 

} .92 2 
.58 


7.10 p.m. 
9.00 p.m. 

9.10 A.M. 

2.05 a.m. 
2.45 a.m. 


to 11.20 p.m. 
to 

9.10 A.M. 

to 5.30 p.m. 
to 

5.00 A.M. 

to 11.35 p.m. 


June 9, 
June 12, 
June 16, 
June 17, 
June 28, 

Total, 


} 3.40 

} .81 
.04 


10.40 p.m. to 

10.30 p.m. 
10.00 a.m. to 

2.10 p.m. 
12.40 a.m. to 8.30 a.m. 


Feb. 18, 
Feb. 21, 


5.36 




Feb. 22, 




.57* 


9.05 a.m. 


to 8.30 p.m. 








Feb. 27, 




} 1.01 


9.45 p.m. 


to 








Mar. 1, 






8.00 A.M. 


July 8, 


.10 


6.05 a.m. to 7.15 a.m. 










July 13, 
July 16, 


11 


1.15 p.m. to 2.15 p.m. 


Total, 


5.69 






.43 


1.00 p.m. to 11.35 p.m. 










July 25, 


.51 


5.00 p.m. to 8.45 p.m. 










July 28, 
July 30, 


.28 
.29 


2.35 a.m. to 5.40 a.m. 










9.50 a.m. to 11.20 a.m. 


Mar. 1, 


} .29 
} .65 


8.00 A.M. 

9.00 p.m. 


to 

4.30 p.m. 
to 


July 30, 
Total, 


.21 


4.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m. 


Mar. 2, 
Mar. 6, 




1.93 




Mar. 7, 






10.30 A.M. 








Mar. 14, 




J .08 


12.15 A.M. 


to 1.55 A.M. 








Mar. 20, 




.04 


6.15 p.m. 


to 10.30 p.m. 


Aug. 4, 


.13 


12.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m. 


Mar. 31, 




.10 


7.55 p.m. 


to 10.00 p.m. 


Aug. 10, 


} •» 


6.15 p.m. to 










Aug. 11, 


8.00 A.M. 


Total, 


1.16 






Aug. 11, 
Aug. 19, 
Aug. 26, 

Total, 


.09 

,.53 

.24 


6.45 p.m. to 10.00 p.m. 
12.50 a.m. to 9.25 a.m. 
10.35 a.m. to 10.45 a.m. 




.02 


4.30 p.m. 


to 7.20 p.m. 


Apr. 4, 


1.18 




Apr. 7, 




J .49 

} ■« 


11.20 p.m. 


to 








Apr. 8, 




6.30 p.m. 


9.50 p.m. 
to 








Apr. 11, 








Apr. 12, 






12.10 A.M. 


Sept. 1, 


.69 


8.05 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. 


Apr. 17, 




} .90 


7.30 p.m. 


to 


Sept. 3, 


.61 


3.05 p.m. to 12.00 m. 


Apr. 19, 






5.15 A.M. 


Sept. 5, 


} •« 


12.50 a.m. to 


Apr. 19, 




J .05 


8.00 p.m. 


to 


Sept. 6, 


12.10 a.m. 


Apr. 20, 






5.00 A.M. 


Sept. 6, 


.46 


6.45 p.m. to 11.20 p.m. 


Apr. 22, 




.58 


2.40 a.m. 


tO 11.30 A.M. 


Sept. 21, 


.25 


4.50 a.m. to 5.40 a.m. 


Apr. 26, 




1.11 


5.35 a.m. 


to 10.45 p.m. 


Sept. 24, 


} .04 


5.50 p.m. to 


Apr. 29, 




} .08 


11.15 P.M. 


to 


Sept. 25, 


12.15 A.M. 


Apr. 30, 






8.00 A.M. 


Sept. 28, 
Total, 


.19 


12.50 a.m. to 8.15 a.m. 


Total, 


3.57 


2.65 







1 Snow. 



2 Rain and snow. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



171 



Table No. 4. — Rainfall in Inches at Chestnut Hill Reservoir in 1910 — 

Concluded. 



Date. 


Amount. 


Duration. 


Date. 


Amount. 


Duration. 


Oct. 7, . 




.21 


10.15 a.m. to 9.00 P.M. 


Dec. 6, 


> 


.56» 


11.15 A.M. 


to 


Oct. 9, . 




.31 


5.40 p.m. to 9.20 p.m. 


Dec. 7, 


[ 




8.00 A.M. 


Oct. 15, . 




.11 


4.00 p.m. to 8.35 p.m. 


Dec. 15, 


1 


.13 


2.45 p.m. 


to 


Oct. 20, . 




.06 


9.00 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. 


Dec. 18, 


f 




12.10 A.M. 


Oct. 22, . 


} 


.69 


2.30 p.m. to 


Dec. 18, 


| 


.22 


11.50 p.m. 


to 


Oct. 23, . 


7.50 a.m. 


Dec. 19, 


( 




10.45 a.m. 


Oct. 25, . 




.21 


6.45 p.m. to 7.45 p.m. 


Dec. 20, 


\ 


.22i 


7.35 p.m. 


to 


Oct. 27, . 


\ 


.10 


6.15 p.m. to 


Dec. 21, 


[ 




3.00 A.M. 


Oct. 28, . 


8.15 a.m. 


Dec. 24, 




1.52 


6.15 A.M. 


to 11.40 p.m. 










Dec. 26, 


I 


.05i 


4.30 p.m. 


to 








Total, 




1.69 




Dec. 27, 




12.35 a.m. 










Dec. 28, 
Dec. 29, 


} 


.09 
.12 


4.50 p.m. 
3.40 p.m. 


to 10.00 p.m. 










to 


Nov. 2, 


) 


.52 


7.50 p.m. to 


Dec. 30, 




8.00 a.m. 


Nov. 3, 


} 




10.45 a.m. 












Nov. 3, 




2.30 

.37 


7.15 p.m. to 


Total, 




2.91 






Nov. 4, 


J 


9.15 p.m. 
12.25 a.m. to 7.15 a.m. 












Nov. 10, 












Nov. 10, 




.03 


7.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m. 












Nov. 25, 




.11 


7.15 a.m. to 5.15 p.m. 












Nov. 29, 


} 


1.442 


12.20 a.m. to 












Nov. 30, 


4.55 a.m. 












Total, 


4.77 





1 Snow. 



Total for the year 39.05 inches. 

2 Rain and snow. 



172 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



173 



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174 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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(Gallons 

Day: 


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AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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182 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



183 



Table No. 13. — Sources from which and Periods during which Water has been 
drawn for the Supply of the Metropolitan Water District. 

From Wachusett Reservoir into Sudbury Reservoir. 



7:00 a.m. Jan. 
7 :00 a.m. Jan. 
7:05 a.m. Jan. 26 

10:00 p.m. Jan. 26 

11:10 a.m. Feb. 18 
1:00 p.m. Feb. 24 
2:00 p.m. Mar. 10 

10:00 a.m. Apr. 14 
3:00 p.m. Apr. 26 

12:00 N. June 11 
5:30 p.m. July 12 
3:00 p.m. July 13 
1:10 p.m. July 23 
5:10 p.m. July 25 
2:00 p.m. July 26 
5:00 p.m. Dec. 5 
5:00 p.m. Dec. 27 



1910 to 10:15 a.m. Jan. 



7, 1910. 
22, 1910. 
26, 1910. 
17, 1910. 
21, 1910. 



1910 " 9:30 a.m. Jan. 
1910 " 11:00 a.m. Jan. 
1910 " 10:10 a.m. Feb. 
1910 " 11:00 a.m. Feb. 
1910 " 10:00 a.m. Feb. 28, 1910. 
1910 " 9:30 a.m. Apr. 13, 1910. 
1910 " 7:15 a.m. Apr. 26, 1910. 
1910 " 10:30 a.m. June 10, 1910. 
1910 " 10:30 a.m. July 12, 1910. 
1910 " 10:00 a.m. July 13, 1910. 
1910 " 6:00 a.m. July 23, 1910. 
1910 " 11:45 a.m. July 25, 1910. 
1910 " 6:00 a.m. July 26, 1910. 
1910 " 10:00 p.m. Dec. 4, 1910. 
1910 " 10:00 p.m. Dec. 26, 1910. 
1910 " 7:00 a.m. Jan. 1, 1911. 



Total quantity, 37,698,200,000 gallons. 

From Sudbury Reservoir through the Weston Aqueduct to the Weston Reservoir. 

7:00 a.m. Jan. 1, 1910 to 7:00 a.m. Jan. 1, 1911. 

Total quantity, 10,575,600,000 gallons. 

From Framingham Reservoir No. 3 through Sudbury Aqueduct to Chestnut Hill 

Reservoir. 

7:00 a.m. Jan. 1, 1910 to 7:00 a.m. Jan. 1, 1911. 
Total quantity, 31,037,100,000 gaUons. 



184 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Table No. 14. — Average Daily Quantity of Water flowing through Aqueducts in 

1910 by Months. 1 



Month. 



Wachusett 
Aqueduct 

into 
Sudbury 
Reservoir 
(Gallons). 



Weston 

Aqueduct 

into 

Metropolitan 

District 

(Gallons). 



Sudbury 
Aqueduct 
into 
Chestnut Hill 
Reservoir 
(Gallons). 



January, 
February, 
March, . 
April, 
May, 
June, 
July, 
August, 
September, 
October, 
November, 
December, 
Average, 



83,539,000 

81,982,000 

77,065,000 

107,240,000 

93,587,000 

100,400,000 

131,732,000 

121,458,000 

111,333,000 

110,281,000 

97,670,000 

119,542,000 



29,145,000 
28,986,000 
28,706,000 
29,127,000 
29,274,000 
28,833,000 
29,355,000 
29,419,000 
28,330,000 
28,726,000 
28,710,000 
29,052,000 



96,016,000 
92,586,000 
83,865,000 
80,253,000 
79,790,000 
81,357,000 
92,906,000 
87,845,000 
82,293,000 
79,219,000 
71,250,000 
92,942,000 



103,145,000 



28,974,000 



85,033,000 



1 Not including quantities wasted while cleaning and repairing aqueducts. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



191 



Table No. 21. — (Meter Basis.) Average Daily Consumption of Water during 
the Year 1910, in the Cities and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water 
Works, including Boston, Somerville, Chelsea, Maiden, Everett, Quincy, 
Medford, Melrose, Revere, Watertown, Arlington, Lexington, Milton, Stone- 
ham, Winthrop, Swampscott, Belmont and Nahant. (For Consumption of 
Water in Whole Metropolitan Water District, see Table No. 24-) 



Month. 



Average 

Daily 

Consumption 

(Gallons). 



Estimated 
Population. 



Consumption 

per 

Inhabitant 

(Gallons). 



January, 
February, . 
March, 
April, 
May, . 
June, . . 
July, . 
August, 
September, 
October, 
November, 
December, 

For the year, 



123 
123 
111 
106 
107 
109 
116 
111 
107 
106 
103 
117 



249,800 
890,200 
156,600 
842,500 
454,700 
031,100 
950,000 
,973,800 
788,600 
,881,000 
,343,800 
,015,000 



112,092,100 



1,008,340 
1,010,350 
1,012,400 
1,014,610 
1,017,510 
1,020,330 
1,027,850 
1,028,120 
1,027,940 
1,027,500 
1,028,880 
1,030,960 



122 
123 
110 
105 
106 
107 
114 
109 
105 
104 
100 
114 



1,022,230 



110 



In addition to the above quantities, the United States Government Reservation on Peddocks Island 
was supplied with 31,191,300 gallons, equivalent to a daily average rate of 85,400 gallons, and a part of 
Saugus with 6,003,000 gallons, equivalent to a daily average rate of 16,500 gallons. 



Table No. 22. 



- (Meter Basis.) Average Daily Consumption of Water in 
Gallons, from the Low-service System in 1910. 



Month. 



Southern 
Low Service. 



Boston, 

excluding 

East Boston 

and 
Charlestown. 



January, 
February; . 
March, 
April, . 
May, . 
June, . 
July, . 
August, 
September, . 
October, 
November, . 
December, . 

For the year, 



52,008,400 
52,117,200 
45,794,400 
43,047,100 
41,733,600 
41,526,700 
43,641,900 
42,837,100 
41,869,400 
41,724,200 
41,642,300 
48,406,200 



44,667,600 



Northern 
Low Service. 



Portions of 

Charlestown, 

Somerville, 

Chelsea, 

Everett, Maiden, 

Medford, East 

Boston and 

Arlington. 



29,341,300 
29,847,800 
25,807,200 
24,374,300 
25,083,900 
25,628,700 
27,356,100 
25,988,400 
24,635,000 
24,242,100 
23,258,700 
27,016,300 



26,032,400 



Total 
Low-service 

Con- 
sumption. 



81,349,700 
81,965,000 
71,601,600 
67,421,400 
66,817,500 
67,155,400 
70,998,000 
68,825,500 
66,504,400 
65,966,300 
64,901,000 
75,422,500 



70,700,000 



192 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Table No. 23. — (Meter Basis.) Average Daily Consumption of Water, in 
Gallons, from the High-service and Extra High-service Systems in 1910. 













Southern 
High Service. 


Southern 

Extra High 

Service. 


Northern 
High Service. 


Northern 

Extra High 

Service. 


Month. 


Quincy, 
Watertown, 
and Portions 

of Boston, 

Belmont and 

Milton. 


Portions of 

Boston 
and Milton. 


Revere, Winthrop, 
Swampscott, 
Nahant, Stone- 
ham, Melrose, 
and Portions of 
Boston, Chelsea, 
Everett, Maiden, 
Medford and 
Somerville. 


Lexington 

and 

Portions 

of Arlington 

and 

Belmont. 


January, 


33,789,700 


567,800 


6,930,700 


611,900 


February, 










33,602,900 


612,500 


7,057,100 


652,700 


March, 










31,694,600 


614,600 


6,631,700 


614,100 


April, . 










31,378,500 


623,800 


6,716,500 


702,300 


May, . 










32,169,800 


682,300 


7,013,800 


771,300 


June, . 










32,816,400 


709,000 


7,587,300 


763,000 


July, . 










34,946,300 


856,700 


9,023,100 


1,125,900 


August, 










32,922,500 


794,100 


8,476,000 


955,700 


September, 










32,402,700 


708,800 


7,346,900 


825,800 


October, 










32,276,200 


705,100 


7,124,500 


808,900 


November, 










30,406,600 


651,100 


6,679,000 


706,100 


December, 










33,330,900 


640,100 


6,883,400 


738,100 


For the : 


/ear, 




32,644,400 > 


681,000 


7,292,6002 


774,100 



In addition to the above 1 the United States Government Reservation on Peddocks Island was 
supplied with a daily average rate of 85,400 gallons, and 2 part of Saugus with a daily average rate of 
16,500 gallons. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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METROPOLITAN WATER 



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196 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Table No. 25. — (Pump Basis.) Consumption of Water in the Metropolitan 
Water District, as constituted in the Year 1910, and a Small Section of the 
Town of Saugus, from 1893 to 1910. 

[Gallons per day.] 



Month 




1893. 


1894. 


1895. 


1896. 


1897. 


1898. 


January, 




75,209,000 


67,506,000 


68,925,000 


82,946,000 


85,366,000 


83,880,000 


February, 






71,900,000 


68,944,000 


80,375,000 


87,021,000 


83,967,000 


87,475,000 


March, . 






67,638,000 


62,710,000 


69,543,000 


86,111,000 


82,751,000 


85,468,000 


April, . 






62,309,000 


57,715,000 


62,909,000 


77,529,000 


79,914,000 


76,574,000 


May, 






61,025,000 


60,676,000 


65,194,000 


73,402,000 


76,772,000 


76,677,000 


June, 






63,374,000 


68,329,000 


69,905,000 


77,639,000 


77,952,000 


83,463,000 


July, 






69,343,000 


73,642,000 


69,667,000 


80,000,000 


85,525,000 


88,228,000 


August, 






66,983,000 


67,995,000 


72,233,000 


78,537,000 


84,103,000 


87,558,000 


September, . 






64,654,000 


67,137,000 


73,724,000 


74,160,000 


84,296,000 


88,296,000 


October, 






63,770,000 


62,735,000. 


67,028,000 


71,762,000 


79,551,000 


81,770,000 


November, . 






61,204,000 


62,231,000 


64,881,000 


71,933,000 


72,762,000 


78,177,000 


December, . 






66,700,000 


65,108,000 


70,443,000 


79,449,000 


76,594,000 


86,355,000 


Average, 


66,165,000 


65,382,000 


69,499,000 


78,360,000 


80,793,000 


83,651,000 


Population, . 






723,153 


743,354 


763,557 


786,385 


809,213 


832,042 


Per capita, . 






91.5 


88.0 


91.0 


99.7 


99.8 


100.5 



Month 




1899. 


1900. 


1901. 


1902. 


1903. 


1904. 


January, 




96,442,000 


100,055,000 


111,275,000 


118,435,000 


125,176,000 


137,771,000 


February, 






103,454,000 


98,945,000 


117,497,000 


117,268,000 


122,728,000 


143,222,000 


March, . 






90,200,000 


97,753,000 


105,509,000 


108,461,000 


111,977,000 


123,334,000 


April, . 






86,491,000 


89,497,000 


93,317,000 


103,153,000 


107,179,000 


108,688,000 


May, 






89,448,000 


87,780,000 


95,567,000 


106,692,000 


111,589,000 


111,715,000 


June, 






97,691,000 


98,581,000 


103,420,000 


110,002,000 


105,590,000 


111,209,000 


July, 






96,821,000 


107,786,000 


106,905,000 


108,340,000 


107,562,000 


113,584,000 


August, 






92,072,000 


102,717,000 


102,815,000 


107,045,000 


103,570,000 


112,836,000 


September, . 






91,478,000 


103,612,000 


102,103,000 


107,752,000 


106,772,000 


114,188,000 


October, 






89,580,000 


98,358,000 


103,389,000 


106,560,000 


103,602,000 


108,290,000 


November, . 






86,719,000 


93,648,000 


101,324,000 


105,175,000 


103,477,000 


108,054,000 


December, . 






85,840,000 


97,844,000 


113,268,000 


125,434,000 


114,721,000 


125,119,000 


Average, 


92,111,000 


98,059,000 


104,645,000 


110,345,000 


110,277,000 


118,114,000 


Popxilation, . 






854,870 


877,698 


892,740 


907,780 


922,820 


937,860 


Per capita, . 






107.8 


111.7 


117.2 


121.6 


119.5 


125.9 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



197 



Table No. 25. 



(Pump Basis.) Consumption of Water, etc. — Concluded. 

[Gallons per day.] 



Month 




1905. 


1906. 


1907. 


1908. 


1909. 


1910. 


January, 




130,878,000 


126,093,000 


137,730,000 


132,376,000 


133,275,000 


127,568,000 


February, 






140,595,000 


130,766,000 


150,822,000 


146,199,000 


130,763,000 


131,093,000 


March, . 






120,879,000 


123,570,000 


134,202,000 


128,884,000 


126,842,000 


117,078,000 


April, . 






111,898,000 


118,428,000 


121,556,000 


128,926,000 


125,335,000 


112,775,000 


May, 






115,804,000 


122,404,000 


123,502,000 


131,040,000 


123,305,000 


112,073,000 


June, 






117,441,000 


121,882,000 


125,623,000 


139,843,000 


125,179,000 


114,082,000 


July, . 






124,769,000 


118,726,000 


128,779,000 


138,232,000 


126,765,000 


122,743,000 


August, 






121,158,000 


120,591,000 


131,098,000 


128,073,000 


121,781,000 


118,373,000 


September, . 






120,103,000 


121,685,000 


124,751,000 


129,972,000 


118,043,000 


112,434,000 


October, 






118,301,000 


116,561,000 


124,051,000 


124,189,000 


115,939,000 


112,332,000 


November, . 






116,693,000 


113,746,000 


119,627,000 


117,119,000 


111,664,000 


107,528,000 


December, . 






122,696,000 


130,995,000 


122,407,000 


124,468,000 


115,733,000 


121,994,000 


Average, 


121,671,000 


122,085,000 


128,561,000 


130,712,000 


122,851,000 


117,458,000 


Population, . 






955,920 


981,690 


1,007,520 


1,025,890 


1,051,420 


1,076,930 


Per capita, . 






127.3 


124.4 


127.6 


127.4 


116.8 


109.1 



This table includes the water consumed in the cities and towns enumerated in Table No. 21, together 
with the water consumed in Newton and Hyde Park, which are included in the Metropolitan Water 
District, but have not been supplied from the Metropolitan Works. The populations for the years 1901 
to 1909 were revised after the census of 1905 and of 1910 became available, and consequently the figures 
in the reports after 1904 and 1909 differ from those published in a corresponding table in the preceding 
annual reports. 



198 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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200 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



S3 

o 

o 
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3 



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^n°o j°. 8 ^a 


1911 

Jan. 

Jan. 


c 

03 


Apr. 
May 
June 


>> 


bfl 
3 
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+3 

a 


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O 

O 


O 

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CD 

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b- lO !>. 


CO 


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CO 








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00 




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CO 


t^ 


00 


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C33 










00 00 


00 


00 00 00 


00 


00 


CO 


00 


00 


00 





No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



201 



05 

•to 

05 

o 
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I 



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o 

«t«3 

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r»»3 

05 



05 

g 



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cm 


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10 


CM 


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Od 






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cm 


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CM CM 


CM 


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CM 


CM CM 


CM 


CM 


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00 
CO 


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Th ■>* CO 


co r^ 

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CO 


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CM 


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. 


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Residu 
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RATIOIS 


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Pi . 








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a'a-2 


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o3 


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o3 


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J2 
03 










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a cs_g -? 


a 033O 


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43 


43 








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CO 


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09 

bfl 
09 


09 

bfl 
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j» a 03 
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bfl 

09 








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p fe 


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CM 


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CM CO 


CO 


CO 


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ranui+eu 


CN 


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CM CM 


CM 


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43 




43 




43 










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pC 




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Xi 


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% 




Wt 


43 +3 bB 


43 43 


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bfl 


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43 4J 


43 


43 
















rCJ 


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^3 J 


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Xi 


xi 


xi xi 


rQ 










bfl 


bfl 43 bO 


bfl bfl 


bfl 


bll 


bfl 


bfl bfl 


bfl 








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co 


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CO 


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l-S 


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l-B 


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a 

09 
CO 


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00 







202 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



o 

so 
CO 
© 

CO 

MO 



a, 






53 






o 

CO 

6 

pq 

< 
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CO 


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CM 


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CNI 


CNI 


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CM 


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CM 




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CNI 








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CNI 


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1— 1 




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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



203 



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204 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Table No. 32. 



Chemical Examinations of Water from a Faucet in Boston, 
from 1892 to 1910. 















[Parts 


per 100,000.] 


















Color. 


Residue on 
Evaporation. 


Ammonia. 


si 

a 
o 

O 


Nitrogen as 


73 

a 

03 

a 
o 

o 

fl 

>> 
o 






73 
u 
o3 

73 

a 
I 32 

03 

a> 


73 

o3 
S S 


"el 

O 

H 


a 
_o 
+-> 
'3 
a w> 

03 
m 
O 


o 

u 


ALBUMINOID. 


03 

cS 


03 

+3 

+3 




Year. 


Is 
o 
H 


73 
> 

GO 

03 

5 


73 
73 

a 

CD 

p. 

03 


03 
03 
<V 

a 

73 
oS 

w 


1892, . 


.37 


37 


4.70 


1.67 


.0007 


.0168 


.0138 


.0030 


.41 


.0210 


.0001 


- 


1.9 


1893, 




.61 


53 


4.54 


1.84 


.0010 


.0174 


.0147 


.0027 


.38 


.0143 


.0001 


.60 


1.8 


1894, 




.69 


58 


4.64 


1.83 


.0006 


.0169 


.0150 


.0019 


.41 


.0106 


.0001 


.63 


1.7 


1895, 




.72 


59 


4.90 


2.02 


.0006 


.0197 


.0175 


.0022 


.40 


.0171 


.0001 


.69 


0.7 


1896, 




.49 


45 


4.29 


1.67 


.0005 


.0165 


.0142 


.0023 


.37 


.0155 


.0001 


.56 


1.4 


1897, 




.65 


55 


4.82 


1.84 


.0009 


.0193 


.0177 


.0016 


.40 


.0137 


.0001 


.64 


1.6 


1898, 




.41 


40 


4.19 


1.60 


.0008 


\0152 


.0136 


.0016 


.29 


.0097 


.0001 


.44 


1.4 


1899, 




.23 


28 


3.70 


1.30 


.0006 


.0136 


.0122 


.0014 


.24 


.0137 


.0001 


.35 


1.1 


1900, 




.24 


29 


3.80 


1.20 


.0012 


.0157 


.0139 


.0018 


.25 


.0076 


.0001 


.38 


1.3 


1901, 




.24 


29 


4.43 


1.64 


.0013 


.0158 


.0142 


.0016 


.30 


.0173 


.0001 


.42 


1.7 


1902, 




.26 


30 


3.93 


1.56 


.0016 


.0139 


.0119 


.0020 


.29 


.0092 


.0000 


.40 


1.3 


1903, 




.25 


29 


3.98 


1.50 


.0013 


.0125 


.0110 


.0015 


.30 


.0142 


.0001 


.39 


1.5 


1904, 




- 


23 


3.93 


1.59 


.0023 


.0139 


.0121 


.0018 


.34 


.0110 


.0001 


.37 


1.5 


1905, 




- 


24 


3.86 


1.59 


.0020 


.0145 


.0124 


.0021 


.35 


.0083 


.0001 


.35 


1.4 


1906, 




- 


24 


3.86 


1.39 


.0018 


.0159 


.0134 


.0025 


.34 


.0054 


.0001 


.36 


1.3 


1907, 




- 


22 


3.83 


1.40 


.0013 


.0129 


.0109 


.0020 


.33 


.0068 


.0001 


.32 


1.3 


1908, 




- 


19 


3.50 


1.35 


.0011 


.0115 


.0092 


.0024 


.33 


.0092 


.0001 


.26 


1.2 


1909. 




- 


18 


3.46 


1.43 


.0011 


.0128 


.0103 


.0025 


.28 


.0034 


.0000 


.25 


1.3 


1910, 




- 


14 


3.05 


1.24 


.0013 


.0118 


.0102 


.0016 


.28 


.0030 


.0000 


.22 


1.1 



Note relating to Chemical Examinations of Water, Tables Nos. 26-32. 

The chemical examinations contained in the tables were made by the 
State Board of Health. Previous to the year 1904 colors were deter- 
mined by the Nessler standard, but the corresponding values by the 
platinum standard are also given, for the purpose of comparison with 
colors determined in the laboratory of the Metropolitan Water and 
Sewerage Board, as given in subsequent tables. The odor recorded is 
taken in such a way that it is a much stronger odor than would be no- 
ticed in samples drawn directly from a tap or collected directly from a 
reservoir. The important samples are collected and examined semi- 
monthly or monthly. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



205 



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206 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



^3 




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^ 


m 


3 


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d 


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> 


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a 1 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



207 



Table No. 34. — Number of Bacteria per Cubic Centimeter in Water from Various 
Parts of the Metropolitan Water Works, from 1898 to 1910, inclusive. 

[Averages of weekly determinations.] 











Chestnut Hill Reservoir. 


Southern Service Taps. 


Year. 


Sudbury 
Aqueduct 
Terminal 
Chamber. 


Cochituate 
Aqueduct. 


Effluent 

Gate-house 

No. 2. 


Low Service, 

244 Boylston 

Street. 


High Service, 

1 Ashburton 

Place. 


1898, . 

1899, . 

1900, . 

1901, . 

1902, . 

1903, . 

1904, . 

1905, . 

1906, . 

1907, . 

1908, . 

1909, . 

1910, . 








207 
224 
248 
225 
203 
76 
347 
495 
231 
147 
162 
198 
216 


145 
104 
113 
149 
168 
120 
172 
396 
145 
246 
138 
229 


Ill 

217 
256 
169 
121 
96 
220 
489 
246 
118 
137 
119 
180 


96 
117 
188 
162 
164 
126 
176 
231 
154 
130 
136 
150 
178 


123 
181 
168 
246 
243 
355 
442 
261 
176 
148 
195 
213 


Mean, 


229 


177 


191 


154 


229 



Table No. 35. — Colors of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water 
Works in 1910. {Means of Weekly Determinations.) 

















[Platinum S 


tand 


ard.; 






































Framingham 










Wachusett Reservoir. 


Sudbury 
Reservoir. 


Reservoir. 


Lake 
Cochituate. 






























No. 2. 


No. 3. 








Month. 










43 > 


> 








a . 












H 






43 




u'Z 


8g 


fetf 




A 
43 




O-S 


-a 


43 




43 




03 




6 




Fj 


-2W 


a 


43 
03 


a3 


a 



Fj 


■a d 


a 


a 


6 


a 

0> 


H 






o3 
3 


T3 
i 


o 

43 

+3 

o 

PQ 


1> <D 

^02 


a 
'B 


go 


u 
B 

m 


T3 
1 





PQ 


03 




1 

i 


B 


T3 
1 



43 
+3 

PQ 


0)GQ 

a 

a 
1— t 


January, 


14 


14 


14 


51 


61 


51 


15 


15 


15 


37 


85 


15 


25 


26 


29 


80 


February, 






21 


16 


16 


54 


61 


53 


18 


19 


19 


20 


89 


23 


47 


29 


48 


102 


March, 






28 


25 


23 


54 


57 


53 


25 


26 


25 


63 


74 


28 


45 


36 


41 


108 


April, . 






18 


20 


21 


42 


54 


48 


23 


23 


23 


22 


95 


24 


31 


32 


34 


111 


May, . 






15 


15 


16 


39 


48 


42 


17 


17 


17 


18 


109 


17 


24 


23 


39 


99 


June, . 






16 


16 


17 


34 


71 


45 


17 


17 


17 


24 


112 


17 


22 


25 


47 


114 


July, . 






16 


16 


17 


30 


38 


39 


17 


17 


17 


17 


89 


17 


23 


26 


158 


102 


August, 






16 


17 


18 


18 


31 


27 


16 


17 


17 


17 


72 


16 


22 


25 


153 


55 


September, 






15 


15 


17 ■ 


16 


30 


28 


15 


16 


21 


16 


62 


16 


18 


26 


234 


37 


October, 






14 


14 


15 


15 


34 


26 


14 


14 


14 


14 


50 


14 


17 


21 


273 


35 


November, 






14 


14 


14 


15 


38 


35 


15 


15 


15 


15 


50 


15 


16 


24 


121 


39 


December, 






12 
17 


12 


13 


16 


34 


30 


13 


13 


13 


14 


47 


13 


20 


21 


22 


40 


Mean, 






16 


17 


32 


46 


40 


17 


17 


18 


23 


78 


18 


26 


26 


100 


77 



1 The colors given in this column represent the combined colors of the waters of the four principal 
feeders. The color of each is determined monthly, and due weight is given, in combining the results, 
to the sizes of the streams. 



208 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Table No. 35. — Colors of Water, etc. 

[Platinum Standard.] 



Concluded. 





Chestnut 


Hill 


Spot 


Fells 
Reser- 
voir. 


Northern 


Southern 




Reservoir. 


Pond. 


Service. 


Service. 


- 












■c-d 




a a 


fl a 




+3 










° fe 




O O 


o o 




« 


o o 








o o 


.2 35 M 


+3 +3 


-I- 2 -0> . 


Month. 


3 

-t-3 

o 

"a 
i— i 


2t3 

o 

h- 1 


TO r^ 

© 

m 


ft 

o 

p 

"2 


o 

i 

+3 

O 

a 

m 


ap at Glenw 
Yard, Medf 
(Low Service). 


ap at Fire Stat 
Hancock Str 
Everett (H i 
Service). 


ap at 244 Boyls 
Street, Bos 
(Low Service). 


ap at 1 Ashbur 
Place, Bos 
(High Service) 




H 


i 


m 


H 


Eh 


H 


H 


January 


15 


_ 


15 


12 


12 


14 


12 


15 


15 


February 










21 


- 


21 


15 


15 


22 


15 


21 


22 


March, 










26 


- 


26 


16 


16 


26 


16 


27 


27 


April, 










24 


- 


21 


12 


13 


24 


13 


22 


22 


May, . 










18 


- 


17 


9 


10 


17 


10 


17 


17 


June, . 










17 


- 


17 


10 


"10 


17 


10 


17 


17 


July, . 










17 


- 


17 


10 


10 


17 


10 


17 


17 


August, 










17 


- 


17 


12 


12 


17 


12 


17 


17 


September, 








15 


- 


15 


12 


12 


16 


12 


16 


17 


October, 








15 


- 


15 


11 


10 


14 


11 


15 


15 


November, 








14 


- 


14 


12 


12 


14 


12 


14 


14 


December, 








13 


~ 


13 


10 


10 


13 


10 


13 


13 


Mean, 










18 


~ 


17 


12 


12 


18 


12 


18 


18 



Table No. 36. — Temperatures of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan 
Water Works in 1910. {Means of Weekly Determinations.) 

[The temperatures are taken at the same places and times as the samples for microscopical examination ; 
the depth given for each reservoir is the depth from high water mark.] 

[Degrees Fahrenheit.] 




No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



209 



Table No. 36. — Concluded. 

[Degrees Fahrenheit.] 




Table No. 37. — Temperatures of the Air at Three Stations on the Metropolitan 

Water Works in 1910. 

[Degrees Farenheit.] 











Chestnut Hill 
Reservoir. 


Framingham. 


Clinton. 


Month. 


a 
a 
1 


a 
a 

i 


a 

o3 
o> 

3 


a 
a 

o3 


a 

a 
- a 

i 


d 

03 


a 
a 

03 


a 
a 


a 

03 

3 


January, . 

February, 

March, 

April, 

May, 

June, 

July, 

August, 

September, 

October, . 

November, 

December, 








56.0 
59.0 
78.0 
79.0 
89.0 
92.0 
95.0 
91.0 
84.0 
87.0 
62.0 
54.0 


—6.0 
—5.0 
14.0 
27.0 
34.0 
37.0 
52.0 
44.0 
37.0 
22.0 
19.0 
1.0 


29.3 
28.7 
41.8 
52.6 
58.3 
64.9 
74.4 
69.4 
63.5 
55.5 
39.3 
26.3 


55 
56.0 
77.0 
77.0 
87.0 
90.0 
96.0 
87.0 
82.0 
84.0 
60.0 
51.0 


—12.0 
—7.0 
12.0 
25.0 
32.0 
35.0 
50.0 
41.0 
32.0 
20.0 
15.0 
—2.0 


27.8 
27.2 
41.7 
52.4 
57.6 
64.6 
73.2 
67.5 
62.7 
54.4 
38.3 
24.6 


51.0 
53.0 
77.0 
77.0 
82.0 
85.0 
92.0 
82.0 

80.0 

i 

80.0 
58.0 
49.0 


—12.0 
—8.0 
12.0 
26.0 
36.0 
37.0 
52.0 
46.0 
40.0 
24.0 
19.0 
2.0 


26.5 
23.4 
39.2 
50.7 
56.2 
63.3 
71.7 
66.6 
60.3 
52.2 
37.9 
23.8 


Average, 


- 


- 


50.3 


- 


- 


49.3 


- 


- 


47.7 



210 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



211 






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212 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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Metropoli tan 

Works, 
Boston, . 
Somerville, 
Maiden, . 
Chelsea, . 
Everett, . 
Quincy, . 
Medford, 
Melrose, . 
Revere, x 
Watertown, 
Arlington, 
Milton, . 
Winthrop, 
Stoneham, 
Belmont, 
Lexington, 
Nahant, . 
Swampscott, 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



213 



Table No. 41. — Number of Service Pipes, Meters and Fire Hydrants in the 
Several Cities and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works, Dec. 
31, 1910, and the Number of Services and Meters installed during the Year 
1910. 



City or Town. 



Services. 



Meters. 



Fire 
Hydrants. 



Services 
Installed. 



Meters 
Installed. 



Boston, 
Somerville, 
Maiden, . 
Chelsea, . 
Everett, . 
Quincy, . 
Medford, . 
Melrose, . 
Revere, 1 . 
Watertown, 
Arlington, 
Milton, 
Winthrop, 
Stoneham, 
Belmont, . 
Lexington, 
Nahant, . 
Swampscott, 
Total, 



93,780 

12,149 

7,440 

4,790 

5,380 

7,307 

4,550 

3,583 

3,454 

2,042 

2,050 

1,454 

2,487 

1,467 

909 

836 

532 

1,478 



18,720 

5,810 

7,163 

3,082 

1,186 

2,634 

4,296 

3,777 

891 

2,070 

1,288 

1,454 

2,386 

635 

909 

475 

227 

1,465 



8,406 
1,065 
440 
346 
528 
808 
545 
320 
183 
341 
398 
356 
207 
112 
177 
138 
81 
142 



1,134 

149 

161 

105 

62 

493 

149 

79 

188 

69 

83 

74 

167 

21 

63 

57 

20 

82 



6,615 
728 
185 
884 
354 
602 
1,704 
270 
.295 

97 
167 

74 
873 
207 

63 
113 

48 
110 



156,688 



58,468 



14,593 



3,156 



13,389 



1 Includes small portion of Saugus. 



214 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



215 



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216 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Appendix No. 3. 



Water Works Statistics for the Year 1910. 
The Metropolitan Water Works supply the Metropolitan Water Dis- 
trict, which includes the following cities and towns : — 



City or Town. 



Population, 
Census of 1910. 



Estimated 
Population , 
July 1, 1910. 



Boston, 

Somerville, 

Maiden, 

Chelsea, 

Newton, 1 

Everett, 

Quincy, 

Medford, 

Hyde Park, i 

Melrose, . 

Revere, : 

Watertown, 

Arlington, 

Milton 

Winthrop, " 

Stoneham, 

Swampscott 

Lexington, 

Belmont, 

Nahant, 

Total population of Metropolitan Water District, 
Saugus, 2 



670,585 

77,236 

44,404 

32,452 

39,806 

33,484 

32,642 

23,150 

15,507 

15,715 

18,219 

12,875 

11,187 

7,924 

10,132 

7,090 

6,204 

4,918 

5,542 

1,184 



,070,256 
280 



674,400 

77,640 

44,730 

32,540 

39,960 

33,710 

32,870 

23,330 

15,560 

15,790 

18,500 

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11,270 

7,970 

10,290 

7,130 

6,260 

4,940 

5,600 

1,200 



1,076,650 
280 



1 No water supplied to these places during the year from Metropolitan Water Works. 

2 Only a small portion of Saugus is supplied with water. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 217 

Mode of Supply. 

26 per cent, by gravity. 
74 per cent, by pumping. 

Pumping. 

Chestnut Hill High-service Station: — 

Builders of pumping machinery, Holly Manufacturing Company, Quintard 

Iron Works and E. P. Allis Company. 
Description of coal used: — Bituminous: Beaver Run, Nan-ty-glo, and Vulcan. 

Anthracite: buckwheat. Price per gross ton in bins: bituminous $3.96 to 

$4.09, buckwheat $2.75 to $2.80. Average price per gross ton $3.70. Per 

cent, ashes, 11.0. 

Chestnut Hill Low-service Station: — 

Builders of pumping machinery, Holly Manufacturing Company. 

Description of coal used: — Bituminous: Vulcan, Beaver Run. Anthracite: 
buckwheat. Price per gross ton in bins: bituminous $3.79 to $4.01, buck- 
wheat $2.58 to $2.62. Average price per gross ton $3.46. Per cent, ashes, 
10.6. 

Spot Pond Station: — 

Builders of pumping machinery, Geo. F. Blake Manufacturing Company and 

Holly Manufacturing Company. 
Description of coal used : — Bituminous : Davis, Georges Creek and New River. 

Anthracite: screenings. Price per gross ton in bins: bituminous $4.60 to 

$4.88, screenings $2.50. Average price per gross ton $4.29. Per cent, ashes, 

12.9. 



218 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Chestnut Hill High-service 
Station. 



Engines 

Nos. 
1 and 2. 



Engine 
No. 3. 



Engine 
No. 4. 



Daily pumping capacity (gallons), 

Coal consumed for year (pounds), 

Cost of pumping, figured on pumping station expenses, 

Total pumpage for year, corrected for slip (million gallons), 

Average dynamic head (feet), 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 

Duty on basis of plunger displacement, 

Cost per million gallons raised to reservoir, 

Cost per million gallons raised one foot, 




16,000,000 

2,168,024 

$8,114.83 

1,377.71 

119.67 

635.47 

65,310,000 

$5,890 

.0492 



20,000,000 

247,119 

$1,014.59 

228.67 

129.88 

925.34 

104,710,000 

$4,437 

.0342 



30,000,000 

8,467,877 

$33,239.02 

10,824.70 

130.58 

1,278.33 

141,840,000 

$3,071 

.0235 



Daily pumping capacity (gallons), 

Coal consumed for year (pounds), 

Cost of pumping, figured on pumping station expenses, 

Total pumpage for year, corrected for slip (million gallons), 

Average dynamic head (feet), 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 

Duty on basis of plunger displacement, 

Cost per million gallons raised to reservoir, 

Cost per million gallons raised one foot, 



Chestnot Hill 

Low-service 

Station. 



Engines Nos. 5, 
6 and 7. 



105,000,000 

7,122,390 

$32,990.07 

18,394.52 

49.08 

2,582.63 

107,750,000 

$1,793 

.0365 



Spot Pond 
Station. 



Engines Nos. 
and 9. 



30,000,000 

2,413,914 

$13,622.47 

2,752.11 

130.92 

1,140.10 

126,860,000 

$4,950 

.0378 



Consumption. 

Estimated total population of the nineteen cities and towns 

supplied wholly or partially during the year 1910, . . . 1,022,230 

Total consumption (gallons), pump basis, 41,539,100,000 

Average daily consumption (gallons), pump basis, . . . 113,806,000 

Gallons per day to each inhabitant, pump basis, . . . . 111.3 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



219 



Distribution. 



Owned and 
operated by 
Metropolitan 

Water 

and Sewerage 

Board. 



Total in District 
supplied by 
Metropolitan 
Water Works. 



Kinds of pipe used, 

Sizes, 

Extensions, less length abandoned (miles), 
Length in use (miles), .... 

Stop gates added, 

Stop gates now in use, .... 
Service pipes added, .... 

Service pipes now in use, 

Meters added, 

Meters now in use 

Fire hydrants added, .... 
Fire hydrants now in use, 



_i 

60 to 6 inch. 

4.49 

97.02 

25 

429 



60 to 4 inch. 
30.75 
1,633.37 



3,156 

155,636 

13,389 

58,462 

238 

14,593 



1 Cast-iron and cement-lined wrought iron. 

2 Cast-iron, cement-lined wrought iron and kalamine. 



220 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Appendix No. 4. 



Contracts made and pending during 
Contracts relating to the 



10 



Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 



68 

73 
74 

75 » 

76 » 

78 * 
791 
80 » 

82 



83 



2. 

WORK. 



Additions to the pumping 
plant at Deer Island, 
Boston Harbor. 

Additions to the pumping 
plant at East Boston. 

Extension and repair of 
engine, boiler and screen- 
houses and new coal 
house at East Boston. 

2,950 tons of coal: — 
2 ,500 tons for East Boston 

pumping station. 
450 tons for Alewife Brook 

pumping station. 

3,050 tons of coal: — 
2,100 tons for Deer Island 

pumping station. 
950 tons for Charlestown 

pumping station. 

Additions to the boiler plant 
at East Boston pumping 
station. 

Two sets of screens for the 
Deer Island pumping sta- 
tion. 

Pile wharf, steel floor beams, 
braces and coal runs at the 
East Boston pumping sta- 
tion. 



4,400 tons of coal: — 
3,000 tons for East Boston 

pumping station. 
1,000 tons for Charlestown 

pumping station. 
400 tons for Alewife Brook 

pumping station. 

2,600 tons of coal for Deer 
Island pumping station. 



3. 

Num- 
ber 
of 
Bids. 



Amount of Bid. 



4. 

Next 
to Lowest. 



$69,230 002 



123,722 00 



:.96 per 
ton. 
.30 per 
ton. 



$3.85 per 

ton. 
$3.65 per 

ton. 

$31,933 00 2 



5,994 00 



9,498 00 



$4.12 per 

ton. 
$4.09 per 

ton. 
$4.85 per 

ton. 

$4.22 per 
ton. 



5. 

Lowest. 



$51,990 00 

37,000 00 2 
110,940 00 2 



1.69 per 
ton. 2 

-.25 per 
ton. 2 



$3.74 per 
ton. 2 

$3.64 per 
ton. 2 

$29,000 00 



5,600 00 



8,475 00 2 



1.10 per 
ton. 2 

3.90 per 
ton. 2 

1.55 per 
ton. 2 

1.20 per 
ton. 2 



Contractor. 



Allis-Chalmers Co., 
Milwaukee, Wis. 



Allis-Chalmers Co., 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Woodbury & Leigh- 
ton Co., Boston. 



New England Coal 
and Coke Co., Bos- 
ton. 



Staples Coal Co., Bos- 
ton. 



Robb-Mumford Boiler 
Co., South Framing- 
ham. 

Hyde Windlass Co., 
Bath, Me. 



John T. Scully Foun- 
dation and Trans- 
portation Company, 
Cambridge. 



New England Coal and 
Coke Co., Boston. 



Metropolitan Coal Co., 
Boston. 



Contract completed. 



2 Contract based upon this bid. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



221 



Appendix No. 4. 



the Year 1910 — Sewerage Works. 

North Metropolitan System. 



7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 




Date of Con- 
tract. 


Date of 

Completion 

of Work. 


Prices of Principal Items of Contracts 
made in 1910. 


Value of Work 

done 
Dec. 31, 1910. 




Nov. 2, 1908 


- 


- 


$82,307 00 


1 


June 5, 1909 


- 


- 


18,500 00 


2 


Aug. 13, 1909 


- 


- 


114,934 71 s 


3 


June 18, 1909 


June 1, 1910 


- 


11,662 77 


4 


June 25, 1909 


June 1, 1910 


- 


12,442 46 


5 


Dec. 15, 1909 


Dec. 12, 1910 


- 


31,933 00 


6 


May 16, 1910 


Aug. 20, 1910 


For furnishing and delivering two sets of screens for 
the Deer Island pumping station on the Deer 
Island wharf in condition for erection. 


5,600 00 


7 


July 15, 1910 


Dec. 23, 1910 


For furnishing and erecting pile wharf, steel floor 
beams, braces and coal runs for the East Boston 
pumping station. 


8,618 91 


8 


July 25, 1910 


- 


$4.10 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at East 
Boston pumping station. 

$3.90 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at Charles- 
town pumping station. 

$4.55 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at Alewife 
Brook pumping station. 


9,445 84 


9 


July 25, 1910 


- 


$4.20 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at Deer 
Island pumping station. 


6,238 92 


10 



3 $17,284.43 charged to special maintenance fund. 



222 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and pending during the 

Contracts relating to the South 



1. 

Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 



76 1 



771 



83 



84 



85 



87 



2. 

WORK. 



2,500 tons of coal: — 
2,100 tons for Ward Street 

pumping station. 
400 tons for Nut Island 

screen-house. 

400 tons of coal for Quincy 
pumping station. 

500 tons of coal for Nut 
Island screen-house. 

2,300 tons of coal for Ward 
Street pumping station. 

400 tons of coal for Quincy 
pumping station. 

Receiving basin, founda- 
tions and appurtenances 
for sewage lift station, 
Hough's Neck, Quincy. 



Sewage lift station building, 
Hough's Neck, Quincy. 



Num- 
ber 
of 
Bids. 



Amount of Bid. 



4. 

Next 
to Lowest. 



.14 per 
ton. 
.10 per 
ton. 

.40 per 
ton. 

.24 per 
ton. 

.45 per 
ton. 

.80 per 
ton. 

0,800 00 



1,760 00 



5. 

Lowest. 



1.09 per 

ton. 2 
3.74 per 

ton. 2 

1.15 per 
ton. 2 

1.20 per 
ton. 2 

1.29 per 
ton. 2 

1.50 per 
ton. 2 

59,371 00 2 



1,725 00 2 



Contractor. 



Staples Coal Co., Bos- 
ton. 



Neponset River Coal 
Co., Dorchester. 

Metropolitan Coal Co., 
Boston. 

Staples Coal Co., Bos- 
ton. 

Frost Coal Co., Dor- 
chester. 

John Cashman & Sons 
Company, Quincy. 



C. A. Dodge Company, 
Cambridge. 



1 Contract completed. 



2 Contract based upon this bid. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



223 



Year 1910 — Sewerage Works 
Metropolitan System. 



Continued. 



7. 


8. 


9. 


10. 




Date of Con- 
tract. 


Date of 

Completion 

of Work. 


Prices of Principal Items of Contracts 
made in 1910. 


Value of Work 

done 
Dec. 31, 1910. 




June 25, 1909 


June 1, 1910 


- 


$8,756 01 


1 


June 30, 1909 


June 1, 1910 


- 


1,531 01 


2 


July 25, 1910 


- 


$4.20 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at Nut 
Island screen-house. 


810 00 


3 


July 25, 1910 


- 


$4.29 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at Ward 
Street pumping station. 


1,713 17 


4 


July 25, 1910 


- 


$4.50 per ton of 2,240 lbs. delivered in bins at Quincy 
pumping station. 


299 19 


5 


Aug. 29, 1910 




For earth excavation and refilling in receiving basin, 
pump well, pipe and conduit trenches and grad- 
ing lot, including manholes, laying of pipe, etc., 
the sum of $2,271 ; for Portland cement brick 
masonry in manholes, $16 percu.yd.; for Port- 
land cement concrete masonry, $9 per cu. yd. 


3,465 50 


6 


Nov. 14, 1910 


- 


For brick sewage lift station building, . 


- 


7 



224 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and pending during the Year 1910 — Sewerage Works 

— Concluded. 

Summary of Contracts. 1 



Value of 

Work done Dec. 

31, 1910. 



North Metropolitan System, 10 contracts, 

South Metropolitan System, 7 contracts, 

Total of 17 contracts made and pending during the year 1910, 



$281,683 61 
16,574 88 



,258 49 



1 In this summary the cost of day work and contracts charged to maintenance are excluded. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 225 



Appeidjx No. 5. 



Financial Statement presented to the General Court on Jan- 
uary 9, 1911. 
The Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board respectfully presents 
the following abstract of the account of its doings, receipts, expenditures, 
disbursements, assets and liabilities for the year ending November 30, 
1910, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 235 of the Acts of 
the year 1906. 

Metropolitan Water Works. 

Construction. 

The loans authorized for expenditures under the Metropolitan Water 
acts, the receipts which are added to the loan fund, the expenditures for 
the construction and acquisition of works, and the balance available 
on December 1, 1910, have been as follows: — 

Loans authorized under Metropolitan Water acts, $41,878,000 00 

Receipt from town of Swampscott for admission to Metropolitan Water District, paid 

into Loan Fund (St. 1909, c. 320) 90,000 00 

Receipts from the sales of property which are placed to the credit of the Metropolitan 
Water Loan Fund : — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, $8,727 94 

For the period prior to December 1, 1909, 167,051 56 

175,779 50 

$42,143,779 50 
Vmount approved for payment by the Board out of the Metropolitan Water Loan Fund: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, $478,791 51 

For the period prior to December 1, 1909 41,000,955 40 

• — 41,479,746 91 

Balance December 1, 1910, $664,032 59 

The amount of the Metropolitan Water Loan bonds issued and out- 
standing at the beginning of the fiscal year was $10,898,000. At the 
end of the year the amount of the loans was $41,398,000. The Metro- 
politan Water Loan Sinking Fund amounted at the beginning of the 
year to $7,203,406.48, and at the end of the year to $8,070,383.46. The 
net decrease in the debt for the Metropolitan Water Works was 
$366,976.98. 



226 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Maintenance. 

Amount appropriated for the maintenance and operation of works for the 

year ending November 30, 1910 $414,000 00 

Balance of special appropriation for the improvement of the Cochituate 

watershed (1909), remaining 29,576 10 

Amount appropriated for the improvement of the Cochituate watershed, 

additional 6,000 00 

$449,576 10 

Amount approved by the Board for maintenance and operation of works during year 

ending November 30, 1910 408,706 35 

Balance December 1, 1910, $40,869 75 

This balance includes the sum of $13,307.38 appropriated for the im- 
provement of the Cochituate watershed, which sum remains for the com- 
pletion of the improvement. 

The Board has also received during the year ending November 30, 
1910, $13,620.20 from rentals, land products and other proceeds from 
the operations of the Board which, according to section 18 of the Metro- 
politan Water Act, are applied by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth 
to the payment of interest on the Metropolitan Water Loan, to sinking 
fund requirements, and expenses of maintenance and operation of works, 
thus reducing the amount of the assessment upon the Metropolitan 
Water District for the year. 

Sums received from sales of water to municipalities not belonging to 
the District and to water companies, and from municipalities for ad- 
mission to the District, have been applied as follows : — 

For the period prior to December 1, 1906, distributed to the cities and towns of the Dis- 
trict, as provided by section 3 of the Metropolitan Water Act, $219,865165 

For the period beginning December 1, 1906, and prior to December 1, 1909, applied to the 
Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund, as provided by chapter 238 of the Acts of 1907, 16,851 21 

For the year beginning December 1, 1909, and ending November 30, 1910, applied to the 
Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund, as provided by said last-named act, . . 3,798 14 



$240,515 00 



Metropolitan Sewerage Works. 

Construction. 

The loans authorized under the various acts of the Legislature for 
the construction of the Metropolitan Sewerage Works, the receipts which 
are added to the proceeds of the loans, and the expenditures for construc- 
tion, are given below, as follows : — 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 227 

North Metropolitan System. 
Loans authorized for expenditures for construction under the various acts, 
including those for the Revere, Belmont and Maiden extensions and 

North System enlargement and extension, $6,573,865 73 

Receipts from sales of real estate and from miscellaneous sources, which 
are placed to the credit of the North Metropolitan System: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, 123 99 

For the period prior to December 1, 1909, 46,307 18 

Amount approved for payment by the Board * out of the Metropolitan 
Sewerage Loan Fund, North System: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910 $194,897 44 

For the period prior to December 1, 1909, 6,303,340 50 

$6,620,296 90 $6,498,237 94 

Balance December 1, 1910 $122,058 96 

South Metropolitan System. 

Loans authorized for expenditures for construction under the various acts, 
applied to the construction of the Charles River valley sewer, Neponset 
valley sewer, High-level sewer and extension, . . • . . . $8,867,046 27 

Receipts for pumping, sales of real estate and from miscellaneous sources, 
which are placed to the credit of the South Metropolitan System: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, . • 

For the period prior to December 1, 1909, 11,406 82 

Amount approved by the Board for payment as follows: — 

On account of the Charles River valley sewer, $800,046 27 

On account of the Neponset valley sewer, . . . . . 911,531 46 

On account of the High-level sewer and extension: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910 8,570 75 

For the period prior to December 1, 1909, 7,071,931 65 

$8,878,453 09 $8,792,080 13 

Balance December 1, 1910 $86,372 96 

The loans for the Metropolitan Sewerage Works outstanding at the 
beginning of the fiscal year amounted to $15,327,912, and at the end of 
the year to $15,440,912. The amount of the Metropolitan Sewerage 
Sinking Fund was at the beginning of the fiscal year $1,672,017.97, and 
at the end of the year was $1,929,528.07. The net decrease in the debt 
for the Metropolitan Sewerage Works was $144,510.10. 



Maintenance. 

North Metropolitan System. 

Appropriated for the year ending November 30, 1910, $149,000 00 

Balance of special appropriation for the restoration and equipment of the East Boston 

pumping station (1908), remaining, 13,884 43 

Receipts from pumping and from other sources, which are returned to the appropriation: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, 3,062 79 



$165,947 22 

Amount approved for payment by the Board: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910 159,889 34 



Balance December 1, 1910 $6,057 88 

1 The word "Board" refers to the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission and the Metropolitan Water 
and Sewerage Board. 



228 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

This balance of $6,057.88 includes the sum of $849.43 which still re- 
mains out of the special appropriation for the restoration and equipment 
of the East Boston pumping station, which have not yet been completed. 
The general balance remaining is consequently $5,208.45. 

South Metropolitan System. 

Appropriated for the year ending November 30, 1910, $103,200 00 

Receipts from sales of property and for pumping, which are returned to the appropria- 
tion: — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, * . 87 65 

$103,287 65 
Amount approved for payment by the Board. — 

For the year ending November 30, 1910, ' 100,832 60 

Balance December 1, 1910, $2,455 05 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 229 



Appendix No. 6. 



Legislation of the Year 1910 affecting the Metro- 
politan Water and Sewerage Board. 



ACTS OF 1910. 

[Chapter 32.] 

An Act relative to certain authorized additions to 
the metropolitan water loan. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Section two of chapter three hundred and 1909 > s, 20 - § 2 » 

1 amended. 

twenty of the acts of the year nineteen hundred and nine, 
being " An Act to authorize the metropolitan water and sew- 
erage board to make certain improvements in the metropoli- 
tan water system ", is hereby amended by striking out the 
words and figures " Act of 1909 ", in the thirteenth line. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved January 31, 1910. 



[Chapter 220.] 

An Act to provide for supervision by the governor and 
council of expenditures and other financial oper- 
ations of the commonwealth. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Every officer or board having charge of any Requests for 
department, institution or undertaking which receives an an- p?£tk>n3 P tobe 

i ... e P ., . P ., submitted to 

nual appropriation ot money from the treasury ot the com- auditor and 

lx i . t -. . , ... , , , , transmitted to 

monweaitn, including annual appropriations to be met by governor and 
assessments, shall, annually, on or before the fifteenth day of 
November, submit to the auditor of the common wealth state- 
ments in detail showing the amount appropriated for the 
current fiscal year and the amounts required for the ensuing 
fiscal year, with an explanation of the reason for any in- 



council. 



230 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Requests for 
special ap- 
propriations to 
be submitted to 
auditor and 
transmitted to 
governor and 
council. 



Plans, esti- 
mates, etc., to 
be submitted 
to governor 
and council. 



Further in- 
formation to 
be furnished 
by auditor. 



creased appropriation, and with citations of the statutes relat- 
ing thereto, and with a statement of the expenditures for the 
current year and for each of the next preceding two years. 
The said estimates shall not include any estimates for special 
purposes or objects. The auditor of the commonwealth shall 
embody the said statements, with a like statement relating to 
his own department, in one document, which shall be printed, 
and shall be submitted on or before the first Thursday in Jan- 
uary of each year to the governor and council for examina- 
tion, and the governor shall transmit the same to the general 
court with such recommendations, if any, as he may deem 
proper. The auditor shall also submit his estimates for the 
ensuing fiscal year for the ordinary and other revenue of the 
commonwealth which shall be made a part of the document 
herein provided for. Copies of the document shall be dis- 
tributed to the members of the general court. 

Section 2. Officers, heads of departments, boards, com- 
missions and trustees of institutions, who, in their annual 
reports, or otherwise, recommend appropriations from the 
state treasury for special purposes or objects, including ap- 
propriations to be met by assessments, in addition to the ordi- 
nary running expenses, shall submit estimates thereof in 
detail to the auditor of the commonwealth on or before the 
fifteenth day of November in each year, and he shall classify 
them and embody them in one document which shall be 
printed, and shall be submitted on or before the first Thurs- 
day in January of each year to the governor and council for 
examination, and the governor shall transmit the same to the 
general court with such recommendations, if any, as he may 
deem proper. He shall make recommendation as to how 
much should be raised by the issue of bonds and how much 
should be paid out of current revenue. Copies of the docu- 
ment shall be distributed to the members of the general court. 

Section 3. The plans, estimates and specifications made 
in accordance with the provisions of chapter five hundred and 
twenty of the acts of the year nineteen hundred and seven, or 
of amendments thereof, relating to any improvement de- 
scribed in either of the documents aforesaid, shall at the same 
time be submitted to the governor and council. 

Section" 4. The auditor shall furnish to the governor and 
council such further information in regard to the revenue, 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 231 

expenditures and other financial operations of the common- 
wealth, and in such form as the governor may require. 

Section 5. The governor may, in his discretion, transmit Recommenda- 
to the general court from time to time, with his recommenda- governor to 

o 7 general court. 

tions, if any, thereon, particular items in either of the said 
documents, and may withhold other items for further investi- 
gation. 

Section 6. Section twenty-six of chapter six of the Ee- Repeal, 
vised Laws, as amended by section six of chapter two hundred 
and eleven of the acts of the year nineteen hundred and five 
and section five of chapter five hundred and ninety-seven of 
the acts of the year nineteen hundred and eight, and all acts 
and parts of acts inconsistent herewith, are hereby repealed. 

Section 7. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved March 16, 1910. 



[Chapter 268.] 

An Act to provide for the annual preparation and 
printing of lists of state officials and employees 
with their salaries or compensation. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Every department, commission, bureau or Lists of 

O fil P 1 9 I S fl Tl fi 

board of the commonwealth, shall, on or before the fifteenth employees of 
day of July in the year nineteen hundred and ten, and on or wealth to be 
before the fifteenth day of July in every year thereafter, pre- the governor 

J J and council, 

pare and furnish to the governor and council lists of all the etc. 
officials and employees of the commonwealth employed in or 
by such department, commission, bureau or board on the first 
day of July preceding, for whose services money has been 
paid from the treasury of the commonwealth. The said lists 
shall be arranged by divisions of the several departments, 
commissions, bureaus or boards, when such divisions exist, 
and shall give the name, residence, designation, rate of com- 
pensation and the date of election or appointment of every 
such official and employee, and any increase in the rate of 
salary or compensation for the year preceding; and also the 
aggregate amount of all. money paid for services or salaries 
to any official or employee, not otherwise shown upon the list, 
for the year beginning with the first clay of July in the year 



232 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Auditor to 
verify lists, 
etc. 



preceding that in which the list is prepared. It shall be the 
duty of the auditor of the commonwealth to verify the said 
lists, the compensation and the said aggregate amounts from 
the pay roll. The said lists and aggregate amounts shall be 
printed at the expense of the commonwealth as a document 
of the commonwealth, before the first day of October in the 
year in which they are furnished, and the said document shall 
contain the complete data and facts called for by this act. 

Section - 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved March 22, 1910. 



Appropria- 
tions for 
construction 
for certain 
purposes in 
metropolitan 
water district. 



Issue of bonds 
authorized. 



[Chapter 291.] 

An Act to authorize the metropolitan" water and sew- 
erage BOARD TO MAKE CERTAIN IMPROVEMENTS IN THE 
METROPOLITAN WATER SYSTEM. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The sum of one hundred and five thousand 
dollars shall be allowed and paid out of the treasury of the 
commonwealth from the Metropolitan Water Loan Fund for 
the following purposes : — For a thirty-six inch main for the 
improvement of the supply of the East Boston district of 
the city of Boston ; and for a new main for the extension of 
the high-service district in Arlington and Lexington. 

Section 2. For the purposes aforesaid the metropolitan 
water and sewerage board may, in addition to providing for 
the improvements for which expenditures have hitherto been 
authorized, expend any sum heretofore appropriated for the 
construction of the metropolitan water works. To meet the 
further expenditures incurred under the provisions of this 
act, and not so provided for, the treasurer and receiver gen- 
eral shall, from time to time, issue upon the request of said 
board, bonds in the name and behalf of the commonwealth, to 
be designated on the face thereof, Metropolitan Water Loan, 
to an amount not exceeding eighty thousand dollars, in addi- 
tion to the sum of forty-one million seven hundred and 
ninety-eight thousand dollars authorized to be issued by chap- 
ter four hundred and eighty-eight of the acts of the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-five and acts in addition thereto, 
and the provisions of said chapter four hundred and eighty- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 233 

eight and acts in amendment thereof and in addition thereto 
shall apply to this additional loan. 

Section 3. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved March 25, 1910. 



[Chapter 292.] 

An Act to authorize the metropolitan water and sew- 
erage BOARD TO ENABLE THE CITY OF QUINCY TO DRAIN 
ITS TERRITORY INTO THE HIGH-LEVEL SEWER. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follotvs: 

Section 1. The metropolitan water and sewerage board The city of 

1 ° Quincy may 

is hereby authorized to expend from the balance remaining of f^tor* 9 into 
the Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Fund, South System, such ^®^, igh " level 
sum as may be required in compliance with section eight of 
chapter four hundred and twenty-four of the acts of the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-nine for the construction of such 
works as may be necessary in order to enable the city of 
Quincy to drain by gravity its territory into the high-level 
sewer. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved March 25, 1910. 



[Chapter 340.] 

An Act making an appropriation for operating the 
south metropolitan system of sewage disposal. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. A sum not exceeding one hundred and three Appropriation 
thousand two hundred dollars is hereby appropriated, to be nance of south 
paid out of the South Metropolitan System Maintenance sewerage 
Fund, for the cost of maintenance and operation of the south 
metropolitan system of sewage disposal, comprising a part of 
Boston, the cities of Newton and Waltham, and the towns 
of Brookline, Watertown, Derlham, Hyde Park and Milton, 
during the fiscal year ending on the thirtieth clay of Novem- 
ber, nineteen hundred and ten. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
f Approved April 2, 1910. 



234 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Appropriation 
for mainte- 
nance of 
metropolitan 
water works. 



[Chapter 341.] 

An - Act making an appropriation for operating the 
metropolitan water system. 



Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. A sum not exceeding four hundred and 
twenty thousand dollars is hereby appropriated, to be paid out 
of the Metropolitan Water Maintenance Fund, for the 
maintenance and operation of the metropolitan water system 
for the cities and towns in what is known as the metropolitan 
water district, during the fiscal year ending on the thirtieth 
day of November, nineteen hundred and ten. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 2, 1910. 



R. L. 19, § 34, 
amended. 



Enforcement 
of civil service 
rules. 



[Chapter 359.] 

An Act relative to appointment and employment in 
the public service in violation of the civil service 
law or rules. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Chapter nineteen of the Revised Laws is hereby amended 
by striking out section thirty-four and inserting in place 
thereof the following: — Section Slf. If, in the opinion of 
the civil service commission, a person is appointed or em- 
ployed in the public service classified under civil service 
rules, in violation of the civil service law, or of the said rules, 
the commission shall, after written notice mailed to the ap- 
pointing or employing officer or officers, and to such person, 
notify in writing the treasurer, auditor or other disbursing 
officer of the commonwealth, city or town, in whose service 
or by which such person is so employed or paid; and the 
payment of any salary or compensation to such person shall 
be illegal and shall cease at the expiration of one week after 
the mailing of the latter notice, and until the legality of such 
appointment or employment is duly established. It shall be 
unlawful for the treasurer, auditor or other disbursing officer 
of the commonwealth, or of such city or town to draw, sign 
or issue, or to authorize the drawing, signing or issuing of any 
warrant, or to make payment of any salary or compensation 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 235 

to the person so found by the civil service commission to be 
illegally appointed or employed. Any person so found by the Petition for 
civil service commission to be illegally appointed or employed mandamus 
may file a petition for a writ of mandamus in the superior etc - 
or supreme judicial court to compel the civil service commis- 
sion to authorize such appointment, or employment, and the 
payment of compensation or salary therefor. At any time 
after the filing of such petition the court, if it is of opinion 
that there is reasonable doubt whether the appointment or 
employment of such person is in violation of the civil service 
law or rules, may order that the compensation accruing to 
such person shall be paid to him until otherwise ordered by 
said court. [Approved April 8, 1910. 



[Chapter 388.] 

An Act making an appropriation for operating the 
north metropolitan system of sewage disposal. 

Be it enacted, etc., ds follows: 

Section 1. A sum not exceeding one hundred and forty- Appropriation 

for mainte- 

nine thousand dollars is hereby appropriated, to be paid out nance of north 

, metropolitan 

of the North Metropolitan System Maintenance Fund, for sewerage 

system. 

the maintenance and operation of the system of sewage dis- 
posal for the cities included in what is known as the north 
metropolitan system, during the fiscal year ending on the 
thirtieth day of November, nineteen hundred and ten. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 13, 1910. 



[Chapter 452.] 

An Act relative to the recommendations for legisla- 
tion IN THE ANNUAL REPORTS OF STATE BOARDS AND 
COMMISSIONS. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Section six of chapter eighteen of the Re- r. l. is, §6, 
vised Laws is hereby amended by inserting after the word 
" action ", in the sixth line, the words : — such recommenda- 
tions or suggestions to be accompanied by drafts of bills 



amended. 



236 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Recommenda- 
tions for 
legislation, etc. 



embodying the legislation recommended, — so as to read as 
follows : — Section 6. State boards and commissions shall 
annually, on or before the first Wednesday in January, de- 
posit with the secretary of the commonwealth such parts of 
their annual reports which are required to be made to the gov- 
ernor and council or to the general court as contain recom- 
mendations or suggestions for legislative action, such recom- 
mendations or suggestions to be accompanied by drafts of 
bills embodying the legislation recommended; and the sec- 
retary shall forthwith transmit them to the governor and 
council or to the general court. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 27, 1910. 



R. L. 19, 

§ 23, etc., 
amended. 



Veterans not 
to be removed 
without a 
hearing, etc. 



[Chapter 500.] 

An Act relative to hearings given to veterans in the 

public service. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Section twenty- three of chapter nineteen of 
the Revised Laws, as amended by chapter one hundred and 
fifty of the acts of the year nineteen hundred and five, is 
hereby further amended by striking out the said section and 
inserting in place thereof the following : — Section 23. JSTo 
veteran who holds an office or employment in the public service 
of the commonwealth or of any city or town therein, shall be 
removed or suspended, or shall, without his consent, be trans- 
ferred from such office or employment, nor shall his office be 
abolished, nor shall he be lowered in rank or compensation, 
except after a full hearing of which he shall have at least 
seventy-two hours' written notice, with a statement of the 
reasons for the contemplated removal, suspension, transfer, 
lowering in rank or compensation, or abolition. The hearing 
shall be before the state board of conciliation and arbitration, 
if the veteran is a state employee, and before the selectmen of 
the town of which he is an employee, if the veteran is a town 
employee. If the veteran is a city employee the hearing shall 
be held before the board of aldermen of the city of which the 
veteran is an employee. In case the city of which the veteran 
is an employee has not a board of aldermen, the hearing shall 
be held before the city council of such city. At any hearing 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 237 

where the veteran is a party in interest, he shall have the 
right to be present and to be represented by counsel. The 
said removal, suspension or transfer, lowering in rank or com- 
pensation, or abolition of an office, shall be made only upon a 
written order stating fully and specifically the cause or causes 
therefor, and signed by the state board of conciliation and 
arbitration, or selectmen, or said members of the city gov- 
ernment, as the case may be, after a hearing as aforesaid. 

Section - 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

(The foregoing was laid before the Governor on the third 
day of May, 1910, and after five days it had " the force of a 
law " , as prescribed by the Constitution, as it was not re- 
turned by him with his objections thereto within that time.) 



[Chapter 515.] 

Ax Act relative to the taxation of property held by 

THE METROPOLITAN" WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD IN THE 
TOWN OF CLINTON AND TO THE SALE OR DISPOSAL OF 
ELECTRICITY BY SAID BOARD. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The property held by the metropolitan water Taxation of 

. ' property held 

and sewerage board, or its successors, in the town of Clinton by metropoli- 
tan water and 

which may be subject to taxation under the provisions of sec- sewerage board 

J J r in town of 

tion two of chapter four hundred and ninety-eight of the acts Clinton, 
of the year nineteen hundred and six shall be assessed on a 
valuation of one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars 
in any year in which any power is generated and sold. 

Section 2. In the sale or disposal of electricitv generated Saieor 

m • P disposal of 

m the town 01 Clinton for power or manufacturing purposes electricity, 
under the provisions of section three of chapter four hundred 
and eighty-eight of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 
ninety-five, preference shall be given to persons or corpora- 
tions proposing to use all of such electricity in the town of 
Clinton: provided, that there are responsible persons or cor- Proviso, 
porations so proposing to use all the electricity in said town 
who shall offer to purchase the same on terms as advantageous 
as shall be offered by others not so proposing to use the same; 
and the said hoard shall, at least ten days before making a 
contract for the sale of such electricity, cause to he printed 
in some newspaper published in said town a request for pro- 



283 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc 



posals for the purchase of the electricity to be generated and 
sold b}^ said board. 

Section - 3. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved May 13, 1910. 



Town of 
Braintree 
added to the 
south metro- 
politan 
sewerage 
district. 



Outlet to be 
provided at 
the Braintree 
town line, etc. 



The metro- 
politan water 
and sewerage 
board to 
exercise certain 
authority, etc. 



[Chapter 546.] 

An Act to provide eor the addition" of the town of 
braintree to the south metropolitan sewerage 

SYSTEM. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The territory comprising the town of Brain- 
tree is hereby added to the south metropolitan sewerage dis- 
trict, created by chapter four hundred and twenty-four of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-nine. In be- 
coming a part of the said system said town shall be subject 
to the provisions and shall conform to the requirements of 
said act and acts in amendment thereof and in addition 
thereto, except as is otherwise provided herein. Any authority 
granted to other municipalities by said act or acts in amend- 
ment thereof and in addition thereto is also vested in the 
town of Braintree, in common with such other municipalities. 

Section 2. The metropolitan water and sewerage board 
shall provide an outlet at the Braintree town line for the 
sewerage of said town, and, acting on behalf of the common- 
wealth, shall construct a main trunk sewer or sewers through 
such parts of the city of Quincy to such point in the south 
metropolitan system as said board may determine to be neces- 
sary in order to make connection with the high-level sewer. 

Section 3. In providing for such outlet and in receiving 
sewage from the town of Braintree, and in any action relat- 
ing thereto, and for the purpose of taking, constructing and 
maintaining such additional main lines of sewers, the said 
metropolitan water and sewerage board, acting on behalf of 
the commonwealth, shall have and exercise all the authority 
conferred upon it by chapter four hundred and thirty-nine of 
the acts of the year eighteen hundred and eighty-nine and by 
chapter one hundred and sixty-eight of the acts of the year 
nineteen hundred and one, and by acts in amendment thereof 
and in addition thereto; and all the provisions of said acts 
are made applicable to the additional construction, mainte- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 239 

nance and operation hereby authorized except as otherwise 
provided herein. 

Section -i. To meet the expenses incurred under the pro- Metropolitan 

x x sewerage 

visions of this act 3 the treasurer of the commonwealth shall Loan - 
from time to time issue in the name and behalf of the com- 
monwealth and under its seal bonds designated on the face 
thereof,. Metropolitan Sewerage Loan, for a term not exceed- 
ing thirty years, to an amount not exceeding one hundred 
thousand dollars in addition to the amount of such bonds 
heretofore authorized for the construction of the south met- 
ropolitan sewerage works. The provisions of chapter four Certain 
hundred and twenty-four of the acts of the year eighteen law to apply, 
hundred and . ninety-nine and all acts in amendment thereof 
and in addition thereto shall, so far as they are applicable, 
apply to the indebtedness authorized by this act. 

Section 5. The interest and sinking: fund requirements Payment of 

- . loans, etc. 

on account of the moneys expended in constructing that 
part of the sewerage system provided for in this act, and the 
cost of maintenance and operation thereof, shall be deemed 
and paid as a part of the interest, sinking fund requirements 
and costs specified in said chapter four hundred and twenty- 
four of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-nine 
and acts in amendment thereof and in addition thereto, and 
shall be apportioned, assessed and collected in the manner 
provided by that chapter and acts in amendment thereof and 
in addition thereto except as is otherwise provided herein. 
The town of Braintree shall, in addition to the yearly pay- 
ment of the assessment so provided for, pay into the treasury 
of the commonwealth for the sinking fund of the south met- 
ropolitan sewerage district such proportion of the total 
amount of said sinking fund, as existing on the first day of 
May in the year of its admission to the south metropolitan 
district, as the valuation of the said town for the said year 
shall bear to the total amount of the valuation of said district, 
as determined for the purposes of apportionment of assess- 
ments; and the town shall also pay the further sum of one 
thousand dollars. Such proportion shall be determined by 
the metropolitan water and sewerage board and shall be certi- 
fied by said board to the treasurer of the commonwealth. The 
treasurer shall determine the total amount so to be paid by 
said town on account of its admission to the district, and for 



240 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Time of taking 
effect. 



the payment thereof shall add one fifth of said total amount 
to the yearly sum payable by said town on account of its 
share of the interest and sinking fund requirements of the 
district for the succeeding five years. No assessment on ac- 
count of maintenance requirements ' of the south metropolitan 
sewerage district shall be made upon said town until the cal- 
endar year in which its sewers shall be connected with the 
south metropolitan system as herein provided. 

Section 6. This act shall take effect when accepted by 
vote of the majority of the legal voters of the town of Brain- 
tree present and voting thereon at a meeting legally called for 
the purpose. [Approved May 23, 1910. 



Additional 
outlet for the 
sewage of 
Maiden and 
Everett to be 
provided. 



[Chapter 547.] 

An Act to provide eor an outlet for the sewage op the 
cities of malden" and everett into the nortpi met- 
ropolitan sewerage system. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The metropolitan water and sewerage board 
may, in order to provide an additional outlet for the sewage 
of the cities of Maiden and Everett, acting in behalf of the 
commonwealth, take, or acquire by purchase or otherwise, 
the existing sewer belonging to the city of Maiden from a 
point at or near the corner of Eastern avenue and Bryant 
street in said city and running northerly through Eastern 
avenue to a point at or near the middle of Broadway; and the 
said board is hereby authorized to pay to the city of Maiden 
the actual cost of the construction of the portion of the sewer 
so taken, less such assessments as have been collected prior 
to the date of such taking. The said portion of the sewer 
when so taken shall become a part of the north metropolitan 
system of sewers. Upon acquiring the portion of the sewer 
in Eastern avenue as aforesaid the said board shall proceed 
to construct a sewer extending from said sewer through 
Broadway to a point at or near the boundary line between 
the cities of Maiden and Everett, and the sewer so constructed 
shall become a part of the north metropolitan system.. The 
city of Everett may, under the direction of said board, con- 
nect its local system of sewers with said metropolitan sewer 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 241 

in Broadway. The city of Maiden may, under the direction 
of said board, connect its local system of sewers with the 
said metropolitan sewers in Broadway and Eastern avenue 
and may also, subject to such direction, make and maintain 
house connections with the said sewer. The city of Maiden 
shall make assessments of annual rates for said metropolitan 
sewers in Broadway and Eastern avenue in the same manner 
in which such assessments are now made in said city for its 
local sewers. All such sums as may be assessed therefor shall 
be paid by the treasurer of said city into the treasury of the 
commonwealth, except such assessments as may be collected 
upon the portion of said sewer in Eastern avenue between 
Faulkner and Bryant streets, and shall be credited to and be- 
come a part of the Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Fund author- 
ized by chapter four hundred and thirty-nine of the acts of 
the year eighteen hundred and eighty-nine and acts in amend- 
ment thereof and in addition thereto. 

Section 2. For the purpose of taking and constructing Themetro- 

politan water 

said metropolitan sewers in Eastern avenue and Broadway and sewerage 

r / board to 

and for the operation and maintenance thereof, the said exercise certain 

_ ± authority, etc. 

board, acting in behalf of the commonwealth, shall have and 
exercise all the authority conferred upon it by chapter four 
hundred and thirty-nine of the acts of the year eighteen 
hundred and eighty-nine and all acts in amendment thereof 
and in addition thereto, and all the provisions of said acts are 
made applicable to the taking, construction, maintenance 
and operation of said sewers except as is otherwise provided 
herein. 

Section 3. To meet the expenses incurred under the pro- Metropolitan 
visions of this act the treasurer and receiver general shall, Loan. 
from time to time, issue in the name and behalf of the com- 
monwealth and under its seal bonds designated on the face 
thereof Metropolitan Sewerage Loan, for a term not exceed- 
ing thirty years, to an amount not exceeding fifty-six thou- 
sand dollars, in addition to the amount of such bonds 
heretofore authorized for the construction of the north metro- 
politan sewerage works. The provisions of chapter four hun- Certain 

provisions of 

dred and thirty-nine of the acts of the year eighteen hundred law to apply, 
and eighty-nine and of chapter four hundred and twenty-four 
of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-eight and 



242 



WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD. [P. D. 57. 



Payment of 
loans, etc. 



all acts in amendment thereof and in addition thereto shall, 
so far as they may be applicable, apply to the indebtedness 
authorized by this act. 

Section 4. The treasurer and receiver general shall, in 
addition to levying the assessments now required by law to 
meet the interest and sinking fund requirements of the north 
metropolitan system, assess annually upon the cities of Mai- 
den and Everett, in equal shares, such sums as may be neces- 
sary to satisfy the interest and sinking fund requirements of 
the bonds issued under the provisions of this act. 

Section 5. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved May 23, 1910. 



R. L. 75, § 123, 
amended. 



Not to apply- 
to certain 
rivers, etc. 



[Chapter 550.] 

An Act relative to the pollution of certain sources 

OF WATER supply. 
Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section one hundred and twenty-three of chapter seventy- 
five of the Revised Laws is hereby amended by striking out 
the said section and inserting in place thereof the following : 
— Section 128. The provisions of the preceding eleven sec- 
tions shall not apply to the Connecticut river. The provi- 
sions of the preceding five sections and of so much of sections 
one hundred and twelve to one hundred and seventeen, in- 
clusive, as refers to domestic water supplies shall not apply 
to the Merrimac river, nor to so much of the Concord river 
as lies within the limits of the city of Lowell, nor to springs, 
streams, ponds or water courses over which the metropolitan 
water and sewerage board has control. [Approved May 23, 
1910. 



Index to Legislation of the Year 1910 



AFFECTING THE 



METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



A. 

ARLINGTON. chap. Sect, 

appropriation for extension of high service in, . . . .291 1 

APPROPRIATIONS. 

for construction for certain purposes in Metropolitan Water Works, . 291 1 

for maintenance of the Metropolitan Water Works, . . . .341 1 

for maintenance of the North Metropolitan Sewerage System, . . 388 1 

for maintenance of the South Metropolitan Sewerage System, . . 340 1 



BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, ETC. 

to furnish Governor and Council lists of officers and employes, . . 268 1 

to submit detailed estimates of annual and special appropriations to 

the Auditor, 220 1, 2 

to submit drafts of bills with recommendations for legislation in pre- 
liminary annual reports, ........ 452 1 

BRAINTREE. 

town of, may be included in South Metropolitan Sewerage System, . 546 1 

C. 
CIVIL SERVICE LAW. 

relative to employment in public service in violation of, . . 359 1 

CLINTON. 

town of, taxation of property held by Metropolitan Water and Sewer- 
age Board in, ......... . 515 1 



EAST BOSTON WATER SUPPLY. 

appropriation for the improvement of, . . . . . .291 1 

EMPLOYES, STATE. 

annual list of, with compensation of, to be printed, .... 268 1 

EVERETT. 

to provide an additional outlet for sewage of, . . . . . 547 1 



244 INDEX. 



G. 
GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL. Chap. Sect. 

annual and special estimates for appropriations to be submitted to, . 220 1, 2 



L. 
LEGISLATION. 

recommendations for, in annual reports, relative to, . . . . 452 1 

LEXINGTON. 

appropriation for extension of high service in, . . . . .291 1 

M. 
MALDEN. 

to provide an additional outlet for the sewage of, ... 547 1 

METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 

taxation of property held by, in town of Clinton, .... 515 1 

to enable city of Quincy to drain its territory into the High-level Sewer, 292 1 

to make certain improvements in the Metropolitan Water System, .291 1 

to provide an outlet for the sewage of the town of Braintree, . . 546 2 

to provide an additional outlet for the sewage of Maiden and Everett, 547 1 

METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE LOAN. 

for an additional outlet for the sewage of Maiden and Everett into the 

North Metropolitan System, ....... 547 3 

for the admission of the town of Braintree into the South Metropolitan 

System, ........... 546 4 

METROPOLITAN WATER LOAN. 

amendment of act relative to certain additions to, . . . .32 1 

for construction for certain purposes in Metropolitan Water Works, .291 2 

METROPOLITAN WATER SYSTEM. 

appropriation for maintenance of, . . . . . . . 341 1 



N. 

NORTH METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE SYSTEM. 

appropriation for maintenance of, ...... . 388 1 

to provide an additional outlet for the sewage of Maiden and Everett 

into, 547 1 



Q. 
QUINCY. 

may drain its territory into High-level Sewer, ..... 292 



S. 

SOUTH METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE SYSTEM. 

appropriation for maintenance of, ...... . 340 1 

Quincy may drain its territory into, ....... 292 1 

town of Braintree included in, . . . . . . . . 546 1 



INDEX. 245 



T. 
TAXATION. 



Chap. Sect. 



of property held for water supply in Clinton, ..... 515 1 

V. 
VETERANS. 

in public service, relative to hearings to, . . . . . . 500 1 

W. 
WATER SUPPLY. 

relative to pollution of certain sources of, . . . . . . 550 1 



c